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Hoseas 13

Norwegian: Det Norsk Bibelselskap (1930)         

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1 Når Efra'im talte, blev alle redde; han raget høit op i Israel; da førte han skyld over sig ved å dyrke Ba'al og døde.

2 Og nu blir de ved å synde og gjøre sig støpte billeder av sitt sølv, avguder efter sin egen forstand, alle sammen håndverkeres arbeid; sådanne er det de taler til - mennesker som ofrer, kysser kalver!

3 Derfor skal de bli som en morgensky, lik duggen som tidlig svinner bort, lik agner som vinden fører bort fra treskeplassen, og som røk fra et røkfang.

4 Men jeg er Herren din Gud fra Egyptens land, og nogen annen Gud enn mig kjenner du ikke, og nogen annen frelser finnes det ikke.

5 Det var jeg som sørget for dig i ørkenen, i det brennhete land.

6 Fordi deres beite var godt, blev de mette; og da de blev mette, ophøiet de sig i sitt hjerte, og så glemte de mig.

7 Da blev jeg mot dem som en løve; som en leopard lurer jeg ved veien;

8 jeg vil møte dem som en bjørn som ungene er tatt fra, og sønderrive deres hjertes dekke*; jeg vil fortære dem som en løvinne; markens ville dyr skal sønderslite dem. / {* d.e. deres bryst.}

9 Det er blitt til din ødeleggelse, Israel, at du har satt dig op imot mig, jeg som er din hjelp.

10 Hvor er da din konge, at han skulde kunne frelse dig i alle dine byer, og dine dommere, om hvem du sa: Gi mig en konge og fyrster?

11 Jeg gir dig en konge i min vrede, og jeg tar ham bort igjen i min harme.

12 Efra'ims misgjerning er samlet i en pung, hans synd er gjemt.

13 Veer som hos en fødende kvinne skal komme over ham. Han er en uforstandig sønn; når tiden er der, kommer han ikke frem i modermunnen.

14 Av dødsrikets vold vil jeg fri dem ut, fra døden vil jeg forløse dem. Død! Hvor er din pest? Dødsrike! Hvor er din sott? Anger er skjult for mine øine*. / {* jeg angrer ikke hvad jeg har lovt; 4MO 23, 19.}

15 For han brer frukt*, der han står blandt sine brødre; men det kommer en østenvind, et Herrens vær, som drar op fra ørkenen, og hans brønn blir tom, og hans kilde tørkes ut; den** røver den hele skatt av kostelige ting. / {* 1MO 48, 19; 49, 22.} {** østenvinden, d.e. assyrerne; HSE 4, 19.}

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Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 196


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 264, 908, 1861, 1949, 2584, 3574, 3579, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 241, 242, 243, 281, 321, 343, 422, ...

A Brief Exposition of New Church Doctrine 36, 120

Doctrine of the Lord 34, 38, 45

Sacred Scripture 79

True Christian Religion 6, 21, 83, 188, 294, 583, 637


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 186, 278, 328, 388, 419, 482, 483, ...

Marriage 6, 21, 83

Scriptural Confirmations 19, 99

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Word/Phrase Explanations

efra'im
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

talte
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

Israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

døde
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

sølv
'Silver,' in the internal sense of the Word, signifies truth, but also falsity. 'Silver' means the truth of faith, or the truth acquired from selfhood,...

egen
In many cases, the spiritual meaning of "own," both as a verb and as an adjective, is relatively literal. When people are described as the...

arbeid
'Works,' as in Genesis 46:33, denote goods, because they are from the will, and anything from the will is either good or evil, but anything...

kalver
Calves of the lips (Hos 14:2) are confessions from the affection of truth.

tidlig
Morning comes with the rising of the sun, and the sun – which gives life to the earth with its warmth and light – represents...

agner
Chaff is mentioned in Matthew 3:12 signifies falsity of every kind, derived from an in­fernal origin.

herren
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

gud
The Lord is love itself, expressed in the form of wisdom itself. Love, then, is His essence, His inmost. Wisdom - the loving understanding of...

egyptens
'Mizraim' signifies the same thing as Egypt.

land
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

frelser
The Lord from the essential divine, through the divine human, is the savior. The Lord became the savior by His spiritual temptations, or combats.

ørkenen
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

mette
'To satiate' relates to the extent of a person's will, for good or evil.

hjerte
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

glemte
To forget, in the internal sense, signifies nothing else but removal and apparent privation.

Leopard
'A leopard,' being a crafty and insidious animal, particularly represents people who confirm faith separate from good works. 'A leopard' signifies the affection or lust...

