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Jeremia 39

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1 In het negende jaar van Zedekia, koning van Juda, in de tiende maand, kwam Nebukadrezar, de koning van Babel, en al zijn heir, tegen Jeruzalem, en zij belegerden haar.

2 In het elfde jaar van Zedekia, in de vierde maand, op den negenden der maand, werd de stad doorgebroken.

3 En alle vorsten des konings van Babel togen henen in, en hielden bij de middelste poort; namelijk Nergal-Sarezer Samgar-Nebu, Sarsechim Rab-Saris, Nergal-Sarezer Rab-Mag, en al de overige vorsten des konings van Babel.

4 En het geschiedde, als Zedekia, de koning van Juda, en al de krijgslieden hen zagen, zo vloden zij, en togen bij nacht uit de stad, door den weg van des konings hof, door de poort tussen de twee muren; en hij toog uit door den weg des vlakken velds.

5 Doch het heir der Chaldeen jaagde hen achterna; en zij achterhaalden Zedekia in de vlakke velden van Jericho, en vingen hem, en brachten hem opwaarts tot Nebukadrezar, den koning van Babel, naar Ribla, in het land van Hamath; die sprak oordelen tegen hem uit.

6 En de koning van Babel slachtte de zonen van Zedekia te Ribla voor zijn ogen; ook slachtte de koning van Babel alle edelen van Juda.

7 En hij verblindde de ogen van Zedekia, en bond hem met twee koperen ketenen, om hem naar Babel te voeren.

8 En de Chaldeen verbrandden het huis des konings en de huizen des volks met vuur; en zij braken de muren van Jeruzalem af.

9 Het overige nu des volks, die in de stad waren overgebleven, en de afvalligen, die tot hem gevallen waren, met het overige des volks, die overgebleven waren, voerde Nebuzaradan, de overste der trawanten, gevankelijk naar Babel.

10 Maar van het volk, die arm waren, die niet met al hadden, liet Nebuzaradan, de overste der trawanten, enigen overig in het land van Juda; en hij gaf hun te dien dage wijngaarden en akkers.

11 Maar van Jeremia had Nebukadrezar, de koning van Babel, bevel gegeven in de hand van Nebuzaradan, den overste der trawanten, zeggende:

12 Neem hem, en stel uw ogen op hem, en doe hem niets kwaads; maar gelijk als hij tot u spreken zal, doe alzo met hem.

13 Zo zond Nebuzaradan, de overste der trawanten, mitsgaders Nebusazban Rab-Saris en Nergal-Sarezer Rab-Mag, en al de oversten des konings van Babel;

14 Zij zonden dan henen en namen Jeremia uit het voorhof der bewaring, en gaven hem over aan Gedalia, den zoon van Ahikam, den zoon van Safan, dat hij hem henen uitbracht naar huis; alzo bleef hij in het midden des volks.

15 Het woord des HEEREN was ook tot Jeremia geschied, als hij in het voorhof der bewaring besloten was, zeggende:

16 Ge henen, en spreek tot Ebed-melech, den Moorman, zeggende: Zo zegt de HEERE der heirscharen, de God Israels: Zie, Ik zal Mijn woorden brengen over deze stad, ten kwade en niet ten goede; en zij zullen te dien dage voor uw aangezicht zijn.

17 Maar Ik zal u te dien dage redden, spreekt de HEERE; en gij zult niet overgegeven worden in de hand der mannen, voor welker aangezicht gij vreest.

18 Want Ik zal u zekerlijk bevrijden, en gij zult door het zwaard niet vallen; maar gij zult uw ziel tot een buit hebben, omdat gij op Mij vertrouwd hebt, spreekt de HEERE.

