Josvas 15

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1 Den lodd som tilfalt Judas barns stamme efter deres ætter, strakte sig bortimot Edoms landemerke, til ørkenen Sin, lengst mot syd.

2 Og deres grense mot syd gikk ut fra enden av Salthavet, fra den bukt som vender mot syd,

3 bøide syd om Akrabbim-skaret, tok så over til Sin og opefter i syd for Kades-Barnea, gikk så over til Hesron og op til Adar; der svinget den bort til Karka,

4 tok så bortefter til Asmon, gikk frem til Egyptens bekk og endte ute ved havet. Dette [sa Herren] skal være eders grense mot syd.

5 Grensen mot øst var Salthavet inntil Jordans utløp. På nordsiden gikk grensen fra den bukt av Salthavet hvor Jordan løper ut.

6 Derfra drog den sig op til Bet-Hogla og videre i nord for Bet-Ha'araba, op til den sten som har navn efter Bohan, ubens sønn.

7 Så gikk grensen fra Akor-dalen op til Debir og vendte sig nordover til Gilgal, som ligger midt imot Adummim-skaret sønnenfor bekken, og gikk så over til vannet ved En-Semes og frem til En- ogel.

8 Derfra gikk grensen op til Hinnoms sønns dal, til sydsiden av Jebus, det er Jerusalem, og gikk så op til toppen av det fjell som ligger rett i vest for Hinnoms dal ved nordenden av efa'im-dalen.

9 Fra denne fjelltopp strakte grensen sig bort til Neftoah-vannets kilde og holdt frem til byene i Efrons fjellbygd, og tok så bortefter til Ba'ala, det er Kirjat-Jearim.

10 Fra Ba'ala svinget den vestover til Se'ir-fjellet, tok over til nordsiden av Jearim-fjellet, det er Kesalon, og gikk så ned til Bet-Semes og frem til Timna.

11 Derefter gikk grensen nordover til Ekrons fjellrygg; der svinget den bort til Sikron, tok så over til Ba'ala-fjellet, gikk frem til Jabne'el og endte ute ved havet.

12 Grensen mot vest var det store hav og landet langsmed det. Dette var Judas barns grense efter deres ætter, på alle sider.

13 Men Kaleb, Jefunnes sønn, fikk sin del midt iblandt Judas barn efter Herrens ord til Josva; det var Anaks far Arbas by, som nu kalles Hebron.

14 Og Kaleb drev bort derfra de tre anakitter Sesai og Akiman og Talmai, efterkommere av Anak.

15 Derfra drog han op mot innbyggerne i Debir - Debirs navn var før Kirjat-Sefer.

16 Og Kaleb sa: Den som vinner over Kirjat-Sefer og inntar det, ham vil jeg gi min datter Aksa til hustru.

17 Og kenisitten Otniel, Kalebs bror, inntok det; og han gav ham sin datter Aksa til hustru.

18 Og da hun kom [til sin manns hus], egget hun ham til å be hennes far om en jordeiendom, og hun sprang ned av asenet. Da sa Kaleb til henne: Hvad vil du?

19 Hun svarte: Gi mig en avskjedsgave! Du har giftet mig bort til dette tørre sydlandet, Gi mig nu vannkilder! Så gav han henne de øvre og de nedre kilder.

20 Dette er Judas barns stammes arv efter deres ætter:

21 Byene ved den ytterste grense av Judas barns stamme mot Edoms landemerke, i sydlandet, var: Kabse'el og Eder og Jagur

22 og Kina og Dimona og Adada

23 og Kedes og Hasor og Jitnan,

24 Sif og Telem og Bealot

25 og Hasor-Hadatta og Kerijot, Hesron, det er Hasor,

26 Amam og Sema og Molada

27 og Hasur-Gadda og Hesmon og Bet-Pelet

28 og Hasar-Sual og Be'erseba og Bisjotja,

29 Ba'ala og Ijim og Esem

30 og Eltolad og Kesil og Horma

31 og Siklag og Madmanna og Sansanna

32 og Lebaot og Silhim og Ajin og immon - i alt ni og tyve byer med tilhørende landsbyer.

33 I lavlandet: Estaol og Sora og Asna

34 og Sanoah og En-Gannim, Tappuah og Haenam.

35 Jarmut og Adullam, Soko og Aseka

36 og Sa'ara'im og Adita'im og Haggedera og Gederota'im - fjorten byer med tilhørende landsbyer;

37 Senan og Hadasa og Migdal-Gad

38 og Dilan og Mispe og Jokte'el,

39 Lakis og Boskat og Eglon

40 og Kabbon og Lahmas og Kitlis

41 og Gederot, Bet-Dagon og Na'ama og Makkeda - seksten byer med tilhørende landsbyer;

42 Libna og Eter og Asan

43 og Jiftah og Asna og Nesib

44 og Ke'ila og Aksib og Maresa - ni byer med tilhørende landsbyer;

45 Ekron med tilhørende byer og landsbyer;

46 fra Ekron og vestover alt som lå på Asdod-siden, med tilhørende landsbyer;

47 Asdod med tilhørende byer og landsbyer, Gasa med tilhørende byer og landsbyer, inntil Egyptens bekk og det store hav og landet langsmed det.

