Deuteronomy 19

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1 When the nations, whose land the Lord your God is giving you, have been cut off by him, and you have taken their place and are living in their towns and in their houses;

2 You are to have three towns marked out in the land which the Lord your God is giving you for your heritage.

3 You are to make ready a way, and see that the land which the Lord your God is giving you for your heritage, is marked out into three parts, to which any taker of life may go in flight.

4 This is to be the rule for anyone who goes in flight there, after causing the death of his neighbour in error and not through hate;

5 For example, if a man goes into the woods with his neighbour for the purpose of cutting down trees, and when he takes his axe to give a blow to the tree, the head of the axe comes off, and falling on to his neighbour gives him a wound causing his death; then the man may go in flight to one of these towns and be safe:

6 For if not, he who has the right of punishment may go running after the taker of life in the heat of his wrath, and overtake him because the way is long, and give him a death-blow; though it is not right for him to be put to death because he was not moved by hate.

7 And so I am ordering you to see that three towns are marked out for this purpose.

8 And if the Lord your God makes wide the limits of your land, as he said in his oath to your fathers, and gives you all the land which he undertook to give to your fathers;

9 If you keep and do all these orders which I give you today, loving the Lord your God and walking ever in his ways; then let three more towns, in addition to these three, be marked out for you:

10 So that in all your land, which the Lord your God is giving you for your heritage, no man may be wrongly put to death, for which you will be responsible.

11 But if any man has hate for his neighbour, and waiting for him secretly makes an attack on him and gives him a blow causing his death, and then goes in flight to one of these towns;

12 The responsible men of his town are to send and take him, and give him up to the one who has the right of punishment to be put to death.

13 Have no pity on him, so that Israel may be clear from the crime of putting a man to death without cause, and it will be well for you.

14 Your neighbour's landmark, which was put in its place by the men of old times, is not to be moved or taken away in the land of your heritage which the Lord your God is giving you.

15 One witness may not make a statement against a man in relation to any sin or wrongdoing which he has done: on the word of two or three witnesses a question is to be judged.

16 If a false witness makes a statement against a man, saying that he has done wrong,

17 Then the two men, between whom the argument has taken place, are to come before the Lord, before the priests and judges who are then in power;

18 And the judges will have the question looked into with care: and if the witness is seen to be false and to have made a false statement against his brother,

19 Then do to him what it was his purpose to do to his brother: and so put away the evil from among you.

20 And the rest of the people, hearing of it, will be full of fear, and never again do such evil among you.

21 Have no pity; let life be given for life, eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot.

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Explanation of Deuteronomy 19      

Napsal(a) Alexander Payne

Verses 1-3. When the soul follows sincerely the truths it knows, faults committed through ignorance do not bring guilt or hurt to the soul.

Verses 4-10. An example of this.

Verses 11-13. But theories which are maliciously and persistently against charity are to be destroyed.

Verse 14. The highest standard of good and truth the soul can reach to be rigidly maintained.

Verse 15. One unconfirmed truth not to condemn anything, but several agreeing together to be taken as a proof of evil.

Verses 16-21. On the decisions in the soul between evil and good, and between truth and falsity. Evil and falsity when brought to light to be destroyed.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 4197, 6353, 8223, 8908, 9011, 9262

Apocalypse Revealed 167, 505, 610, 774


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 97, 329, 556, 750, 1145

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Genesis 9:5, 6, 15:18

Exodus 21:6, 13, 14, 23, 25, 23:1

Numbers 35:9, 31, 33

Deuteronomy 3:18, 4:21, 41, 42, 5:20, 11:22, 12:29, 13:6, 12, 16:18, 17:6, 21:9, 26:1, 27:17, 24

Joshua 20:1, 24:13

2 Samuel 14:7

1 Kings 2:31

Psalms 27:12

Proverbs 19:5, 22:28, 28:17

Daniel 6:25

Matthew 5:38, 18:16, 26:60, 27:25

Revelation 11:3

Významy biblických slov

nations
The Bible generally uses two different terms for large groups: “people” and “nations.” When it uses “nation,” it is talking about a group with the...

land
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

the Lord
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lord
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God
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

giving
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

Cut off
To be cut off, as in Genesis 41:36, signifies to perish.

towns
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

houses
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

three
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way
'To set a way,' as in Genesis 30:36, signifies being separated.

see
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Three parts
'To be divided into three parts' signifies being totally destroyed.

life
In John 14:6, 'the way is doctrine,' 'the truth' is every thing pertaining to doctrine, and 'the life' is the essential good which is the...

flight
To flee signifies to escape, and be rescued. To flee signifies to be overcome.

neighbour
In the Bible, there is a careful distinction between the word “brother” and the word “companion” or “friend.” That’s partly because the people of Israel...

hate
If you truly hate someone, that means you would kill them and destroy their reputation if you could do so without repercussion – not a...

go
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goes
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woods
Plants in general stand for facts, knowledge, ideas, so it makes sense that a forest in the Bible represents a collection or system of external,...

trees
In general, plants in the Bible represent facts, thoughts and ideas – intellectual things. This makes sense: Plants are rooted in place, but can grow...

tree
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comes
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one
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punishment
Punishment' is the consummation of evil, because after punishment, reformation succeeds. This is why it says in Deuteronomy 25:3, 'that no more than forty stripes...

after
Behind, or after, (Gen. 16:13), signifies within or above, or an interior or superior principle.

Overtake
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long
'Long' and thence to prolong, refer to good.

Put
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said
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oath
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fathers
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gives
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give
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keep
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orders
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today
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loving
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Walking
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ways
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heritage
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man
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town
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send
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israel
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well
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neighbour's
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witness
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sin
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wrongdoing
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the Word
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word
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two
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witnesses
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before
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priests
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judges
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seen
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brother
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evil
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hearing
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Full
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fear
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eye
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tooth
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hand
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foot
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