КнигаСудей 3

Studovat vnitřní smysl
← КнигаСудей 2   КнигаСудей 4 →         

1 Вот те народы, которых оставил Господь, чтобы искушать ими Израильтян, всех, которыене знали о всех войнах Ханаанских, –

2 для того только, чтобы знали и учились войне последующие роды сынов Израилевых, которые прежде не знали ее:

3 пять владельцев Филистимских, все Хананеи, Сидоняне и Евеи, живущие на горе Ливане, от горы Ваал-Ермона до входа в Емаф.

4 Они были оставлены , чтобы искушать ими Израильтян и узнать, повинуются ли онизаповедям Господним, которые Он заповедал отцам их чрез Моисея.

5 И жили сыны Израилевы среди Хананеев, Хеттеев, Аморреев, Ферезеев, Евеев, и Иевусеев,

6 и брали дочерей их себе в жены, и своих дочерей отдавали за сыновей их, и служили богам их.

7 И сделали сыны Израилевы злое пред очами Господа, и забыли Господа Бога своего, и служили Ваалам и Астартам.

8 И воспылал гнев Господень на Израиля, и предал их в руки Хусарсафема, царя Месопотамского, и служили сыны Израилевы Хусарсафему восемь лет.

9 Тогда возопили сыны Израилевы к Господу, и воздвигнул Господьспасителя сынам Израилевым, который спас их, Гофониила, сына Кеназа,младшего брата Халевова.

10 На нем был Дух Господень, и был он судьею Израиля.Он вышел на войну, и предал Господь в руки его Хусарсафема, царяМесопотамского, и преодолела рука его Хусарсафема.

11 И покоилась земля сорок лет. И умер Гофониил, сын Кеназа.

12 Сыны Израилевы опять стали делать злое пред очами Господа, и укрепил Господь Еглона, царя Моавитского, против Израильтян, за то, что они делали злое пред очами Господа.

13 Он собрал к себе Аммонитян и Амаликитян, и пошел и поразил Израиля, и овладели они городом Пальм.

14 И служили сыны Израилевы Еглону, царю Моавитскому, восемнадцать лет.

15 Тогда возопили сыны Израилевы к Господу, и Господь воздвигнул имспасителя Аода, сына Геры, сына Иеминиева, который был левша. И послали сыны Израилевы с ним дары Еглону, царю Моавитскому.

16 Аод сделал себе меч с двумя остриями, длиною в локоть, и припоясал его под плащом своим к правому бедру,

17 и поднес дары Еглону, царю Моавитскому; Еглон же был человек очень тучный.

18 Когда поднес Аод все дары и проводил людей, принесших дары,

19 то сам возвратился от истуканов, которые в Галгале, и сказал: у меня есть тайное слово до тебя, царь. Он сказал: тише! И вышли от него все стоявшие при нем.

20 Аод вошел к нему: он сидел в прохладной горнице, которая была у него отдельно. И сказал Аод: у меня есть до тебя, слово Божие. Еглон встал со стула.

21 Аод простер левую руку свою и взял меч с правого бедра своего и вонзил его в чрево его,

22 так что вошла за острием и рукоять, и тук закрыл острие, ибо Аод не вынул меча из чрева его, и он прошел в задние части.

23 И вышел Аод в преддверие, и затворил за собою двери горницы, изамкнул.

24 Когда он вышел, рабы Еглона пришли и видят, вот, дверигорницы замкнуты, и говорят: верно он для нужды в прохладной комнате.

25 Ждали довольно долго, но видя, что никто не отпирает дверей горницы, взяли ключ и отперли, и вот, господин их лежит на земле мертвый.

26 Пока они недоумевали, Аод между тем ушел, прошел мимо истуканов и спасся в Сеираф.

27 Придя же вострубил трубою на горе Ефремовой, и сошли с ним сыны Израилевы с горы, и он шел впереди их.

28 И сказал им: идите за мною, ибо предал Господь врагов ваших Моавитян в руки ваши. И пошли за ним, и перехватили переправучерез Иордан к Моаву, и не давали никому переходить.

29 И побили в то время Моавитян около десяти тысяч человек, все здоровых и сильных, и никто не убежал.

30 Так смирились в тот день Моавитяне пред Израилем, и покоиласьземля восемьдесят лет.

31 После него был Самегар, сын Анафов, который шестьсот человек Филистимлян побил воловьим рожном; и он также спас Израиля.

← КнигаСудей 2   КнигаСудей 4 →
   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Judges 3      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 3: In which we hear about the nations who remain in the land; and about the judges Othniel, Ehud, and Shamgar.

This chapter begins with a very important set of statements about the nations still undefeated in the land. First, it says that the Lord would test Israel by means of these nations; secondly, that this test would “teach [the new generations] war”; and finally, that this would reveal whether or not Israel would obey the Lord. The text goes on to say that Israel now took the daughters of other nations to be wives, and also gave their own daughters to the sons of other nations.

Being ‘tested’ by the Lord refers to the temptations and spiritual conflicts we must experience during regeneration. The Lord does not test in order to make us falter, or to see how much we can endure. Rather, the testing is to make us stronger and more steadfast in our intention to follow the Lord (see Swedenborg’s work, True Christian Religion 126).

The new generations who would not have known war stand for those future states, in which we might begin to let go, and forget what the Lord has done for us. While all external wars should cease, we will always need to quell the spiritual wars within us. The key to victory is in our willingness to obey the Lord’s commandments. This wish to obey the Lord must be imprinted in our hearts and minds (see Swedenborg’s work, Doctrine of Faith 50).

‘Taking the daughters of other nations as wives’ describes the ways in which the spiritual marriage of good and truth in us becomes perverted. When our evil desires harm truths, and false ideas harm genuine loves, our sense of what is right becomes so distorted that we have no principles left to follow.

Because Israel kept forgetting the Lord and worshipping other gods, the Lord raised judges to deliver Israel. This chapter tells the stories of three judges, and we will examine the spiritual meaning of each.

The first judge discussed in this chapter was Othniel (see Judges 1). Israel was taken by Chushan-Rishathaim, the king of Mesopotamia, for eight years. His name means ‘the blackness of injustice”. Othniel delivered Israel from captivity, and there was peace for forty years. Spiritually, this describes our power, given to us by the Lord, to break free from evil wishes and thoughts. The number ‘forty’ describes the temptations we must overcome in doing this (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 8098).

The next judge, Ehud, ruled at the time when Eglon, a Moabite king, took Israel captive for eighteen years. Ehud made a long, double-edged dagger and went to the king to pay tribute. When those with him were leaving, he stayed and said to King Eglon, “I have a gift for you from God”, and plunged the dagger into the king’s belly so that his fat covered the blade. Then he left, locking the doors behind him, and Eglon’s servants eventually found their king dead. Ehud then attacked, and freed Israel from the Moabites.

The meaning of this graphic event is to show the power of the truth when it is used to combat evil. Eglon was fat, representing the seemingly large and imposing nature of evils. The double-edged dagger stands for the power of the Word. It went straight into the king’s fat belly, which stands for the absolute power of the Word to tear down evils and falsities. This then allows us to reassert our leading intentions, and return to our service for the Lord (see Apocalypse Revealed 52).

The third and final judge mentioned in this chapter was Shamgar, who killed six hundred Philistines with an ox goad and delivered Israel. The Philistines – who later became a major enemy of Israel – stand for the belief that faith alone will save us, without any need for good actions in life. This can have an insidious influence on us and needs constant attention, represented by the number six hundred. The ox goad (prodder) indicates that we need to keep pushing ourselves to do good, just as an ox is prodded to work strenuously (Arcana Caelestia 1198).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1444, 2722, 6858, 8301

Apocalypse Revealed 367


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 458, 811

Jiný komentář

  Příběhy:



Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Бытие 24:10

Исход 34:16

Левит 26:17

Числа 13:29, 23:18

Второзаконие 8:11, 14, 18

ИисусНавин 2:7, 13:3

КнигаСудей 1:4, 5, 13, 16, 2:11, 13, 14, 16, 18, 20, 22, 3:11, 30, 4:3, 5:6, 31, 6:3, 25, 34, 7:9, 14, 15, 24, 8:28, 33, 10:1, 9, 11, 12, 11:29, 12:5, 13:25, 14:6, 15:14, 15, 17:1, 19:1, 20:16

1я Царств 10:6, 10, 12:9, 13:3, 17:50

2я Царств 4:6, 20:9, 10

3я Царств 9:20, 11:3

1я Паралипоменон 8:3, 5

2я Паралипоменон 9:24, 15:1

Неемия 4:14

Псалтирь 78:58, 83:6, 106:35, 36, 41

Осия 6:4

2е Коринфянам 14

Významy biblických slov

Господь
The Bible refers to the Lord in many different ways, which from the text seem indistinguishable and interchangeable. Understood in the internal sense, though, there...

пять
Five also signifies all things of one part.

Евеи
The Hivites' represent those who were in idolatry, but in which there was something of good.

Ливане
'Lebanon' signifies spiritual good. 'Lebanon' signifies the church regarding the perception of truth from the rational self.

горы
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

Моисея
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

дочерей
Marriages among people – both in the Bible and in life – represent spiritual marriage. Women represent the desire to be good and to do...

жены
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...

Господа
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

гнев
Гнев - это эмоция, настолько распространенная среди людей, что она не требует определения. Тем не менее, можно поднять пару вопросов. 1) Господь никогда не злится....

Израиля
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Руки
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

восемь
According to Swedenborg, the number eight represents something that is complete within itself, in every respect. Two reasons are offered for this. First, eight is...

сына
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

рука
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

Земля
"Земля" в Библии может означать человека или группу единомышленников, как в церкви. Но это относится конкретно к внешнему виду человека, или к общему мышлению группы....

сорок
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

умер
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

Сын
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

меч
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

человек
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

сказал
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

слово
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

царь
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

сидел
If you think about sitting, it seems fair to say that where you're sitting is more important than that you're sitting. Sitting in a movie...

бедра
In Revelation 19:16, 'the Lord’s thigh' signifies the Word regarding its divine good. 'The thigh and loins' signify conjugial love, and because this is the...

чрева
'Womb,' as in Genesis 49:25, signifies the conjunction of good and truth. The term 'belly' is used where truths are being discussed, and the term...

двери
In a general sense, doors in the Bible represent the initial desires for good and concepts of truth that introduce people to new levels of...

видя
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

господин
In most cases, a "master" in the Bible refers to truth: knowledge, an understanding of the situation at hand, an understanding of the Lord's wishes,...

земле
"Земля" в Библии может означать человека или группу единомышленников, как в церкви. Но это относится конкретно к внешнему виду человека, или к общему мышлению группы....

мертвый
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

трубою
'Trumpets,' and all other wind instruments, relate to celestial affections.

Ефремовой
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

Иордан
The land of Jordan,' as in Psalm 42:6, signifies what is lowly, consequently, what is distant from the celestial, as the external parts of a...

время
Time is an aspect of the physical world, but according to Swedenborg is not an aspect of the spiritual world. The same is true of...

тысяч
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

день
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

моавитяне
'Moab,' in a positive sense, signifies people who are in natural good, and allow themselves to be easily seduced, but in an opposite sense, it...

восемьдесят
Swedenborg tells us that 80, like 40, can represent a state of temptation, when we face and battle our desires for evil – and that...

после
Согласно Сведенборгу, время и пространство не существуют в духовной реальности; это чисто естественные вещи, которые существуют только на физическом плане. Это означает, что одна духовная...

Филистимлян
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...

Zdroje pro rodiče a učitele

Zde uvedené položky jsou poskytnuty se svolením našich přátel z General Church of the New Jerusalem. Můžete prohledávat/procházet celou knihovnu kliknutím na odkaz this link.


 Ehud and Eglon
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The First Three Judges of Israel Complete the Chart
Learn the cycle of the Judges by completing information about the first three judges of Israel.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 The First Three Judges Review Questions
Read Judges 3 to find answers to fill in the blanks. Cloze activity.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13


Přeložit: