Mika 7

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1 Ve mig! For det er gått mig som når sommerfrukten er innsamlet, som når eftersankingen efter vinhøsten er til ende: det er ingen drue å ete, ingen tidlig fiken som jeg har lyst til.

2 Den fromme er blitt borte fra jorden, og det finnes ikke en ærlig mann blandt menneskene; alle sammen lurer de efter blod, hver mann vil fange sin bror i sitt garn.

3 Med begge hender arbeider de på å få det onde til å synes godt; fyrsten krever, og dommeren er villig mot betaling, og stormannen sier hvad han ønsker, og således forvender de retten.

4 Den beste av dem er som en tornebusk, den ærligste verre enn en tornehekk; dine vekteres dag*, din hjemsøkelse kommer, da blir de rådville. / {* den dag profetene har forut forkynt.}

5 Tro ikke på nogen som står dig nær, sett ikke lit til nogen venn! For henne som ligger ved din barm, må du vokte din munns dører!

6 For en sønn forakter sin far, en datter setter sig op imot sin mor, en svigerdatter mot sin svigermor; en manns husfolk er hans fiender.

7 Men jeg vil skue ut efter Herren, bie på min frelses Gud; min Gud vil høre mig.

8 Gled eder ikke over mig, I mine fiender! Når jeg er falt, står jeg op igjen; når jeg sitter i mørket, er Herren lys for mig.

9 Herrens vrede vil jeg bære, for jeg har syndet mot ham - inntil han fører min sak og hjelper mig til min rett; han skal føre mig ut i lyset, jeg skal se med fryd på hans rettferdighet.

10 Og mine fiender skal se det, og skam skal dekke dem som sier til mig: Hvor er han, Herren din Gud? Mine øine skal se med fryd på dem, for da skal de bli trådt ned som skarn på gatene.

11 Det kommer en dag da dine murer skal bygges op igjen; den dag skal dine grenser flyttes langt ut.

12 På den dag skal de komme til dig like fra Assur og Egyptens byer og fra Egypten like til elven og fra hav til hav og fra fjell til fjell*. / {* d.e. fra alle land, enten de ligger mellem hav eller fjell.}

13 Men landet skal [først] bli øde for sine innbyggeres skyld - for deres gjerningers skyld.

14 Vokt ditt folk med din stav, den hjord som er din arv, som bor for sig selv i en skog på Karmel! La dem beite i Basan og Gilead, som i gamle dager!

15 Som i de dager da du drog ut av Egyptens land, vil jeg la dig få se underfulle ting.

16 Hedningefolk skal se det og skamme sig ved alt sitt velde; de skal legge hånden på sin munn, deres ører skal bli døve.

17 De skal slikke støv som ormen; som jordens kryp skal de gå bevende frem av sine borger; til Herren vår Gud skal de komme skjelvende og frykte for dig.

18 Hvem er en Gud som du, en Gud som tar bort misgjerning og går overtredelse forbi for dem som er tilbake av hans arv? Han holder ikke til evig tid fast ved sin vrede, for han har lyst til miskunnhet.

19 Han skal igjen forbarme sig over oss, han skal trede våre misgjerninger under føtter. Du skal kaste alle deres synder i havets dyp.

20 Du skal vise Jakob trofasthet, Abraham miskunnhet, som du har svoret våre fedre fra fordums dager.



Exploring the Meaning of Mika 7      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff

In this last chapter of his book, in Micah 7:1-4, the prophet is discouraged about the evil that he sees in the land. The cluster (of grapes ) that he doesn’t see means that there is no love of the neighbor there. 1 The firstfruits that his soul longs for mean the upright kind of ordinary life 2 , which he can’t find: “the faithful man has perished from the earth”.

The net in verse 2 is the twisting of truth into falsity and the other way round, to deceive. Those who should be faithful leaders are diving into evil, and take bribes. All this hellish behavior will in the end lead to punishment.

