Leviticus 16

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1 And Jehovah spoke to Moses after the death of the two sons of Aaron, when they came·​·near before Jehovah, and died;

2 and Jehovah said to Moses, Speak to Aaron thy brother, that he not come at all times into the holy place inside the veil to the face of the place of atonement, which is on the ark, that he die not; for I will appear in the cloud on the place of atonement.

3 By this shall Aaron come into the holy place; with a son of the herd, a bullock for a sin offering, and a ram for a burnt·​·offering.

4 He shall clothe· himself ·with the holy linen tunic, and there shall be linen breeches upon his flesh, and he shall be girded with a linen belt, and with the linen miter shall he be mitered; these are holy garments; and he shall bathe his flesh in the water, and so be·​·clothed·​·with them.

5 And he shall take of the congregation of the sons of Israel two male goats of the goats for a sin offering, and one ram for a burnt·​·offering.

6 And Aaron shall offer the bullock of the sin offering, which is for himself, and make·​·atonement for himself, and for his house.

7 And he shall take the two male goats, and stand them before Jehovah at the entrance of the Tabernacle of the congregation.

8 And Aaron shall put lots on the two goats; one lot for Jehovah, and one lot for Azazel*.

9 And Aaron shall offer the goat upon which Jehovah’s lot came·​·up, and make him a sin offering.

10 But the male goat, on which the lot came·​·up for Azazel, shall be stood living before Jehovah, to make·​·atonement upon it, and to send it to be Azazel toward the wilderness.

11 And Aaron shall offer the bullock of the sin offering, which is for himself, and shall make·​·atonement for himself, and for his house, and shall slaughter the bullock of the sin offering which is for himself;

12 and he shall take a full censer of coals of fire from on the altar, from before Jehovah, and his fists shall be full of fragrant incense beaten thin, and bring it inside the veil;

13 and he shall put the incense upon the fire before Jehovah, and the cloud of the incense shall cover the place of atonement that is upon the testimony, and he will not die;

14 and he shall take of the blood of the bullock, and spatter it with his finger before the place of the atonement on the east; and before the place of the atonement shall he spatter of the blood with his finger seven times.

15 And he shall slaughter the goat of the sin offering, that is for the people, and bring his blood inside the veil, and do with his blood as he did with the blood of the bullock, and spatter it upon the place of atonement, and before the place of atonement;

16 and he shall make·​·atonement on the holy place, from the uncleanness of the sons of Israel, and from their transgressions for all their sins; and so shall he do for the Tabernacle of the congregation, the Habitation with them in the midst of their uncleanness.

17 And there shall be not any man in the Tabernacle of the congregation when he goes·​·in to make·​·atonement in the holy place, until he come·​·out, and have made·​·atonement for himself, and for his house, and for all the assembly of Israel.

18 And he shall go·​·out to the altar that is before Jehovah, and make·​·atonement for it; and shall take of the blood of the bullock, and of the blood of the goat, and put it upon the horns of the altar all around.

19 And he shall spatter of the blood upon it with his finger seven times, and cleanse it, and hallow it from the uncleanness of the sons of Israel.

20 And when he has completed making·​·atonement·​·for the holy place, and ·for the Tabernacle of the congregation, and ·for the altar, then he shall offer the live goat;

21 and Aaron shall lay his two hands on the head of the live goat, and confess over it all the iniquities of the sons of Israel, and all their transgressions for all their sins, and he shall put them on the head of the goat, and shall send· it ·out by the hand of a man of fate to the wilderness;

22 and the goat shall bear on him all their iniquities to a land apart*; and he shall send the goat into the wilderness.

23 And Aaron shall come into the Tabernacle of the congregation, and shall strip·​·off the linen garments, with which he clothed himself when he came into the holy place, and shall place them there;

24 and he shall bathe his flesh with water in the holy place, and clothe· himself ·with his garments, and come·​·out, and make his burnt·​·offering, and the burnt·​·offering of the people, and make·​·atonement for himself, and for the people.

25 And the fat of the sin offering shall he burn·​·for·​·incense on the altar.

26 And he that sends the male goat to be Azazel shall wash his garments, and bathe his flesh in the water, and after thus, come to the camp.

27 And the bullock for the sin offering, and the goat for the sin offering, whose blood was brought to make·​·atonement in the holy place, shall one bring·​·out, to outside the camp and they shall burn·​·up in the fire their skins, and their flesh, and their dung.

28 And he that burns· them ·up shall wash his garments, and bathe his flesh in the water, and after thus he shall come into the camp.

29 And this shall be for an eternal statute for you; that in the seventh month, on the tenth of the month, you shall afflict your souls, and not do any work*, the native and the sojourner sojourning in your midst.

30 for on this day shall the priest make·​·atonement for you, to cleanse you, that you may be·​·clean from all your sins before Jehovah.

31 It shall be a Sabbath of rest to you, and you shall afflict your souls, by an eternal statute.

32 And the priest, whom he shall anoint, and whose hand he shall·​·fill to be·​·a·​·priest in· his father’s ·stead, shall make· the ·atonement, and shall clothe· himself ·with the linen garments, even the holy garments;

33 and he shall make·​·atonement·​·for the holy sanctuary, and he shall make·​·atonement·​·for the Tabernacle of the congregation and the altar, and he shall make·​·atonement for the priests, and for all the people of the assembly.

34 And this shall be an eternal statute to you, to make·​·atonement for the sons of Israel for all their sins once a year. And he did as Jehovah commanded Moses.

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Explanation of Leviticus 16      

Napsal(a) Henry MacLagan

Verses 1-4. There is revelation from the Lord when merely external worship has been rejected by man, concerning the manifestation of inmost good, namely, that it must be by the removal of evil externally and internally; by devotion to the Lord; and by the instrumentality of truths

Verses 5-10. Also there shall be the removal of evil externally as well as internally, by acknowledging the Lord; by freedom of choice; by worship; and by the rejection of evil

Verses 11-22. The whole process of this purification is more accurately described

Verses 23-28. Then follow the genuine acknowledgement that all truths are from the Lord; a state of worship from pure love; the confession that man's highest good is from the Lord; and that continual purification is necessary in order to realize the heavenly state

Verses 29-34. And lastly there is, in consequence of this holy course of regeneration and purification, the full enjoyment of heavenly peace and rest, even to eternity.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2180, 6148, 9670, 9959

Apocalypse Explained 392


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 716, 934, 1001, 1947, 2576, 2830, 2832, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 10, 242, 378, 379, 392, 393, 395, ...

Doctrine of Life 59

True Christian Religion 284, 323, 670, 706


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 196, 257, 279, 316, 324, 329, 417, ...

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Exodus 25:21, 22, 27:21, 29:29, 30, 30:10, 34, 35, 39:43

Leviticus 1:4, 10, 3:3, 17, 4:3, 5, 6, 11, 12, 17, 21, 5:5, 6:3, 23, 8:6, 9:2, 7, 10:1, 2, 11:24, 25, 27, 28, 31, 32, 39, 40, 14:7, 16:2, 34, 23:27, 28, 32, 24:23, 25:9

Numbers 17:11, 18:7, 19:7, 8, 10, 28:15, 29:7

1 Chronicles 6:34

Proverbs 16:33

Isaiah 58:3

Jeremiah 33:8

Ezekiel 36:25, 42:14, 44:17, 45:18, 19

Romans 3:25

Titus 2:14

Hebrews 5:3, 6:19, 7:27, 9:4, 7, 12, 13, 22, 10:3, 13:11

Revelation 8:5

Významy biblických slov

jehovah
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

spoke
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

moses
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

after
According to Swedenborg, time and space don’t exist in spiritual reality; they are purely natural things that exist only on the physical plane. This means...

two
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

aaron
Aaron was the brother of Moses. He symbolizes two things, at different stages of the story. During the first part of the exodus, when he...

near
'Near,' in the Word, signifies presence and conjunction. 'To be near' signifies being on internal levels. Near,' as in Genesis 19:20, signifies truth bordering upon...

before
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

died
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

said
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

brother
Brethren (Gen. 27:29) signify the affections of good.

come
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

times
Time is an aspect of the physical world, but according to Swedenborg is not an aspect of the spiritual world. The same is true of...

holy
'Sanctuary' signifies the truth of heaven and the church. 'Sanctuary,' as in Ezekiel 24:21, signifies the Word.

face
“The eyes are the windows of the soul.” That’s a sentiment with roots somewhere in murky antiquity, but one that has become hopelessly cliché because...

ark
A coffin (Gen. 1:26) signifies that wherein something is shut up or concealed.

die
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

cloud
In Isaiah 19:1, "Jehovah rides upon a light cloud, and comes into Egypt", signifies the visitation of the natural man from spiritual-natural Divine Truth, for...

son
Marriages in the Bible represent the union we all can have between the desire for good and the understanding of truth (or an understanding of...

sin
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

ram
'A ram' signifies the Lord’s divine spiritual nature pertaining to a person. 'A ram' signifies the good of innocence and charity in the internal self....

flesh
Flesh has several meanings just in its most obvious form. It can mean all living creatures as when the Lord talks about the flood "destroying...

girded
To gird one’s self, as in John. 21:18, signifies to know and perceive truths in the light from good.

miter
'A headdress,' as in Exodus 28, signifies intelligence and wisdom.

garments
It is said, in Deuteronomy 22:11, "Thou shalt not wear a garment of diverse sorts; as of woolen and linen together…”. This means that the...

bathe
It does not take a great leap of imagination to see that “washing” in the Bible represents purification. Washing dirt from the skin is symbolic...

water
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

congregation
A company, congregation, and a multitude, in the Word, are predicated of truths.

Sons of Israel
'The camp of the sons of Israel' represents the church.

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

goats
'Satyrs,' as in Isaiah 13:21, signify goods adulterated.

one
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

house
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

stand
'To stay with,' as in Genesis 32:4, relates to the life of truth when accompanied by good, and in this instance, it means to take...

entrance
In a general sense, doors in the Bible represent the initial desires for good and concepts of truth that introduce people to new levels of...

tabernacle
'The tabernacle' has almost the same meaning as 'temple,' that is, in the highest sense, the Lord’s divine humanity, and in a relative sense, heaven...

lot
On the most internal level, the stories of Abraham tell us about the Lord's development in his own childhood, with Abraham representing the Lord's spiritual...

lots
On the most internal level, the stories of Abraham tell us about the Lord's development in his own childhood, with Abraham representing the Lord's spiritual...

goat
'A kid' signifies the truth of the church. 'A kid,' as in Isaiah 11:6, signifies the genuine truth of the church and also innocence and...

given
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

stood
'To stand,' and 'come forth' as in Daniel 7:10, refers to truth. In Genesis 24:13, it signifies a state of conjunction of divine truth with...

living
'Lives' is used in the plural, because of the will and understanding, and because these two lives make one.

send
'Being sent' everywhere signifies, in an internal sense, going forth, as in John 17:8. In similar manner, it is said of the holy of the...

wilderness
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

slaughter
'Slaughter' signifies perdition and damnation. 'Slaughter' and 'a storm of slaughter,' signifies evils which destroy the goods of the church. 'The day of great slaughter'...

Full
'To satiate' relates to the extent of a person's will, for good or evil.

coals
A live coal from the altar (Isa. 6:6), signifies divine love, from which all purification is derived.

fire
Coals of fire being scattered over the cities (Ezek. 10:1, 7), signify that men were to be left to their wild lusts, rather than they...

altar
The first altar mentioned in the Word was built by Noah after he came out of the ark. On that altar, he sacrificed clean animals...

fragrant
Fragrant signifies the truth of good.

