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Ezequiel 7

Portuguese: Almeida Atualizada         

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1 Demais veio a palavra do Senhor a mim, dizendo:

2 E tu, ó filho do homem, assim diz o Senhor Deus à terra de Israel: Vem o fim, o fim vem sobre os quatro cantos da terra.

3 Agora vem o fim sobre ti, e enviarei sobre ti a minha ira, e te julgarei conforme os teus caminhos; e trarei sobre ti todas as tuas abominações.

4 E não te pouparei, nem terei piedade de ti; mas eu te punirei por todos os teus caminhos, enquanto as tuas abominações estiverem no meio de ti; e sabereis que eu sou o Senhor.

5 Assim diz o Senhor Deus: Mal sobre mal! eis que vem!

6 Vem o fim, o fim vem, despertou-se contra ti; eis que vem.

7 Vem a tua ruína, ó habitante da terra! Vem o tempo; está perto o dia, o dia de tumulto, e não de gritos alegres, sobre os montes.

8 Agora depressa derramarei o meu furor sobre ti, e cumprirei a minha ira contra ti, e te julgarei conforme os teus caminhos; e te punirei por todas as tuas abominações.

9 E não te pouparei, nem terei piedade; conforme os teus caminhos, assim te punirei, enquanto as tuas abominações estiverem no meio de ti; e sabereis que eu, o Senhor, castigo.

10 Eis o dia! Eis que vem! Veio a tua ruína; já floresceu a vara, já brotou a soberba. :

11 A violência se levantou em vara de iniqüidade. nada restará deles, nem da sua multidão, nem dos seus bens. Não haverá eminência entre eles.

12 Vem o tempo, é chegado o dia; não se alegre o comprador, e não se entristeça o vendedor; pois a ira está sobre toda a multidão deles.

13 Na verdade o vendedor não tornará a possuir o que vendeu, ainda que esteja por longo tempo entre os viventes; pois a visão, no tocante a toda a multidão deles, não voltará atrás; e ninguém prosperará na vida, pela sua iniqüidade.

14 Já tocaram a trombeta, e tudo prepararam, mas não há quem vá à batalha; pois sobre toda a multidão deles está a minha ira.

15 Fora está a espada, e dentro a peste e a fome; o que estiver no campo morrerá à espada; e o que estiver na cidade, devorálo-a a fome e a peste.

16 E se escaparem alguns sobreviventes, estarão sobre os montes, como pombas dos vales, todos gemendo, cada um por causa da sua iniqüidade.

17 Todas as mãos se enfraquecerão, e todos os joelhos se tornarão fracos como água.

18 E se cingirão de sacos, e o terror os cobrirá; e sobre todos os rostos haverá vergonha e sobre todas as suas cabeças calva.

19 A sua prata, lançá-la-ão pelas ruas, e o seu ouro será como imundícia; nem a sua prata nem o seu ouro os poderá livrar no dia do furor do Senhor; esses metais não lhes poderão saciar a fome, nem lhes encher o estômago; pois serviram de tropeço da sua iniqüidade.

20 Converteram em soberba a formosura dos seus adornos, e deles fizeram as imagens das suas abominações, e as suas coisas detestáveis; por isso eu a fiz para eles como uma coisa imunda.

21 E entregá-la-ei nas mãos dos estrangeiros por presa, e aos ímpios da terra por despojo; e a profanarão.

22 E desviarei deles o meu rosto, e profanarão o meu lugar oculto; porque entrarão nele saqueadores, e o profanarão.

23 Faze uma cadeia, porque a terra está cheia de crimes de sangue, e a cidade está cheia de violência.

24 Pelo que trarei dentre as nações os piores, que possuirão as suas casas; e farei cessar a soberba dos poderosos; e os seus lugares santos serão profanados.

25 Quando vier a angústia eles buscarão a paz, mas não haverá paz.

26 Miséria sobre miséria virá, e se levantará rumor sobre rumor; e buscarão do profeta uma visão; mas do sacerdote perecerá a lei, e dos anciãos o conselho.

27 O rei pranteará, e o príncipe se vestirá de desolação, e as mãos do povo da terra tremerão de medo. Conforme o seu caminho lhes farei, e conforme os seus merecimentos os julgarei; e saberão que eu sou o Senhor.

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Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 130


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcanos Celestes 374, 623, 878, 2799, 5044, 5585, 5886, ...

