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Esekiel 11

Norwegian: Det Norsk Bibelselskap (1930)         

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1 Og et vær løftet mig op og førte mig til den østre port i Herrens hus, den som vender mot øst, og ved inngangen til porten så jeg fem og tyve menn og midt iblandt dem Ja'asanja, Assurs sønn, og Pelatja, Benajas sønn, som var høvdinger blandt folket.

2 Og Herren sa til mig: Menneskesønn! Dette er de menn som tenker ut urett og gir onde råd i denne stad,

3 de som sier: Det blir ikke så snart tale om å bygge hus*; den** er gryten, og vi er kjøttet. / {* JE 29, 5.} / {** staden.}

4 Derfor, spå mot dem, spå du menneskesønn!

5 Og Herrens Ånd falt på mig, og han sa til mig: Si: Så sier Herren: Således har I sagt, I av Israels hus, og de tanker som stiger op i eders ånd, dem kjenner jeg.

6 Mange er de som I har drept i denne stad; I har fylt dens gater med drepte.

7 Derfor sier Herren, Israels Gud, så: De som I har drept og latt ligge midt i staden, de er kjøttet, og den er gryten; men I skal føres ut av den.

8 I frykter for sverdet, og sverdet vil jeg la komme over eder, sier Herren, Israels Gud.

9 Jeg vil føre eder ut av den og gi eder i fremmedes hånd, og jeg vil holde dom over eder.

10 For sverdet skal I falle; ved Israels grense vil jeg dømme eder, og I skal kjenne at jeg er Herren.

11 Den skal ikke være en gryte for eder, og I skal ikke være kjøttet i den; ved Israels grense vil jeg dømme eder.

12 Og I skal kjenne at jeg er Herren, hvis bud I ikke har fulgt, og hvis lover I ikke har holdt; men I har holdt eder efter de hedningefolks lover som bor rundt omkring eder.

13 Mens jeg holdt på å spå, døde Pelatja, Benajas sønn, og jeg falt på mitt ansikt og ropte med høi røst og sa: Akk, Herre, Herre! Vil du aldeles gjøre ende på det som er igjen av Israel?

14 Og Herrens ord kom til mig, og det lød så:

15 Menneskesønn! Dine brødre, dine brødre, dine nære frender og hele Israels hus, hele folket*, er det til hvem Jerusalems innbyggere sier: Hold eder langt borte fra Herren! Oss er landet gitt til eiendom. / {* Talen er om dem som med Jekonja var bortført til Babel; 2KG 24, 12 fg.}

16 Derfor skal du si: Så sier Herren, Israels Gud: Da jeg lot dem fare langt bort iblandt hedningefolkene, da jeg spredte dem i landene, blev jeg en kort tid en helligdom* for dem i de land de var kommet til. / {* JES 8, 14.}

17 Derfor skal du si: Så sier Herren, Israels Gud: Jeg vil samle eder fra folkene og sanke eder fra de land som I er spredt i, og jeg vil gi eder Israels land.

18 Og når de kommer dit, da skal de få bort derfra alle de avskyeligheter og vederstyggeligheter som finnes der.

19 Og jeg vil gi dem ett hjerte, og en ny ånd vil jeg gi i deres indre; jeg vil ta bort stenhjertet av deres kjød og gi dem et kjødhjerte,

20 så de skal følge mine bud og holde mine lover og gjøre efter dem; og de skal være mitt folk, og jeg vil være deres Gud.

21 Men de hvis hjerte følger deres avskyeligheter og vederstyggeligheter*, deres gjerninger vil jeg la komme over deres eget hode, sier Herren, Israels Gud. / {* deres avguder.}

22 Da løftet kjerubene sine vinger, og hjulene fulgte med, og Israels Guds herlighet var ovenover dem.

23 Og Herrens herlighet steg op fra staden, og den blev stående på det berg som er østenfor staden.

24 Og et vær løftet mig op og førte mig i synet ved Guds Ånd til Kaldea, til de bortførte; og synet som jeg hadde sett, steg op fra mig.

25 Og jeg talte til de bortførte alle de ord som Herren hadde latt mig se.

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Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Conjugial Love 26

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 134


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 1250, 2921, 3813, 4503, 5922, 8408, 8427, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 36, 501, 629, 832, 883, 945

Divine Providence 134

Doctrine of the Lord 28, 39, 49, 52

Doctrine of Life 86

True Christianity 93, 143, 157, 705


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 422, 577, 652, 746, 926, 946, 1045, ...

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 58

Marriage 93

Scriptural Confirmations 2, 4, 22, 52

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Arcana Coelestia # 4503

Arcana Coelestia (Elliott translation)      

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4503. 'The sons of Jacob came upon the slain, and plundered the city' means that all his descendants destroyed that doctrine. This is clear from the meaning of 'the sons of Jacob' as descendants from Jacob, dealt with above; from the meaning of 'plundering' as destroying; and from the meaning of 'the city' as the doctrine of the Church, dealt with above in 4500. Simeon and Levi's going away after they had killed every male in the city as well as Hamor and Shechem, and then Jacob's sons' coming upon the slain and plundering the city, involves an arcanum, the meaning of which is not evident except from the internal sense.

[2] That arcanum is this: After the truth and good of the Church which are represented by 'Simeon and Levi' were wiped out and falsity and evil took their place, further falsities and evils were added, which are meant in the contrary sense by the rest of Jacob's sons. Each son of Jacob represented some general aspect of faith and charity, as has been shown in 2129, 3858, 3913, 3926, 3939, 4060.

Which aspect is represented by each, see the following:

Reuben, 3861, 3866, 3870;
Judah, 3881;
Dan, 3921-3923;
Naphtali, 3927, 3928;
Gad, 3934, 3935;
Asher, 3938, 3939;
Issachar, 3956, 3957;
Zebulun, 3960, 3961.

These general aspects of faith and charity which those sons represented become falsities and evils of that kind once the truth and good of the Church have been wiped out and those further falsities and evils have been added to them; for falsities and evils are constantly on the increase within the Church once it has been perverted and wiped out. It is these added falsities and evils that are meant by the reference to Jacob's sons coming upon the slain and plundering the city after Simeon and Levi had killed every male in the city as well as Hamor and Shechem, and had taken Dinah and gone away.

(Odkazy: Arcana Coelestia 3927-3928, 3934-3935, 3938-3939, 3956-3957)


[3] That 'the slain' in the Word means truths and goods which have been wiped out may be seen from the following places: In Isaiah,

You are cast out from your sepulchre like an abominable branch, a garment of the killed - slain with the sword - who go down to the stones of the pit like a dead body trodden underfoot. Isaiah 14:19.

This refers to Babel. 'Those slain with the sword' stands for those who have profaned the truths of the Church. In the same prophet,

So that their slain are cast out and the stench of their dead bodies rises up. Isaiah 34:3.

This refers to the falsities and evils which infest the Church, 'the slain' standing for these.

[4] In Ezekiel,

The violent of the nations will draw the sword against the beauty of your wisdom, and they will profane your loveliness. They will bring you down into the pit and you will die the deaths of those slain in the midst of the seas. Ezekiel 28:7-8.

This refers to the prince of Tyre who means the leading cognitions of truth and good. 'Dying the deaths of those slain in the midst of the seas' stands for those who use facts to hatch falsities and in consequence defile the truths of the Church.

[5] In the same prophet,

They also will go down with them into hell, to those slain with the sword. You will be made to go down with the trees of Eden into the nether world, in the midst of the uncircumcised you will lie with those slain with the sword. Ezekiel 31:17-18.

In the same prophet,

Go down and lie with the uncircumcised; they will fall in the midst of those slain with the sword; the chief of the powerful ones will speak to him in the midst of hell. Ezekiel 32:19-21.

This refers to Pharaoh and Egypt. 'Those slain with the sword' stands for those who by their use of knowledge become insane; by their use of it they destroy all belief in the truth known to the Church.

