Joshua 11

Studovat vnitřní smysl
← Joshua 10   Joshua 12 →         

1 And it was, when Jabin king of Hazor heard, that he sent to Jobab king of Madon, and to the king of Shimron, and to the king of Achshaph;

2 and to the kings that were from the north on the mountain, and in the desert, south of Chinnereth, and in the lowland, and in Naphoth Dor from the sea;

3 the Canaanite from the sunrise and from the sea, and the Amorite and the Hittite, and the Perizzite, and the Jebusite on the mountain, and the Hivite under Hermon, in the land of Mizpah.

4 And they went·​·out, they and all their camps with them, much people, as the sand which is by the lip of the sea for multitude, and horses and chariots exceedingly many.

5 And all these kings congregated, and they came and encamped together at the waters of Merom, to fight with Israel.

6 And Jehovah said unto Joshua, Fear not on·​·account·​·of them; for tomorrow about this time will I give· them all ·over slain before Israel; thou shalt hamstring their horses, and burn·​·up their chariots with fire.

7 And Joshua and all the people of war with him came upon them by the waters of Merom suddenly, and they fell upon them.

8 And Jehovah gave them into the hand of Israel, and they smote them, and pursued them to Zidon the great, to Misrephoth-maim, and to the vale of Mizpeh toward the sunrise; and they smote them until they left them none surviving.

9 And Joshua did unto them as Jehovah said unto him; he hamstrung their horses, and burned·​·up their chariots with fire.

10 And Joshua turned·​·back at that time and captured Hazor, and smote the king of it with the sword, for Hazor before this was the head of all these kingdoms.

11 And they smote every soul who was in it with the mouth of the sword, dooming it; there remained not any who had breath; and Hazor he burned·​·up with the fire.

12 And all the cities of those kings, and all the kings of them, did Joshua capture, and he smote them with the mouth of the sword, dooming them, as Moses the servant of Jehovah commanded.

13 Only all the cities that stood on their mounds, them Israel did not burn·​·up; except Hazor alone did Joshua burn·​·up.

14 And all the spoil of these cities, and the beasts, the sons of Israel plundered for themselves; only they smote every human with the mouth of the sword until they blotted· them ·out; they left not any who had breath.

15 As Jehovah commanded Moses His servant, so did Moses command Joshua: and so did Joshua; he turned· not ·aside from any thing that Jehovah commanded Moses.

16 And Joshua took all this land, the mountain and all the south and all the land of Goshen, and the lowland, and the desert, and the mountain of Israel and its lowland,

17 from Mount Halak that goes·​·up to Seir*, and even·​·to Baal-gad, in the vale of Lebanon under Mount Hermon; and all their kings he captured, and smote them, and put· them ·to·​·death.

18 Many days did Joshua make war with all these kings.

19 There was not a city that made·​·peace with the sons of Israel, except the Hivite dwelling·​·in Gibeon; they took all of them in battle.

20 For it was of Jehovah to make· their hearts ·firm to meet Israel in battle, so·​·that He might doom them; that they might have no grace, but that he might blot· them ·out, as Jehovah commanded Moses.

21 And Joshua came at that time and cut·​·off the Anakim from the mountain, from Hebron, from Debir, from Anab, and from every mountain of Judah, and from every mountain of Israel, with their cities Joshua doomed them.

22 There were no Anakim remaining in the land of the sons of Israel; only in Gaza, in Gath, and in Ashdod were· they ·left.

23 And Joshua took all the land, according to all that Jehovah spoke to Moses; and Joshua gave it for an inheritance unto Israel, according to their parts by their tribes. And the land was quiet from war.

← Joshua 10   Joshua 12 →
   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 11      

Joshua 11: Joshua conquers the entire land.

In this chapter, the Canaanite kings of the north, east and west heard that Israel had conquered all of the southern Canaanite territories. Jabin, king of Hazor, called upon the other Canaanite kingdoms to join forces and attack Israel with a great army.

The Lord reassured Joshua, “Be not afraid because of them: for tomorrow about this time will I deliver them up all slain before Israel” (verse 6). So Joshua counterattacked, and Israel defeated the Canaanites just as the Lord had said.

The rest of the chapter is an account of Joshua’s victories, now here, now there. Israel destroyed each of the Canaanite cities and territories and not one of them was left undefeated (See Swedenborg’s work, The New Jerusalem and Its Heavenly Doctrine 161-164). In all of Canaan, only the Gibeonites were spared because they had made a peace treaty with Israel. The chapter closes with these words: “So Joshua took the whole land according to all that the Lord had said to Moses, and Joshua gave it as an inheritance to Israel according to their divisions by their tribes. Then the land had rest from war” (verse 23).

Now we turn to the spiritual meaning of all this, and its meaning for us. Because of our inherited, human nature, each of us has internal things we have to contend with in our natural life. These Canaanites - the faults we must overcome - are described by the compass points: north, south, east and west. Here are the spiritual meanings of the four cardinal directions (see Swedenborg’s work, Heaven and Hell 141-153):

West = less love

East = greater love

North = less light and wisdom

South = greater light and wisdom

Swedenborg tells us that heaven is organized by this principle. Angels with the clearest perception of love live in the eastern region of heaven, while those with a more hazy understanding live in the west. The same thing applies to the north/south axis; those in a “clear light of wisdom” live in the south, and those in a “dim light of wisdom” live in the north (Heaven and Hell 148). These poles represent angels’ states of love and wisdom, and their use. Just like people on earth, angels experience varying states of love and wisdom - sometimes more, sometimes less - but with angels this leads to them turning again to the Lord to acknowledge that he is their God.

The same pattern exists in hell, but instead of love and wisdom there is self-love (or even hatred) and false thinking from this distorted love. In hell, the degree of intensity in these states is between the rage to dominate and the exhaustion of failing.

In our life on earth, we experience states of both heaven and hell. As we are only partly regenerated, we rapidly switch between these states because of our emotions and the upheavals of life in this world. This chapter about the conflict between Israel and the Canaanites represents our own, personal decisions about what will be the ruling influence in our lives - heaven or hell (See Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 5982).

The end of this chapter offers two important statements describing the conflict between heaven and hell. The first one (in verse 20) says the Lord hardened the hearts of Israel’s enemies so that they came to attack, and consequently were destroyed. This tells us that we have to see our evils for what they are in order to turn away from them (See Swedenborg’s unpublished work, Charity 179-180).

The second statement (verses 21-22) says that Joshua completely destroyed the Anakim, except beyond the borders of the land. The Anakim were giants, and they stand for those enormous tensions and rages which evil spirits from hell bring us at times. This (reassuringly) helps us see that we are not like that ourselves, but we could be if we let those evil spirits make a home in our hearts and minds (Arcana Caelestia 2909[3]).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2799, 2909, 2913, 3527, 4240, 4431, 6860

Jiný komentář

  Příběhy:


Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Exodus 14:4, 8, 17

Numbers 13:22, 26:53, 33:50, 52, 34:2, 11

Deuteronomy 1:7, 2:23, 30, 7:2, 24, 9:2, 3, 12:10, 31:3, 5

Joshua 1:7, 3:10, 6:21, 24, 8:2, 9:2, 15, 10:8, 9, 20, 41, 12:3, 7, 8, 19, 20, 23, 13:5, 6, 27, 14:12, 14, 15, 15:13, 14, 47, 19:36, 21:44, 24:13

Judges 1:20, 4:2, 7:12, 14:4

1 Samuel 2:25, 5:1, 13:5, 17:4

2 Samuel 8:4, 10:15, 17:11, 14, 21:16, 24:6

1 Kings 9:15, 15:20

2 Kings 6:16, 15:29

2 Chronicles 20:25, 22:7

Psalms 20:8, 46:10, 48:5

Isaiah 14:24, 34:2

Revelation 20:8

Významy biblických slov

heard
Thanks to modern science, we now understand that hearing actually happens in the brain, not the ears. The ears collect vibrations in the air and...

sent
'To send' signifies revealing.

north
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

hittite
'A Hittite' in a good sense, signifies the spiritual church, or the truth of the church. The Hittites were among the upright Gentiles who were...

