Luke 1

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Basic English Bible         

← Mark 16   Luke 2 →

1 As a number of attempts have been made to put together in order an account of those events which took place among us,

2 As they were handed down to us by those who saw them from the first and were preachers of the word,

3 It seemed good to me, having made observation, with great care, of the direction of events in their order, to put the facts in writing for you, most noble Theophilus;

4 So that you might have certain knowledge of those things about which you were given teaching.

5 In the days of Herod, king of Judaea, there was a certain priest, by name Zacharias, of the order of Abijah; and he had a wife of the family of Aaron, and her name was Elisabeth.

6 They were upright in the eyes of God, keeping all the rules and orders of God, and doing no wrong.

7 And they were without children, because Elisabeth had never given birth, and they were at that time very old.

8 Now it came about that in his turn he was acting as priest before God,

9 And as was the way of the priests, he had to go into the Temple to see to the burning of perfumes.

10 And all the people were offering prayers outside, at the time of the burning of perfumes.

11 And he saw an angel of the Lord in his place on the right side of the altar.

12 And Zacharias was troubled when he saw him, and fear came on him.

13 But the angel said, Have no fear, Zacharias, for your prayer has come to the ears of God, and your wife Elisabeth will have a son, and his name will be John.

14 And you will be glad and have great delight; and numbers of people will have joy at his birth.

15 For he will be great in the eyes of the Lord; he will not take wine or strong drink; and he will be full of the Spirit of God from his birth.

16 And through him great numbers of the children of Israel will be turned to the Lord their God.

17 And he will go before his face in the spirit and power of Elijah, turning the hearts of fathers to their children, and wrongdoers to the way of righteousness; to make ready a people whose hearts have been turned to the Lord.

18 And Zacharias said to the angel, How may I be certain of this? For I am an old man, and my wife is far on in years.

19 And the angel, answering, said, I am Gabriel, whose place is before God; I have been sent to say these words to you and to give you this good news.

20 Now, see, you will be without voice or language till the day when these things come about, because you had not faith in my words, which will have effect at the right time.

21 And the people were waiting for Zacharias and were surprised because he was in the Temple for such a long time.

22 And when he came out he was not able to say anything, and they saw that he had seen a vision in the Temple; and he was making signs to them without words.

23 And when the days of his work in the Temple were ended, he went back to his house.

24 After that time, Elisabeth, being certain that she was to become a mother, kept herself from men's eyes for five months, saying,

25 The Lord has done this to me, for his eyes were on me, to take away my shame in the eyes of men.

26 Now in the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent from God to a town in Galilee, named Nazareth,

27 To a virgin who was to be married to a man named Joseph, of the family of David; and the name of the virgin was Mary.

28 And the angel came in to her and said, Peace be with you, to whom special grace has been given; the Lord is with you.

29 But she was greatly troubled at his words, and said to herself, What may be the purpose of these words?

30 And the angel said to her, Have no fear, Mary, for you have God's approval.

31 And see, you will give birth to a son, and his name will be Jesus.

32 He will be great, and will be named the Son of the Most High: and the Lord God will give him the kingdom of David, his father:

33 He will have rule over the house of Jacob for ever, and of his kingdom there will be no end.

34 And Mary said to the angel, How may this be, because I have had no knowledge of a man?

35 And the angel in answer said to her, The Holy Spirit will come on you, and the power of the Most High will come to rest on you, and so that which will come to birth will be named holy, Son of God.

36 Even now Elisabeth, who is of your family, is to be a mother, though she is old: and this is the sixth month with her who was without children.

37 For there is nothing which God is not able to do.

38 And Mary said: I am the servant of the Lord; may it be to me as you say. And the angel went away.

39 Then Mary got up and went quickly into the high lands, to a town of Judah;

40 And went into the house of Zacharias and took Elisabeth in her arms.

41 And when the voice of Mary came to the ears of Elisabeth, the baby made a sudden move inside her; then Elisabeth was full of the Holy Spirit,

42 And she said with a loud voice: May blessing be on you among women, and a blessing on the child of your body.

43 How is it that the mother of my Lord comes to me?

44 For, truly, when the sound of your voice came to my ears, the baby in my body made a sudden move for joy.

45 Happy will she be who had faith that the things which the Lord has said to her will be done.

46 And Mary said: My soul gives glory to God;

47 My spirit is glad in God my Saviour.

48 For he has had pity on his servant, though she is poor and lowly placed: and from this hour will all generations give witness to the blessing which has come to me.

49 For he who is strong has done great things for me; and holy is his name.

50 His mercy is for all generations in whom is the fear of him.

51 With his arm he has done acts of power; he has put to flight those who have pride in their hearts.

52 He has put down kings from their seats, lifting up on high the men of low degree.

53 Those who had no food he made full of good things; the men of wealth he sent away with nothing in their hands;

54 His help he has given to Israel, his servant, so that he might keep in mind his mercy to Abraham and his seed for ever,

55 As he gave his word to our fathers.

56 And Mary was with her for about three months and then went back to her house.

57 Now it was time for Elisabeth to give birth, and she had a son.

58 And it came to the ears of her neighbours and relations that the Lord had been very good to her, and they took part in her joy.

