Génesis 18

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1 Y se le apareció el SEÑOR en el alcornocal de Mamre, estando él sentado a la puerta de su tienda, cuando comenzaba el calor del día.

2 Y alzó sus ojos, y miró, y he aquí tres varones que estaban junto a él; y cuando los vio, salió corriendo de la puerta de su tienda a recibirlos, y se inclinó hacia la tierra,

3 Y dijo: Señor, si ahora he hallado gracia en tus ojos, te ruego que no pases de tu siervo.

4 Que se traiga ahora un poco de agua, y lavad vuestros pies; y recostaos debajo de un árbol,

5 y traeré un bocado de pan, y sustentad vuestro corazón; después pasaréis, porque por eso habéis pasado cerca de vuestro siervo. Y ellos dijeron: Haz así como has dicho.

6 Entonces Abraham fue de prisa a la tienda a Sara, y le dijo: Toma presto tres medidas de flor de harina, amasa y haz panes cocidos debajo de la ceniza.

7 Y corrió Abraham a las vacas, y tomó un becerro tierno y bueno, y lo dio al joven, y éste se dio prisa a aderezarlo.

8 Tomó también manteca y leche, y el becerro que había aderezado, y lo puso delante de ellos; y él estaba junto a ellos debajo del árbol; y comieron.

9 Y le dijeron: ¿Dónde está Sara tu mujer? Y él respondió: Aquí en la tienda.

10 Entonces dijo: De cierto volveré a ti según el tiempo de la vida, y he aquí, que Sara tu mujer tendrá un hijo. Y Sara escuchaba a la puerta de la tienda, y Abraham estaba detrás de él.

11 Y Abraham y Sara eran viejos, entrados en días: y a Sara le había cesado ya la costumbre de las mujeres.

12 Se rió, pues, Sara entre sí, diciendo: ¿Después que he envejecido tendré deleite? Así mismo mi señor es ya viejo.

13 Entonces el SEÑOR dijo a Abraham: ¿Por qué se ha reído Sara diciendo: Será cierto que he de dar a luz siendo ya vieja?

14 ¿Por ventura hay para Dios alguna cosa difícil? Al tiempo señalado volveré a ti, según el tiempo de la vida, y Sara tendrá un hijo.

15 Entonces Sara negó diciendo: No me reí; porque tuvo miedo. Y él dijo: No es así, porque te reíste.

16 Y los varones se levantaron de allí, y miraron hacia Sodoma; y Abraham iba con ellos acompañándolos.

17 Y el SEÑOR dijo: ¿Encubro yo a Abraham lo que hago,

18 habiendo de ser Abraham en gran gente y fuerte, y habiendo de ser benditos en él todos los gentiles de la tierra?

19 Porque yo lo he conocido, que mandará a sus hijos y a su casa después de sí, que guarden el camino del SEÑOR, haciendo justicia y juicio, para que haga venir el SEÑOR sobre Abraham lo que ha hablado acerca de él.

20 Entonces el SEÑOR le dijo: Por cuanto el clamor de Sodoma y Gomorra se ha engrandecido, y el pecado de ellos se ha agravado en extremo,

21 descenderé ahora, y veré si han consumado su obra según el clamor que ha venido hasta mí; y si no, lo sabré.

22 Y se apartaron de allí los varones, y fueron hacia Sodoma; mas Abraham estaba aún delante del SEÑOR.

23 Y se acercó Abraham y dijo: ¿Destruirás también al justo con el impío?

24 Por ventura hay cincuenta justos dentro de la ciudad, ¿destruirás también y no perdonarás al lugar por cincuenta justos que estén dentro de él?

25 Lejos de ti el hacer tal, que hagas morir al justo con el impío, y que sea el justo tratado como el impío; nunca tal hagas. El juez de toda la tierra, ¿no ha de hacer derecho?

26 Entonces respondió el SEÑOR: Si hallare en Sodoma cincuenta justos dentro de la ciudad, perdonaré a todo este lugar por amor de ellos.

27 Y Abraham replicó y dijo: He aquí ahora que he comenzado a hablar a mi Señor, aunque soy polvo y ceniza;

28 por ventura faltarán de cincuenta justos, cinco: ¿destruirás por aquellos cinco toda la ciudad? Y dijo: No la destruiré, si hallare allí cuarenta y cinco.