Incense
'Incense' or 'odors' signify worship and confession of the Lord, from spiritual goods and truths.

thin
'Small' refers to truth and 'round' refers to good.

bring
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “bring” is highly dependent on context, but in general it represents an introduction to a new...

Put
'To put' has reference to order, arrangement, application, and influx.

cover
The "high mountains being covered " (Gen. 7:19) signifies that all the good things of charity were extin­guished.

the blood of the
‘The blood of the grape’ signifies spiritual celestial good, which is the name given to the divine in heaven as it goes out from the...

blood
Bloods signify evil, in Ezek. 16:9.

finger
The ten fingers signify all things terminated in ultimates.

seven
The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...

Uncleanness
Uncleanness and scum, as in Ezekiel 24:11, signifies evil and falsity.

Transgressions
'Transgressions' or 'trespasses' denote such evils as are done against the truths of faith.

sins
'Bound up transgressions,' as in Lamentations 1:14, stands for falsities coming up towards interior or rational things.

habitation
'The sanctuary and habitation' together signify heaven and the church, 'sanctuary' regarding the good of love, and 'tabernacle' regarding truths of that good, because the...

midst
The "midst" of something in the Bible represents the thing that is most central and most important to the spiritual state being described, the motivation...

assembly
A congregation is a group of people with common loves, interests, and purposes. It often refers to a church group. In the Word it is...

go
In the physical world, the places we inhabit and the distances between them are physical realities, and we have to get our physical bodies through...

horns
'A horn,' when spoken of the Lord, signifies omnipotence. 'The little horn that rose up,' as mentioned in Daniel 7:3-8, signifies the full perversion of...

hallow
'To sanctify' denotes being led by the Lord. 'To sanctify' denotes being incapable of being violated.

hand
In Genesis 27:22, 'voice' relates to truth, and 'hand,' to good.

hands
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

head
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

iniquities
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

man
"Man" is a tricky word to discuss, because the Hebrew of the Old Testament uses six different words that are generally translated as "man," with...

bear
Like many verbs, the spiritual meaning of "bearing" something depends greatly on context – what it is that's being borne, and why. It is further...

land
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

strip
As in Micah 1:8, 'to be stripped' signifies being without goods, and 'to be naked' signifies being without truths.

came
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

place
'A room' or 'place' denotes state.

fat
Fat signifies the celestial principle. Fat things, full of marrow, signify goodnesses. Fat and blood signify interior goods and truths, and hence the Israelites, prior...

wash
It does not take a great leap of imagination to see that “washing” in the Bible represents purification. Washing dirt from the skin is symbolic...

camp
Camps in the Bible represent spiritual order – a person’s (or a church community’s) whole collection of desires for good and true ideas on how...

skins
'Skin' corresponds to truth or to falsity in the extremes. 'The skin,' as relates to the grand human, means the natural self. There are spirits...

eternal
'Perpetual' in the literal sense, means to the end of one’s life, after death, and eternity.

month
'A month' has respect to the state of truth in a person. 'A month' signifies a full state. Month,' as in Genesis 29, signifies the...

souls
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

work
'Works,' as in Genesis 46:33, denote goods, because they are from the will, and anything from the will is either good or evil, but anything...

sojourner
The word "stranger" is used many times in the Bible, and it is sometimes paired with the word "sojourner". They are different concepts in the...

sojourning
There is a long history of using travel to round out an education, from the 19th-century “world tours” taken by Oxford and Cambridge graduates to...

day
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

sabbath
In Exodus 31:13, 'verily my Sabbaths ye shall keep,' signifies continuous holy thought about the union of the Lord’s divine with His human.

anoint
Oil in the Bible represents the Lord’s love, so anointing someone (or something) with oil was a way to make that person (or object) a...

fill
There are two ways something can be filled: It can be filled with something bad against the wishes of its owner, or it can be...

father
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

sanctuary
'Sanctuary' signifies the truth of heaven and the church. 'Sanctuary,' as in Ezekiel 24:21, signifies the Word.

priests
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

commanded
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...


Thanks to the Kempton Project for the permission to use this New Church translation of the Word.


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