Bible

 

Ézéchiel 17

French: Louis Segond (1910)         

Studovat vnitřní smysl

← Předchozí   Další →

1 La parole de l'Eternel me fut adressée, en ces mots:

2 Fils de l'homme, propose une énigme, dis une parabole à la maison d'Israël!

3 Tu diras: Ainsi parle le Seigneur, l'Eternel: Un grand aigle, aux longues ailes, aux ailes déployées, couvert de plumes de toutes couleurs, vint sur le Liban, et enleva la cime d'un cèdre.

4 Il arracha le plus élevé de ses rameaux, l'emporta dans un pays de commerce, et le déposa dans une ville de marchands.

5 Et il prit un rejeton du pays, et le plaça dans un sol fertile; il le mit près d'une eau abondante, et le planta comme un saule.

6 Ce rejeton poussa, et devint un cep de vigne étendu, mais de peu d'élévation; ses rameaux étaient tournés vers l'aigle, et ses racines étaient sous lui; il devint un cep de vigne, donna des jets, et produisit des branches.

7 Il y avait un autre aigle, grand, aux longues ailes, au plumage épais. Et voici, du parterre où elle était plantée, cette vigne étendit avec avidité ses racines de son côté et dirigea ses rameaux vers lui, afin qu'il l'arrosât.

8 Elle était plantée dans un bon terrain, près d'une eau abondante, de manière à produire des branches et à porter du fruit, à devenir une vigne magnifique.

9 Dis: Ainsi parle le Seigneur, l'Eternel: Prospérera-t-elle? Le premier aigle n'arrachera-t-il pas ses racines, n'enlèvera-t-il pas son fruit, afin qu'elle se dessèche, afin que toutes les feuilles qu'elle a poussées se dessèchent? Et il ne faudra ni beaucoup de force ni un peuple nombreux pour la séparer de ses racines.

10 Voici, elle est plantée: prospérera-t-elle? Si le vent d'orient la touche, ne séchera-t-elle pas? Elle séchera sur le parterre où elle a poussé.

11 La parole de l'Eternel me fut adressée, en ces mots:

12 Dis à la maison rebelle: Ne savez-vous pas ce que cela signifie? Dis: Voici, le roi de Babylone est allé à Jérusalem, il en a pris le roi et les chefs, et les a emmenés avec lui à Babylone.

13 Il a choisi un membre de la race royale, a traité alliance avec lui, et lui a fait prêter serment, et il a emmené les grands du pays,

14 afin que le royaume fût tenu dans l'abaissement, sans pouvoir s'élever, et qu'il gardât son alliance en y demeurant fidèle.

15 Mais il s'est révolté contre lui, en envoyant ses messagers en Egypte, pour qu'elle lui donnât des chevaux et un grand nombre d'hommes. Celui qui a fait de telles choses réussira-t-il, échappera-t-il? Il a rompu l'alliance, et il échapperait!

16 Je suis vivant! dit le Seigneur, l'Eternel, c'est dans le pays du roi qui l'a fait régner, envers qui il a violé son serment et dont il a rompu l'alliance, c'est près de lui, au milieu de Babylone, qu'il mourra.

17 Pharaon n'ira pas avec une grande armée et un peuple nombreux le secourir pendant la guerre, lorsqu'on élèvera des terrasses et qu'on fera des retranchements pour exterminer une multitude d'âmes.

18 Il a méprisé le serment, il a rompu l'alliance; il avait donné sa main, et il a fait tout cela; il n'échappera pas!

19 C'est pourquoi ainsi parle le Seigneur, l'Eternel: Je suis vivant! c'est le serment fait en mon nom qu'il a méprisé, c'est mon alliance qu'il a rompue. Je ferai retomber cela sur sa tête.

20 J'étendrai mon rets sur lui, et il sera pris dans mon filet; je l'emmènerai à Babylone, et là je plaiderai avec lui sur sa perfidie à mon égard.

21 Tous les fuyards de toutes ses troupes tomberont par l'épée, et ceux qui resteront seront dispersés à tous les vents. Et vous saurez que moi, l'Eternel, j'ai parlé.

22 Ainsi parle le Seigneur, l'Eternel: J'enlèverai, moi, la cime d'un grand cèdre, et je la placerai; j'arracherai du sommet de ses branches un tendre rameau, et je le planterai sur une montagne haute et élevée.

23 Je le planterai sur une haute montagne d'Israël; il produira des branches et portera du fruit, il deviendra un cèdre magnifique. Les oiseaux de toute espèce reposeront sous lui, tout ce qui a des ailes reposera sous l'ombre de ses rameaux.

