Juízes 20

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1 Então saíram todos os filhos de Israel, desde até Berseba, e desde a terra de Gileade, e a congregação, como se fora um só homem, se ajuntou diante do senhor em Mizpá.

2 Os homens principais de todo o povo, de todas as tribos de Israel, apresentaram-se na assembléia do povo de Deus; eram quatrocentos mil homens de infantaria que arrancavam da espada.

3 (Ora, ouviram os filhos de Benjamim que os filhos de Israel haviam subido a Mizpá). E disseram os filhos de Israel: Dizei-nos, de que modo se cometeu essa maldade?

4 Então respondeu o levita, marido da mulher que fora morta, e disse: Cheguei com a minha concubina a Gibeá, que pertence a Benjamim, para ali passar a noite;

5 e os cidadãos de Gibeá se levantaram contra mim, e cercaram e noite a casa em que eu estava; a mim intentaram matar, e violaram a minha concubina, de maneira que morreu.

6 Então peguei na minha concubina, dividi-a em pedaços e os enviei por todo o país da herança de Israel, porquanto cometeram tal abominação e loucura em Israel:

7 Eis aqui estais todos vós, ó filhos de Israel; dai a vossa palavra e conselho neste caso.

8 Então todo o povo se levantou como um só homem, dizendo: Nenhum de nós irá à sua tenda, e nenhum de nós voltará a sua casa.

9 Mas isto é o que faremos a Gibeá: subiremos contra ela por sorte;

10 tomaremos, de todas as tribos de Israel, dez homens de cada cem, cem de cada mil, e mil de cada dez mil, para trazerem mantimento para o povo, a fim de que, vindo ele a Gibeá de Benjamim, lhe faça conforme toda a loucura que ela fez em Israel.

11 Assim se ajuntaram contra essa cidade todos os homens de Israel, unidos como um só homem.

12 Então as tribos de Israel enviaram homens por toda a tribo de Benjamim, para lhe dizerem: Que maldade é essa que se fez entre vós?

13 Entregai-nos, pois, agora aqueles homens, filhos de Belial, que estão em Gibeá, para que os matemos, e extirpemos de Israel este mal. Mas os filhos de Benjamim não quiseram dar ouvidos à voz de seus irmãos, os filhos de Israel;

14 pelo contrário, das suas cidades se ajuntaram em Gibeá, para saírem a pelejar contra os filhos de Israel:

15 Ora, contaram-se naquele dia dos filhos de Benjamim, vindos das suas cidades, vinte e seis mil homens que arrancavam da espada, afora os moradores de Gibeá, de que se sentaram setecentos homens escolhidos.

16 Entre todo esse povo havia setecentos homens escolhidos, canhotos, cada um dos quais podia, com a funda, atirar uma pedra a um fio de cabelo, sem errar.

17 Contaram-se também dos homens de Israel, afora os de Benjamim, quatrocentos mil homens que arrancavam da espada, e todos eles homens de guerra.

18 Então, levantando-se os filhos de Israel, subiram a Betel, e consultaram a Deus, perguntando: Quem dentre nós subirá primeiro a pelejar contra Benjamim ? Respondeu o Senhor: Judá subirá primeiro.

19 Levantaram-se, pois, os filhos de Israel pela manhã, e acamparam contra Gibeá.

20 E os homens de Israel saíram a pelejar contra os benjamitas, e ordenaram a batalha contra eles ao pé de Gibeá.

21 Então os filhos de Benjamim saíram de Gibeá, e derrubaram por terra naquele dia vinte e dois mil homens de Israel.

22 Mas esforçou-se o povo, isto é, os homens de Israel, e tornaram a ordenar a batalha no lugar onde no primeiro dia a tinham ordenado.

23 E subiram os filhos de Israel, e choraram perante o Senhor até a tarde, e perguntaram-lhe: Tornaremos a pelejar contra os filhos de Benjamim, nosso irmão? E disse o Senhor: Subi contra eles.

24 Avançaram, pois, os filhos de Israel contra os filhos de Benjamim, no dia seguinte.

25 Também os de Benjamim, nesse mesmo dia, saíram de Gibeá ao seu encontro e derrubaram por terra mais dezoito mil homens, sendo todos estes dos que arrancavam da espada.

