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Jeremia 50

German: Elberfelder (1905)         

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1 Das Wort, welches Jehova über Babel, über das Land der Chaldäer, durch den Propheten Jeremia geredet hat.

2 Verkündiget es unter den Nationen und laßt es hören, und erhebet ein Panier; laßt es hören, verhehlet es nicht! Sprechet: Babel ist eingenommen, Bel zu Schanden geworden, Merodak bestürzt; ihre Götzenbilder sind zu Schanden geworden, ihre Götzen sind bestürzt.

3 Denn wider dasselbe ist eine Nation heraufgezogen von Norden her: Diese wird sein Land zur Wüste machen, daß kein Bewohner mehr darin sein wird; sowohl Menschen als Vieh sind entflohen, weggezogen.

4 In jenen Tagen und zu jener Zeit, spricht Jehova, werden die Kinder Israel kommen, sie und die Kinder Juda zusammen; fort und fort weinend werden sie gehen und Jehova, ihren Gott, suchen.

5 Sie werden nach Zion fragen, indem ihr Angesicht dahin gerichtet ist: Kommet und schließet euch an Jehova an mit einem ewigen Bunde, der nicht vergessen werde! -

6 Mein Volk war eine verlorene Schafherde: ihre Hirten leiteten sie irre auf verführerische Berge; sie gingen von Berg zu Hügel, vergaßen ihre Lagerstätte.

7 Alle, die sie fanden, fraßen sie; und ihre Feinde sprachen: Wir verschulden uns nicht, weil sie gegen Jehova gesündigt haben, die Wohnung der Gerechtigkeit, und gegen Jehova, die Erwartung ihrer Väter.

8 Flüchtet aus Babel hinaus, und ziehet aus dem Lande der Chaldäer; und seid wie die Böcke vor der Herde her!

9 Denn siehe, ich erwecke und führe herauf wider Babel eine Versammlung großer Nationen aus dem Lande des Nordens, und sie werden sich wider dasselbe aufstellen: Von dort aus wird es eingenommen werden. Ihre Pfeile sind wie die eines geschickten Helden, keiner kehrt leer zurück.

10 Und Chaldäa wird zum Raube werden; alle, die es berauben, werden satt werden, spricht Jehova.

11 Denn möget ihr euch auch freuen, denn möget ihr auch frohlocken, Plünderer meines Erbteils, denn möget ihr auch hüpfen wie eine dreschende junge Kuh, und wiehern gleich starken Rossen:

12 Sehr beschämt ist eure Mutter, zu Schanden geworden eure Gebärerin. Siehe, es ist die letzte der Nationen, eine Wüste, eine Dürre und eine Steppe.

13 Vor dem Grimm Jehovas wird es nicht mehr bewohnt werden, sondern eine Wüste sein ganz und gar. Ein jeder, der an Babel vorüberzieht, wird sich entsetzen und zischen über alle seine Plagen.

14 Stellet euch ringsum auf wider Babel, alle, die ihr den Bogen spannet; schießet nach ihm, schonet die Pfeile nicht! Denn gegen Jehova hat es gesündigt.

15 Erhebet ein Schlachtgeschrei gegen dasselbe ringsum! Es hat sich ergeben; gefallen sind seine Festungswerke, niedergerissen seine Mauern. Denn es ist die Rache Jehovas. Rächet euch an ihm, tut ihm, wie es getan hat!

16 Rottet aus Babel den Säemann aus und den, der die Sichel führt zur Erntezeit! Vor dem verderbenden Schwerte wird ein jeder zu seinem Volke sich wenden und ein jeder in sein Land fliehen.

17 Israel ist ein versprengtes Schaf, welches Löwen verscheucht haben. Zuerst hat der König von Assyrien es gefressen, und nun zuletzt hat Nebukadrezar, der König von Babel, ihm die Knochen zermalmt.

18 Darum spricht Jehova der Heerscharen, der Gott Israels, also: Siehe, ich suche heim den König von Babel und sein Land, gleichwie ich den König von Assyrien heimgesucht habe.

19 Und ich will Israel zu seiner Trift zurückbringen, daß es den Karmel und Basan beweide, und seine Seele sich sättige auf dem Gebirge Ephraim und in Gilead.

20 In jenen Tagen und zu jener Zeit, spricht Jehova, wird Israels Missetat gesucht werden, und sie wird nicht da sein, und die Sünden Judas, und sie werden nicht gefunden werden; denn ich will denen vergeben, die ich übriglasse.

