Jonas 1

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Portuguese: Almeida Atualizada         

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1 Ora veio a palavra do Senhor a Jonas, filho de Amitai, dizendo:

2 Levanta-te, vai à grande cidade de Nínive, e clama contra ela, porque a sua malícia subiu até mim.

3 Jonas, porém, levantou-se para fugir da presença do Senhor para Társis. E, descendo a Jope, achou um navio que ia para Társis; pagou, pois, a sua passagem, e desceu para dentro dele, para ir com eles para Társis, da presença do Senhor.

4 Mas o Senhor lançou sobre o mar um grande vento, e fez-se no mar uma grande tempestade, de modo que o navio estava a ponto de se despedaçar.

5 Então os marinheiros tiveram medo, e clamavam cada um ao seu deus, e alijaram ao mar a carga que estava no navio, para o aliviarem; Jonas, porém, descera ao porão do navio; e, tendo-se deitado, dormia um profundo sono.

6 O mestre do navio, pois, chegou-se a ele, e disse-lhe: Que estás fazendo, ó tu que dormes? Levanta-te, clama ao teu deus; talvez assim ele se lembre de nós, para que não pereçamos.

7 E dizia cada um ao seu companheiro: Vinde, e lancemos sortes, para sabermos por causa de quem nos sobreveio este mal. E lançaram sortes, e a sorte caiu sobre Jonas.

8 Então lhe disseram: Declara-nos tu agora, por causa de quem nos sobreveio este mal. Que ocupação é a tua? Donde vens? Qual é a tua terra? E de que povo és tu?

9 Respondeu-lhes ele: Eu sou hebreu, e temo ao Senhor, o Deus do céu, que fez o mar e a terra seca.

10 Então estes homens se encheram de grande temor, e lhe disseram: Que é isso que fizeste? pois sabiam os homens que fugia da presença do Senhor, porque ele lho tinha declarado.

11 Ainda lhe perguntaram: Que te faremos nós, para que o mar se nos acalme? Pois o mar se ia tornando cada vez mais tempestuoso.

12 Respondeu-lhes ele: Levantai-me, e lançai-me ao mar, e o mar se vos aquietará; porque eu sei que por minha causa vos sobreveio esta grande tempestade.

13 Entretanto os homens se esforçavam com os remos para tornar a alcançar a terra; mas não podiam, porquanto o mar se ia embravecendo cada vez mais contra eles.

14 Por isso clamaram ao Senhor, e disseram: Nós te rogamos, ó Senhor, que não pereçamos por causa da vida deste homem, e que não ponhas sobre nós o sangue inocente; porque tu, Senhor, fizeste como te aprouve.

15 Então levantaram a Jonas, e o lançaram ao mar; e cessou o mar da sua fúria.

16 Temeram, pois, os homens ao Senhor com grande temor; e ofereceram sacrifícios ao Senhor, e fizeram votos.

17 Então o Senhor deparou um grande peixe, para que tragasse a Jonas; e esteve Jonas três dias e três noites nas entranhas do peixe.

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Shrnutí kapitoly

Exploring the Meaning of Jonah 1      

By Rev. Martin Pennington and Rev. George McCurdy

Billy Graham once said that the whole of Jesus' ministry could be summed up in two words; Come and Go.

COME to me, all who labour and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest. (Matthew 11:28)

GO and make disciples of all nations (Matthew 28:19)

In the beginning of the Book of Jonah, chapter 1, we have a story about what happens when you do the first step, but not the second. Jonah was supposed to go preach the gospel -- the monotheistic worship of Jehovah -- to the people of Ninevah. Swedenborg tells us that the verses in Jonah 1:1-2 are about the people of Israel, who had received the Word - but wouldn't go out and share it amongst the nations.

In Jonah 1:4-6, peoples' spiritual knowledge declines, and begins to perish. It happens both in the land of Israel, and in the wider world.

Here are some key symbolic elements in this account:

- A ship represents the knowledge of good and truth useful for life (a church). (Apocalypse Revealed 406)

- A sea, storm and wind represents Hell and its influence. (Apocalypse Revealed 343[4])

- To be asleep means to be deluded by our own glory. (Arcana Coelestia 147)

In Jonah 1:7-9, the people who lived outside the land of Israel had some perception that their own spiritual knowledge was lacking, and they it had led to a collapse of their spiritual state. As Swedenborg puts it, "the state of the church was perverted among themselves".

When they perceived this, they also came to understand that they needed to reject falsified truths that they were getting from the Jewish church at that time, and pray to the Lord for salvation, to try to restore real worship, real spiritual love and wisdom.

Drawing lots, or playing a game of chance, represents pulling truths apart. (Arcana Coelestia 9942.13)

In Jonah 1:10-13, throwing Jonah into the sea represents the rejection of that hollowed-out church, to make way for a new church. Then, in Jonah 1:14-16, when the people in the boat pray unto the Lord for salvation -- it works! They are saved from foundering and drowning.

What's the takeaway for us? If we're getting false ideas from our neighbors, we need to perceive it, and stop. We need to identify our false beliefs, and reject them -- throw them into the sea. Then, we need to pray for salvation -- and then a new "church" can start in us, too, personally, with renewed spiritual life. And, when we come to the Lord, and experience spiritual "rest", then we can also go share our new true ideas and good loves with our neighbors -- coming, and going.

Here's a link to an interesting (audio) sermon on this chapter, by Rev. Todd Beiswenger.

Finally, here's a link to Rev. McCurdy's Study Guide for the Book of Jonah, which is available for free as a .pdf, for your use.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 211


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcanos Celestes 901, 1188, 1343, 1709, 2606, 2788, 4495, ...

Apocalipse Revelado 505

Doutrina de Escritura Santa 29

True Christian Religion 211


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 532, 622

Spiritual Experiences 1391

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Word/Phrase Explanations

palavra
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

senhor
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

jonas
'Jonah' represents the Jewish nation.

filho
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

cidade
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

Nínive
'Nineveh' signifies the falsities of doctrinal matters, also the Gentiles, or the falsities originating in the fallacies of the senses, in the obscurity of an...

levantou-se
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...

fugir
Flight, as in Matthew 14:20, signifies removal from a state of the good of love and innocence. Flight, as in Mark 8:18, signifies the last...

navio
Ships were used in the ancient world – as they generally are now – to carry freight from nation to nation for trade. The various...

desceu
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

mar
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

Vento
Because a nearer and stronger divine influx through the heavens disperses truths among the wicked, 'wind' signifies this dispersion of truth and the resulting conjunction...

medo
The fearful signify people who have no faith.

Deus
The Lord is love itself, expressed in the form of wisdom itself. Love, then, is His essence, His inmost. Wisdom - the loving understanding of...

disse
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

companheiro
In the Bible, there is a careful distinction between the word “brother” and the word “companion” or “friend.” That’s partly because the people of Israel...

sortes
On the most internal level, the stories of Abraham tell us about the Lord's development in his own childhood, with Abraham representing the Lord's spiritual...

nos
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

mal
'Wickedness' signifies evil, and 'iniquity' signifies falsities.

caiu
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

terra
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

céu
Heavens are celestial and spiritual things. Consequently, they are inmost things, both of the Lord's kingdom in heaven the and in the earth. This also...

declarado
To "declare" something means to say it formally, publicly and with emphasis; you might say what you think, but you only declare things you're sure...

sangue
Bloods signify evil, in Ezek. 16:9.

votos
In Genesis 28:20, 'he vowed a vow' denotes, in the internal sense, willing that the Lord will provide. In the highest sense, where the Lord...

três
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

dias
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

noites
The sun in the Bible represents the Lord, with its heat representing His love and its light representing His wisdom. “Daytime,” then, represents a state...

Resources for parents and teachers

The items listed here are provided courtesy of our friends at the General Church of the New Jerusalem. You can search/browse their whole library by following this link.


 Casting Lots
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 How the Lord Saved Jonah
A retelling of the story for young children with beautiful color illustrations. 
Story | Ages 4 - 6

 Jonah
Lesson outline provides teaching ideas with questions for discussion, projects, and activities.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10

 Jonah and the Great Fish
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 Jonah and the Great Fish
A lesson for younger children with discussion ideas and a project.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 Jonah and the Great Fish (3-5 years)
Project | Ages 4 - 6

 Jonah and the Great Fish (6-8 years)
Project | Ages 7 - 10

 Jonah and the Great Fish (9-11 years)
Project | Ages 11 - 14

 Jonah and the Stormy Sea
Color the drawings and then follow the directions to make a 3 dimensional picture. 
Project | Ages 7 - 14

 Jonah Disobeys the Lord
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Jonah in the Great Fish
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Jonah Swallowed by a Fish
Another way to make a 3 dimensional fish that can swallow Noah. 
Project | Ages up to 6

 Jonah Thrown Overboard
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Mighty Tempest on the Sea
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Quotes: Divine Providence and Evil
Teaching Support | Ages over 15

 The Prophet Jonah
This article shows how the Lord tried to teach Jonah to be merciful and kind when Jonah disobeyed the Lord because of his hatred toward the Assyrians. 
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14


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