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Jóel 2

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1 Trubte trubou na Sionu, a křičte na hoře svaté mé, nechť se třesou všickni obyvatelé této země, nebo přichází den Hospodinův, nebo blízký jest,

2 Den temnosti a mračna, den oblaku a mrákoty, jako záře jitřní rozprostřená po horách: Lid mnohý a silný, jemuž rovného nebylo od věků, aniž po něm kdy bude až do let národů i pronárodů.

3 Před tváří jeho oheň zžírati bude, a za ním plamen plápolati; před ním země tato jako zahrada Eden, ale po něm bude poušť přehrozná, a aniž bude, což by ušlo před ním.

4 Způsob jeho bude jako způsob koní, a jako jízdní, tak poběhnou.

5 Jako s hřmotem vozů po vrších hor skákati budou, jako hluk plamene ohně zžírajícího strniště, jako lid silný zšikovaný k bitvě.

6 Tváři jeho děsiti se budou lidé, všecky tváře zčernají jako hrnec.

7 Jako rekové poběhnou, jako muži váleční vstoupí na zed, a jeden každý cestou svou půjde, aniž se uchýlí z stezek svých.

8 Jeden druhého nebude tlačiti, každý silnicí svou půjde, a byť i na meč upadli, nebudou raněni.

9 Po městě těkati budou, po zdech běhati, na domy vstupovati, a okny polezou jako zloděj.

10 Před tváří jeho třásti se bude země, pohnou se nebesa, slunce i měsíc se zatmí, a hvězdy potratí blesk svůj.

11 Hospodin pak sám vydá hlas svůj před vojskem svým, proto že velmi veliký bude tábor jeho, proto že silný ten, kdož vykoná slovo jeho. (Nebo veliký bude den Hospodinův a hrozný náramně), i kdož jej bude moci snésti?

12 A protož ještě nyní dí Hospodin: Obraťte se ke mně samému celým srdcem svým, a to s postem a s pláčem i s kvílením.

13 A roztrhněte srdce vaše, a ne roucha vaše, a navraťte se k Hospodinu Bohu vašemu; neboť jest on milostivý a lítostivý, dlouhočekající a hojný v milosrdenství, a kterýž lituje zlého.

14 Kdo , neobrátí-li se a nebude-li želeti, a nezůstaví-li po něm požehnání, oběti suché a mokré Hospodinu Bohu vašemu.

15 Trubte trubou na Sionu, uložte půst, svolejte shromáždění.

16 Shromažďte lid, posvěťte shromáždění, shromažďte starce, shromažďte maličké i ty, jenž prsí požívají; nechť vyjde ženich z pokojíka svého a nevěsta z schrany své.

17 Kněží, služebníci Hospodinovi, ať plačí mezi síňcí a oltářem, a řeknou: Odpusť, ó Hospodine, lidu svému, a nevydávej dědictví svého v pohanění, tak aby nad nimi panovati měli pohané. Proč mají říkati mezi národy: Kde jest Bůh jejich?

18 I bude horlivou milostí zažžen Hospodin k zemi své, a slituje se nad lidem svým.

19 A ohlásí se Hospodin, a řekne lidu svému: Aj, já pošli vám obilé, mest a olej, i budete jím nasyceni, aniž vás vydám více v pohanění mezi pohany.

20 Nebo půlnoční vojsko vzdálím od vás, a zaženu je do země vyprahlé a pusté, přední houf jeho k moři východnímu, konec pak jeho k moři nejdalšímu; i vzejde z něho smrad a puch, jakžkoli sobě mocně počíná.

21 Neboj se země, plésej a vesel se; neboť mocně dělati bude Hospodin dílo své.

22 Nebojtež se zvířátka polí mých; neboť se zotaví pastviska na poušti, a stromoví přinese ovoce své, fík i vinný kmen vydadí moc svou.

23 I vy, synové Sionští, plésejte a veselte se v Hospodinu Bohu vašem; nebo vám dá déšť příhodný, a sešle vám déšť hojný, podzimní i jarní, v čas.

24 I budou naplněny stodoly obilím, a oplývati budou presové mstem a olejem.

25 A tak nahradím vám léta, kteráž sežraly kobylky, brouci, chroustové a housenky, vojsko mé veliké, kteréž jsem posílal na vás.

26 Budete zajisté míti co jísti, a nasyceni jsouce, chváliti budete jméno Hospodina Boha svého, kterýž učinil s vámi divné věci, aniž zahanben bude lid můj na věky.

27 A poznáte, že já jsem u prostřed Izraele, a že já Hospodin jsem Bohem vaším, a že není žádného jiného; neboť nebude zahanben lid můj na věky.

28 I stane se potom, že vyleji Ducha svého na všeliké tělo, a budou prorokovati synové vaši i dcery vaše; starci vaši sny mívati budou, mládenci vaši vidění vídati budou.

29 Nýbrž i na služebníky a na služebnice v těch dnech vyleji Ducha svého,

30 A ukáži zázraky na nebi i na zemi, krev a oheň a sloupy dymové.

31 Slunce obrátí se v tmu a měsíc v krev, prvé než přijde den Hospodinův veliký a hrozný,

32 A však stane se, že kdož by koli vzýval jméno Hospodinovo, vysvobozen bude; nebo na hoře Sion a v Jeruzalémě bude vysvobození, jakož pověděl Hospodin, totiž v ostatcích, kterýchž povolá Hospodin.

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Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 199


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Tajemství nebe 31, 46, 217, 488, 547, 574, 588, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 8, 37, 51, 53, 164, 312, 331, ...

A Brief Exposition of New Church Doctrine 78

O Pánu 4, 14, 38, 49

O Písmu svatém 14, 86

Nebe a peklo 119, 570

The Last Judgment 3

Pravé křesťanství 82, 198, 251, 318, 620, 689


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 72, 109, 183, 193, 261, 329, 340, ...

Canons of the New Church 27

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 3, 56, 58

Marriage 82

Scriptural Confirmations 3, 4, 9, 55, 75

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Wilderness      

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'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80

(Odkazy: Arcana Coelestia 1927; Luke 1:80)


'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because there is no truth.

(Odkazy: The Apocalypse Explained 386)


'Wilderness,' as in Jeremiah 23:10, signifies the Word when it is adulterated.

(Odkazy: Jeremiah 23:10; The Apocalypse Explained 730)

Ze Swedenborgových děl

 

Apocalypse Revealed # 447

Apocalypse Revealed (Rogers translation)      

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447. Now the number of the army of the horsemen was two hundred million. (9:16) This symbolizes their reasonings concerning faith alone, with which they had filled the interiors of their minds, springing from nothing but an abundance of falsities accompanying evil.

Armies symbolize goods and truths, and in an opposite sense, evils and falsities - here falsities accompanying evil, as we will see presently. Horsemen symbolize reasonings concerning faith alone, because a horse symbolizes an understanding of the Word (no. 298) and also a destroyed understanding of the Word (nos. 305, 312, 320). Horsemen consequently symbolize reasonings based on a destroyed understanding of the Word - here reasonings concerning faith alone, because the subject is people caught up in that faith. Two hundred million does not mean two hundred million, but an abundance. The number two is used because two is said in application to goodness, and in an opposite sense, to evil (no. 322); and a hundred million, or ten thousand times ten thousand, is said in application to truths, and in an opposite sense, to falsities (no. 287).

It can be seen from this that the number of the army of horsemen being two hundred million symbolizes reasonings concerning faith alone, with which these people had filled the interiors of their minds, springing from nothing but an abundance of falsities accompanying evil.

(Odkazy: Apocalypse Revealed 313)


[2] That armies in the Word symbolize the goods and truths of heaven and the church, and in an opposite sense, evils and falsities, can be seen from passages where the sun, moon and stars are called armies or hosts, and where the sun symbolizes the goodness of love, the moon the truth of faith, and stars concepts of goodness and truth, and the antithesis in an opposite sense (nos. 51, 53, 332, 413). All of these are called armies or hosts in the following passages:

Praise (Jehovah), all His hosts! Praise Him, sun and moon; praise Him, all you stars...! (Psalms 148:2-3)

My hands stretched out the heavens, and all their host I have commanded. (Isaiah 45:12)

By the word of Jehovah the heavens were made, and all the host of them by the breath of His mouth. (Psalms 33:6)

Thus the heavens and the earth, and all the host of them, were finished. (Genesis 2:1)

(The male goat's horn) grew up to the host of heaven; and it cast down some of the host and some of the stars to the ground... He even exalted himself as high as the Prince of the host... And the host was sent under the yoke for its transgression, (because) it cast truth to the ground... Then... a holy one said..., "How long will... the sanctuary and the host be trampled under foot?" (Daniel 8:10-14)

Jehovah has given forth His voice before His army. (Joel 2:11)

...(on the roofs of the houses) they have burned incense to all the host of heaven... (Jeremiah 19:13)

(Lest you bow down to and serve) the sun, the moon, the stars, and all the host of heaven... (Deuteronomy 4:19; cf. 17:3, Jeremiah 8:2)

So, too, Isaiah 13:4; 34:4; 40:26, Jeremiah 33:22, Zechariah 9:8, Revelation 19:14.

[3] Since the hosts of heaven symbolize the goods and truths of heaven and the church, therefore the Lord is called Jehovah Zebaoth, or Jehovah of Hosts. And therefore the ministry of the Levites was called military service (Numbers 4:3, 23, 30, 39).

Moreover, we read in the book of Psalms,

Bless Jehovah, all you His hosts, you ministers of His, who do His will. (Psalms 103:21)

Evils and falsities in the church are symbolically meant by the armies of the nations in Isaiah 34:2; and by the army of the king of the north with which he came against the king of the south, in Daniel 11:13, 15, 20. The king of the north is the falsity accompanying evil in the church, and the king of the south is the truth accompanying goodness in it.

The Lord says,

When you see Jerusalem surrounded by armies, then know that its devastation is near. (Luke 21:20)

Jerusalem there symbolizes the church, and the armies symbolize the evils and falsities that will devastate it. The subject is the end of the age, which is the final period of the church.

Evils and falsities are symbolically meant by armies in Joel,

I will restore to you the years that the locust, the beetle grub, the locust's larva, and the caterpillar has eaten, My great army which I sent among you. (Joel 2:25)

To be shown that the locust and the rest symbolize falsity of the lowest sort, see no. 424 above.

(Odkazy: Daniel 11:25)

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From Swedenborg's Works

Inbound References:

Apocalypse Revealed 335, 419, 500, 826, 833, 862

Other New Christian Commentary

Thanks to the General Church of the New Jerusalem for the permission to use this translation.


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