48 Og i fjellbygdene: Samir og Jattir og Soko

49 og Danna og Kirjat-Sanna, det er Debir,

50 og Anab og Estemo og Anim

51 og Gosen og Holon og Gilo - elleve byer med tilhørende landsbyer;

52 Arab og Duma og Esan

53 og Janim og Bet-Tappuah og Afeka

54 og Humta og Kirjat-Arba, det er Hebron, og Sior - ni byer med tilhørende landsbyer;

55 Maon, Karmel og Sif og Juta

56 og Jisre'el og Jokdeam og Sanoah,

57 Hakka'in, Gibea og Timna - ti byer med tilhørende landsbyer;

58 Halhul, Bet-Sur og Gedor

59 og Ma'arat og Bet-Anot og Eltekon - seks byer med tilhørende landsbyer;

60 Kirjat-Ba'al, det er Kirjat-Jearim, og Harabba - to byer med tilhørende landsbyer.

61 I ørkenen: Bet-Ha'araba, Middin og Sekaka

62 og Hannibsan og Ir-Hammelah og En-Gedi - seks byer med tilhørende landsbyer.

63 Men jebusittene, som bodde i Jerusalem, kunde Judas barn ikke drive bort; og jebusittene blev boende sammen med Judas barn i Jerusalem og der bor de den dag idag.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 15      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 15: Judah’s territory and more about Caleb.

This chapter describes the territory given to the tribe of Judah, and lists many of its cities and borders. Judah received a major portion of the land of Canaan; its eastern border was the Salt Sea (the Dead Sea), and the western border was the Great Sea (the Mediterranean).

Although Judah was the fourth son of Jacob, he played a more significant role in many of the Old Testament stories than his older brothers did. So, it is not surprising that the tribe of Judah received extensive territory in the south of Canaan, which in later time became the nation of Judah, along with the tribe of Benjamin’s small territory. The name ‘Judah’ also eventually led to the name ‘Jewish’, coming from the Roman province of Judaea. The name ‘Judah’ also means “praise”, specifically praise of God (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 456).

Praise itself is a commendation of a person’s good qualities. To give praise is part of our love for our neighbour; to receive praise underscores our sense of our own value. To praise the Lord is to give thanks to Him, and to affirm the difference that the Lord makes in our life. Ultimately, praise is part of our faith in the Lord to lead us through this life and for eternity.

This uplifting, positive spiritual meaning of Judah does not mean that Judah (the man in the Old Testament) was without faults. He had his flaws, as everyone does, but at times Judah changed the course of events for a better outcome. It was Judah who persuaded his brothers to sell Joseph rather than kill him, and he also offered himself as a hostage for the sake of his brothers (Arcana Caelestia 4815[2]).

Chapter 15 lists very many locations in Judah’s territory. Here are just a few of the places listed, along with their meaning and spiritual significance:

Judah = “praise”
Spiritually = our worship of God

Which includes these, and many more aspects…

Zin = “flat, level ground”
Spiritually = life under God’s guidance

Kadesh Barnea = “holy wanderings”
Spiritually = becoming purified

Beth Hoglah = “house of the partridge”
Spiritually = bringing to birth

En Rogel = “water spring of the foot”
Spiritually = life in everyday activities

Jerusalem = “dwelling place of peace; wholeness”
Spiritually = our highest spiritual state

Nephtoah = “to be open”
Spiritually = to be part of all life

Timnah = “allotted portion”
Spiritually = what the Lord has created me for

Mount Hebron, which was in the territory of Judah, was given to Caleb as an inheritance because of his faithfulness to God. We read in this chapter that he conquers the giants living there, and drives them away from Mount Hebron. Caleb makes a promise that whoever takes the nearby city of Kirjath-sepher will have his daughter, Achsah, for a wife. Caleb’s brother’s son, Othniel, captures the city and marries Achsah. Caleb blesses Achsah and gives her springs of water upon her request, and he also gives Othniel a field.

The spiritual meaning of this touching story is that our spiritual life is intended to come together to be like a family (Arcana Caelestia 3020), just as Caleb, Achsah and Othniel are all close members of a family. Spiritual life is about bringing together our beliefs, our loves and affections, our intentions, and our actions. These different aspects of spiritual life become like one family where everyone – or everything – is interwoven together.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 3708, 3858

Apocalypse Explained 431

Apocalypse Revealed 349


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 1585, 1616, 2723, 2909, 3862, 4599, 4816, ...