29 Y volvió a hablarle, y dijo: Por ventura se hallarán allí cuarenta. Y respondió: No lo haré por amor de los cuarenta.

30 Y dijo: No se enoje ahora mi Señor, si hablare: Por ventura se hallarán allí treinta. Y respondió: No lo haré si hallare allí treinta.

31 Y dijo: He aquí ahora que he comenzado a hablar a mi Señor: Por ventura se hallarán allí veinte. Respondió, no la destruiré, por veinte.

32 Y volvió a decir: No se enoje ahora mi Señor, si hablare solamente una vez: Por ventura se hallarán allí diez. Respondió, No la destruiré, por diez.

33 Y se fue el SEÑOR, luego que acabó de hablar a Abraham; y Abraham se volvió a su lugar.

  

Exploring the Meaning of Génesis 18      

Napsal(a) Emanuel Swedenborg

Here are some excerpts from Swedenborg's "Arcana Coelestia" that help explain the inner meaning of this chapter:

AC 2136. In the first place, this chapter treats concerning the Lord’s state of perception in the Human and concerning the communication with the Divine at that time, before the perfect union of His Human Essence with the Divine Essence, which state is also that in regard to which the Lord says,

"No one hath seen God at any time, the Only-begotten Son who is in the bosom of the Father" (John 1:18).

AC 2137. The Lord‘s state of perception in the Human at that time is signified by the "oak-groves of Mamre" (verse 1); and that in this state He perceived the Divine which was manifesting itself before His Human (verse 2); at which He rejoiced (verse 3); and desired that the Divine should draw nearer to His Human by putting on something natural (verse 4), and His Human nearer to the Divine by putting on the celestial (verse 5). The celestial and the derivative spiritual, which He put on, are signified by the "three measures of meal of fine flour" of which the cakes were made (verse 6); and that He also put on a conforming natural, is signified by the "son of an ox" (verse 7); the result being conformation, and a communication of the Divine with the Human, and of the Human with the Divine (verse 8).

AC 2138. In the second place, this chapter treats concerning the Lord’s perception in that state respecting the rational with Him, in that it would put off the Human, and be made Divine.

AC 2139. That the rational would be made Divine, is signified by the "son" whom Sarah was to bear (verse 10). That the human rational truth that was with the Lord did not perceive this, and thus did not believe it, is signified by Sarah‘s "laughing" at the door of the tent that was behind him (verses 10-13, 15). It is confirmed that the Lord would put off this also, and would put on in its place truth Divine (verse 14).

AC 2140. In the third place, the chapter treats concerning the Lord’s grief and anxiety over the human race, because men were so greatly imbued with the love of self, and from this with the cupidity of exercising command over others from what is evil and false, for whom in that state He interceded, and obtained that those should be saved with whom there should be goods and truths; and who these are, is recounted in order.

AC 2141. The Lord‘s perception concerning the human race, that it was in evil and falsity, "Sodom" being the love of self and the derivative cupidity of exercising command from what is evil, and "Gomorrah" being the same from what is false (verses 16, 20). That this could not be concealed from the Lord in that state, because by Him and from Him is all salvation (verses 17 to 19); that is to say, they were to be visited when their wickedness reached its height (verses 20, 21). That when He was in this perception (verse 22), He interceded for them; first for those with whom there should be truths, and these truths full of goods, who are signified by the "fifty" (verses 23 to 26); also for those with whom there should be less of good, but this good nevertheless conjoined with truths, who are signified by the "forty-five" (verses 27, 28); next for those who have been in temptations, who are signified by the "forty" (verse 29); as likewise for those who have been in some combats against evils, who are signified by the "thirty" (verse 30); afterwards for those with whom there should be states of the affection of good from any other source, who are signified by the "twenty" (verse 31); lastly for those with whom there should be states of the affection of truth, who are signified by the "ten" (verse 32); and the constant answer was that they should be saved (verses 26, 28 to 32). These things being accomplished, the Lord returned into His former state of perception (verse 33). These are the arcana contained in the internal sense of this chapter, which are not manifest from the letter.

   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Genesis 18      

Napsal(a) Emanuel Swedenborg

Here are some excerpts from Swedenborg's "Arcana Coelestia" that help explain the inner meaning of this chapter:

AC 2136. In the first place, this chapter treats concerning the Lord’s state of perception in the Human and concerning the communication with the Divine at that time, before the perfect union of His Human Essence with the Divine Essence, which state is also that in regard to which the Lord says,

"No one hath seen God at any time, the Only-begotten Son who is in the bosom of the Father" (John 1:18).

AC 2137. The Lord‘s state of perception in the Human at that time is signified by the "oak-groves of Mamre" (verse 1); and that in this state He perceived the Divine which was manifesting itself before His Human (verse 2); at which He rejoiced (verse 3); and desired that the Divine should draw nearer to His Human by putting on something natural (verse 4), and His Human nearer to the Divine by putting on the celestial (verse 5). The celestial and the derivative spiritual, which He put on, are signified by the "three measures of meal of fine flour" of which the cakes were made (verse 6); and that He also put on a conforming natural, is signified by the "son of an ox" (verse 7); the result being conformation, and a communication of the Divine with the Human, and of the Human with the Divine (verse 8).

AC 2138. In the second place, this chapter treats concerning the Lord’s perception in that state respecting the rational with Him, in that it would put off the Human, and be made Divine.

AC 2139. That the rational would be made Divine, is signified by the "son" whom Sarah was to bear (verse 10). That the human rational truth that was with the Lord did not perceive this, and thus did not believe it, is signified by Sarah‘s "laughing" at the door of the tent that was behind him (verses 10-13, 15). It is confirmed that the Lord would put off this also, and would put on in its place truth Divine (verse 14).

AC 2140. In the third place, the chapter treats concerning the Lord’s grief and anxiety over the human race, because men were so greatly imbued with the love of self, and from this with the cupidity of exercising command over others from what is evil and false, for whom in that state He interceded, and obtained that those should be saved with whom there should be goods and truths; and who these are, is recounted in order.

AC 2141. The Lord‘s perception concerning the human race, that it was in evil and falsity, "Sodom" being the love of self and the derivative cupidity of exercising command from what is evil, and "Gomorrah" being the same from what is false (verses 16, 20). That this could not be concealed from the Lord in that state, because by Him and from Him is all salvation (verses 17 to 19); that is to say, they were to be visited when their wickedness reached its height (verses 20, 21). That when He was in this perception (verse 22), He interceded for them; first for those with whom there should be truths, and these truths full of goods, who are signified by the "fifty" (verses 23 to 26); also for those with whom there should be less of good, but this good nevertheless conjoined with truths, who are signified by the "forty-five" (verses 27, 28); next for those who have been in temptations, who are signified by the "forty" (verse 29); as likewise for those who have been in some combats against evils, who are signified by the "thirty" (verse 30); afterwards for those with whom there should be states of the affection of good from any other source, who are signified by the "twenty" (verse 31); lastly for those with whom there should be states of the affection of truth, who are signified by the "ten" (verse 32); and the constant answer was that they should be saved (verses 26, 28 to 32). These things being accomplished, the Lord returned into His former state of perception (verse 33). These are the arcana contained in the internal sense of this chapter, which are not manifest from the letter.

Swedenborg

Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 468, 1420, 1616, 2072, 2142, 2143, 2144, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 658

True Christian Religion 755


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 340, 397, 1153

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 49

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sentado
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Día
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Tierra
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dijo
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siervo
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pies
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árbol
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pan
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corazón
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después
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pasado
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prisa
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sara
'Sarah' denotes truth joined to good. Sarai was called 'Sarah' so she would represent the divine intellectual principle by adding the 'H' from the name...

flor
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Harina
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bueno
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detrás
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veinte
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decir
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Was God Really Angry With Sodom and Gomorrah?

As Jesus said on the road to Emmaus, the Old Testament is teaching us about Jesus's inner life. What can we learn from the story of Sodom and Gomorrah?

Génesis 18:16-26 >> 03:36
, 06:39

The Meaning of Sodom and Gomorrah

Focus on the internal meaning of the Sodom and Gomorrah story

Génesis 18:16-26 >> 13:28
, 16:33
Zdroje pro rodiče a učitele

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