21 Wider das Land "Doppelte Widerspenstigkeit", wider dasselbe ziehe hinauf und gegen die Bewohner von "Heimsuchung". Verwüste und vertilge hinter ihnen her, spricht Jehova, und tue nach allem, was ich dir geboten habe!

22 Kriegslärm im Lande und große Zertrümmerung!

23 Wie ist zerhauen und zertrümmert der Hammer der ganzen Erde! Wie ist Babel zum Entsetzen geworden unter den Nationen!

24 Ich habe dir Schlingen gelegt, und du wurdest auch gefangen, Babel, ohne daß du es wußtest; du wurdest gefunden und auch ergriffen, weil du dich wider Jehova in Krieg eingelassen hast.

25 Jehova hat seine Rüstkammer aufgetan und hervorgeholt die Waffen seines Grimmes; denn der Herr, Jehova der Heerscharen, hat ein Werk in dem Lande der Chaldäer.

26 Kommet über dasselbe von allen Seiten her, öffnet seine Scheunen, schüttet es auf wie Garbenhaufen und vertilget es; nicht bleibe ihm ein Überrest!

27 Erwürget alle seine Farren, zur Schlachtung sollen sie hinstürzen! Wehe über sie! Denn ihr Tag ist gekommen, die Zeit ihrer Heimsuchung.

28 Horch! Flüchtlinge und Entronnene aus dem Lande Babel, um in Zion zu verkünden die Rache Jehovas, unseres Gottes, die Rache seines Tempels.

29 Rufet Schützen herbei wider Babel, alle, die den Bogen spannen! Belagert es ringsum, niemand entrinne! Vergeltet ihm nach seinem Werke, tut ihm nach allem, was es getan hat; denn es hat vermessen gehandelt gegen Jehova, gegen den Heiligen Israels.

30 Darum sollen seine Jünglinge auf seinen Straßen fallen und alle seine Kriegsmänner umkommen an selbigem Tage, spricht Jehova.

31 Siehe, ich will an dich, du Stolze, spricht der Herr, Jehova der Heerscharen; denn gekommen ist dein Tag, die Zeit, da ich dich heimsuche.

32 Dann wird die Stolze straucheln und fallen, und niemand wird sie aufrichten; und ich werde ein Feuer anzünden in ihren Städten, daß es alle ihre Umgebung verzehre.

33 So spricht Jehova der Heerscharen: Die Kinder Israel und die Kinder Juda sind Bedrückte allzumal; und alle, die sie gefangen weggeführt, haben sie festgehalten, haben sich geweigert, sie zu entlassen.

34 Ihr Erlöser ist stark, Jehova der Heerscharen ist sein Name; er wird ihre Rechtssache gewißlich führen, auf daß er dem Lande Ruhe schaffe und die Bewohner von Babel erzittern mache.

35 Das Schwert über die Chaldäer, spricht Jehova, und über die Bewohner von Babel und über seine Fürsten und über seine Weisen!

36 Das Schwert über die Schwätzer, daß sie zu Narren werden! Das Schwert über seine Helden, daß sie verzagen!

37 Das Schwert über seine Rosse und über seine Wagen und über das ganze Mischvolk, welches in seiner Mitte ist, daß sie zu Weibern werden! Das Schwert über seine Schätze, daß sie geplündert werden!

38 Dürre über seine Gewässer, daß sie austrocknen! Denn es ist ein Land der geschnitzten Bilder, und sie rasen durch ihre erschreckenden Götzen.

39 Darum werden Wüstentiere mit wilden Hunden darin wohnen, und Strauße darin wohnen; und es soll in Ewigkeit nicht mehr bewohnt werden, und keine Niederlassung sein von Geschlecht zu Geschlecht.

40 Gleich der Umkehrung Sodoms und Gomorras und ihrer Nachbarn durch Gott, spricht Jehova, wird niemand daselbst wohnen und kein Menschenkind darin weilen.

41 Siehe, es kommt ein Volk von Norden her, und eine große Nation und viele Könige machen sich auf von dem äußersten Ende der Erde.

42 Bogen und Wurfspieß führen sie, sie sind grausam und ohne Erbarmen; ihre Stimme braust wie das Meer, und auf Rossen reiten sie: gerüstet wider dich, Tochter Babel, wie ein Mann zum Kriege.

43 Der König von Babel hat die Kunde von ihnen vernommen, und seine Hände sind schlaff geworden; Angst hat ihn ergriffen, Wehen, der Gebärenden gleich.

