КнигаСудей 10

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синодальный перевод (1876)         

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1 После Авимелеха восстал для спасения Израиля Фола, сын Фуи, сына Додова, из колена Иссахарова. Он жил в Шамире на горе Ефремовой.

2 Он был судьею Израиля двадцать три года, и умер, и погребен в Шамире.

3 После него восстал Иаир из Галаада и был судьею Израиля двадцать два года.

4 У него было тридцать сыновей, ездивших на тридцати молодых ослах, и тридцать городов было у них; их до сего дня называют селениями Иаира, что в земле Галаадской.

5 И умер Иаир и погребен в Камоне.

6 Сыны Израилевы продолжали делать злое пред очами Господа и служили Ваалам и Астартам, и богам Арамейским, и богам Сидонским, и богам Моавитским, и богам Аммонитским, и богам Филистимским; а Господа оставили и не служили Ему.

7 И воспылал гнев Господа на Израиля, и Он предал их в руки Филистимлян и в руки Аммонитян;

8 они теснили и мучили сынов Израилевых с того года восемнадцать лет, всех сынов Израилевых по ту сторону Иордана в земле Аморрейской, которая в Галааде.

9 Наконец Аммонитяне перешли Иордан, чтобы вести войну с Иудою и Вениамином и с домом Ефремовым. И весьма тесно было сынам Израиля.

10 И возопили сыны Израилевы к Господу, и говорили: согрешили мы пред Тобою, потому что оставили Бога нашего и служили Ваалам.

11 И сказал Господь сынам Израилевым: не угнетали ли вас Египтяне, иАморреи, и Аммонитяне, и Филистимляне,

12 и Сидоняне, и Амаликитяне, и Моавитяне, и когда вы взывали ко Мне, не спасал ли Я васот рук их?

13 А вы оставили Меня и стали служить другим богам; за то Я не буду уже спасать вас:

14 пойдите, взывайте к богам, которых вы избрали, пусть они спасают вас в тесное для вас время.

15 И сказали сыны Израилевы Господу: согрешили мы; делай с нами все, что Тебе угодно, только избавь нас ныне.

16 И отвергли от себя чужих богов и стали служить Господу. И не потерпела душа Его страдания Израилева.

17 Аммонитяне собрались и расположились станом в Галааде; собрались также сыны Израилевы и стали станом в Массифе.

18 Народ и князья Галаадские сказали друг другу: кто начнет войну против Аммонитян, тот будет начальником всех жителей Галаадских.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 10      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 10: Tola, Jair; Israel oppressed again.

This chapter opens by mentioning the judges Tola and Jair, who judged for twenty-three years and twenty-two years, respectively. The text gives us very little information about them, except that Jair had thirty sons, who rode on thirty donkeys and had thirty cities in the land of Gilead.

After Jair died, the people soon disobeyed the Lord, and worshipped the gods of Syria, Sidon, Moab, Philistia, and Ammon. This provoked the Lord’s anger, so He caused the Philistines and Ammonites to oppress Israel. The Ammonites first attacked the two-and-a-half tribes living on the eastern side of the Jordan, then crossed the river to attack Judah, Benjamin and Ephraim.

The people cried out to the Lord, saying that they had forsaken Him, but He told them to go to the other gods they had chosen. However, the people asked again for forgiveness, stopped worshipping foreign gods, and turned back to the Lord, so His anger toward them subsided.


This chapter describes another episode in Israel’s cycle of disobedience and punishment, in which the people repeatedly turn away from the Lord when there is no leader. No matter how often we affirm our faith in the Lord, we, too, will default to our natural desires and false thinking. As we come to recognize and accept this fact of life, we can find comfort in the Lord. He understands this completely, and does not blame or punish us.

The first judge mentioned is Tola. His name means “a worm-like grub”, suggesting the idea of metamorphosis and regeneration (see Swedenborg’s work, True Christian Religion 106[2]). Tola’s father was Puah (meaning “shining”), his grandfather was Dodo (meaning “amorous, loving”), and their city was Shamir (which means “keeping the commandment”). These names bring to mind the spiritual qualities of truth, love and life in the Lord (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 977).

The next judge is Jair, whose name means ”he whom God enlightens”. The number thirty (used in reference to his thirty sons and their thirty towns) means fullness or readiness. This readiness refers to our spiritual ‘remains’, or states of innocence and charity that the Lord imparts to us during childhood. These remains are essential during regeneration (Arcana Caelestia 1050).

The Philistines, soon to be a major enemy of Israel, stand for the belief in “faith alone” salvation. This way of thinking instills the idea that we will be saved if we “believe in the Lord”, regardless of our actions. “Faith alone” doctrine is present in many religious practices (see Swedenborg’s work, Doctrine of Life 4).

The people of Ammon stand for profaning what is true, by turning the truths of the Word into false ideas. We profane the truth when we claim to know what the Word teaches, but live in a way that is contrary to the Lord’s commandments (Arcana Caelestia 6348[3]).

This chapter, like many others in the book of Judges, shows Israel’s decline into chaos and evil. The two judges, Tola and Jair, provide a picture of spiritual integrity, in contrast with Israel’s oppression by the very evils they have turned to. In our regeneration, with its highs and lows, we must avoid the temptation of shallow faith by acting according to our values.


Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2781, 8301, 9212

Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 31, 811, 817

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