24 Et tous les arbres des champs sauront que moi, l'Eternel, j'ai abaissé l'arbre qui s'élevait et élevé l'arbre qui était abaissé, que j'ai desséché l'arbre vert et fait verdir l'arbre sec. Moi, l'Eternel, j'ai parlé, et j'agirai.

← Předchozí   Další →

   Studovat vnitřní smysl
Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 140


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcanes Célestes 40, 368, 776, 885, 2702, 3448, 3901, ...

L’Apocalypse Révélée 244, 298, 343, 400, 401, 757, 759

Doctrine de a Nouvelle Jérusalem sur Le Seigneur 28

La Vraie Religion Chrétienne 290, 468


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 109, 281, 283, 355, 419, 507, 577, ...

The White Horse - Appendix 1

Jiný komentář

  Příběhy:


Hop to Similar Bible Verses

Genèse 41:6

Deutéronome 17:16, 28:49

Josué 9:20

Juges 14:12

1 Samuel 2:7

1 Rois 32, 33

2 Rois 10:15, 24:12, 14, 15, 16, 20

2 Chroniques 36:10

Psaumes 2:6

Ésaïe 11:1, 31:1, 36:6

Jérémie 22:23, 23:5, 24:1, 32:4, 34:3, 21, 37:5

Ézéchiel 2:5, 5:13, 9:10, 12:9, 13, 14, 16:43, 19:10, 12, 20:40, 21:5, 28, 22:14, 24:3, 14, 29:6, 31:6, 36:36, 37:14

Daniel 4:8, 9

Osée 12:11

Michée 4:1

Matthieu 13:32, 23:12

Marc 4:32

Luc 1:52

Word/Phrase Explanations

mots
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

fils
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

maison
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

d'israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Seigneur
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Aigle
Eagle wings, referred to in Daniel 7:3, signify rational principles grounded in man's proprium.

ailes
'Wings' signify spiritual truths. 'Wings,' when related to the Lord, signify the divine spiritual. In the opposite sense, 'wings' relate to falsities and rationalizations from...

plumes
Feathers signify spiritual good, from which truth is derived.

Liban
'Lebanon' signifies spiritual good. 'Lebanon' signifies the church regarding the perception of truth from the rational self.

pays
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

ville
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

Marchands
'Merchants' signify people who have knowledges of good and truth. Merchants,' as in Nahum 3:16, signify people who falsify the Word, and communicate, and sell.

sol
Is there any difference in meaning between “earth” and “ground”? At first it doesn’t seem so; both refer to the soil making up the land...

racines
'A root,' as in Malachi 4:1, signifies charity. The dried up root,' as in Hosea 9:16, 17, signifies charity which could not bear fruit.

sous
Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...

un
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

plantée
'A shrub' signifies the knowledges of truth.

branches
A branch (Matt. 24:32) signifies affection, for affection springs and flourishes from good as a branch Springs from its trunk. A branch (Mal. 4:1) denotes...

fruit
We tend to think of "fruit" in two ways in natural language. One is as food that grows on trees and vines, sweet and delicious,...

vent
Because a nearer and stronger divine influx through the heavens disperses truths among the wicked, 'wind' signifies this dispersion of truth and the resulting conjunction...

touche
Imagine having your mother touch your cheek. Then imagine having your spouse or someone you love romantically touch your cheek. Then imagine having a baby...

Roi
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

Babylone
Babylon was an ancient city built on the Euphrates river in what is now southern Iraq. It once was the capital of a great empire...

jérusalem
Jerusalem first comes to or attention in II Samuel, chapter 5 where King David takes it from the Jebusites and makes it his capital. In...

chefs
On July 3, 1863, 12,500 Confederate troops attacked their Union foes during the Battle of Gettysburg, a turning point in the American Civil War. The...

messagers
In the most ancient church, their method of expressing themselves was such, that when they mentioned earthly and worldly things, they thought of the spiritual...

Egypte
'Mizraim' signifies the same thing as Egypt.

chevaux
'A horse' signifies knowledges or understanding of the Word. In an opposite sense it signifies the understanding of the Word falsified by reasonings, and likewise...

vivant
'Lives' is used in the plural, because of the will and understanding, and because these two lives make one.

dit
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

au milieu de
The "midst" of something in the Bible represents the thing that is most central and most important to the spiritual state being described, the motivation...

Milieu
'Middle' denotes what is primary, principal, or inmost.

grande
Intellectual things – ideas, knowledge, facts, even insight and understanding – are more separate and free-standing than emotional things, and it’s easier to imagine numbering...

armée
'Pharaoh' signifies scientific ideas, or the natural principle in general. 'Pharaoh' signifies false ideas infesting the truth of the church. Pharaoh,' in Genesis 40, represents...

guerre
War in the Word represents the combat of temptation when what is good is assaulted by what is evil or false. The evil that attacks...

âmes
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

méprisé
We tend to think of "despising" something or someone as just a strong way of expressing dislike, but there is a further shade of meaning...

donné
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

main
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

tête
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

épée
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

parlé
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

montagne
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

haute
'Height' signifies what is inward, and also heaven.

oiseaux
Par "les Oiseaux" en général, sont signifiés les Rationnels el les Intellectuels, dont les derniers appartiennent à l'Homme Interne.

ombre
'The shadow is good' of the oak, poplar and elm means complacence.

arbre
'Trees,' in general, signify the perceptions when discussing the celestial self, but when related to the spiritual church, they signify knowledges. A person in the...

champs
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

sec
'Withering and drying up,' as in Ezekiel 17:10, referring to the east wind, signifies when there is no good or truth.

Ze Swedenborgových děl

 

The White Horse - Appendix # 1

White Horse Appendix (Elliott translation)      

Přejděte do sekce / 1  

1. APPENDIX to THE WHITE HORSE

Since today it must inevitably appear strange that a horse means the understanding of truth, and in a contrary sense, reasonings coming as it were from the understanding which confirm falsehood, I should like to quote more passages still from the Word where the horse is mentioned. Let these suffice:

Is Thine indignation against the sea, O Jehovah, when Thou dost ride upon Thy horses! Thy chariots are salvation. Thou didst trample the sea with Thy horses, the surging of the waters, Habakkuk 3:8, 15.

The hoofs of Jehovah's horses are reckoned as flint, Isaiah 5:28.

At Thy rebuke both chariot and horse lay stunned, Psalm 76:5-6.

I will overthrow the throne of kingdoms, and I will overthrow the chariot and those that ride in it, and the horses and their horsemen shall go down, Haggai 2:22.

I will cut off the horse from Jerusalem: he shall speak peace to the nations, Zechariah 9:10.

In these places the Church's understanding of truth is meant by the horse, and doctrine derived from it by the chariot; and those who are able to understand and learn from the Word are meant by riders and horsemen. The matter is plainer still from these places:

Gather yourselves from all around to My sacrifice; you shall be satisfied at My table with horse and chariot. So I will set My glory among the nations, Ezekiel 39:17, 20-21.

Gather yourselves to the great supper of God, and you shall eat the flesh of horses and of those seated on them, Revelation 19:17-18.

The subject here is the New Church that is to be established by the Lord. At that time the understanding of the Word will be opened and from it men will be taught the doctrine of truth. What else would the statements that they were to be filled at the Lord's table with horse and chariot, and that they were to eat the flesh of horses and of those seated on them, be but utter absurdities! In addition to the examples already brought forward, the meaning of horse and chariot is obvious from these places:

Gird on Thy sword, O Mighty One! Mount, and ride on the Word of truth, Psalm 45:3-4.

Sing, lift up a song to Him Who rides upon the clouds, Psalm 68:4.

Jehovah comes riding upon a cloud, Isaiah 19:1.

Sing to the Lord Who is riding on the highest heaven of old, Psalm 68:33-34.

God rode on a cherub, Psalm 18:10.

Then you shall take delight in Jehovah, and I will make you ride on the heights of the earth, Isaiah 58:14; Deuteronomy 32:13.

I will make Ephraim ride, Hosea 10:11.

By riding in these passages is meant teaching and being taught the truths of doctrine, and thus being wise. By the heights of the earth are meant the summits of the Church, and by Ephraim also the understanding of the Word. Like matters are meant by horses and chariots, by the four chariots coming out between the mountains of bronze, and by the four horses harnessed to them, which were red, black, white, and dappled grey, and which are also called spirits and are said to have gone forth from standing in the presence of the Lord of the whole earth, Zechariah 6:1-8, 15.

Things of a similar nature are meant by these words as well:

When the Lamb opened the seals of the book horses went out in order, first a white horse, second a red horse, third a black horse, and fourth a pale horse, Revelation 6:1-8.

It is obvious that by the book whose seals the Lamb opened the Word is meant, out of which nothing else could come except the understanding of it. What other meaning could horses coming out of an opened book have!

It is clear that a horse means the understanding of truth and a chariot doctrine from the same words when they are used in a contrary sense. A horse then means the understanding falsifying truths by means of mere reasonings, and a chariot consequent doctrine, that is, heresy, as in the following places:

Woe to those who go down into Egypt for help and rely on horses and do not look to the Holy One of Israel! For Egypt is man and not God, and his horses are flesh and not spirit, Isaiah 21:1, 3.