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Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 105


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Hemelse Verborgenheden 3448, 6442

Leer Over De Heer 4, 39, 53

Ware Christelijke Religie 93, 158


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 409, 919, 1029

Marriage 93

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Word/Phrase Explanations

koning
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

Juda
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

Maand
'A month' has respect to the state of truth in a person. 'A month' signifies a full state. Month,' as in Genesis 29, signifies the...

kwam
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

Jeruzalem
Jerusalem first comes to or attention in II Samuel, chapter 5 where King David takes it from the Jebusites and makes it his capital. In...

vierde
The number "four" in the Bible represents things being linked together or joined. This is partly because four is two times two, and two represents...

stad
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

poort
"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

nacht
The sun in the Bible represents the Lord, with its heat representing His love and its light representing His wisdom. “Daytime,” then, represents a state...

weg
These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

chaldeen
Chaldea was a land lying along the Euphrates river near its mouth, south of Babylon, part of what is now southern Iraq. It was a...

vlakke
'A plain' signifies good and truth in the natural self, because 'the people who dwell in plains,' or 'beneath mountains and hills' are in the...

jericho
Jericho' signifies instruction and also the good of life because no one can be instructed in the truths of doctrine but he who is in...

Land
Land' in the Word, denotes the church, for the things which signify the church also signify the things relating to the church, for these constitute...

oordelen
'Ordinances' in the prophets, signify changes relative to spiritual and celestial things, both in general and particular, which are also compared to the changes of...

ogen
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

koperen
Brass and iron as in Isaiah 48:4 and Daniel 7:19 signify what is hard.

huis
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

vuur
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

trawanten
‘To guard,’ when used as in Genesis 41:35, denotes ‘to store up.’ ‘Guards,’ as in Genesis 37:36, signify things that minister.

dage
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

wijngaarden
'A vine' signifies spiritual good and truth. 'A vine' or 'vineyard' signifies the church where the Word, and the Lord in it, is known, or...

Jeremia
Jeremiah, in the Book of Jeremiah 1:1 and what follows, represents the Lord. (Arcana Coelestia 2838 [2]). In Jeremiah 13:7, he signifies the state of...

hand
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

voorhof
'Villages' signify the external aspects of faith and the church. Rituals are the external parts of the church. Doctrines are the internal parts when they...

zoon
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

midden
'Middle' denotes what is primary, principal, or inmost.

heeren
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

zegt
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

heirscharen
Armies of the heavens and the sands of the sea ('Jeremiah 33:15-22') signify the knowledges of truth and good in the spiritual and natural ma{ign21}

God
The Lord is love itself, expressed in the form of wisdom itself. Love, then, is His essence, His inmost. Wisdom - the loving understanding of...

israels
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

woorden
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

brengen
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “bring” is highly dependent on context, but in general it represents an introduction to a new...

zwaard
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

vallen
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

ziel
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

buit
'To spoil,' as in Genesis 34:27, signifies destruction. 'Spoil,' as in Deuteronomy 13:16, signifies the falsification of truth.

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Apocalypse Explained # 919

Apocalypse Explained (Whitehead translation)      

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919. Verse 19. And the angel cast his sickle into the earth and gathered the vineyard of the earth, signifies that this was done. This is evident from what has been just said in the preceding article. That a "vineyard" signifies the spiritual church is evident from the passages in the Word where "vineyard" is mentioned (as in Isaiah 1:8, 3:14; 5:1-10; 16:10; 36:17; 37:30; 65:21; Jeremiah 12:10; 32:15; 35:7, 9; 39:10; Ezekiel 28:26; Hosea 2:15; Amos 4:9; 5:11, 17; 9:14; Micah 1:6; Zephaniah 1:13; 1 Samuel 8:14, 15; Psalms 107:37; Matthew 20:1-8; 21:28, 38-41; Mark 12:1-9; Luke 13:6, 7; 20:9-16).

And concerning a "vine" see John 15:1-12; as well as in the historical parts of the Word.

From these passages it is clearly evident that a "vineyard" means the church (see also above, n. 376, 403, 638, 918, where many passages in which "vineyard" occurs are explained). From the signification of "vineyard" it can be seen that "to gather the vintage" signifies to collect for uses those things that will be serviceable to the understanding, and which will give intelligence and wisdom; and in the contrary sense it signifies to lay waste the church as to spiritual good, and thus as to the affection of truth and the understanding of truth. In this contrary sense "vintage" and "to gather the vintage" are used in the sense that there are no longer any clusters or grapes remaining; and this signifies in the spiritual sense that all spiritual good, and thus all truth that is truth in itself, is destroyed; and this is especially effected in the church by falsifications of the Word, likewise when evil of life corrupts all good, and falsity of doctrine perverts all truth; this is described also by "spoilers" and by "thieves."