26 Então todos os filhos de Israel, o exército todo, subiram e, vindo a Betel, choraram; estiveram ali sentados perante o Senhor, e jejuaram aquele dia até a tarde; e ofereceram holocaustos e ofertas pacíficas perante ao Senhor.

27 Consultaram, pois, os filhos de Israel ao Senhor (porquanto a arca do pacto de Deus estava ali naqueles dias;

28 e Finéias, filho de Eleazar, filho de Arão, lhe assistia), e perguntaram: Tornaremos ainda a sair à pelejar contra os filhos de Benjamim, nosso irmão, eu desistiremos? Respondeu o Senhor: Subi, porque amanhã vo-los entregarei nas mãos.

29 Então Israel pôs emboscadas ao redor de Gibeá.

30 E ao terceiro dia subiram os filhos de Israel contra os filhos de Benjamim e, como das outras vezes, ordenaram a batalha junto a Gibeá.

31 Então os filhos de Benjamim saíram ao encontro do povo, e foram atraídos da cidade. e começaram a ferir o povo como das outras vezes, matando uns trinta homens de Israel, pelos caminhos, um dos quais sobe para Betel, e o outro para Gibeá pelo campo.

32 Pelo que disseram os filhos de Benjamim: Vão sendo derrotados diante de nós como dantes. Mas os filhos de Israel disseram: Fujamos, e atraiamo-los da cidade para os caminhos.

33 Então todos os homens de Israel se levantaram do seu lugar, e ordenaram a batalha em Baal-Tamar; e a emboscada de Israel irrompeu do seu lugar, a oeste de Geba.

34 Vieram contra Gibeá dez mil homens escolhidos de todo o Israel, e a batalha tornou-se rude; porém os de Gibeá não sabiam que o mal lhes sobrevinha.

35 Então o Senhor derrotou a Benjamim diante dos filhos de Israel, que destruíram naquele dia vinte e cinco mil e cem homens de Benjamim, todos estes dos que arrancavam da espada.

36 Assim os filhos de Benjamim viram que estavam derrotados; pois os homens de Israel haviam cedido terreno aos benjamitas, porquanto estavam confiados na emboscada que haviam posto contra Gibea;

37 e a emboscada, apressando-se, acometeu a Gibeá, e prosseguiu contra ela, ferindo ao fio da espada toda a cidade:

38 Ora, os homens de Israel tinham determinado com a emboscada um sinal, que era fazer levantar da cidade uma grande nuvem de fumaça.

39 Viraram-se, pois, os homens de Israel na peleja; e já Benjamim cemeçara a atacar es homens de Israel, havendo morto uns trinta deles; pelo que diziam: Certamente vão sendo derrotados diante de nós, como na primeira batalha.

40 Mas quando o sinal começou a levantar-se da cidade, numa coluna de fumaça, os benjamitas olharam para trás de si, e eis que toda a cidade subia em fumaça ao céu.

41 Nisso os homens de Israel se viraram contra os de Benjamim, os quais pasmaram, pois viram que o mal lhes sobreviera.

42 Portanto, virando as costas diante dos homens de Israel, fugiram para o caminho do deserto; porém a peleja os apertou; e os que saíam das cidades os destruíam no meio deles.

43 Cercaram os benjamitas e os perseguiram, pisando-os desde Noá até a altura de Gibeá para o nascente do sol.

44 Assim caíram de Benjamim dezoito mil homens, sendo todos estes homens valorosos.

45 Então os restantes, virando as costas fugiram para deserto, até a penha de Rimom; mas os filhos de Israel colheram deles pelos caminhos ainda cinco mil homens; e, seguindo-os de perto até Gidom, mataram deles mais dois mil.

46 E, todos, os de Benjamim que caíram naquele dia oram vinte e cinco mil homens que arrancavam da espada, todos eles homens valorosos.

47 Mas seiscentos homens viraram as costas e, fugindo para o deserto, para a penha de Rimom, ficaram ali quatro meses.

48 E os homens de Israel voltaram para os filhos de Benjamim, e os passaram ao fio da espada, tanto os homens da cidade como os animais, tudo quanto encontraram; e a todas as cidades que acharam puseram fogo.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 20      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Israel’s war with the tribe of Benjamin

The events of the previous chapter carry over into the last two chapters of the book of Judges, this one and the final one. The overall content of this chapter is about the division between Israel and the tribe of Benjamin (where the town of Gibeah was situated) and the eventual long war in which thousands on both sides died.

