Amós 2

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1 Assim diz o Senhor: Por três transgressões de Moabe, sim, por quatro, não retirarei o castigo; porque queimou os ossos do rei de Edom, até os reduzir a cal.

2 Por isso porei fogo a Moabe, e ele consumirá os palácios de Queriote; e Moabe morrerá com grande estrondo, com alarido, e som de trombeta.

3 E exterminarei o juiz do meio dele, e matarei com ele todos os seus príncipes, diz o Senhor.

4 Assim diz o Senhor: Por três transgressoes de Judá, sim, por quatro, não retirarei o castigo; porque rejeitaram a lei do Senhor, e não guardaram os seus estatutos, antes se deixaram enganar por suas próprias mentiras, após as quais andaram seus pais.

5 Por isso porei fogo a Judá, e ele consumirá os palácios de Jerusalém.

6 Assim diz o Senhor: Por três transgressões de Israel, sim, por quatro, não retirarei o castigo; porque vendem o justo por dinheiro, e o necessitado por um par de sapatos.

7 Pisam a cabeça dos pobres no pó da terra, pervertem o caminho dos mansos; um homem e seu pai entram à mesma moça, assim profanando o meu santo nome.

8 Também se deitam junto a qualquer altar sobre roupas empenhadas, e na casa de seu Deus bebem o vinho dos que têm sido multados.

9 Contudo eu destruí o amorreu diante deles, a altura do qual era como a dos cedros, e cuja força era como a dos carvalhos; mas destruí o seu fruto por cima, e as suas raízes por baixo.

10 Outrossim vos fiz subir da terra do Egito, e quarenta anos vos guiei no deserto, para que possuísseis a terra do amorreu.

11 E dentre vossos filhos suscitei profetas, e dentre os vossos mancebos, nazireus. Acaso não é isso assim, filhos de Israel? diz o Senhor.

12 Mas vós aos nazireus destes vinho a beber, e aos profetas ordenastes, dizendo: Não profetizeis.

13 Eis que eu vos apertarei no vosso lugar como se aperta um carro cheio de feixes.

14 Assim de nada valerá a fuga ao ágil, nem o forte corroborará a sua força, nem o valente salvará a sua vida.

15 E não ficará em o que maneja o arco, nem o ligeiro de pés se livrará, nem tampouco se livrara o que vai montado a cavalo;

16 e aquele que é corajoso entre os valentes fugirá nu naquele dia, diz o Senhor.


Exploring the Meaning of Amós 2      

Napsal(a) E. Taylor and Helen Kennedy

In the Book of Amos, chapter two begins with the Lord declaring his anger against the people of Moab, Judea, and Israel. They have committed various wrongs against the Lord and the church, despite His efforts to guide them, and the chapter goes on to suggest that the Lord is losing faith in His people.

Verses 1-8 of this chapter describe the specific ways in which people can destroy or misuse the good and truth of the Word.

Verses 1-3 discuss the Moabites specifically. They represent people who corrupt the good and truth of the church, meaning they would twist what they learned from the Word to suit their own selfish purposes. Bones represent natural truths that we can use as a framework to support all higher knowledge that we learn, so the fact that people were ‘burning bones’ means they destroyed their own foundation to gain spiritual knowledge. In verse 3, the Lord says that he will cut off the judge and the prince, meaning that the Moabites’ failure to determine what is good (like the judge), and lead a life based in truth (like the prince) will not stand against the real spiritual principles of the Lord.

Verses 4-5 are about people who destroy celestial things from the Word, by turning their hearts away from the Lord. The people of Judea had believed they were the Lord’s chosen people for so many generations at this point that they grew complacent, and no longer felt they needed to obey the Lord’s commandments.

Verses 6-8 tell what can happen when people pervert spiritual truths from the church, and turn them into falsities. Swedenborg writes that most of the images from these verses - silver, shoes, dust, wine - can all represent either falsity, or only the most external type of truth. The Israelites were turning to these falsities and to their own greed, instead of using the Lord’s truths to help the poor and the meek.