44 Siehe, er steigt herauf, wie ein Löwe von der Pracht des Jordan, wider die feste Wohnstätte; denn ich werde es plötzlich von ihr hinwegtreiben und den, der auserkoren ist, über sie bestellen. Denn wer ist mir gleich, und wer will mich vorladen? Und wer ist der Hirt, der vor mir bestehen könnte?

45 Darum höret den Ratschluß Jehovas, welchen er über Babel beschlossen hat, und seine Gedanken, die er denkt über das Land der Chaldäer: Wahrlich, man wird sie fortschleppen, die Geringen der Herde; wahrlich, die Trift wird sich über sie entsetzen!

46 Von dem Rufe: Babel ist erobert! erzittert die Erde und wird ein Geschrei unter den Nationen vernommen.

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Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1368

der Propheten und der Psalmen Davids 116


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 289, 468, 583, 1186, 1326, 1813, 2025, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 52, 173, 241, 281, 298, 299, 336, ...

Kurze Darstellung 120

Die Lehre vom Herrn 4, 34, 38, 39, 40, 53

Die Lehre des neuen Jerusalem von der Heiligen Schrift 51, 79

Himmel und Hölle 365

Vom Jüngsten Gericht 54

Wahre Christliche Religion 45, 83, 93, 158, 188, 294, 637, ...


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 131, 275, 278, 304, 328, 355, 357, ...

The White Horse - Appendix 1

Marriage 45, 83, 93

Scriptural Confirmations 4, 19, 51, 98

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Word/Phrase Explanations

Wort
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

Land
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

Propheten
The idea of a "prophet" is very closely tied to the idea of the Bible itself, since the Bible was largely written by prophets. At...

jeremia
Jeremiah, in the Book of Jeremiah 1:1 and what follows, represents the Lord. (Arcana Coelestia 2838 [2]). In Jeremiah 13:7, he signifies the state of...

Hören
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

Bel
Bel (Isa. 46:1) signifies the profanation of truth.

nation
'Nations' signify people who are in the good of love and charity from the Lord. Two nations in the womb,' as in Genesis 25:23, signify...

Norden
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

zeit
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

Kinder
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

Kommen
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

juda
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

suchen
The meaning of "to seek" in the Bible is pretty straightforward, but there is a bit of nuance: Swedenborg tells us that in most cases...

Vergessen
To forget, in the internal sense, signifies nothing else but removal and apparent privation.

Hirten
The Writings tell us that shepherds represent those who lead and teach others, using knowledge and true ideas to help people reach the goodness of...

Berg
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

Feinde
Foes, or adversaries, denote the falsities of evil. Foes, or adversaries, when predicate of the Lord, signifies to avert falsities derived from evil.

Gerechtigkeit
He is said to be 'just' in a spiritual sense, who lives according to divine laws. They on the right hand being called 'just,' as...

väter
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

Vor
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

Herde
A flock, as in Genesis 26, denotes interior or rational good. A flock signifies those who are in spiritual good. A flock signifies natural interior...

Versammlung
A congregation is a group of people with common loves, interests, and purposes. It often refers to a church group. In the Word it is...

Pfeile
'Shafts' or 'arrows' signify truths and spiritual truth.

zurück
Everyone knows the phrase "the natural order of things." It means that everything is in its proper place, occupying the niche it is meant to...

Chaldäa
Chaldea was a land lying along the Euphrates river near its mouth, south of Babylon, part of what is now southern Iraq. It was a...

beschämt
To be ashamed (Gen 2:25) signifies to be in evil

Mutter
In general, mothers in the Bible represent the Lord's church on earth, or the church among those who know and follow the Lord. In some...

Wüste
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

bewohnt
'Inhabit' refers to good.

bogen
A bow signifies falsity of doctrine destroying truth, and spear, the falsity of evil de­stroying good. (Jer. 6:23.)

gefallen
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

Rache
'To be avenged seventy and seven fold' denotes damnation.

fliehen
Flight, as in Matthew 14:20, signifies removal from a state of the good of love and innocence. Flight, as in Mark 8:18, signifies the last...

zuerst
Why would it be insulting for a man to refer to his married partner as his “first wife”? Because it implies there will be a...

König
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

heerscharen
Armies of the heavens and the sands of the sea ('Jeremiah 33:15-22') signify the knowledges of truth and good in the spiritual and natural ma{ign21}

Israels
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Karmel
Carmel (Isa. 16:10) signifies the good of the church. Carmel also signifies the celestial church. (Isa. 35:2.)

Seele
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

Ephraim
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

Missetat
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

gefunden
To not to be found any more, signifies not to rise again.

Heimsuchung
The end time of the church and each individual, is called 'the visitation,' and precedes judgment. 'Visitation' is nothing but an exploration of the quality...

hinter
Behind, or after, (Gen. 16:13), signifies within or above, or an interior or superior principle.

geboten
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

gefangen
"Catching" is used in a variety of ways in the Bible, both positive and negative. Thieves get caught; the Egyptians caught up with the Children...

Herr
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

öffnet
To open,' as in Revelation 9, signifies communication and conjunction.

gottes
The Lord is love itself, expressed in the form of wisdom itself. Love, then, is His essence, His inmost. Wisdom - the loving understanding of...

Tempels
'A temple' represents heaven and the church. The sacred place where the ark was, represents the inmost, or third heaven, and the church among people...

fallen
To 'stumble' denotes being scandalized or offended, and falling, as a result, from truths into falsities.

feuer
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

Erlöser
Jehovah is called 'the redeemer,' because He took on a human nature.

Name
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

schwert
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

Mitte
'Middle' denotes what is primary, principal, or inmost.

Schätze
'Treasuries' denote knowledges of good and truth, and, in the opposite sense, evil and falsity.

Bilder
'Images' denote things fashioned from man’s own intelligence.

wohnen
Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

sodoms
"Sodom" in the Bible represents the love of self and the love of ruling or dominating others springing from the love of self. This is...

Nachbarn
'The neighbor' is not only an individual person, but also people collectively, as a less or greater society, our country, the church, the Lord’s kingdom,...

kommt
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

viele
Intellectual things – ideas, knowledge, facts, even insight and understanding – are more separate and free-standing than emotional things, and it’s easier to imagine numbering...

Stimme
'Voice' signifies what is announced from the Word. 'Voice' often refers and is applied to things that cannot have a voice, as in Exodus 4,...

Meer
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

Reiten
'To ride' signifies being elevated regarding the intellectual part of the mind. To ride upon a cherub,' as in Psalm 18:9, 10, denotes the Lord’s...

Tochter
"Behold I have two daughters,” etc. (Gen. 19:8), signifies the affections of good and truth, and the blessedness perceivable from the enjoyment thereof, by those...

Mann
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

Kriege
War in the Word represents the combat of temptation when what is good is assaulted by what is evil or false. The evil that attacks...

Hände
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

löwe
'A lion' signifies the good of celestial love and the truth from that good.

jordan
The land of Jordan,' as in Psalm 42:6, signifies what is lowly, consequently, what is distant from the celestial, as the external parts of a...

Gedanken
There are thoughts from perception, from conscience, and from a lack of conscience. Thoughts from perception are only possible in the celestial, that is, people...

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Arcana Coelestia # 3654

Arcana Coelestia (Elliott translation)      

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3654. In the internal sense of the Word 'Judea' does not mean Judea, any more than 'Jerusalem' means Jerusalem. This becomes clear from many places in the Word. In the Word Judea is mentioned less frequently than the land of Judah, which, like the land of Canaan, means the Lord's kingdom, and therefore the Church also since the Church is the Lord's kingdom on earth. And Judea has this meaning because Judah or the Jewish nation represented the Lord's celestial kingdom, and Israel or the Israelitish people His spiritual kingdom. And because His kingdom was represented by them, therefore when that nation or people is mentioned in the Word, nothing else is meant in its internal sense.

[2] The truth of this will be evident from those things which in the Lord's Divine mercy will be stated later on regarding Judah and the land of Judah. For the present it will be evident from the following few examples in the Prophets: In Isaiah,

My beloved had a vineyard on a very fertile hill. 1 He surrounded it [with an enclosure] and gathered out the stones, and planted it with the choicest vine and built a tower in the midst of it, and also hewed out a winepress in it. And he looked for it to yield grapes, but it yielded wild grapes. And now, O inhabitant of Jerusalem and man of Judah, judge, I pray you, between Me and My vineyard. I will make it a desolation, for the vineyard of Jehovah Zebaoth is the house of Israel, and the man of Judah His pleasant plant. 2 And He looked for judgement, but behold, festering; for righteousness, but behold, a cry. Isaiah 5:1-3, 6-7.

Here the subject in the sense of the letter is the perverted state of the

Israelites and Jews, but in the internal sense it is the perverted state of the Church represented by Israel and Judah. 'Inhabitant of Jerusalem' is the Church's good - 'inhabitant' meaning good, or what amounts to the same, those with whom good is present, see 2268, 2451, 2712, 3613, and 'Jerusalem' the Church, 402, 2117. 'The house of Israel' has a similar meaning - 'house' meaning good, 710, 1708, 2233, 2331, 3142, 3538, and 'Israel' the Church, 3305. 'The man of Judah' also is very similar, for 'a man' means truth, 265, 749, 1007, 3134, 3310, 3459, and Judah good. The difference however is that 'the man of Judah' means truth grounded in the good of love to the Lord, which is called celestial truth, that is, those governed by that kind of truth are meant.

(Odkazy: Arcana Coelestia 2233-2234)


[3] In the same prophet,

He will raise an ensign for the nations, and will gather the outcasts of Israel, and will assemble the dispersed of Judah from the four corners of the earth. Then the rivalry of Ephraim will depart, and the enemies of Judah be cut off. Ephraim will not vie with Judah, and Judah will not harass Ephraim. Jehovah will utterly destroy the tongue of the sea of Egypt, and will shake His hand over the River with the might of His spirit. Then there will be a highway for the remnant of His people which will remain from Asshur. Isaiah 11:12-13, 15-16.

Here the subject in the sense of the letter is the bringing back of the Israelites and Jews from captivity, but in the internal sense it is a new Church in general and with each person in particular who is being regenerated or becoming the Church. 'The outcasts of Israel' stands for their truths, 'the dispersed of Judah' for their goods. 'Ephraim' stands for the understanding part of their minds, which will no longer offer any resistance. 'Egypt' stands for facts, and 'Asshur' for reasoning based on these, which they have perverted. 'The outcasts', 'the dispersed', 'the remnant', and 'those who remain' stand for truths and goods which survive. For 'Ephraim' means the understanding part of the mind, as will be shown elsewhere, while 'Egypt' means factual knowledge, see 1164, 1165, 1186, 1462, 2588, 3325, 'Asshur' reasoning, 119, 1186, and 'remnant' the goods and truths that the Lord has stored away in the interior man, 468, 530, 560, 561, 660, 661, 798, 1050, 1738, 1906, 2284.

(Odkazy: Arcana Coelestia 560-561, 660-661, Arcana Coelestia 1164-1165)


[4] In the same prophet,

Hear this, O house of Jacob, who are called by the name of Israel and who came out of the waters of Judah. For they are called after the city of holiness, and upon the God of Israel they place their reliance. Isaiah 48:1-2.

'The waters of Judah' stands for truths which spring from the good of love to the Lord. The truths from that source are actually the goods of charity, which are called spiritual goods and constitute the spiritual Church, the internal of this Church being meant by 'Israel' and the external by 'the house of Jacob'. This shows what is meant by 'the house of Jacob, who are called by the name of Israel and who came out of the waters of Judah'.

[5] In the same prophet,

I will bring forth seed from Jacob, and from Judah the heir of My mountains, and My chosen ones will possess it, and My servants will dwell there. Isaiah 65:9.

'From Judah the heir of mountains' stands in the highest sense for the Lord, and in the representative sense for those in whom love to Him is present and so the good of love to Him and the good of love towards the neighbour. As regards 'mountains' meaning these forms of good, this has been shown above in 3652.

[6] In Moses,

A lion's whelp is Judah; from the prey you have gone up, my son. He crouched, he lay down like a lion, and like an old lion; who will rouse him up? Genesis 49:9.

Here it is quite evident that in the highest sense 'Judah' is used to mean the Lord, and in the representative sense those with whom the good of love to Him is present. In David,

When Israel went out of Egypt, the house of Jacob from a foreign people, Judah became His sanctuary, Israel His dominions. Psalms 114:1-2.

Here also 'Judah' stands for celestial good, which is the good of love to the Lord, while 'Israel' stands for celestial truth, which is spiritual good.

[7] In Jeremiah,

Behold, the days are coming, says Jehovah, and I will raise up for David a righteous branch, who will reign as king, and will prosper, and execute judgement and righteousness in the land. In His days Judah will be saved, and Israel will dwell securely. And this is His name which they will call Him, Jehovah our Righteousness. Jeremiah 23:5-6; 33:15-16.