You shall set over Israel a king whom Jehovah shall choose, only let him not multiply horses for himself nor lead the people back into Egypt to multiply horses, Deuteronomy 17:14-16.

These matters have been stated because by Egypt is meant the natural man, who corrupts the truths of the Word by mere reasonings from the physical senses. What else could the horses of Egypt being flesh and not spirit, and the king not having to multiply horses, that is, falsehoods that have to do with religion, mean?

Assyria will not save us, we will not ride upon a horse, Hosea 14:3.

Some boast of the chariot and others of horses but we will boast of the name of our God, Psalm 20:7-8.

A horse is a vain thing for safety, Psalm 33:17.

The Holy One of Israel said, In trust shall be your strength. But you said, No. We will flee on a horse, we will ride on a swift one, Isaiah 30:15-16.

Jehovah will set Judah like a glorious horse; they shall put to shame those riding on horses, Zechariah 10:3-5.

I will bring against Tyre the king of Babylon, with horse and with chariot, and with horsemen. Their horses shall be so many that their dust will cover you, and the noise of horse and chariot so much that your walls will be shaken. With the hoofs of his horses he will trample all your streets, Ezekiel 26:7-11.

By Tyre in the Word is meant the Church as regards its cognitions of good and truth, and by the king of Babylon the falsification and profanation of them. Hence it says here that he will come with horse and chariot and horsemen, and that the horses will be so many that their dust will cover him. Woe to the bloody city, all full of lies, with whinnying horse and bounding chariot, Nahum 3:1-4.

By the bloody city is meant doctrine derived from truths of the Word that have been falsified. And in other places as well, such as Isaiah 5:26, 28; Jeremiah 6:23, 8:16, 46:4, 9, 50:37-38, 42; Ezekiel 17:15, 23:6, 20; Habakkuk 1:6, 8-10; Psalms 66:11-12, 147:10. A falsified and ruined understanding of truth that is in the Word is also meant by the red, black, and pale horses of Revelation 6:4-5, 8. Since therefore a horse means an understanding of truth, and in a contrary sense, an understanding of falsehood, it is clear what the Word is like in its spiritual sense.

It is well known that hieroglyphics existed in Egypt and that these were inscribed on columns and temple walls, etc., and that nobody knows nowadays what they meant. They were nothing else but correspondences of natural and spiritual things, to which the Egyptians applied themselves more than any other peoples of their own times in Asia, and it was according to these correspondences that the ancient Greeks composed their fables. The most ancient style was nothing else but this. To all these matters let me add one that is new: All things that manifest themselves in the spiritual world to angels and spirits are without exception correspondences, and for that very reason the whole of the Sacred Scripture has been written by means of correspondences (in the margin, in order that by means of it, as this is the nature of it, men of the Church would be conjoined with angels of heaven). But because the Egyptians, and others with them in the kingdoms of Asia, began to turn those correspondences into forms of idolatry which the children of Israel tended to favour, the latter were forbidden to call them back into any use at all, as is quite plain from the first of the Ten Commandments where these words appear:

You shall not make for yourself any carved image which is in the heavens above or which is on the earth beneath or which is in the waters under the earth. You shall not bow down to them nor serve them, for I am Jehovah your God, Deuteronomy 5:8-9.

And there are many more examples elsewhere. From that time on the knowledge of correspondences was blotted out. This happened by stages, in so much that nowadays its existence in the past is almost unknown, or that there is such a thing. Now however because a New Church is to be established by the Lord, one that is to be based on the Word, and which is understood by the New Jerusalem in the Book of Revelation, the Lord has been pleased to reveal that knowledge, and so to open up the Word to show what it is like inside in its inmost parts, that is, to show what it is in the spiritual sense. This has been done by means of myself in ARCANA COELESTIA, published in London, and afterwards in APOCALYPSE REVEALED, published in Amsterdam. Since for men of early times that knowledge was the greatest knowledge of all, and from it came their wisdom, it is important that some member of your academy should devote his labours to that knowledge, which can be done chiefly from the correspondences disclosed in APOCALYPSE REVEALED and proved from the Word. If there is a demand for it I am willing to unravel the Egyptian hieroglyphics, which are nothing else but correspondences, and have the matter published. Nobody else can do it.

Em. Swedenborg

(Odkazy: Deuteronomy 32:12-13; Ezekiel 17:16, 23:5-6; Hosea 14:4; Isaiah 31:1, 31:3; Jeremiah 50:43; Psalms 18:11, 20:7, 20:8, 45:4-5, 68:5, 68:32-33, 76:6, 76:7; Revelation 6:4, 6:6; Zechariah 6, 10:3, 10:5)

Přejděte do sekce / 1  


Thanks to the Swedenborg Society for the permission to use this translation.


Přeložit: