Deuteronômio 24

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1 Quando um homem tomar uma mulher e se casar com ela, se ela não achar graça aos seus olhos, por haver ele encontrado nela coisa vergonhosa, far-lhe-á uma carta de divórcio e lha dará na mão, e a despedirá de sua casa.

2 Se ela, pois, saindo da casa dele, for e se casar com outro homem,

3 e este também a desprezar e, fazendo-lhe carta de divórcio, lha der na mão, e a despedir de sua casa; ou se este último homem, que a tomou para si por mulher, vier a morrer;

4 então seu primeiro marido que a despedira, não poderá tornar a tomá-la por mulher, depois que foi contaminada; pois isso é abominação perante o Senhor. Não farás pecar a terra que o Senhor teu Deus te por herança.

5 Quando um homem for recém-casado não sairá à guerra, nem se lhe imporá cargo público; por um ano inteiro ficará livre na sua casa, para se regozijar com a sua mulher, que tomou.

6 Ninguém tomará em penhor as duas mós, nem mesmo a mó de cima, pois se penhoraria assim a vida.

7 Se for descoberto alguém que, havendo furtado um dentre os seus irmãos, dos filhos de Israel, e tenha escravizado, ou vendido, esse ladrão morrerá. Assim exterminarás o mal do meio de ti.

8 No tocante à praga da lepra, toma cuidado de observar diligentemente tudo o que te ensinarem os levitas sacerdotes; segundo lhes tenho ordenado, assim cuidarás de fazer.

9 Lembra-te do que o Senhor teu Deus fez a Miriã no caminho, quando saíste do Egito.

10 Quando emprestares alguma coisa ao teu próximo, não entrarás em sua casa para lhe tirar o penhor;

11 ficarás do lado de fora, e o homem, a quem fizeste o empréstimo, te trará para fora o penhor.

12 E se ele for pobre, não te deitarás com o seu penhor;

13 ao pôr do sol, sem falta lhe restiruirás o penhor, para que durma na sua roupa, e te abençoe; e isso te será justiça diante do Senhor teu Deus.

14 Não oprimirás o trabalhador pobre e necessitado, seja ele de teus irmãos, ou seja dos estrangeiros que estão na tua terra e dentro das tuas portas.

15 No mesmo dia lhe pagarás o seu salário, e isso antes que o sol se ponha; porquanto é pobre e está contando com isso; para que não clame contra ti ao Senhor, e haja em ti pecado.

16 Não se farão morrer os pais pelos filhos, nem os filhos pelos pais; cada qual morrerá pelo seu próprio pecado.

17 Não perverterás o direito do estrangeiro nem do órfão; nem tomarás em penhor o vestido da viúva.

18 Lembrar-te-ás de que foste escravo no Egito, e de que o Senhor teu Deus te resgatou dali; por isso eu te dou este mandamento para o cumprires.

19 Quando no teu campo fizeres a tua sega e esqueceres um molho no campo, não voltarás para tomá-lo; para o estrangeiro para o orfão, e para a viúva será, para que o Senhor teu Deus te abençoe em todas as obras das tuas mãos.

20 Quando bateres a tua oliveira, não voltarás para colher o fruto dos ramos; para o estrangeiro, para o órfão, e para a viúva será.

21 Quando vindimares a tua vinha, não voltarás para rebuscá-la; para o estrangeiro, para o órfão, e para a viúva será.

22 E lembrar-te-ás de que foste escravo na terra do Egito; por isso eu te dou este mandamento para o cumprires.

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Explanation of Deuteronomy 24      

Napsal(a) Alexander Payne

Verses 1-4. When the things loved do not accord with the things believed to be right in the soul, it is in a state analogous to divorce, and the things so loved by the external man and believed to be wrong must not be conjoined to the interior will.

Verse 5. When the understanding of truths is conjoined to its corresponding affection, a state of peace ensues.

Verse 6. No one is to be deprived of the truths of doctrine they live by.

Verse 7. Anything that perverts spiritual goods and truths to worldly uses is to be destroyed.

Verses 8-9. Caution against the danger of profanation.

Verses 10-13. In imparting truths the endeavour should be made to enable others to see from themselves, and not to force upon them one's own view.

