IGenesis 18

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1 UYehova wabonakala kuye eMiokini kaMamre, ehleli emnyango wentente, ekufudumaleni kwemini.

2 Wawaphakamisa amehlo akhe, wabona, nango amadoda amathathu emi ngakuye. Wabona, wagidima, eya kuwa khawulela, esuka emnyango wentente.

3 Waqubuda emhlabeni, wathi, Nkosi yam, ukuba kaloku ndibabalwe nguwe, musa ukudlula umke kumkhonzi wakho.

4 Makhe kuthatyathwe intwana yamanzi, nihlambe iinyawo zenu, ningqengqe phantsi komthi lo;

5 ndithabathe iqhekeza lesonka, nixhase iintliziyo zenu; kamva nodlula; kuba nize kudlula ngenxa yoko kumkhonzi wenu. Athi, Yenza ngoko uthethe ngako.

6 Wakhawuleza uAbraham, waya ententeni kuSara, wathi, Khawuleza, uxovule iiseha ezintathu zomgubo ocoliweyo, wenze amaqebengwana ezonka.

7 Wagidima waya ezinkomeni uAbraham, wathabatha ithole lenkomo, lithambile, lilungile, wanika umfana, wakhawuleza ukulilungisa.

8 Wathabatha amasi, nobisi, nethole lenkomo abelilungisile, wabeka phambi kwawo, wema ngakuwo phantsi komthi lowo, adla.

9 Athi kuye, Uphi na uSara umkakho?

10 Wathi, Nanko ententeni. Yathi, Ndiya kubuyela kuwe, lakubuya eli xesha; yabona, uSara umkakho uya kuba nonyana. Weva uSara esemnyango wentente, wona esemva kwayo.

11 Ke kaloku uAbraham noSara babesebaluphele, sebekhulile; kusekunqamkile kuSara okwendlela yabafazi.

12 USara wahleka ngaphakathi kwakhe, esithi, Emveni kokuba ndihagele, ndisaya kuyolelwa na, nenkosi yam yaluphele nje?

13 Wathi uYehova kuAbraham, Yini na ukuba uSara ahleke, esithi, Kuhleliwe nje ndiya kuzala na ndaluphele nje mna?

14 Kukho nto ingamnqabelayo na uYehova? Ngexesha elimisiweyo ndiya kubuyela kuwe, lakubuya eli xesha, uSara abe nonyana.

15 Wakhanyela uSara, esithi, Andihlekanga; kuba ebesoyika. Wathi yena, Hayi, uhlekile.

16 Asuka ke amadoda lawo ondela eSodom; uAbraham ehamba nawo, ewaphelekelela.

17 Wathi uYehova, Ndomfihlela na uAbraham into endiza kuyenza?

18 Kanti uAbraham uya kuthi abe luhlanga olukhulu, olunamandla, zisikeleleke ngaye iintlanga zonke zehlabathi.

19 Kuba ndaze yena, ukuze abawisele umthetho abantwana bakhe, nendlu yakhe emva kwakhe, bagcine indlela kaYehova, benze ubulungisa nokusesikweni, ukuze uYehova amenzele uAbraham into ayithethileyo kuye.

20 Wathi uYehova, Isikhalo saseSodom neGomora sisikhulu nje, nesono sayo sinzima kunene nje,

21 ndiya kukha ndihle, ndikhangele ukuba baphelelisile na ngokwesikhalo sayo esifikileyo kum; ukuba akunjalo, ndazi.

22 Ajika apho amadoda lawo, asinga eSodom; ke yena uAbraham wayesemi phambi koYehova.

23 Wasondela uAbraham, wathi, Ungade ubhebhethe olilungisa kunye nongendawo yini na?

24 Hi, kwakho amashumi amahlanu amalungisa phakathi komzi; ungade uyibhebhethe, ungayixoleli, loo ndawo yini na, ngenxa yamalungisa amashumi mahlanu akuyo?

25 Makube lee kuwe ukwenza ngokwendawo enjalo ukubulala olilungisa kunye nongendawo, ilungisa libe njengongendawo; makube lee kuwe. Umgwebi wehlabathi lonke akayi kwenza okusesikweni yini na?

26 Wathi uYehova, Ukuba ndithe ndafumana eSodom amalungisa amashumi mahlanu phakathi komzi, ndoyixolela yonke loo ndawo ngenxa yawo.

27 Waphendula uAbraham, wathi, Khawubone, sendide ndathetha eNkosini, ndiluthuli nothuthu.

28 Hi ke, kwasweleka isihlanu kumalungisa amashumi mahlanu, wowonakalisa ngenxa yesihlanu yini na wonke umzi? Yathi, Andiyi kuwonakalisa, ukuba ndithe ndafumana khona amashumi omane anesihlanu.

29 Waphinda kanjalo wathetha kuye, wathi, Hi ke, kwafunyanwa khona amashumi omane? Yathi, Andiyi kukwenza ngenxa yamashumi omane.

30 Wathi, Mayingabi namsindo iNkosi, khe ndithethe. Hi ke, kwafunyanwa khona amashumi omathathu? Yathi, Andiyi kukwenza, ukuba ndithe ndafumana khona amashumi omathathu.

31 Wathi, Khawubone, sendide ndathetha eNkosini. Hi ke, kwafunyanwa khona amashumi omabini? Yathi, Andiyi kuwonakalisa ngenxa yamashumi omabini.

32 Wathi, Mayingabi namsindo iNkosi, khendithethe esi sihlandlo sodwa. Hi ke, kwafunyanwa khona ishumi elinye? Yathi, Andiyi kuwonakalisa ngenxa yeshumi elinye.

33 Wemka uYehova, akugqiba ukuthetha kuAbraham; uAbraham wabuyela endaweni yakhe.

  

Exploring the Meaning of IGenesis 18      

Napsal(a) Emanuel Swedenborg

Here are some excerpts from Swedenborg's "Arcana Coelestia" that help explain the inner meaning of this chapter:

AC 2136. In the first place, this chapter treats concerning the Lord’s state of perception in the Human and concerning the communication with the Divine at that time, before the perfect union of His Human Essence with the Divine Essence, which state is also that in regard to which the Lord says,

"No one hath seen God at any time, the Only-begotten Son who is in the bosom of the Father" (John 1:18).

AC 2137. The Lord‘s state of perception in the Human at that time is signified by the "oak-groves of Mamre" (verse 1); and that in this state He perceived the Divine which was manifesting itself before His Human (verse 2); at which He rejoiced (verse 3); and desired that the Divine should draw nearer to His Human by putting on something natural (verse 4), and His Human nearer to the Divine by putting on the celestial (verse 5). The celestial and the derivative spiritual, which He put on, are signified by the "three measures of meal of fine flour" of which the cakes were made (verse 6); and that He also put on a conforming natural, is signified by the "son of an ox" (verse 7); the result being conformation, and a communication of the Divine with the Human, and of the Human with the Divine (verse 8).

AC 2138. In the second place, this chapter treats concerning the Lord’s perception in that state respecting the rational with Him, in that it would put off the Human, and be made Divine.

AC 2139. That the rational would be made Divine, is signified by the "son" whom Sarah was to bear (verse 10). That the human rational truth that was with the Lord did not perceive this, and thus did not believe it, is signified by Sarah‘s "laughing" at the door of the tent that was behind him (verses 10-13, 15). It is confirmed that the Lord would put off this also, and would put on in its place truth Divine (verse 14).

AC 2140. In the third place, the chapter treats concerning the Lord’s grief and anxiety over the human race, because men were so greatly imbued with the love of self, and from this with the cupidity of exercising command over others from what is evil and false, for whom in that state He interceded, and obtained that those should be saved with whom there should be goods and truths; and who these are, is recounted in order.

AC 2141. The Lord‘s perception concerning the human race, that it was in evil and falsity, "Sodom" being the love of self and the derivative cupidity of exercising command from what is evil, and "Gomorrah" being the same from what is false (verses 16, 20). That this could not be concealed from the Lord in that state, because by Him and from Him is all salvation (verses 17 to 19); that is to say, they were to be visited when their wickedness reached its height (verses 20, 21). That when He was in this perception (verse 22), He interceded for them; first for those with whom there should be truths, and these truths full of goods, who are signified by the "fifty" (verses 23 to 26); also for those with whom there should be less of good, but this good nevertheless conjoined with truths, who are signified by the "forty-five" (verses 27, 28); next for those who have been in temptations, who are signified by the "forty" (verse 29); as likewise for those who have been in some combats against evils, who are signified by the "thirty" (verse 30); afterwards for those with whom there should be states of the affection of good from any other source, who are signified by the "twenty" (verse 31); lastly for those with whom there should be states of the affection of truth, who are signified by the "ten" (verse 32); and the constant answer was that they should be saved (verses 26, 28 to 32). These things being accomplished, the Lord returned into His former state of perception (verse 33). These are the arcana contained in the internal sense of this chapter, which are not manifest from the letter.

   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Genesis 18      

Napsal(a) Emanuel Swedenborg

Here are some excerpts from Swedenborg's "Arcana Coelestia" that help explain the inner meaning of this chapter:

AC 2136. In the first place, this chapter treats concerning the Lord’s state of perception in the Human and concerning the communication with the Divine at that time, before the perfect union of His Human Essence with the Divine Essence, which state is also that in regard to which the Lord says,

"No one hath seen God at any time, the Only-begotten Son who is in the bosom of the Father" (John 1:18).

AC 2137. The Lord‘s state of perception in the Human at that time is signified by the "oak-groves of Mamre" (verse 1); and that in this state He perceived the Divine which was manifesting itself before His Human (verse 2); at which He rejoiced (verse 3); and desired that the Divine should draw nearer to His Human by putting on something natural (verse 4), and His Human nearer to the Divine by putting on the celestial (verse 5). The celestial and the derivative spiritual, which He put on, are signified by the "three measures of meal of fine flour" of which the cakes were made (verse 6); and that He also put on a conforming natural, is signified by the "son of an ox" (verse 7); the result being conformation, and a communication of the Divine with the Human, and of the Human with the Divine (verse 8).

AC 2138. In the second place, this chapter treats concerning the Lord’s perception in that state respecting the rational with Him, in that it would put off the Human, and be made Divine.

AC 2139. That the rational would be made Divine, is signified by the "son" whom Sarah was to bear (verse 10). That the human rational truth that was with the Lord did not perceive this, and thus did not believe it, is signified by Sarah‘s "laughing" at the door of the tent that was behind him (verses 10-13, 15). It is confirmed that the Lord would put off this also, and would put on in its place truth Divine (verse 14).

AC 2140. In the third place, the chapter treats concerning the Lord’s grief and anxiety over the human race, because men were so greatly imbued with the love of self, and from this with the cupidity of exercising command over others from what is evil and false, for whom in that state He interceded, and obtained that those should be saved with whom there should be goods and truths; and who these are, is recounted in order.

AC 2141. The Lord‘s perception concerning the human race, that it was in evil and falsity, "Sodom" being the love of self and the derivative cupidity of exercising command from what is evil, and "Gomorrah" being the same from what is false (verses 16, 20). That this could not be concealed from the Lord in that state, because by Him and from Him is all salvation (verses 17 to 19); that is to say, they were to be visited when their wickedness reached its height (verses 20, 21). That when He was in this perception (verse 22), He interceded for them; first for those with whom there should be truths, and these truths full of goods, who are signified by the "fifty" (verses 23 to 26); also for those with whom there should be less of good, but this good nevertheless conjoined with truths, who are signified by the "forty-five" (verses 27, 28); next for those who have been in temptations, who are signified by the "forty" (verse 29); as likewise for those who have been in some combats against evils, who are signified by the "thirty" (verse 30); afterwards for those with whom there should be states of the affection of good from any other source, who are signified by the "twenty" (verse 31); lastly for those with whom there should be states of the affection of truth, who are signified by the "ten" (verse 32); and the constant answer was that they should be saved (verses 26, 28 to 32). These things being accomplished, the Lord returned into His former state of perception (verse 33). These are the arcana contained in the internal sense of this chapter, which are not manifest from the letter.

Swedenborg

Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 468, 1420, 1616, 2072, 2142, 2143, 2144, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 658

True Christian Religion 755


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 340, 397, 1153

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 49

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