[6] In David,

I have been reckoned with them going down to the pit; I have become as a man with no strength, neglected among the dead, like the slain lying in the sepulchre whom you remember no more and who have been cut off by your hand.

'The slain' in hell - those in the pit and 'in the sepulchre' - stands for those who have destroyed the truths and goods residing with them by means of falsities and evils. Anyone can recognize that these are not in hell merely because they have been slain with the sword.

(Odkazy: Psalms 88:4-5)


[7] In Isaiah,

A city of tumults, an exultant city, [your slain] have not been slain with the sword, and they have not been killed in war. All who have been found in you have been bound together in chains. They have fled from far away. Isaiah 22:2-3.

This refers to the illusions resulting from the evidence of the senses which do not enable the truths of the Church to be seen. It refers therefore to people subject to negative doubt, and these are called 'slain but not with the sword'.

[8] In Ezekiel,

I am bringing a sword upon you and destroying your high places; and your altars will be destroyed, and your statues will be broken; and I will cause your slain to lie before your idols. When the slain have fallen in the midst of you, you will know that I am Jehovah. Then you will acknowledge, when the slain are in the midst of their idols, around their altar. Ezekiel 6:3-4, 7, 13.

'The slain' stands for those who are governed by falsities of doctrine.

[9] In the same prophet,

Defile the house, and fill the courts with the slain. They went forth and smote in the city. Ezekiel 9:7.

This is a prophetic vision. 'Defiling the house and filling the courts with the slain' stands for profaning goods and truths. In the same prophet,

You have multiplied your slain in this city, and have filled its streets with the slain. Therefore said the Lord Jehovih, Your slain whom you have placed in the midst of it, they are the flesh, and that is the pot; and he will lead you out from the midst of it. Ezekiel 11:6-7.

[10] Because 'the slain' meant those who have annihilated the truths of the Church by means of falsities and evils, therefore also in the representative Church those who touched one who had been slain were unclean. Such persons are referred to in Moses as follows,

Everyone who has touched on the surface of the field one slain with the sword, or one dead, or a human bone, or a sepulchre will be unclean for seven days. Numbers 19:16, 18.

Inquiry was therefore made and atonement effected by means of a heifer. In the same author,

If one is found slain, lying in the field, and it is not known who smote him, then the elders of the city and the judges shall come out and they shall measure [the distance] to the cities which are around the one slain. It shall be, that in the city nearest to the one slain the elders of that city shall take a heifer by means of which no work has been done, which has not pulled in the yoke, and they shall bring it down to the river or valley, and there they shall break the heifer's neck. And they shall wash their hands over the heifer whose neck has been broken and shall say, Our hands have not shed blood, and our eyes have not seen it. Expiate Your people Israel, O Jehovah, and do not set innocent blood in the midst of Your people; and the blood shall be expiated for them. Deuteronomy 21:1-8.

[11] These laws were laid down because one who has been slain means the perversion, destruction, and profanation of the truth of the Church by means of falsity and evil, as is evident from each detail in the internal sense. The expression 'one slain, lying in the field' is used because 'the field' means the Church, see 2971, 3310, 3766. 'A heifer by means of which no work has been done' means the innocence of the external man which is present within ignorance. Without a clear knowledge of these things meant in the internal sense everyone will be surprised that a procedure such as this for making expiation should ever have been ordained.

(Odkazy: Genesis 34:27)


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From Swedenborg's Works

Inbound References:

Arcana Coelestia 4515, 4728, 5037, 5461, 5482, 5512, 5538, 5622, 5626, 5665, 6238, 6352, 6716, 6767, 7041, 7231, 8080, 8159, 8408, 8902, 9262, 9293, 9320, 9642, 10396, 10485, 10566

The New Jerusalem and its Heavenly Doctrine 121, 248


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 28, 39, 229, 281, 304, 315, 365, 433, 443, 444

Other New Christian Commentary

Thanks to the Swedenborg Society for the permission to use this translation.


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