In verses 9-11, the Lord reminds the children of Israel of everything he has done to prepare them for salvation. He fought for them and delivered them from Egypt, lifted up their leaders and prophets, and provided them with the truths they would need in order to be regenerated.

He also shows that He has the strength to punish them, because He’s already overcome the Amorites, who symbolize evil in general (Secrets of Heaven 6306).

Verses 12-16 describe how the Israelites perverted the knowledge the Lord tried to give them. Instead of trusting what the Lord had taught them, they turned to their own self-righteousness for guidance. Since they thought they had all the answers, they corrupted the Nazarites and silenced the prophets. Without a proper understanding of the Lord’s teachings, the people were no longer equipped to fight against evils or to grow spiritually.

At face value, this chapter depicts the Lord as an angry god who will punish those who disobey him. What seems to be anger is actually the Lord fiercely protecting us, and calling us to follow Him. This chapter reminds us to turn our hearts toward the Lord, and to live according to the truths of the Word.

   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Amos 2      

Napsal(a) E. Taylor and Helen Kennedy

In the Book of Amos, chapter two begins with the Lord declaring his anger against the people of Moab, Judea, and Israel. They have committed various wrongs against the Lord and the church, despite His efforts to guide them, and the chapter goes on to suggest that the Lord is losing faith in His people.

Verses 1-8 of this chapter describe the specific ways in which people can destroy or misuse the good and truth of the Word.

Verses 1-3 discuss the Moabites specifically. They represent people who corrupt the good and truth of the church, meaning they would twist what they learned from the Word to suit their own selfish purposes. Bones represent natural truths that we can use as a framework to support all higher knowledge that we learn, so the fact that people were ‘burning bones’ means they destroyed their own foundation to gain spiritual knowledge. In verse 3, the Lord says that he will cut off the judge and the prince, meaning that the Moabites’ failure to determine what is good (like the judge), and lead a life based in truth (like the prince) will not stand against the real spiritual principles of the Lord.

Verses 4-5 are about people who destroy celestial things from the Word, by turning their hearts away from the Lord. The people of Judea had believed they were the Lord’s chosen people for so many generations at this point that they grew complacent, and no longer felt they needed to obey the Lord’s commandments.

Verses 6-8 tell what can happen when people pervert spiritual truths from the church, and turn them into falsities. Swedenborg writes that most of the images from these verses - silver, shoes, dust, wine - can all represent either falsity, or only the most external type of truth. The Israelites were turning to these falsities and to their own greed, instead of using the Lord’s truths to help the poor and the meek.

In verses 9-11, the Lord reminds the children of Israel of everything he has done to prepare them for salvation. He fought for them and delivered them from Egypt, lifted up their leaders and prophets, and provided them with the truths they would need in order to be regenerated.

He also shows that He has the strength to punish them, because He’s already overcome the Amorites, who symbolize evil in general (Secrets of Heaven 6306).

Verses 12-16 describe how the Israelites perverted the knowledge the Lord tried to give them. Instead of trusting what the Lord had taught them, they turned to their own self-righteousness for guidance. Since they thought they had all the answers, they corrupted the Nazarites and silenced the prophets. Without a proper understanding of the Lord’s teachings, the people were no longer equipped to fight against evils or to grow spiritually.

At face value, this chapter depicts the Lord as an angry god who will punish those who disobey him. What seems to be anger is actually the Lord fiercely protecting us, and calling us to follow Him. This chapter reminds us to turn our hearts toward the Lord, and to live according to the truths of the Word.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 202


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 348, 1857, 3881, 6306, 6377, 9489, 10303

Apocalipse Revelado 316

Doutrina Do Senhor 4


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 315, 355, 357, 376, 532, 633, 783

Scriptural Confirmations 9, 75

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Významy biblických slov

diz
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

senhor
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

três
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

transgressões
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

Moabe
'Moab,' in a positive sense, signifies people who are in natural good, and allow themselves to be easily seduced, but in an opposite sense, it...

