Jonah 1

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Greek OT: LXX [A] Unaccented         

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1 και εγενετο λογος κυριου προς ιωναν τον του αμαθι λεγων

2 αναστηθι και πορευθητι εις νινευη την πολιν την μεγαλην και κηρυξον εν αυτη οτι ανεβη η κραυγη της κακιας αυτης προς με

3 και ανεστη ιωνας του φυγειν εις θαρσις εκ προσωπου κυριου και κατεβη εις ιοππην και ευρεν πλοιον βαδιζον εις θαρσις και εδωκεν το ναυλον αυτου και ενεβη εις αυτο του πλευσαι μετ' αυτων εις θαρσις εκ προσωπου κυριου

4 και κυριος εξηγειρεν πνευμα εις την θαλασσαν και εγενετο κλυδων μεγας εν τη θαλασση και το πλοιον εκινδυνευεν συντριβηναι

5 και εφοβηθησαν οι ναυτικοι και ανεβοων εκαστος προς τον θεον αυτων και εκβολην εποιησαντο των σκευων των εν τω πλοιω εις την θαλασσαν του κουφισθηναι απ' αυτων ιωνας δε κατεβη εις την κοιλην του πλοιου και εκαθευδεν και ερρεγχεν

6 και προσηλθεν προς αυτον ο πρωρευς και ειπεν αυτω τι συ ρεγχεις αναστα και επικαλου τον θεον σου οπως διασωση ο θεος ημας και μη απολωμεθα

7 και ειπεν εκαστος προς τον πλησιον αυτου δευτε βαλωμεν κληρους και επιγνωμεν τινος ενεκεν η κακια αυτη εστιν εν ημιν και εβαλον κληρους και επεσεν ο κληρος επι ιωναν

8 και ειπον προς αυτον απαγγειλον ημιν τινος ενεκεν η κακια αυτη εστιν εν ημιν τις σου η εργασια εστιν και ποθεν ερχη και εκ ποιας χωρας και εκ ποιου λαου ει συ

9 και ειπεν προς αυτους δουλος κυριου εγω ειμι και τον κυριον θεον του ουρανου εγω σεβομαι ος εποιησεν την θαλασσαν και την ξηραν

10 και εφοβηθησαν οι ανδρες φοβον μεγαν και ειπαν προς αυτον τι τουτο εποιησας διοτι εγνωσαν οι ανδρες οτι εκ προσωπου κυριου ην φευγων οτι απηγγειλεν αυτοις

11 και ειπαν προς αυτον τι σοι ποιησωμεν και κοπασει η θαλασσα αφ' ημων οτι η θαλασσα επορευετο και εξηγειρεν μαλλον κλυδωνα

12 και ειπεν ιωνας προς αυτους αρατε με και εμβαλετε με εις την θαλασσαν και κοπασει η θαλασσα αφ' υμων διοτι εγνωκα εγω οτι δι' εμε ο κλυδων ο μεγας ουτος εφ' υμας εστιν

13 και παρεβιαζοντο οι ανδρες του επιστρεψαι προς την γην και ουκ ηδυναντο οτι η θαλασσα επορευετο και εξηγειρετο μαλλον επ' αυτους

14 και ανεβοησαν προς κυριον και ειπαν μηδαμως κυριε μη απολωμεθα ενεκεν της ψυχης του ανθρωπου τουτου και μη δως εφ' ημας αιμα δικαιον οτι συ κυριε ον τροπον εβουλου πεποιηκας

15 και ελαβον τον ιωναν και εξεβαλον αυτον εις την θαλασσαν και εστη η θαλασσα εκ του σαλου αυτης

16 και εφοβηθησαν οι ανδρες φοβω μεγαλω τον κυριον και εθυσαν θυσιαν τω κυριω και ευξαντο ευχας

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Shrnutí kapitoly

Exploring the Meaning of Jonah 1      

By Rev. Martin Pennington and Rev. George McCurdy

Billy Graham once said that the whole of Jesus' ministry could be summed up in two words; Come and Go.

COME to me, all who labour and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest. (Matthew 11:28)

GO and make disciples of all nations (Matthew 28:19)

In the beginning of the Book of Jonah, chapter 1, we have a story about what happens when you do the first step, but not the second. Jonah was supposed to go preach the gospel -- the monotheistic worship of Jehovah -- to the people of Ninevah. Swedenborg tells us that the verses in Jonah 1:1-2 are about the people of Israel, who had received the Word - but wouldn't go out and share it amongst the nations.

In Jonah 1:4-6, peoples' spiritual knowledge declines, and begins to perish. It happens both in the land of Israel, and in the wider world.

Here are some key symbolic elements in this account:

- A ship represents the knowledge of good and truth useful for life (a church). (Apocalypse Revealed 406)

- A sea, storm and wind represents Hell and its influence. (Apocalypse Revealed 343[4])

- To be asleep means to be deluded by our own glory. (Arcana Coelestia 147)

In Jonah 1:7-9, the people who lived outside the land of Israel had some perception that their own spiritual knowledge was lacking, and they it had led to a collapse of their spiritual state. As Swedenborg puts it, "the state of the church was perverted among themselves".

When they perceived this, they also came to understand that they needed to reject falsified truths that they were getting from the Jewish church at that time, and pray to the Lord for salvation, to try to restore real worship, real spiritual love and wisdom.

Drawing lots, or playing a game of chance, represents pulling truths apart. (Arcana Coelestia 9942.13)

In Jonah 1:10-13, throwing Jonah into the sea represents the rejection of that hollowed-out church, to make way for a new church. Then, in Jonah 1:14-16, when the people in the boat pray unto the Lord for salvation -- it works! They are saved from foundering and drowning.

What's the takeaway for us? If we're getting false ideas from our neighbors, we need to perceive it, and stop. We need to identify our false beliefs, and reject them -- throw them into the sea. Then, we need to pray for salvation -- and then a new "church" can start in us, too, personally, with renewed spiritual life. And, when we come to the Lord, and experience spiritual "rest", then we can also go share our new true ideas and good loves with our neighbors -- coming, and going.

Here's a link to an interesting (audio) sermon on this chapter, by Rev. Todd Beiswenger.

Finally, here's a link to Rev. McCurdy's Study Guide for the Book of Jonah, which is available for free as a .pdf, for your use.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 211


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 1188, 1343, 1709, 2606, 10325

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Hop to Similar Bible Verses

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Psalms 95:5, 107:25, 29, 148:8

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Jonah 3:1, 2, 3, 9, 4:11

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Mark 4:41

Luke 22:46

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Resources for parents and teachers

The items listed here are provided courtesy of our friends at the General Church of the New Jerusalem. You can search/browse their whole library by following this link.


 Casting Lots
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 How the Lord Saved Jonah
A retelling of the story for young children with beautiful color illustrations. 
Story | Ages 4 - 6

 Jonah
Lesson outline provides teaching ideas with questions for discussion, projects, and activities.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10

 Jonah and the Great Fish
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 Jonah and the Great Fish
A lesson for younger children with discussion ideas and a project.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 Jonah and the Great Fish (3-5 years)
Project | Ages 4 - 6

 Jonah and the Great Fish (6-8 years)
Project | Ages 7 - 10

 Jonah and the Great Fish (9-11 years)
Project | Ages 11 - 14

 Jonah and the Stormy Sea
Color the drawings and then follow the directions to make a 3 dimensional picture. 
Project | Ages 7 - 14

 Jonah Disobeys the Lord
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Jonah in the Great Fish
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Jonah Swallowed by a Fish
Another way to make a 3 dimensional fish that can swallow Noah. 
Project | Ages up to 6

 Jonah Thrown Overboard
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Mighty Tempest on the Sea
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Quotes: Divine Providence and Evil
Teaching Support | Ages over 15

 The Prophet Jonah
This article shows how the Lord tried to teach Jonah to be merciful and kind when Jonah disobeyed the Lord because of his hatred toward the Assyrians. 
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14


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