In Micah 7:5, 6, these two verses are really not talking about other people; friends, companions, wives or husbands, or in-laws. When Micah refers to a “man’s household” he is talking about the evil loves that live in our own will. That’s where the evil is that we must fear and stamp out. 3

Micah 7:7-9 shows the path away from evil. God will hear us. But we must see that we have sinned and admit it to the Lord 4 , and ask for His help in stopping. He will be a light in our “darkness”. Micah admits his own weakness and admits that only the Lord’s power can "bring him forth to the light".

In Micah 7:10, "She" represents the affection for doing some kind of evil. Everyone has some sort of affections that way. 5 Those affections will try to persuade us that Jehovah can’t help, but if we persist in calling on Him for help, those affections can be shamed and eventually be trampled into the mud.

Micah 7:11, 12 says that when the Lord comes to found a new church, it will spread. Assyria here means reasoning, and Egypt means natural science. Cities mean doctrine from truth, and mountains mean goods, so the picture is of the spreading of both truth and good from one boundary to the other, all the way from natural truths to reasoning about spiritual things -- our whole mind. 6

But the old church will be desolate, according to Micah 7:13.

In Micah 7:14,15, to pasture means to feed the flock as a shepherd 7 , or to teach the truths that the Lord provides. The forest means the church as to truth, and Carmel means the church as to good. 8 Bashan and Gilead mean the same ideas from the stories of the Word, the literal sense.

Nations, in Micah 7:16, 17, mean people outside who don’t know, and don’t want to hear. They will stay focused on physical and sensory things, and will be in dread about knowledge of God.

Then, in Micah 7:18-20, Micah ends on a positive note: God will continue to have compassion on everyone and try to bring them to walk in His ways. Although we are all in freedom to be evil, He will never stop trying to lead us out of it if we will listen.

-----
Footnotes:

1. See Arcana Coelestia 5117.
2. See Arcana Coelestia 1071.
3. See Arcana Coelestia 4563.
4. See Arcana Coelestia 3539.
5. See Arcana Coelestia 4563.
6. See Apocalypse Explained 510, Arcana Coelestia 4967, Apocalypse Revealed 455.
7. See John 21:15-17
8. See Arcana Coelestia 9011, 1971

-----

   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Micah 7      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff

In this last chapter of his book, in Micah 7:1-4, the prophet is discouraged about the evil that he sees in the land. The cluster (of grapes ) that he doesn’t see means that there is no love of the neighbor there. 1 The firstfruits that his soul longs for mean the upright kind of ordinary life 2 , which he can’t find: “the faithful man has perished from the earth”.

The net in verse 2 is the twisting of truth into falsity and the other way round, to deceive. Those who should be faithful leaders are diving into evil, and take bribes. All this hellish behavior will in the end lead to punishment.

In Micah 7:5, 6, these two verses are really not talking about other people; friends, companions, wives or husbands, or in-laws. When Micah refers to a “man’s household” he is talking about the evil loves that live in our own will. That’s where the evil is that we must fear and stamp out. 3

Micah 7:7-9 shows the path away from evil. God will hear us. But we must see that we have sinned and admit it to the Lord 4 , and ask for His help in stopping. He will be a light in our “darkness”. Micah admits his own weakness and admits that only the Lord’s power can "bring him forth to the light".

In Micah 7:10, "She" represents the affection for doing some kind of evil. Everyone has some sort of affections that way. 5 Those affections will try to persuade us that Jehovah can’t help, but if we persist in calling on Him for help, those affections can be shamed and eventually be trampled into the mud.

Micah 7:11, 12 says that when the Lord comes to found a new church, it will spread. Assyria here means reasoning, and Egypt means natural science. Cities mean doctrine from truth, and mountains mean goods, so the picture is of the spreading of both truth and good from one boundary to the other, all the way from natural truths to reasoning about spiritual things -- our whole mind. 6

But the old church will be desolate, according to Micah 7:13.

In Micah 7:14,15, to pasture means to feed the flock as a shepherd 7 , or to teach the truths that the Lord provides. The forest means the church as to truth, and Carmel means the church as to good. 8 Bashan and Gilead mean the same ideas from the stories of the Word, the literal sense.

Nations, in Micah 7:16, 17, mean people outside who don’t know, and don’t want to hear. They will stay focused on physical and sensory things, and will be in dread about knowledge of God.