quatro
The number "four" in the Bible represents things being linked together or joined. This is partly because four is two times two, and two represents...

rei
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

ossos
Os ossos são fortes e de apoio, fornecendo uma estrutura para o nosso corpo e tornando possível o movimento e a acção. Eles são também...

edom
'Edom' or 'Idumea,' as in Isaiah 34:5, signifies those who are in evil and in falsities thence derived.

fogo
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

palácios
'A palace,' as in Psalm 144:12, represents the understanding in which truths have a beautiful form. They have a beautiful form when they are from...

trombeta
'Trumpets,' and all other wind instruments, relate to celestial affections.

juiz
It’s easy to see the connection between judging and truth. In a court of law, the judge’s whole purpose is to find the truth. In...

príncipes
Captains and Rulers (Jer. 51:23) signifies principal evils and falsities. Captains and Rulers (Ezek 33:6) signifies principal truths. See Chief Captains.

Judá
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

mentiras
When people lie or speak falsely in the Bible, It represents what Swedenborg calls "falsity of faith" and the resulting "evil of faith." This is...

Pais
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

jerusalém
Jerusalem, on Mount Zion, signifies the doctrine of love to the Lord, and how it governs your life. Jerusalem first comes to our attention in...

de israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

justo
The word "righteous" has taken on a bit of negative shading in modern language. That may be because we hear it most often as part...

dinheiro
'Money' relates to truth.

sapatos
In the Word, 'the sole of the foot' and 'the heel' signifies the ultimate natural. 'The shoe' is what clothes the sole of the foot...

cabeça
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

Terra
"Terra" na Bíblia pode significar uma pessoa ou um grupo de pessoas que pensam da mesma maneira como numa igreja. Mas refere-se especificamente ao exterior...

pai
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

nome
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

altar
O primeiro altar mencionado na Palavra foi construído por Noé, depois que ele saiu da arca. Naquele altar, ele sacrificou animais limpos ao Senhor. As...

roupas
It is said, in Deuteronomy 22:11, "Thou shalt not wear a garment of diverse sorts; as of woolen and linen together…”. This means that the...

casa
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

Deus
O Senhor é o próprio amor, expresso na forma da própria sabedoria. O amor, então, é a sua essência, o seu íntimo. A sabedoria -...

vinho
Wine played a key role in the ancient world, where safe, reliable water sources were scarce. It could be stored for long periods of time;...

raízes
'A root,' as in Malachi 4:1, signifies charity. The dried up root,' as in Hosea 9:16, 17, signifies charity which could not bear fruit.

por baixo
In the Bible, things that are lower down, or under, physically, generally represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases, the...

baixo
In the Bible, things that are lower down, or under, physically, generally represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases, the...

egito
In the Bible, Egypt means knowledge and the love of knowledge. In a good sense that means knowledge of truth from the Lord through the...

Quarenta
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

deserto
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

filhos
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

profetas
The idea of a "prophet" is very closely tied to the idea of the Bible itself, since the Bible was largely written by prophets. At...

Cheio
'To satiate' relates to the extent of a person's will, for good or evil.

valente
'Might' denotes the forces or power of truth.


Our feet are the lowest and most utilitarian parts of our bodies, and in the Bible they represent the lowest and most utilitarian part of...

arco
A bow signifies falsity of doctrine destroying truth, and spear, the falsity of evil de­stroying good. (Jer. 6:23.)

pés
Our feet are the lowest and most utilitarian parts of our bodies, and in the Bible they represent the lowest and most utilitarian part of...

cavalo
'A horse' signifies knowledges or understanding of the Word. In an opposite sense it signifies the understanding of the Word falsified by reasonings, and likewise...

nu
Clothing in general represents day-to-day knowledge about spiritual things, held in the memory so it can be used for the goodness of life. For someone...

dia
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...


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