(Odkazy: 1 Samuel 8:14-15; Luke 13:6-7, 20:9-18; Matthew 20:1-13, 21:28-29, 21:31-41, 21:33-41; Revelation 14:19; The Apocalypse Explained 376, 403, The Apocalypse Explained 638, 918)


[2] That "gathering the vintage" signifies, for this reason, laying waste, can be seen from the following passages. In Isaiah:

A cry over the wine in the streets; every joy shall be mixed; the gladness of the earth shall be banished. The remnant in the city is a waste, and the gate shall be beaten down even to devastation. For so shall it be in the midst of the land as the beating of an olive-tree, as the gleanings when the vintage is finished (Isaiah 24:11-13).

This describes the mourning over the devastation of the church as to celestial good and as to spiritual good, which in its essence is truth from celestial good. This devastation is compared to "the beating of an olive-tree," and to "the gleanings when the vintage is finished." (But this may be seen explained above, n. 313, 638).

(Odkazy: The Apocalypse Explained 313, The Apocalypse Explained 638)


[3] In the same:

Ye confident daughters, perceive My word in your ears; year 1 upon year shall ye be troubled, ye confident ones, for the vintage is finished, the ingathering shall not come (Isaiah 32:9, 10).

"Confident daughters" signify those in the church who love falsities more than truths. That with such, truths are gradually diminished in every state, is signified by "year 1 upon year shall ye be troubled." The devastation of all truth until there is nothing left is signified by "the vintage is finished, and the ingathering shall not come."

(Odkazy: Isaiah 32:9-10)


[4] In Jeremiah:

Upon thy fruits of autumn and upon thy vintage hath the spoiler fallen, therefore gladness and joy are gathered out of Carmel (Jeremiah 48:32, 33).

"Fruits of autumn" signify the goods of the church; "the vintage" signifies its truths; for "bread," which is here meant by the "fruits of autumn," signifies the good of the church, and "wine," which is from the vintage, signifies its truth. "The spoiler" who fell upon them signifies evil and falsity therefrom. That the delight of spiritual and celestial love, which is the very joy of the heart, will perish, is signified by "gladness and joy shall be gathered out of Carmel."

(Odkazy: Jeremiah 48:32-33)


[5] In Micah:

Woe is me, I am become as the gatherings of the summer, as the gleanings of the vintage; there is no cluster to eat; my soul desireth the first ripe fruit (Micah 7:1).

"As the gleanings of the vintage, there is no cluster to eat," signifies such devastation of the church that there is no longer any good or truth. (The rest may be seen explained in the preceding article.) In Jeremiah:

If the grape-gatherers came to thee they would leave no gleanings; if thieves in the night they would destroy sufficiency (Jeremiah 49:9).

In Obadiah:

If thieves came to thee, if destroyers by night, how wouldst thou be cut off? Would they not steal till they had enough? If the grape-gatherers came to thee would they leave any clusters? (Obadiah 1:5).

"Grape-gatherers" signify falsities, and "thieves" evils, which lay waste the truths and goods of the church; but "destroyers" signify both falsities and evils; that "they would leave no clusters" signifies that there are no goods because there are no truths. But "to gather the vintage" signifies to gather for uses such things especially as will be serviceable to the understanding, see in Jeremiah 6:9; Leviticus 19:10, 26:5; Deuteronomy 20:6, 7, 24:21.

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Footnotes:

1.  The Hebrew has "days upon a year," Schmidius has "year upon year."

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(Odkazy: Deuteronomy 20:6-7; Obadiah 1:4-5)

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From Swedenborg's Works

References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 913, 922

Other New Christian Commentary

Thanks to the Swedenborg Foundation for their permission to use this translation.


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