All Israel gathered together at Mizpah, four hundred thousand foot soldiers with swords, from every tribe, except the tribe of Benjamin who heard about the gathering. The reason for coming together, prompted by the dismembered parts of the concubine, was to decide what to do. The Levite told the story of the events. The men of Israel heard and decided that they would all immediately go up against the tribe of Benjamin, for them to hand over the perverted men of Gibeah for justice to be done and for Israel to be redeemed. They agreed to take one man out of every ten to go and, if necessary, to fight.

The spiritual meaning in this opening and gathering of Israel at Mizpah is mostly about its incompleteness. The tribe of Benjamin was not present even though Mizpah was in Benjamin’s territory. Spiritual incompleteness in us is to leave something out of our love and faithfulness to the Lord which makes each one of us a whole being. The twelve tribes of Israel stand for all the qualities which come together to form our spiritual life and purpose. (True Christian Religion 38)

The men of Israel go up and ask the Lord who should go to fight first. The reply is that Judah go first. The men of Benjamin refuse to hand the men of Gibeah over and they form an army to fight Israel. In the fighting, the men of Benjamin cut down twenty-two thousand men of Israel. Israel goes and weeps to the Lord and asks if they should go up again against their brother Benjamin. The Lord says they are to go up again.

The spiritual meaning of the tribe of Benjamin is that it stands for the ‘medium’ or the vital connection between what is internal or celestial and what is external or natural. If this connection is absent there is no passage or mutual link between these two and they are separated. This removes the completeness of our spiritual life as a whole. (See Arcana Caelestia 5822.)

Israel goes up against Benjamin on the second day and eighteen thousand men of Israel are cut down by the army of Benjamin. Israel goes to the house of the Lord and weeps, and asks if they should yet go out to fight their brother Benjamin. The Lord says that they are to fight a third time, and the He will deliver them into their hand.

Israel weeps. Weeping or crying stands for mourning the loss of something which is no longer present. In a good sense ‘weeping’ can be for the sense of loss of what is loved and what is part of us, here represented by ‘to battle the children of my brother Benjamin’.
The Lord wept over Jerusalem (Luke 19:41-44). (Arcana Caelestia 4293.3)

Israel fights on three consecutive day, and on the third day they defeat the tribe of Benjamin. ‘On the third day’ (see verse 30) stands for the need for conflict and personal states in our spiritual temptations and battles to be worked through until they are brought to an end and we can be brought out of temptation, into a new state. (Arcana Caelestia 5159)

The men of Israel laid an ambush and then went as before to fight the men of Benjamin. They moved away from them and Benjamin followed them and killed some men of Israel. The men in ambush arose and went to Gibeah and by arrangement made a great column of smoke after killing the men of the city. (Arcana Caelestia 9144) The men of Benjamin saw this and panicked, and twenty three thousand of them were slain. Six hundred men escaped and hid, and Israel went all around and destroyed men of Benjamin wherever they were found.

The spiritual meaning of this final battle is in the extent of the numbers killed and the aftermath of the victory with further killing. To ‘kill’ (or destroy) when it is used in the Word is to work completely towards the full expulsion of states, thoughts and intentions in us which are in opposition to the way of the Word and its wholeness and healing. (Arcana Caelestia 9320) This is the meaning of the term ‘vastation’ in which things which are opposed to the Lord need to be worked through and brought to an end so that a new state can come.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcanos Celestes 1453, 2723, 2799, 6804, 9396, 9416, 9422

Apocalypse Revealed 342


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 417, 687

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Významy biblických slov

filhos
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

de israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...


The tribe of Dan (Jer. 8:16) signifies truth in its own ultimate degree of order, here truth in the church, which is contained in the...

Terra
"Terra" na Bíblia pode significar uma pessoa ou um grupo de pessoas que pensam da mesma maneira como numa igreja. Mas refere-se especificamente ao exterior...

senhor
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

tribos
In general, 'the twelve tribes' signify every aspect of the doctrine of truth and good, or of faith and love. Truth and good, or faith...

assembléia
A congregation is a group of people with common loves, interests, and purposes. It often refers to a church group. In the Word it is...

