Josua 21

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1 Och huvudmännen för leviternas familjer trädde fram inför prästen Eleasar och Josua, Nuns son, och huvudmännen för familjerna inom Israels barns stammar

2 och talade till dem i Silo i Kanaans land, och sade: »HERREN bjöd genom Mose att man skulle giva oss städer att bo i, med tillhörande utmarker för vår boskap.»

3 Så gåvo då Israels barn, efter HERRES befallning, av sina arvslotter åt leviterna följande städer med tillhörande utmarker.

4 För kehatiternas släkter föll lotten ut så, att bland dessa leviter prästen Arons söner genom lotten fingo ur Juda stam, ur simeoniternas stam och ur Benjamins stam tretton städer.

5 Och Kehats övriga barn fingo genom lotten ur Efraims stams släkter, ur Dans stam och ur ena hälften av Manasse stam tio städer.

6 Gersons barn åter fingo genom lotten ur Isaskars stams släkter, ur Asers stam, ur Naftali stam och ur andra hälften av Manasse stam, i Basan, tretton städer.

7 Meraris barn fingo, efter sina släkter, ur Rubens stam, ur Gads stam och ur Sebulons stam tolv städer.

8 Israels barn gåvo nu åt leviterna dessa städer med tillhörande utmarker, genom lottkastning, såsom HERREN hade bjudit genom Mose.

9 Ur Juda barns stam och ur Simeons barns stam gav man följande här namngivna städer:

10 Bland kehatiternas släkter bland Levi barn fingo Arons söner följande, ty dem träffade lotten först:

11 Man gav dem Arbas, Anoks faders, stad, det är Hebron, i Juda bergsbygd, med dess utmarker runt omkring.

12 Men åkerjorden och byarna som hörde till staden gav man till besittning åt Kaleb, Jefunnes son.

13 Åt prästen Arons söner gav man alltså dråparfristaden Hebron med dess utmarker, vidare Libna med dess utmarker,

14 Jattir med dess utmarker, Estemoa med dess utmarker,

15 Holon med dess utmarker, Debir med dess utmarker,

16 Ain med dess utmarker, Jutta med dess utmarker och Bet-Semes med dess utmarker -- nio städer ur dessa två stammar;

17 och ur Benjamins stam Gibeon med dess utmarker, Geba med dess utmarker,

18 Anatot med dess utmarker och Almon med dess utmarker -- fyra städer.

19 De städer som Arons söner, prästerna, fingo utgjorde alltså tillsammans tretton städer, med tillhörande utmarker.

20 Och Kehats barns släkter av leviterna, nämligen de övriga Kehats barn, fingo ur Efraims stam följande städer, som lotten bestämde åt dem:

21 Man gav dem dråparfristaden Sikem med dess utmarker i Efraims bergsbygd, Geser med dess utmarker,

22 Kibsaim med dess utmarker och Bet-Horon med dess utmarker -- fyra städer;

23 och ur Dans stam Elteke med dess utmarker, Gibbeton med dess utmarker,

24 Ajalon med dess utmarker och Gat-Rimmon med dess utmarker -- fyra städer;

25 och ur ena hälften av Manasse stam Taanak med dess utmarker och Gat-Rimmon med dess utmarker -- två städer.

26 De städer som de övriga Kehats barns släkter fingo utgjorde alltså tillsammans tio, med tillhörande utmarker.

27 Bland leviternas släkter fingo vidare Gersons barn ur ena hälften av Manasse stam dråparfristaden Golan i Basan med dess utmarker och Beestera med dess utmarker -- två städer;

28 och ur Isaskars stam Kisjon med dess utmarker, Dobrat med dess utmarker,

29 Jarmut med dess utmarker och En-Gannim med dess utmarker -- fyra städer;

30 och ur Asers stam Miseal med dess utmarker, Abdon med dess utmarker,

31 Helkat med dess utmarker och Rehob med dess utmarker -- fyra städer;

32 och ur Naftali stam dråparfristaden Kedes i Galileen med dess utmarker, Hammot-Dor med dess utmarker och Kartan med dess utmarker -- tre städer.

33 Gersoniternas städer, efter deras släkter, utgjorde alltså tillsammans tretton städer, med tillhörande utmarker.

34 Och de övriga leviterna, Meraris barns släkter, fingo ur Sebulons stam Jokneam med dess utmarker, Karta med dess utmarker,

35 Dimna med dess utmarker och Nahalal med dess utmarker -- fyra städer.

38 och ur Gads stam dråparfristaden Ramot i Gilead med dess utmarker, Mahanaim med dess utmarker,

39 Hesbon med dess utmarker och Jaeser med dess utmarker -- tillsammans fyra städer.

40 De städer som dessa de övriga leviternas släkter, Meraris barn, fingo på sin lott, efter sina släkter, utgjorde alltså tillsammans tolv städer.

41 Tillsammans utgjorde levitstäderna inom Israels barns besittningsområde fyrtioåtta städer med tillhörande utmarker.

42 Var och en av dessa städer skulle bestå av själva staden och tillhörande utmarker runt omkring. Så var det med alla dessa städer.

43 Så gav då HERREN åt Israel hela det land som han med ed hade lovat giva åt deras fäder; och de togo det i besittning och bosatte sig där.

44 Och HERREN lät dem hava ro på alla sidor, alldeles såsom han med ed hade lovat deras fäder; och ingen av deras fiender kunde stå dem emot, utan HERREN gav alla deras fiender i deras hand.

45 Intet uteblev av allt det goda som HERREN hade lovat Israels hus; det gick allt i fullbordan.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 21      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 21: The cities of the Levite priests and the end of the settlement.

In this chapter, the last remaining part of the settlement was completed: the provision for the Levites, the priests of Israel. This tribe had been appointed priests because only they had answered the call, “Who is on the side of the Lord?” when the Israelites had been worshipping the golden calf in the wilderness (see Exodus 32:26).

Much of the chapter is spent listing the cities given to the three sons of Aaron, who was appointed high priest. Each extended family of Aaron’s sons was given about sixteen cities. It seems very significant that a lot of these cities were the same ones given to the other tribes, and were also the cities of refuge.

Levi’s name means ‘joined’, which is very suitable for the Levite priests, who received cities in every tribal territory. This meant that the presence of priests was everywhere (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 342).

Spiritually speaking, this distribution is a wonderful illustration that our spirit lives throughout our whole body. Every part of us is alive! Every single thing in our body, from one blood cell to our heart and lungs, is maintained by our spirit, which itself is maintained by the influx of the Lord’s life. The function of everything in our body is in a perfect correspondence with the kingdom of heaven.

So, spiritually, the Levites stand for the presence of the Lord everywhere, in everything. This underlines the point that everything in the natural world - even the cities and territories described in this chapter of Joshua - reflect something about God and heaven (see Swedenborg’s Apocalypse Revealed 194). But there is another important meaning for the distribution of the priestly Levites in cities all through the tribal territories: we must keep on acknowledging that everything is a blessing from the Lord, that everything we do is for God, and that the Lord alone does what is truly good (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Providence 91).

After the distribution of cities to the Levites, Israel was fully established in the land of Canaan. The rest of this chapter is a consolidating statement which is worth including in full:

v43. “So the Lord gave to Israel all the land of which He had sworn to give to their fathers, and they took possession of it and dwelt in it.
v44. The Lord gave them rest all around, according to all that he had sworn to their fathers. And not a man of all their enemies stood against them; the Lord delivered all their enemies into their hand.
v45. Not a word failed of any good thing which the Lord had spoken to the house of Israel. All came to pass.”

These are words of fulfillment, culmination, assurance and blessing. Everything here traces back to the Lord. The Lord made a covenant with the children of Israel, granted them victory over their enemies, and gave them the Land of Canaan; the Lord had spoken in complete truth. “All came to pass.”

This final statement is a promise of our own capacity for regeneration and spiritual progress. We are able to overcome our natural desires and selfish states; we have been established in our life with the ability to understand and do what is good. In devoting ourselves to the Lord, we find strength to see that He will never fail us, and will change us for the better. ‘All came to pass’ is our affirmation that our life is always under God’s care and providence (Arcana Caelestia 977).


Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Apocalypse Explained 444

Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 1441, 1616, 2909

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