Bjørn
Bears represent the power of the literal external stories and ideas of Bible, separate from their deeper meanings. Since they are wild carnivores, this is...

markens
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

konge
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

frelse
To be saved or rescued means getting true ideas that we can hold to even in the face of a storm of false thinking. Sometimes...

byer
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

dommere
It’s easy to see the connection between judging and truth. In a court of law, the judge’s whole purpose is to find the truth. In...

sa
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

gi
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

vrede
'Wrath,' as in Genesis 49:7, signifies aversion from truth. 'Great wrath,' as in Revelation 12:12, signifies hatred against the new church.

synd
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

sønn
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

Kommer
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

pest
'Pestilence' denotes the vastation of good and truth.

skjult
'To hide themselves in the dens and in the rocks of the mountains,' as mentioned in Revelation 6:15, signifies being in evils and in falsities...

brødre
Brethren (Gen. 27:29) signify the affections of good.

skatt
'Treasuries' denote knowledges of good and truth, and, in the opposite sense, evil and falsity.

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Apocalypse Revealed # 793

Apocalypse Revealed (Rogers translation)      

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793. "No craftsman of any craft shall be found in you anymore." This symbolically means that those caught up in the Roman Catholic religion because of its doctrine and a life in accordance with it are without any understanding of spiritual truth, and so are without any thought of spiritual truth, to the extent that they are left to themselves.

In the spiritual sense of the Word, a craftsman symbolizes an intelligent person and a thinking one by virtue of his intellect - in a good sense, someone who uses his intellect to think thoughts that are true, which are heavenly, and in a bad sense, someone who uses his intellect to think thoughts that are false, which are infernal. Moreover, because all of these thoughts are of many kinds, and each kind consists of many varieties, and each variety again of many kinds and varieties, but which we call particulars and specifics, therefore the text says, "no craftsman of any craft."

By virtue of their arts and crafts, too, and the correspondence of these, craftsmen symbolize such things as have to do with wisdom, intelligence and knowledge. We say, by virtue of their correspondence, because a person's every work, likewise his every undertaking, corresponds to such things as have to do with the intelligence of angels, provided it is of some use. But the works of craftsmen in gold, silver and precious stones correspond to some matters or objects of angelic intelligence, the works of craftsmen in bronze, iron, wood and stone to others, and the works of craftsmen in other valuable endeavors, such as the making of cloth, linens, garments and clothing of various kinds, to still others. All of these arts and crafts have, as we said, a correspondence, because they are works.

It can be seen from this that no craftsman of any art being found in Babylon does not mean that there will be no craftsman there, but that there will be no understanding of spiritual truth and so no thought of spiritual truth. But this is the case only with those who are caught up in the Roman Catholic religion because of its doctrine and a life in accordance with it, and this to the extent that they are left to themselves.

(Odkazy: Revelation 18:22)


[2] That a craftsman symbolizes people who have an understanding of truth and so think thoughts that are true can be seen from this, that Bezaleel and Aholiab were to make the Tabernacle, because they were filled with wisdom, understanding, and knowledge (Exodus 31:3; 36:1-2). Also from the following:

All the wise-hearted among those doing the work made (the dwelling place) with the work of a craftsman... (Exodus 36:8)

You shall make the dwelling place... of fine woven linen and blue, purple, and double-dyed scarlet...(and) cherubim; with the work of a craftsman you shall make them. (Exodus 26:1)

You shall make a veil (in the same manner) with the work of a craftsman. (Exodus 26:31; 36:35)

So, too, the ephod with the work of a craftsman, and also the breastpiece (Exodus 28:6; 39:8). The word for craftsman there is one that also means a thinker.

With the work of a craftsman in gems..., you shall engrave the two stones... which you shall put... on the shoulders of the ephod... (Exodus 28:11, 12)

(Odkazy: Exodus 35:35)


[3] In an opposite sense, the work of a craftsman symbolizes the kind of work that is the product of one's own intelligence, from which comes only falsity. This is meant by the work of a craftsman in the following passages:

In their intelligence they will make... a molten image... of their silver..., all of it the work of craftsmen. (Hosea 13:2)

A craftsman pours the image, and the founder covers it with gold and forges chains of silver... He seeks... a wise craftsman... (Isaiah 40:19-20)

...one cuts wood from a forest, the work of the hands of the workman... Silver... is brought from Tarshish, and gold from Uphaz, the work of a craftsman...; blue and purple their clothing, all the work of wise men. (Jeremiah 10:3, 9)

See also Deuteronomy 27:15.

That idols symbolize falsities in worship and religion originating from people's own intelligence may be seen in no. 459, 460 above.

(Odkazy: Apocalypse Revealed 459-460; Revelation 18:22)

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From Swedenborg's Works

Inbound References:

Apocalypse Revealed 753, 797, 799


Thanks to the General Church of the New Jerusalem for the permission to use this translation.


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