Leviticus 11

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Young's Literal Translation         

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1 And Jehovah speaketh unto Moses and unto Aaron, saying unto them,

2 `Speak unto the sons of Israel, saying, This [is] the beast which ye do eat out of all the beasts which [are] on the earth:

3 any dividing a hoof, and cleaving the cleft of the hoofs, bringing up the cud, among the beasts, it ye do eat.

4 `Only, this ye do not eat -- of those bringing up the cud, and of those dividing the hoof -- the camel, though it is bringing up the cud, yet the hoof not dividing -- it [is] unclean to you;

5 and the rabbit, though it is bringing up the cud, yet the hoof it divideth not -- unclean it [is] to you;

6 and the hare, though it is bringing up the cud, yet the hoof hath not divided -- unclean it [is] to you;

7 and the sow, though it is dividing the hoof, and cleaving the cleft of the hoof, yet the cud it bringeth not up -- unclean it [is] to you.

8 `Of their flesh ye do not eat, and against their carcase ye do not come -- unclean they [are] to you.

9 `This ye do eat of all which [are] in the waters; any one that hath fins and scales in the waters, in the seas, and in the brooks, them ye do eat;

10 and any one that hath not fins and scales in the seas, and in the brooks, of any teeming creature of the waters, and of any creature which liveth, which [is] in the waters -- an abomination they [are] to you;

11 yea, an abomination they are to you; of their flesh ye do not eat, and their carcase ye abominate.

12 `Any one that hath not fins and scales in the waters -- an abomination it [is] to you.

13 `And these ye do abominate of the fowl; they are not eaten, an abomination they [are]: the eagle, and the ossifrage, and the ospray,

14 and the vulture, and the kite after its kind,

15 every raven after its kind,

16 and the owl, and the night-hawk, and the cuckoo, and the hawk after its kind,

17 and the little owl, and the cormorant, and the great owl,

18 and the swan, and the pelican, and the gier eagle,

19 and the stork, the heron after its kind, and the lapwing, and the bat.

20 `Every teeming creature which is flying, which is going on four -- an abomination it [is] to you.

21 `Only -- this ye do eat of any teeming thing which is flying, which is going on four, which hath legs above its feet, to move with them on the earth;

22 these of them ye do eat: the locust after its kind, and the bald locust after its kind, and the beetle after its kind, and the grasshopper after its kind;

23 and every teeming thing which is flying, which hath four feet -- an abomination it [is] to you.

24 `And by these ye are made unclean, any one who is coming against their carcase is unclean till the evening;

25 and anyone who is lifting up [aught] of their carcase doth wash his garments, and hath been unclean till the evening: --

26 even every beast which is dividing the hoof, and is not cloven-footed, and the cud is not bringing up -- unclean they [are] to you; any one who is coming against them is unclean.

27 `And any one going on its paws, among all the beasts which are going on four -- unclean they [are] to you; any one who is coming against their carcase is unclean until the evening;

28 and he who is lifting up their carcase doth wash his garments, and hath been unclean until the evening -- unclean they [are] to you.

29 `And this [is] to you the unclean among the teeming things which are teeming on the earth: the weasel, and the mouse, and the tortoise after its kind,

30 and the ferret, and the chameleon, and the lizard, and the snail, and the mole;

31 these [are] the unclean to you among all which are teeming; any one who is coming against them in their death is unclean till the evening.

32 `And anything on which any one of them falleth, in their death, is unclean, of any vessel of wood or garment or skin or sack, any vessel in which work is done is brought into water, and hath been unclean till the evening, then it hath been clean;

33 and any earthen vessel, into the midst of which [any] one of them falleth, all that [is] in its midst is unclean, and it ye do break.

34 `Of all the food which is eaten, that on which cometh [such] water, is unclean, and all drink which is drunk in any [such] vessel is unclean;

35 and anything on which [any] of their carcase falleth is unclean (oven or double pots), it is broken down, unclean they [are], yea, unclean they are to you.

36 `Only -- a fountain or pit, a collection of water, is clean, but that which is coming against their carcase is unclean;

37 and when [any] of their carcase falleth on any sown seed which is sown -- it [is] clean;

38 and when water is put on the seed, and [any] of its carcase hath fallen on it -- unclean it [is] to you.

39 `And when any of the beasts which are to you for food dieth, he who is coming against its carcase is unclean till the evening;

40 and he who is eating of its carcase doth wash his garments, and hath been unclean till the evening; and he who is lifting up its carcase doth wash his garments, and hath been unclean till the evening.