Apocalipse Revelado 20, 47, 52, 151, 208, 323, 476, ...

Doutrina Do Senhor 4, 28

Doutrina de Escritura Santa 35

True Christian Religion 764


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 31, 66, 131, 175, 179, 237, 304, ...

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 5, 60

De Verbo (The Word) 10, 25

Scriptural Confirmations 2, 4, 19, 22, 52, 94, 99

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Word/Phrase Explanations

palavra
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

senhor
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Filho
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

diz
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

terra
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

de israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

quatro
The number "four" in the Bible represents things being linked together or joined. This is partly because four is two times two, and two represents...

ira
'Wrath,' as in Genesis 49:7, signifies aversion from truth. 'Great wrath,' as in Revelation 12:12, signifies hatred against the new church.

Meio
'Middle' denotes what is primary, principal, or inmost.

mal
'Wickedness' signifies evil, and 'iniquity' signifies falsities.

Tempo
Time is an aspect of the physical world, but according to Swedenborg is not an aspect of the spiritual world. The same is true of...

dia
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

montes
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

veio
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

vara
'A tribe' signifies the church with respect to its truths and goods, and in the opposite sense, with respect to its falsities and evils. 'A...

violência
'Violence' signifies the outrage done to charity and the destruction of charity and faith. 'Violence,' as in Jeremiah 15:21, signifies falsities which assault the good...

visão
Vision is the innermost revelation, which is of perception. Visions are according to the state of humankind. The visions of people whose interiors are closed,...

vida
'Lives' is used in the plural, because of the will and understanding, and because these two lives make one.

iniqüidade
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

batalha
War in the Word represents the combat of temptation when what is good is assaulted by what is evil or false. The evil that attacks...

espada
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

peste
'Pestilence' denotes the vastation of good and truth.

campo
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

cidade
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

pombas
A dove (Gen. 8.) signifies goodness and truth. A dove, as in Hosea 11:11, signifies rational good.

mãos
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

joelhos
A knee,' as in Genesis 30:5, signifies conjugial love. The king,' as in Isaiah 66:12, signifies celestial love. A knee,' as in Ezekiel 7:17, signifies...

água
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

rostos
“The eyes are the windows of the soul.” That’s a sentiment with roots somewhere in murky antiquity, but one that has become hopelessly cliché because...

vergonha
On a natural level, there are a variety of things that can cause shame. We might be ashamed of physical weakness or ugliness; we might...

cabeças
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

calva
'A bald head' signifies the Word deprived of the natural sense, which is the sense of the letter.

prata
'Silver,' in the internal sense of the Word, signifies truth, but also falsity. 'Silver' means the truth of faith, or the truth acquired from selfhood,...

ruas
The phrase 'in the streets and synagogues' in Matthew 6:2, 5, and Luke 8:26-27, refers to a representative rite amongst the Jews to teach in...

ouro
'Money' relates to truth.

formosura
Beauty of his ornament (Ezek. 7:20) signifies the church and its doctrine.

Imagens
'Images' denote things fashioned from man’s own intelligence.

sangue
Bloods signify evil, in Ezek. 16:9.

Nações
'Nations' signify people who are in the good of love and charity from the Lord. Two nations in the womb,' as in Genesis 25:23, signify...

casas
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

profeta
The idea of a "prophet" is very closely tied to the idea of the Bible itself, since the Bible was largely written by prophets. At...

Anciãos
Elders are mentioned in the Bible mainly in two ways: First the elders of Israel: and second the 24 elders seated about the throne of...

rei
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

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Apocalypse Explained # 827

Apocalypse Explained (Whitehead translation)      

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827. Saying to them that dwell on the earth that they should make an image to the beast, signifies an established decree that all in the church should teach and believe nothing whatever except these things. This is evident from the signification of "them that dwell on the earth," as being all who belong to the church (see just above, n. 826; also from the signification of "the image of the beast," as being the doctrine of faith separated from good works, and worship therefrom confirmed from the sense of the letter of the Word by means of reasonings from the natural man; consequently "to make that image" signifies to make a decree or to determine that they should teach and believe only in this way; also that this has been done in the churches where the doctrine of faith separate has been accepted. This is the signification of the "image," because in the spiritual world all spiritual things may be exhibited by means of images, also by means of idols; and by these the particulars of doctrine may be portrayed, which I have also seen done. This is why images and idols have this signification in the Word. That idols signify the falsities of doctrine may be seen above (n. 587, 650, 654, 780). So here "saying to them that dwell upon the earth that they should make an image to the beast" signifies an established decree that all in the church should teach and believe nothing whatever except these things. With those who belonged to the ancient churches images were made representative of their doctrine and the worship therefrom; but the sons of Israel, on account of the proclivity of their mind to idolatrous worship, were forbidden to make them, as is evident from the Word.