Verses 14-15. Those who do good from inferior motives are not to be deprived of them.

Verse 16. Evil does not condemn till it is made a man's own by consent of the will and of the understanding.

Verses 17-18. External things are not to be despised, for the whole soul was in externals till redeemed thence by the Lord.

Verses 19-22. The soul must not return from states of good to the states of truth by which the former were gained, and which are for those still striving to reach them; a state of truth is one of bondage compared to a state of good.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 213, 1093, 2788, 2959, 3693, 3703, 4335, ...

Apocalipse Revelado 209, 794

Doctrine of the Sacred Scripture 51

True Christian Religion 226, 521


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 238, 328, 532, 695, 746, 750, 919, ...

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Významy biblických slov

mulher
The word "woman" is used a number of different ways in the Bible – as a simple description, as someone connected to a man ("his...

casa
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

olhos
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

encontrado
To not to be found any more, signifies not to rise again.

mão
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

morrer
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

primeiro
Why would it be insulting for a man to refer to his married partner as his “first wife”? Because it implies there will be a...

senhor
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Terra
"Terra" na Bíblia pode significar uma pessoa ou um grupo de pessoas que pensam da mesma maneira como numa igreja. Mas refere-se especificamente ao exterior...

Deus
O Senhor é o próprio amor, expresso na forma da própria sabedoria. O amor, então, é a sua essência, o seu íntimo. A sabedoria -...


Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

herança
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

irmãos
There are two ways "brother" is used in the Bible, ways that are still reflected in modern language. One denotes an actual blood relationship; the...

filhos
Swedenborg tells us that space and time in the physical world correspond to states of life in the spiritual world. So when the Bible talks...

de israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

vendido
'To sell,' as in Genesis 41:56, means transferring to another as their own, because what is sold becomes the property of the one who buys...

mal
'Wickedness' signifies evil, and 'iniquity' signifies falsities.

lepra
'Leprosy' represents unclean false principles grounded in profane things. 'Leprosy' signifies the falsification of truth and good in the Word, also the Jewish profanation of...

Observar
'To observe' stands for all aspects of the Word in general.

Sacerdotes
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

ordenado
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

lembra
'To remember,' as in Genesis 41:9, signifies conjunction. 'Remembering' denotes conjunction because the remembrance of anyone in the other life joins them together, because as...

Miriã
'Miriam,' as in Exodus 15:20, signifies the good of faith.

egito
In the Bible, Egypt means knowledge and the love of knowledge. In a good sense that means knowledge of truth from the Lord through the...

lado
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

Pobre
'Poor' signifies someone who is not in truths, and people who are ignorant of good and truth, but desire instruction.

sol
The 'sun' signifies celestial and spiritual love. The 'sun' in the Word, when referring to the Lord, signifies His divine love and wisdom. Because the...

Roupa
Soft raiment,' as in Matthew 11:9, represents the internal sense of the Word.

justiça
'Justice' signifies both good and truth.

trabalhador
'Hirelings' in the Israelitish church, as mentioned in Exodus 12:43, 45; Deuteronomy 24:14-15; Malachi 35, and elsewhere represent those who speak truth and do good,...

estrangeiros
The word "stranger" is used many times in the Bible, and it is sometimes paired with the word "sojourner". They are different concepts in the...

portas
"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

dia
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

Pais
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

próprio
In many cases, the spiritual meaning of "own," both as a verb and as an adjective, is relatively literal. When people are described as the...

direito
He is said to be 'just' in a spiritual sense, who lives according to divine laws. They on the right hand being called 'just,' as...

estrangeiro
The word "stranger" is used many times in the Bible, and it is sometimes paired with the word "sojourner". They are different concepts in the...

Órfão
'Orphans' signify people who are in a state of innocence and charity, and desire to know and to do what is good but are not...

lembrar
'To remember,' as in Genesis 41:9, signifies conjunction. 'Remembering' denotes conjunction because the remembrance of anyone in the other life joins them together, because as...

mandamento
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

campo
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

mãos
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

vinha
'A vine' signifies spiritual good and truth. 'A vine' or 'vineyard' signifies the church where the Word, and the Lord in it, is known, or...

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