This refers to the Coming of the Lord. 'Judah' stands for those with whom the good of love to the Lord is present, 'Israel' for those with whom the truth that goes with that good is present. For 'Judah' is not used to mean Judah, nor 'Israel' to mean Israel, as may be seen from the fact that neither Judah nor Israel was actually preserved any longer. Similarly in the same prophet,

I will bring back the captivity of Judah, and the captivity of Israel, and build them as they were previously. Jeremiah 33:7.

The like may be seen here also. In the same prophet,

In those days and at that time, says Jehovah, the children of Israel will come, they and the children of Judah together, weeping as they come; and they will seek Jehovah their God; and they will seek Zion on the way, their faces towards it. Jeremiah 50:4-5.

In the same prophet,

At that time they will call Jerusalem the throne of Jehovah, and all the nations will be gathered to it, to Jerusalem, because of the name of Jehovah; and they will go no more after the stubbornness of their own evil heart. In those days the house of Judah will go to the house of Israel, and together they will come over the land out of the land of the north. Jeremiah 3:17-18.

[8] In the same prophet,

Behold, the days are coming, said Jehovah, in which I will sow the house of Israel and the house of Judah with the seed of man and the seed of beast; and I will make with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah a new covenant. This is the covenant which I will make with the house of Israel after those days: I will put My law in the midst of them, and will write it on their heart. Jeremiah 31:27, 31, 33.

This shows plainly that Israel or the house of Israel was not meant, for once dispersed among the gentiles they were never brought back from captivity. Nor consequently was Judah or the house of Judah meant. Instead Israel and Judah meant in the internal sense members of the Lord's spiritual and celestial kingdoms. It is with these people that the new covenant is made, and in whose hearts the law is written. 'The new covenant' stands for being joined to the Lord by means of good, 665, 666, 1023, 1038, 1864, 1996, 2003, 2021, 2037. 'The law written in their heart' stands for a perception of good and of truth springing from that good, and also for conscience.

(Odkazy: Arcana Coelestia 665-666)


[9] In Joel,

It will happen on that day that the mountains will drip new wine, and the hills will flow with milk, and all the streams of Judah will flow with water; and a spring will come forth from the house of Jehovah and will water the river of Shittim. Egypt will become a waste, and Edom a desolate wilderness, 3 on account of the violence done to the children of Judah whose innocent blood they have shed in their land. And Judah will abide for ever, and Jerusalem from generation to generation. Joel 3:18-20.

From every detail here also it is evident that 'Judah' is not used to mean Judah, nor 'Jerusalem' to mean Jerusalem, but those in whom the holiness of love and charity dwells, for they are 'to abide for ever' and 'from generation to generation'.

(Odkazy: Joel 3:18, 3:20)


[10] In Malachi,

Behold, I am sending My angel, who will prepare the way before Me; and suddenly there will come to His temple the Lord whom you are seeking, and the angel of the covenant in whom you delight. Then the minchah 4 of Judah and Jerusalem will be acceptable to Jehovah, as in the days of eternity, and as in former years. Malachi 3:1, 4.

This refers to the Coming of the Lord, at which time, it is clear, the minchah of Judah and Jerusalem was not acceptable to Jehovah. From this it is evident that Judah and Jerusalem mean such things as constitute the Lord's Church. The same applies wherever else Judah, Israel, and Jerusalem are mentioned in the Word. From this one may now see what is meant in Matthew by 'Judea', namely the Lord's Church, in that case when vastated.

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Footnotes:

1. literally, on a horn of a son of oil

2. literally, the young plant of His delights

3. literally, the wilderness of a waste

4. Generally rendered 'offering' in English versions of the Scriptures. It is a Hebrew word. The 'ch' in it has a hard or guttural pronunciation, as in German buch or Scottish loch.

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From Swedenborg's Works

Inbound References:

Arcana Coelestia 3880, 3969, 4229, 4255, 4422, 4434, 4750, 4815, 4925, 5044, 5113, 5321, 5443, 5480, 5583, 5595, 5599, 5678, 5782, 5801, 5819, 5825, 6047, 6499, 6528, 6637, 9164, 9166, 9229, 9274, 9293, 9296, 9396, 9468, 9780, 9954, 10248, 10283, ...

The Last Judgment 35

True Christianity 757

The White Horse 12

The New Jerusalem and its Heavenly Doctrine 1, 121, 186, 246, 248


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 5, 195, 205, 208, 222, 223, 242, 253, 278, 310, 400, 433

Other New Christian Commentary

Thanks to the Swedenborg Society for the permission to use this translation.


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