1 Samuelis 6

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1 Fuit ergo arca Domini in regione Philisthinorum septem mensibus.

2 Et vocaverunt Philisthiim sacerdotes et divinos, dicentes : Quid faciemus de arca Domini ? indicate nobis quomodo remittamus eam in locum suum. Qui dixerunt :

3 Si remittitis arcam Dei Israël, nolite dimittere eam vacuam, sed quod debetis, reddite ei pro peccato, et tunc curabimini : et scietis quare non recedat manus ejus a vobis.

4 Qui dixerunt : Quid est quod pro delicto reddere debeamus ei ? Responderuntque illi :

5 Juxta numerum provinciarum Philisthinorum quinque anos aureos facietis, et quinque mures aureos : quia plaga una fuit omnibus vobis, et satrapis vestris. Facietisque similitudines anorum vestrorum, et similitudines murium, qui demoliti sunt terram : et dabitis Deo Israël gloriam : si forte relevet manum suam a vobis, et a diis vestris, et a terra vestra.

6 Quare aggravatis corda vestra, sicut aggravavit Ægyptus et Pharao cor suum ? Nonne postquam percussus est, tunc dimisit eos, et abierunt ?

7 Nunc ergo arripite et facite plaustrum novum unum, et duas vaccas fœtas, quibus non est impositum jugum, jungite in plaustro, et recludite vitulos earum domi.

8 Tolletisque arcam Domini, et ponetis in plaustro, et vasa aurea, quæ exsolvistis ei pro delicto, ponetis in capsellam ad latus ejus : et dimittite eam ut vadat.

9 Et aspicietis : et si quidem per viam finium suorum ascenderit contra Bethsames, ipse fecit nobis hoc malum grande : sin autem, minime : sciemus quia nequaquam manus ejus tetigit nos, sed casu accidit.

10 Fecerunt ergo illi hoc modo : et tollentes duas vaccas, quæ lactabant vitulos, junxerunt ad plaustrum, vitulosque earum concluserunt domi.

11 Et posuerunt arcam Dei super plaustrum, et capsellam, quæ habebat mures aureos et similitudines anorum.

12 Ibant autem in directum vaccæ per viam, quæ ducit Bethsames, et itinere uno gradiebantur, pergentes et mugientes : et non declinabant neque ad dextram neque ad sinistram : sed et satrapæ Philisthiim sequebantur usque ad terminos Bethsames.

13 Porro Bethsamitæ metebant triticum in valle : et elevantes oculos suos, viderunt arcam, et gavisi sunt cum vidissent.

14 Et plaustrum venit in agrum Josue Bethsamitæ, et stetit ibi. Erat autem ibi lapis magnus, et conciderunt ligna plaustri, vaccasque imposuerunt super ea holocaustum Domino.

15 Levitæ autem deposuerunt arcam Dei, et capsellam, quæ erat juxta eam, in qua erant vasa aurea, et posuerunt super lapidem grandem. Viri autem Bethsamitæ obtulerunt holocausta, et immolaverunt victimas in die illa Domino.

16 Et quinque satrapæ Philisthinorum viderunt, et reversi sunt in Accaron in die illa.

17 Hi sunt autem ani aurei, quos reddiderunt Philisthiim pro delicto, Domino : Azotus unum, Gaza unum, Ascalon unum, Geth unum, Accaron unum :

18 et mures aureos secundum numerum urbium Philisthiim, quinque provinciarum, ab urbe murata usque ad villam quæ erat absque muro, et usque ad Abelmagnum, super quem posuerunt arcam Domini, quæ erat usque in illum diem in agro Josue Bethsamitis.

19 Percussit autem de viris Bethsamitibus, eo quod vidissent arcam Domini : et Percussit de populo septuaginta viros, et quinquaginta millia plebis. Luxitque populus, eo quod Dominus percussisset plebem plaga magna.

20 Et dixerunt viri Bethsamitæ : Quis poterit stare in conspectu Domini Dei sancti hujus ? et ad quem ascendet a nobis ?

21 Miseruntque nuntios ad habitatores Cariathiarim, dicentes : Reduxerunt Philisthiim arcam Domini, descendite, et reducite eam ad vos.

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Exploring the Meaning of 1_Samuel 6      

The Philistines were desperate to get rid of the stolen Ark of the Covenant. They had suffered plagues, and the statue of their god, Dagon, had fallen. Seven months after they had taken the Ark, the priests and diviners of the Philistines advised that it should be returned to the Lord “Jehovah” in Israel’s territory, accompanied by a suitable “trespass offering”. This would be an admission of guilt.

It was decided that the offering should be five gold tumors, or hemorrhoids, and five gold mice - representing the two afflictions that had plagued their people, and the five cities of the Philistines. They built a special cart to carry the Ark and the trespass offering, and two young milk cows pulled it. The cows were set free to find their own route, and headed straight for Israelite territory. The Israelite people in the border town of Beth Shemesh saw the cart coming, and rejoiced. They used a large stone as an altar, split up the wood of the cart and offered the two cows as a sacrifice. The golden objects were then distributed through the land.

In Divine Providence 326, we get an explanation of the meaning of the symbols in this chapter:

The hemorrhoids that plagued the Philistines in 1 Samuel 5 represent earthly loves separated from spiritual ones. The golden hemorrhoids represent earthly loves that have been purified, and made good.

The mice represent distortions of the truth which destroy the church. The golden mice represent the repair of the destruction via good loves and actions.

The cart that carried the ark and the trespass offerings symbolizes a new teaching, and the cows that led it symbolize “good earthly feelings.” The cows lowed as they led the cart. Swedenborg writes of this story that we must turn the obsessions that our earthly self holds with evil into good desires, and that the lowing of the cows as they drew the cart away represents how difficult this is. The sacrifice of the cows when they reached their destination indicates that the Lord was appeased. (See Divine Providence 326)

These symbols reveal something about our relationship with God, and the importance of uniting faith and charity, good and truth, within ourselves. The Philistines represent a spiritual state with faith separate from charity, and this chapter tells us that in order to reunite our faith with charity we must turn our loves of evil into the desire to do good with our knowledge.

The end of the chapter tells that the people of Beth Shemesh, who received the Ark of the Covenant, made a fatal mistake: some of them looked into the Ark. As a consequence, 50,070 of their people died. They sent a message to the people of Kirjath Jearim, asking them to come down and take the Ark from them.

The primary message here is the power of the Lord’s Ten Commandments. In the book True Christian Religion, we are taught that there was tremendous holiness and power in the law written on the stone tablets, because it was a “summary of the whole of religion.” The two engraved tablets represent the link between us and God. One of them contains a synopsis of all things related to God, and the other, a synopsis of all things related to us (see True Christian Religion 285 286). If we are to ever trespass the commandments or treat them as less than holy, harm will surely come. Therefore, we must work with the Lord in order to acquire an appropriate reverence for His commandments. This needs to go together with an active and sincere effort to obey them to the best of our frail and limited human ability.


Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Apocalypse Explained 700

Apocalypse Revealed 529

Divine Providence 326

Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 5945

Doctrina Vitae pro Novae Hierosolyma 59

Doctrina Novae Hierosolymae de Fide 52

Vera Christiana Religio 284, 595, 691

Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 827

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There are three arks mentioned in the Word, the ark of Noah, the ark of bulrushes for the baby Moses, and the ark of the...

The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...

Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

'To reward' signifies meting out punishment.

'Mice,' as in 1 Samuel 6:1-21, signify the falsities of the sensory human.

'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

Is there any difference in meaning between “earth” and “ground”? At first it doesn’t seem so; both refer to the soil making up the land...

'Pharaoh' signifies scientific ideas, or the natural principle in general. 'Pharaoh' signifies false ideas infesting the truth of the church. Pharaoh,' in Genesis 40, represents...

et vasa
Instruments of music,' according to correspondences, signify the pleasant and delightful affection of spiritual and celestial things. Therefore, also in many of the Psalms of...

'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

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As the finest of the grains, wheat fittingly represents the finest of spiritual food, what Swedenborg calls "the good of love and charity" – which...

The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

'To stand,' and 'come forth' as in Daniel 7:10, refers to truth. In Genesis 24:13, it signifies a state of conjunction of divine truth with...

Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

Five also signifies all things of one part.

Gaza (or Azzah) signifies things revealed concerning charity.

Gath, a city of the Philistines, signifies the spiritual principle of the church.

"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

'To smite' signifies condemnation. 'To smite,' as in Genesis 14:15, signifies vindication. 'To smite,' as in Genesis 32:8, signifies destruction. 'To smite the earth with...

God rested on the seventh day of creation. That represents a state of holiness and tranquility that was preserved in the form of the sabbath....

The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...

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