Then, in Micah 7:18-20, Micah ends on a positive note: God will continue to have compassion on everyone and try to bring them to walk in His ways. Although we are all in freedom to be evil, He will never stop trying to lead us out of it if we will listen.

-----
Footnotes:

1. See Arcana Coelestia 5117.
2. See Arcana Coelestia 1071.
3. See Arcana Coelestia 4563.
4. See Arcana Coelestia 3539.
5. See Arcana Coelestia 4563.
6. See Apocalypse Explained 510, Arcana Coelestia 4967, Apocalypse Revealed 455.
7. See John 21:15-17
8. See Arcana Coelestia 9011, 1971

-----

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 221


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 120, 249, 348, 1071, 1165, 1178, 1186, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 383, 413, 444, 455, 485, 501, 503, ...

Doctrine of the Lord 4

Doctrine of the Sacred Scripture 85

True Christian Religion 51


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 482, 526, 538, 569, 581, 632, 652, ...

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 56

Marriage 51

Scriptural Confirmations 4, 9, 57, 76

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Významy biblických slov

mann
In general, men are driven by intellect and women by affections, and because of this men in the Bible generally represent knowledge and truth and...

blod
Bloods signify evil, in Ezek. 16:9.

bror
Brethren (Gen. 27:29) signify the affections of good.

dag
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

kommer
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

barm
"Bosom" in general terms means the chest, but more as the seat of the emotions than simply as part of the body. You'd think of...

dører
In a general sense, doors in the Bible represent the initial desires for good and concepts of truth that introduce people to new levels of...

sønn
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

far
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

datter
"Behold I have two daughters,” etc. (Gen. 19:8), signifies the affections of good and truth, and the blessedness perceivable from the enjoyment thereof, by those...

mor
In general, mothers in the Bible represent the Lord's church on earth, or the church among those who know and follow the Lord. In some...

fiender
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

herren
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

gud
The Lord is called "Jehovah" in the Bible when the text is referring to his essence, which is love itself. He is called "God" when...

høre
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

falt
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

sitter
If you think about sitting, it seems fair to say that where you're sitting is more important than that you're sitting. Sitting in a movie...

lys
In the Word, “light” in the highest sense represents Divine Truth: knowledge, ideas, understanding that come to us from the Lord. In lesser degrees...

se
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

rettferdighet
'Justice' signifies both good and truth.

skam
On a natural level, there are a variety of things that can cause shame. We might be ashamed of physical weakness or ugliness; we might...

dekke
The "high mountains being covered " (Gen. 7:19) signifies that all the good things of charity were extin­guished.

sier
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

en dag
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

komme
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

byer
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jeremiah 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

hav
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

fjell
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

arv
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

skog
Plants in general stand for facts, knowledge, ideas, so it makes sense that a forest in the Bible represents a collection or system of external,...

dager
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

egyptens
In the Bible, Egypt means knowledge and the love of knowledge. In a good sense that means knowledge of truth from the Lord through the...

land
"Earth" in the Bible can mean a person or a group of like-minded people as in a church. But it refers specifically to the external...

munn
In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

støv
Dust, in Ezekiel 26:12, signifies the lowest things which are of the sensual principle of man. In Isaiah 40:12, the dust signifies exterior or natural...

overtredelse
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

evig
In many cases, the use of “eternity” in the Bible is pretty literal, simple meaning forever. This is especially true when the text is referring...

vrede
'Wrath,' as in Genesis 49:7, signifies aversion from truth. 'Great wrath,' as in Revelation 12:12, signifies hatred against the new church.

oss
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

misgjerninger
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

under
In the Bible, things that are lower down, or under, physically, generally represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases, the...

synder
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

dyp
The deeps mentioned in Psalms 148:7 signify the ultimate heavens, in which the spiritual natural angels are ; also divine truths in abundance, and arcana...

jakob
Jacob is told twice that his name will now be Israel. The first time is when he wrestles with an angel on his journey to...

abraham
Abraham (or Abram, as he is named in the beginning of his story) was the ancestor of all the Children of Israel, through his son...

fedre
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...


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