59 And on the eighth day they came to see to the circumcision of the child, and they would have given him the name of Zacharias, his father's name;

60 But his mother made answer and said, No, his name is John.

61 And they said, Not one of your relations has that name.

62 And they made signs to his father, to say what name was to be given to him.

63 And he sent for writing materials and put down: His name is John; and they were all surprised.

64 And straight away his mouth was open and his tongue was free and he gave praise to God.

65 And fear came on all those who were living round about them: and there was much talk about all these things in all the hill-country of Judaea.

66 And all who had word of them kept them in their minds and said, What will this child be? For the hand of the Lord was with him.

67 And his father, Zacharias, was full of the Holy Spirit, and with the voice of a prophet said these words:

68 Praise be to the Lord, the God of Israel, for he has come to his people and made them free,

69 Lifting up a horn of salvation for us in the house of his servant David,

70 (As he said, by the mouth of his holy prophets, from the earliest times,)

71 Salvation from those who are against us, and from the hands of those who have hate for us;

72 To do acts of mercy To our fathers and To keep in mind his holy word,

73 The oath which he made to Abraham, our father,

74 That we, being made free from the fear of those who are against us, might give him worship,

75 In righteousness and holy living before him all our days.

76 And you, child, will be named the prophet of the Most High: you will go before the face of the Lord, to make ready his ways;

77 To give knowledge of salvation to his people, through the forgiveness of sins,

78 Because of the loving mercies of our God, by which the dawn from heaven has come to us,

79 To give light to those in dark places, and in the shade of death, so that our feet may be guided into the way of peace.

80 And the child became tall, and strong in spirit; and he was living in the waste land till the day when he came before the eyes of Israel.

← Mark 16   Luke 2 →
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Explanation of Luke 1      

By Rev. John Clowes M.A.

Verses 1-5. That revelation of the eternal Word made flesh is imparted to all who are in the love of truth for its own sake.

Verses 5-26. His representative as to the Word must teach the doctrine of repentance and faith in Him, the origin of which doctrine is described.

Verses 5-7. As being born from celestial good and truth.

Verses 8-18. And announced by the most high, as being instrumental in promoting purification from evils and falsities, and thus preparing mankind for the reception of good and of truth.

Verses 18-24. Nevertheless this doctrine is not admitted without doubt respecting it, the effect of which doubt is manifested in the inability to make confession of the Lord, and to preach faith in Him.

Verses 23-25. Notwithstanding however this doubt, the doctrine of repentance and faith gains confirmation, though as yet it is seen only obscurely.

Verses 26-34. It is at the same time announced from heaven, that Jehovah will come into the world, and that the Humanity, which He will assume, is the Son of god, by virtue of the Divinity from whom it came forth.

Verses 29-34. Which annunciation causes trouble and surprise, until information is given, that to that Humanity will be transferred the All of Divinity, so that in it Divinity and Humanity will be one, and in that one-ness will have rule over all things of heaven and the church.

Verses 34-36. Since the Humanity is born from the Divine Good and Divine Truth, which is Jehovah.

Verses 36-38. And preparation is made for its reception, through the doctrine of repentance and faith, which was to be taught in the church.

Verses 39-46. That on this occasion, the internal affection of good and of truth in the church is conjoined with the external, so that the productions of the latter become vivified, and the latter affection itself is made holy by virtue of it's exaltation of the former.

Verses 47-51. The former affection, at the same time, exalts the Divine Good and Divine Truth above all things, under a devout sense of the Divine mercy, which attends to the lowest concerns of man, and is ever operative in good to those who desire good.

Verses 51-54. And which assumed a Humanity, that through it the hells might be subdued, and a new church might be established, to which divine good might be imparted, and in which, truth separate from good might be rejected.

Verse 55. As had been predicted.

Verses 56-59. That for this purpose the doctrine of repentance and faith in the incarnate god is taught in the church, to the great joy of those who receive it.

Verses 59-64. The quality of which doctrine is described, as being grounded in the Divine love and mercy.

Verses 64-66. So that they, who acknowledge this quality, are enabled to make confession of the Lord, and to preach faith in Him, exciting devout adoration in all who hear them.

Verses 68-73. Because they teach from Divine truth, that Jehovah assumed a Humanity, for the purpose of effecting redemption and salvation, by conjoining Himself with His church.

Verses 73-76. And that His church, being thus purified from evils and falsities, might be reciprocally conjoined with Him, through the reception of His love and wisdom.

Verses 76-80. Therefore the doctrine of repentance and faith in the incarnate god is of Divine origin, being intended to prepare man for the reception of the Divine mercy, through the removal of all opposing principles, and through the communication of the light of Divine truth, by virtue of which the church would be delivered from the falsities of evil.

Verse 80. Which doctrine is more and more confirmed, though for a time it is received by few.

From Swedenborg's Works

Kärn passager:

On the Athanasian Creed 46

Andra referenser av Swedenborg till detta kapitel:

Arcana Coelestia 1422, 1457, 1460, 1927, 2242, 2534, 2708, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 56, 173, 206, 281, 289, 294, 306, ...

A Brief Exposition of New Church Doctrine 44, 120

Conjugial Love 82

Doctrine of the Lord 19, 29, 30, 34, 39, 40, 42, ...

The Doctrine of the New Jerusalem Regarding the Sacred Scripture 87

True Christian Religion 81, 82, 88, 92, 93, 98, 111, ...

References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 80, 97, 118, 183, 204, 236, 253, ...

On the Athanasian Creed 30, 38, 45, 157, 216

Canons of the New Church 17, 37, 39, 40, 43

De Domino 38

Justification 10, 13

Spiritual Experiences 4332

Spiritual Experiences (Interim Diary) 4662

Marriage 81, 82, 88, 92, 93, 98, 111, ...

Scriptural Confirmations 2, 3, 10, 12, 13, 23, 27, ...

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Resources for parents and teachers

The items listed here are provided courtesy of our friends at the General Church of the New Jerusalem. You can search/browse their whole library by following this link.

 Angel Appears to Joseph
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Angel Appears to Mary
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Angel Appears to Zacharias
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Angelic Appearances at the Time of the Advent
A sermon about the angel Gabriel's appearances to different people and how this pictures aspects of the preparation we must do for the Lord's birth in our own lives. 
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 Angel with Mary
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Angel with Zacharias
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Birth of the Lord
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 9 - 12

 Blessings: Good Tidings of Great Joy
Blessings to say at mealtime.
Activity | Ages over 7

 Call His Name Jesus
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Christmas Joy and Happiness
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Elizabeth Greets Mary
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 His Name Is John
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 His Name Will Be Called: The Development of the Lord in Our Lives
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 Jesus' Childhood
People are born without a set purpose and develop a purpose as they learn and choose a pathway. Jesus was born with an identity and a purpose; He had to discover His identity and become true to it.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 11 - 17

 John the Baptist
Compare the birth of John the Baptist with the birth of Jesus Christ. What do the births of these men mean in our lives?
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 11 - 17

 Mary and Elizabeth
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Mary's Song of Praise
Mary's song of praise, often called the Magnificat, in a color border.
Picture | Ages over 15

 Mary Visits Elizabeth
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Naming John the Baptist
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Our Savior
Article | Ages 15 - 17

 Picture of the Angel Gabriel
Project | Ages up to 10

 Prophecies of the Advent
Prophecies of Jesus' advent on earth often use the image of new light dawning in darkness to describe the spiritual impact His birth would have on the world.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 11 - 17

 Quotes: Good Tidings of Great Joy
Teaching Support | Ages over 15

 Quotes: Prophecies of the Advent
Teaching Support | Ages over 15

 Scroll of Angelic Appearances in Christmas Story
Project | Ages 7 - 14

 The Angel Appearing to Mary
Use oil pastels and watercolors to show the angel Gabriel appearing to Mary.
Project | Ages 7 - 14

 The Angel Appears to Mary
This lesson discusses a story from the Word and suggests projects and activities for young children.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 The Angel Appears to Mary
A lesson for younger children with discussion ideas and a project.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 The Angel Appears to Mary Mobile
Make a simple mobile to show the angel Gabriel coming to tell Mary that she would give birth to a Son and should name Him Jesus.
Project | Ages 3 - 8

 The Angel's Promise to Mary
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Annunciation
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 The Birth of John
Zacharias and Elizabeth were very good people who wanted a child very much. The Lord answered their prayers. John was born to help prepare people to learn from the Lord. Sample from the Jacob's Ladder Program, Introductory Level, for ages 5-6.
Religion Lesson | Ages 5 - 6

 The Birth of John the Baptist
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 The Birth of John the Baptist
Lesson outline provides teaching ideas with questions for discussion, projects, and activities.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10

 The Magnificat
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 The Maidservant of the Lord
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 The Mother of the Lord
Imagine what it must have been like to suddenly see an angel and be told such great news.
Worship Talk | Ages 4 - 6

 The Name Mary
Article | Ages 15 - 17

 The Savior
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 The Spread of the Lord's Word
We can be like the shepherds and others who have spread the good news as we learn about the Lord and find ways to tell people. Maybe this Christmas you can share your enjoyment of the story of the Lord’s birth with a friend or neighbor. Sample from the Jacob’s Ladder Program, Level 5, for ages 10-11.
Religion Lesson | Ages 10 - 11

 Understanding the Virgin Birth
Article | Ages 15 - 17

 Zacharias and the Angel
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Zacharias’s Dumbness
Article | Ages 15 - 17

 Zacharias Sees Angel
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14