(Odkazy: Revelation 13:14; The Apocalypse Explained 587, The Apocalypse Explained 650, 654, The Apocalypse Explained 780, The Apocalypse Explained 826)


[2] That it may be known that images have this signification I will cite in confirmation the following passages from the Word. In Moses:

Thou shalt not make to thee any graven image, or any image of that which is in the heavens above or that is in the earth beneath or that is in the waters under the earth; thou shalt not bow thyself down to them nor worship them (Exodus 20:4, 5).

Ye shall make no idols to you, neither shall ye rear you up a graven image or a pillar, neither shall ye place the stone of an image in your land to bow yourselves down to it (Leviticus 26:1).

Lest ye make to you a graven image, the image of any likeness, the figure of male or female, the figure of any beast that is on the earth, the figure of any winged bird that flieth under heaven, the figure of anything that creepeth on the ground, the figure of any fish that is in the waters under the earth (Deuteronomy 4:16-18).

The sons of Israel were forbidden to make idols, graven images, and forms or figures of anything in the heavens, on the earth, or in the waters, because the ancient churches which were before the Israelitish Church were representative churches, also because the sons of Jacob were wholly external men, and external men at that time, when all worship was representative, were prone to idolatries, thus to the worship of such things as appeared before their eyes. But as the ancient churches were representative churches, the men of those churches made to themselves graven images and forms of various things which represented and thence signified things heavenly; and the ancients took delight in these on account of their signification, for when they looked upon them they were reminded of the heavenly things they represented; and as these belonged to their religion, therefore they worshiped the images. This is why they had groves and high places, and also sculptured, molten, and painted figures, which were set up either in groves or upon mountains, or in temples, or in their houses. So in Egypt, where the science of representations, which is the same as the science of correspondences, flourished, there were images, idols, and graven images, as also hieroglyphics; and other nations had the like. But when the men of those churches from being internal became external, then the celestial and spiritual things which were represented and thence signified remained as traditions with their priests and wise men, who were called magi and diviners; consequently the common people, because of the religious principle which their fathers saw in these things, began to worship them and to call them their gods. Now as the sons of Jacob were more external men than the others, and thence more prone to idolatries and also to magic, they were strictly forbidden to make to themselves graven images, images and figures of the likeness of anything existing in the heavens, on the earth, or in the sea, because all things that are in the world are representative, as flying things, beasts, fishes, and creeping things, for so far as they worshiped these idolatrously, so far they did not acknowledge Jehovah. And yet, since the church was representative with them also, the tabernacle was built, in which were placed the chief representatives of heavenly things, as the table on which were the loaves, the golden altar on which incense was offered, the lampstand with the lamps, the ark with the mercy-seat. and the cherubim above it, and the altar not far from the door of the tabernacle, on which was the sacred fire; and afterwards the temple was built, in which also all things were representative, as the painting therein, the lavers outside of it, the brazen sea under which were the oxen supporting it, likewise the pillars and porticos, with the vessels of gold, all of which they were permitted to worship as holy, provided they acknowledged the tabernacle, and afterwards the temple, as the dwelling-place of Jehovah. This was granted them to prevent their turning aside to idolatry and magic, which then existed with various nations in Asia; as Egypt, Syria, Assyria, Babylon, Tyre and Sidon, Arabia, Ethiopia, Mesopotamia, and especially in and about the land of Canaan.

(Odkazy: Exodus 20:4-5)


[3] From this it is clear why "idols" signify in the Word the falsities of religion, and "images" doctrinals. That such things existed with various nations in the countries of Asia is made evident by the gods of Laban the Syrian that Rachel the wife of Jacob carried off (Genesis 31:19, 20); by the calves and other idols in Egypt; by the hieroglyphics there engraved and painted in temples, and upon obelisks and walls; by Dagon the idol of the Philistines in Ekron; by the idols made by Solomon, and afterwards by the kings in the temple of Jerusalem and in Samaria; and by the altars, pillars, images, and groves, among the nations of the land, which the sons of Israel were commanded to destroy, as is evident from various passages in the Word.