Deus
O Senhor é o próprio amor, expresso na forma da própria sabedoria. O amor, então, é a sua essência, o seu íntimo. A sabedoria -...

mil
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

espada
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

benjamim
Also, Benjamin signifies the Word in its ultimate sense (Deut. 33:12)

nos
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

maldade
'Wickedness' signifies evil, and 'iniquity' signifies falsities.

marido
In general, men are driven by intellect and women by affections, and because of this men in the Bible generally represent knowledge and truth and...

mulher
The word "woman" is used a number of different ways in the Bible – as a simple description, as someone connected to a man ("his...

disse
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Gibeá
Gibeah, as in 2 Samuel 6, signifies the natural or ultimate principle of the church. Gibeah, Ramah, and Bethaven, as in Hosea 5:8, denote those...

noite
The sun in the Bible represents the Lord, with its heat representing His love and its light representing His wisdom. “Daytime,” then, represents a state...

casa
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

morreu
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

enviei
'To send' signifies revealing.

herança
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

palavra
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

dez
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

cem
It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...

cidade
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

homens
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

mal
'To hurt,' as mentioned in Revelation 6:6, signifies violation and profanation. 'To hurt' as mentioned in Revelation 9:4, signifies perverting the truths and goods of...

dar
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

voz
When the Lord speaks through the heaven, it descends into the lower spheres and is heard as thunder. As He speaks through the whole of...

irmãos
There are two ways "brother" is used in the Bible, ways that are still reflected in modern language. One denotes an actual blood relationship; the...

cidades
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

dia
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

vinte
'Twenty,' when referring to a quantity, signifies everything, or fullness, because it is ten twice. In Genesis 18:31, 'twenty', like all numbers occurring in the...

pedra
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

guerra
A guerra na Palavra representa o combate à tentação quando o que é bom é agredido pelo que é mau ou falso. O mal que...

betel
Quando Jacó teve seu famoso sonho, de uma escadaria que levava ao céu, ele chamou o lugar de "Betel", que é hebraico para "a casa...

Judá
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

manhã
Morning comes with the rising of the sun, and the sun – which gives life to the earth with its warmth and light – represents...

benjamitas
Also, Benjamin signifies the Word in its ultimate sense (Deut. 33:12)

batalha
A guerra na Palavra representa o combate à tentação quando o que é bom é agredido pelo que é mau ou falso. O mal que...

dois
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

primeiro
Why would it be insulting for a man to refer to his married partner as his “first wife”? Because it implies there will be a...

Tarde
Since the light and warmth of the sun represent the Lord’s wisdom and love, it makes sense that evening, a time when the light and...

irmão
Brethren (Gen. 27:29) signify the affections of good.

encontro
In natural language, to "meet" someone can be positive or negative: it can be a welcoming and greeting, or it can be "meeting" them in...

arca
Há três arca mencionadas na Palavra, a arca de Noé, a arca das trevas para o menino Moisés, e a arca do pacto no tabernáculo....

dias
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

filho
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

arão
Arão era o irmão de Moisés. Ele simboliza duas coisas, uma durante a primeira parte do êxodo, quando ele era o porta-voz de Moisés, e...

amanhã
'Tomorrow' signifies eternity.

mãos
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

terceiro
'Three' denotes fullness, and 'a third,' not full.

trinta
'Thirty' has a twofold significance because it is is the product of five and six, and also three and ten. From five multiplied by six,...

campo
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

cinco
Five also signifies all things of one part.

fumaça
'Smoke' signifies divine truth in extremes, because 'fire' which gives off smoke, signifies love. 'Smoke' also signifies the same thing as 'cloud' in many places....

Morto
'The slain' when referring to the Lord, as in Revelation 5, means the separation of everything from the divine. In denial of His divinity, He...

céu
O "ar" na Bíblia representa o pensamento, mas de uma forma muito geral - mais como a nossa capacidade de perceber as ideias e a...

deserto
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

Meio
'Middle' denotes what is primary, principal, or inmost.

sol
The 'sun' signifies celestial and spiritual love. The 'sun' in the Word, when referring to the Lord, signifies His divine love and wisdom. Because the...

fugindo
To flee signifies to escape, and be rescued. To flee signifies to be overcome.

quatro
The number "four" in the Bible represents things being linked together or joined. This is partly because four is two times two, and two represents...

meses
'A month' has respect to the state of truth in a person. 'A month' signifies a full state. Month,' as in Genesis 29, signifies the...

animais
"Beasts" represent the affection for doing good things, a true desire to do them from the heart. In the negative sense, "beasts" stand for the...

fogo
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...


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