41 `And every teeming thing which is teeming on the earth is an abomination, it is not eaten;

42 any thing going on the belly, and any going on four, unto every multiplier of feet, to every teeming thing which is teeming on the earth -- ye do not eat them, for they [are] an abomination;

43 ye do not make yourselves abominable with any teeming thing which is teeming, nor do ye make yourselves unclean with them, so that ye have been unclean thereby.

44 `For I [am] Jehovah your God, and ye have sanctified yourselves, and ye have been holy, for I [am] holy; and ye do not defile your persons with any teeming thing which is creeping on the earth;

45 for I [am] Jehovah who am bringing you up out of the land of Egypt to become your God; and ye have been holy, for I [am] holy.

46 `This [is] a law of the beasts, and of the fowl, and of every living creature which is moving in the waters, and of every creature which is teeming on the earth,

47 to make separation between the unclean and the pure, and between the beast that is eaten, and the beast that is not eaten.'

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Explanation of Leviticus 11      

Napsal(a) Henry MacLagan

Verses 1-8. Instruction concerning good affections that may be appropriated by the man of the church, and evil affections that may not be appropriated on account of their impurity

Verses 9-12. Also concerning the truths of the Word in the memory that may be appropriated or not

Verses 13-19. The evil thoughts that ought not to be appropriated are next particularized

Verses 20-23. Then the appropriation of sensual and corporeal things is considered

Verses 24-28. Certain other causes of spiritual impurity are specified which ought to be avoided

Verses 29-38 and 41-43. And sensual and corporeal affections of the lowest kind, which are causes of impurity, ought not to be appropriated

Verses 39-40. Also every affection which, in its orderly state, may be appropriated, becomes impure if it be vastated of good and truth, and contact therewith produces impurity which must be removed by a change of state

Verses 44-45. For the Lord is holiness and purity in themselves, and by delivering mankind has made it possible for every one who chooses to become holy and pure

Verses 46-47. These are the laws of Divine Order relating to purity and impurity in the feeling's and thoughts; and also to the appropriation or non-appropriation of good or evil.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Apocalypse Explained 617


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 944, 994, 3147, 5954, 7643, 10130, 10296

Apocalypse Revealed 166, 378, 417

True Christian Religion 288, 506, 670


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 79, 195, 388, 475, 543, 622, 650, ...

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Genesis 7:2, 3

Exodus 19:6, 20:2, 22:30

Leviticus 5:2, 6:21, 7:21, 10:10, 14:46, 15:5, 6, 7, 8, 10, 11, 15, 21, 22, 23, 27, 16:26, 28, 17:15, 18:2, 19:2, 3, 4, 10, 36, 20:7, 26, 22:5, 6, 33, 25:38, 26:45

Numbers 15:40, 19:7, 8, 10, 15

Deuteronomy 14:4, 21

Joshua 24:19

1 Samuel 2:2

Proverbs 30:26, 28

Isaiah 65:4, 66:17

Ezekiel 4:14

Matthew 3:4

1 Thessalonians 4:3, 7

Hebrews 9:10

1 Peter 1:15, 16

Významy biblických slov

jehovah
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

speaketh
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

moses
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

aaron
Aaron was the brother of Moses. He symbolizes two things, one during the first part of the exodus, when he was Moses' spokesperson, and another...

speak
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

Sons of Israel
'The camp of the sons of Israel' represents the church.

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

beast
"Beasts" represent the affection for doing good things, a true desire to do them from the heart. In the negative sense, "beasts" stand for the...

eat
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

beasts
"Beasts" represent the affection for doing good things, a true desire to do them from the heart. In the negative sense, "beasts" stand for the...

earth
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

hoof
'A hoof' signifies truth in the ultimate degree, or sensory truth. 'The hooves of horses' signify the lowest intellectual principles. 'The hooves of the horses,'...

cleft
'A hole and cleft of a rock,' in scripture, signifies an obscurity and falsity of faith.

hoofs
'A hoof' signifies truth in the ultimate degree, or sensory truth. 'The hooves of horses' signify the lowest intellectual principles. 'The hooves of the horses,'...

camel
A camel (Matt. 22:24) signifies scientific knowledge. Camels are confirming scientifics, and cattle are the knowledges of good and truth (Jer. 49:32.)

unclean
'Pollution' denotes the truth of faith defiled.

flesh
Flesh has several meanings just in its most obvious form. It can mean all living creatures as when the Lord talks about the flood "destroying...

carcase
A carcass (Matt. 24:28) signifies the church void of the life of charity and faith.

scales
'The scales of a fish,' as in Ezekiel 29:4, signify scientific ideas of the lowest order, such as the fallacies of the senses.

seas
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

fowl
Fowl signify spiritual truth; a bird, natural truth; and a winged thing, sensual truth. Fowl signify intellectual things. Fowl signify thoughts, and all that creeps...

eaten
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

eagle
Eagle wings, referred to in Daniel 7:3, signify rational principles grounded in man's proprium.

raven
'A raven,' as in Genesis 8:7, signifies falsities. The spiritual self only knows general truths from the Word, and forms its conscience from these, and...

Owl
'An owl' signifies the falsification of truth.

night-hawk
'A hawk' represents the natural self separated from the spiritual self.

hawk
'A hawk' represents the natural self separated from the spiritual self.

pelican
'A pelican,' as in Zephaniah 2:14, signifies affections for falsity.

going on
Journeying' or 'going on' denotes progressing or advancing in life, in the opposite sense, it means going back.

four
The number "four" in the Bible represents things being linked together or joined. This is partly because four is two times two, and two represents...

going
In the physical world, the places we inhabit and the distances between them are physical realities, and we have to get our physical bodies through...

legs
'Legs' signify the exteriors of the natural man.

feet
The foot, as in Deuteronomy 33:3, signifies an inferior principle. To set the right foot on the sea and the left on the earth, as...

Move
'To move' denotes living.

locust
Grasshoppers signify the same as locusts: the false which vastates the extremes of the natural part of the mind.

evening
Since the light and warmth of the sun represent the Lord’s wisdom and love, it makes sense that evening, a time when the light and...

lifting
The idea of "lifting" is used in a number of different ways in the Bible. In general, it means connecting with a higher spiritual state...

garments
It is said, in Deuteronomy 22:11, "Thou shalt not wear a garment of diverse sorts; as of woolen and linen together…”. This means that the...

mouse
'Mice,' as in 1 Samuel 6:1-21, signify the falsities of the sensory human.

falleth
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

wood
In general, plants in the Bible represent facts, thoughts and ideas – intellectual things. This makes sense: Plants are rooted in place, but can grow...

garment
It is said, in Deuteronomy 22:11, "Thou shalt not wear a garment of diverse sorts; as of woolen and linen together…”. This means that the...

skin
'Skin' corresponds to truth or to falsity in the extremes. 'The skin,' as relates to the grand human, means the natural self. There are spirits...

sack
'A sack' in Genesis 42:25, means a receptacle, and here 'a receptacle' on the natural level, because it is a story about the truths and...

work
'Works,' as in Genesis 46:33, denote goods, because they are from the will, and anything from the will is either good or evil, but anything...

water
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

midst
The "midst" of something in the Bible represents the thing that is most central and most important to the spiritual state being described, the motivation...

break
To “break” something creates an image that is much different from “attacking,” “destroying,” or “shattering.” It is less emotional, less violent in its intent; it...

cometh
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

drink
Food in the Bible represents the desire for good, and water and other drinks represent the understanding and true ideas we need to recognize what...

drunk
To be drunken without wine (Isa. 29:9), are they who are unconcerned about the Word, and the truths of faith, and thus have no inclination...

oven
'An oven,' as in Malachi 4:1, signifies hell, where the people live who confirm themselves in false doctrines and evils of life from earthly and...

fountain
A fountain signifies the Lord and the Word. A fountain signifies superior truth, and well, inferior truth. A fountain, as in Psalm 104:10, denotes knowledges....

pit
A pit,' or 'well which has no water,' as in Jeremiah 2:13, signifies doctrines which have no truths.

clean
To be "pure" in the Bible means - unsurprisingly - to be devoid of evil. Thus all the washing for purification prescribed in the Laws...

seed
'A seed' signifies love, and everyone who has love, as in Genesis 12:7. 8:15, 16. 'A seed' signifies faith grounded in charity. 'A seed' signifies...

Put
'To put' has reference to order, arrangement, application, and influx.

fallen
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

dieth
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

eating
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

God
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

sanctified
'To sanctify' denotes being led by the Lord. 'To sanctify' denotes being incapable of being violated.

land
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

egypt
'Mizraim' signifies the same thing as Egypt.

living
'Lives' is used in the plural, because of the will and understanding, and because these two lives make one.

pure
To be "pure" in the Bible means - unsurprisingly - to be devoid of evil. Thus all the washing for purification prescribed in the Laws...


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