(Odkazy: Genesis 31:19-20)


[4] Moreover, it was from the science of correspondences and representations:

That the priests and diviners of the Philistines persuaded them to make golden images of the emerods and mice that had laid waste the land, and to place them beside the ark, which they sent back upon a new cart drawn by kine, and that they should thus give glory to the God of Israel (1 Samuel 6 seq.).

For at that time their priests and diviners knew what all these things represented; and that the images of the emerods and mice signified the falsities of their religion, which might be atoned for by these as gifts made of gold.

(Odkazy: 1 Samuel 6:1, 6:3-7)


[5] Doctrinals are also signified by "images" in the following passages. In Ezekiel:

They shall cast their silver into the streets, and their gold shall be an abomination, in that they have turned the gracefulness of their adornment into pride, and have made thereof images of their abominations and their detestable things; therefore I have made it unto them for an abomination (Ezekiel 7:19, 20).

This treats of the devastation of the church by falsities and evils, which is here meant by "the sword, pestilence, and famine" (verse 15), that were to consume them. The "silver that they shall cast into the streets," and the "gold that shall be for an abomination," signify the truth of the church and its good turned into falsity and evil; "to cast these into the streets" signifies to scatter them, and "to be for an abomination" signifies to be turned into infernal evil, for this is to be for an abomination. "They have turned the gracefulness of their adornment into pride, and have made thereof images of their abominations and their detestable things," signifies that they filled the whole church and its doctrine, and all things that are contained in it, with things profane; "the gracefulness of the adornment" signifying the church and its doctrine; and "images of abominations and of detestable things" signifying all things of it, thus doctrinals, the goods and truths of which have been profaned; "abominations" are goods profaned, and "detestable things" truths profaned.

(Odkazy: Ezekiel 7:15, 7:19-20)


[6] In the same:

Thou didst take the vessels of thy adornment, of my gold and of my silver which I had given to thee, and madest for thee the images of a male, with which thou couldst commit whoredom (Ezekiel 16:17).

This is said of "the abominations of Jerusalem," which mean the adulterations of the truth and good of doctrine from the Word; "vessels of adornment of gold and silver" signifying the knowledges of good and truth from the Word; "to make of them images of a male" signifying to make doctrinals from falsities to appear as if from truths; and "to commit whoredom with them" signifying the falsification of them.

[7] In the same:

Oholibah committed whoredom in Egypt, she loved the sons of Assyria; she added to her whoredoms; when she saw men portrayed upon the wall, the images of the Chaldeans portrayed with vermilion, at the sight of her eyes she loved them (Ezekiel 23:3, 12, 14, 16).

"Oholibah" means Jerusalem, which signifies the church in respect to doctrine, therefore the doctrine of the church; "to commit whoredom" signifies the falsification and adulteration of the Word; and as "Egypt" signifies natural truths, which are called knowledges [scientifica], and "Assyria" rational truths, and in the contrary sense falsities, it is clear what is signified by "committing whoredom with them." As "the Chaldeans" signify the truths of the Word profaned by being applied to the loves of self and the world, so the "images of the Chaldeans" signify doctrinals that are pleasing to those loves; "portrayed with vermilion" signifies these appearing outwardly as if truths, although inwardly they are profane; "men portrayed upon the wall" have a similar signification, "a painted wall" meaning the appearance of doctrinals in externals. "Images" have a like signification in Isaiah (Isaiah 2:16; in David (Psalms 73:20; also in the following passages in Revelation (Revelation 14:9-11, 15:2; 16:2; 19:20; 20:4). (See also what has been said above about "idols" and "graven images," n. 587, 650, 654, 780, where other passages from the Word have been cited and explained.)

(Odkazy: 1 Samuel 6:1; Ezekiel 23:8; Revelation 13:14; The Apocalypse Explained 587, 650, The Apocalypse Explained 654, The Apocalypse Explained 780)

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From Swedenborg's Works

References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 823, 831, 833, 885, 933, 963, 1186

Other New Christian Commentary

Thanks to the Swedenborg Foundation for their permission to use this translation.


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