True Christian Religion 614


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 417

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

1 Mosebok 13:18, 21:31, 24:64, 35:23

4 Mosebok 13:22, 21:3, 32:12, 34:3, 6, 12

5 Mosebok 2:23

Josvas 10:10, 31, 11:21, 22, 14:13, 15, 15:8, 9, 10, 11, 35, 45, 48, 57, 60, 63, 17:16, 18:5, 15, 28, 19:1, 5, 18, 26, 38, 41, 43, 20:7, 21:11, 14, 15, 16

Dommernes 1:8, 10, 12, 18, 20, 13:2, 14:1, 18:12, 19:10

1 Samuels 4:1, 5:8, 10, 6:9, 12, 21, 7:14, 15:4, 12, 17:1, 25, 52, 22:1, 23:1, 14, 24, 24:1, 25:23, 43, 27:6, 30:27, 28, 30, 31

2 Samuel 2:1, 5:6, 18, 22, 6:2, 15:12, 17:17, 23:20, 26, 35

1 Kongebok 4:10, 5:4, 8:65

2 Kongebok 1:2, 14:11, 18:8, 22:1, 23:10

1 Krønikebok 2:42, 43, 45, 49, 50, 53, 4:13, 17, 18, 21, 28, 13:6, 27:15, 28

2 Krønikebok 11:7, 8, 9, 10, 20:2, 26:6, 10, 28:3, 18

Nehemias 11:25, 30

Jobs 2:11

Song of Solomon 1:14

Esaias 17:5, 27:12

Jeremias 7:31, 19:2

Esekiel 48:7

Mika 1:14, 15

Sakarias 14:10

Významy biblických slov

stamme
'A tribe' signifies the church with respect to its truths and goods, and in the opposite sense, with respect to its falsities and evils. 'A...

landemerke
A border as in Isaiah 54:12 signifies the scientific and sensual principle. "And thou shalt make unto it a border of an hand-breath round about."...

ørkenen
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

grense
A border as in Isaiah 54:12 signifies the scientific and sensual principle. "And thou shalt make unto it a border of an hand-breath round about."...

egyptens
'Mizraim' signifies the same thing as Egypt.

bekk
A 'stream' signifies aspects of intelligence.

jordan
The land of Jordan,' as in Psalm 42:6, signifies what is lowly, consequently, what is distant from the celestial, as the external parts of a...

nord
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

ubens
'Reuben,' in the highest sense, signifies omniscience. In a spiritual sense, he signifies wisdom, intelligence, science, and faith. In a natural sense, he signifies sight....

sønn
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

gilgal
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

sønns
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

dal
Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

jerusalem
Jerusalem, on Mount Zion, signifies the doctrine of love to the Lord, and how it governs your life. Jerusalem first comes to our attention in...

fjell
The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

byene
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

Se'ir
'Seir,' as in Genesis 33:14, signifies the conjunction of spiritual and celestial things in the natural level, that is, the truth of faith with the...

ned
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

Timna
'Thimnath,' as in Genesis 38:12, signifies a state of consultatoin for the church.

hav
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

kaleb
Caleb, In Numbers 14:24, represents those who are introduced into the church, and, accordingly, his seed signifies the truth of the doctrine of the church.

barn
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

josva
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

far
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

hebron
'Hebron' represents the Lord's spiritual church in the land of Canaan. 'Hebron' represents the church as to good.

tre
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

Navn
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

før
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

sa
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

gi
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

datter
"Behold I have two daughters,” etc. (Gen. 19:8), signifies the affections of good and truth, and the blessedness perceivable from the enjoyment thereof, by those...

kalebs
Caleb, In Numbers 14:24, represents those who are introduced into the church, and, accordingly, his seed signifies the truth of the doctrine of the church.

bror
There are two ways "brother" is used in the Bible, ways that are still reflected in modern language. One denotes an actual blood relationship; the...

kom
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

vil
'Want of spiritual nourishment,' denotes a lack of knowledge, intelligence, and wisdom.

arv
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

hasor
'The inhabitants of Hazor,' as mentioned in Jeremiah 49:30, signify those who possess spiritual riches, which are the things of faith. 'Hazor,' as mentioned in...

ni
'Nine' signifies conjunction.

tyve
'Twenty,' when referring to a quantity, signifies everything, or fullness, because it is ten twice. In Genesis 18:31, 'twenty', like all numbers occurring in the...

byer
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

landsbyer
'Villages' signify the external aspects of faith and the church. Rituals are the external parts of the church. Doctrines are the internal parts when they...

fjorten
Fourteen, as in Genesis 31:40, signifies a first period of time. The fourteenth year, as in Genesis 14:5, signifies the first temptation of the Lord...

gasa
Azzah, (Gen 10:19), signifies those things which are revealed concerning charity.

gosen
‘The land of Goshen,’ as in Genesis 46:28, signifies the innermost parts of the natural mind.

Gibea
Gibeah, as in 2 Samuel 6, signifies the natural or ultimate principle of the church. Gibeah, Ramah, and Bethaven, as in Hosea 5:8, denote those...

ti
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

seks
Like most numbers in the Bible, "six" can have various meanings depending on context, but has a couple that are primary. When used in relation...

to
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

dag
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

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