mizpah
'Mizpah,' as in Genesis 31:49, signifies the quality of the Lord’s presence with people who are principled in the goods of works, or with the...

camps
Camps in the Bible represent spiritual order – a person’s (or a church community’s) whole collection of desires for good and true ideas on how...

much
Intellectual things – ideas, knowledge, facts, even insight and understanding – are more separate and free-standing than emotional things, and it’s easier to imagine numbering...

sand
'Sand,' as in Matthew 7:27, signifies faith separate from charity.

lip
'A lip' signifies doctrine. A lip,' as in Isaiah 6:3, 7, signifies the interior parts of a person, consequently, internal worship, where adoration is grounded....

sea
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

multitude
Intellectual things – ideas, knowledge, facts, even insight and understanding – are more separate and free-standing than emotional things, and it’s easier to imagine numbering...

encamped
'Pitch,' as in Genesis 14:10, denotes lusts. 'Burning pitch,' as in Isaiah 34:9, signifies direful fantasies.

fear
Fear has various significations according to the thing which causes it. Fear signifies love. Fear, as in Gen 28:17, signifies a holy change.

tomorrow
'Tomorrow' signifies eternity.

give
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

slain
'A multitude of slain' relates to people who perish from falsities, and 'a great number of carcasses,' of people who perish from evils, as in...

fell
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

hand
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

pursued
'To pursue,' as in Genesis 14:16, signifies a state of purification, because 'to pursue enemies' is the expulsion of evils and falsities which were with...

said
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

horses
'A horse' signifies knowledges or understanding of the Word. In an opposite sense it signifies the understanding of the Word falsified by reasonings, and likewise...

turned
Swedenborg says that the Lord is the sun of heaven, and like the natural sun of our world shines on everyone, good or evil. What...

back
There are many instances in the Bible which describe people turning back, looking back or going back. In most cases it is a negative, sometimes...

before
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

head
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

soul
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

remained
In Leviticus 6:16, 'Aaron and his sons eating the remainder' signifies a person’s reciprocation and making something one's own. This represents conjunction by means of...

fire
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

the kings of
The kings of Media and Persia' represent people who are in faith separate from charity.

capture
"Catching" is used in a variety of ways in the Bible, both positive and negative. Thieves get caught; the Egyptians caught up with the Children...

stood
'To stand,' and 'come forth' as in Daniel 7:10, refers to truth. In Genesis 24:13, it signifies a state of conjunction of divine truth with...

mounds
'Mound' signifies truths not appearing because they are falsified.

hazor
'The inhabitants of Hazor,' as mentioned in Jeremiah 49:30, signify those who possess spiritual riches, which are the things of faith. 'Hazor,' as mentioned in...

spoil
'To spoil,' as in Genesis 34:27, signifies destruction. 'Spoil,' as in Deuteronomy 13:16, signifies the falsification of truth.

beasts
"Beasts" represent the affection for doing good things, a true desire to do them from the heart. In the negative sense, "beasts" stand for the...

Sons of Israel
'The camp of the sons of Israel' represents the church.

mouth
In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

sword
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

command
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

servant
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

south
'South' denotes truth in light.

goshen
‘The land of Goshen,’ as in Genesis 46:28, signifies the innermost parts of the natural mind.

mount
The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

goes
In the physical world, the places we inhabit and the distances between them are physical realities, and we have to get our physical bodies through...

Seir
'Seir,' as in Genesis 33:14, signifies the conjunction of spiritual and celestial things in the natural level, that is, the truth of faith with the...

smooth
'Smooth' relates to truth, and in an opposite sense, to what is false.

lebanon
'Lebanon' signifies spiritual good. 'Lebanon' signifies the church regarding the perception of truth from the rational self.

under
Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...

Hermon
'The dew of Hermon' signifies divine truth.

captured
"Catching" is used in a variety of ways in the Bible, both positive and negative. Thieves get caught; the Egyptians caught up with the Children...

smote
'The smitten' signify people who are oppressed by the falsities of ignorance.

Put
'To put' has reference to order, arrangement, application, and influx.

many
Intellectual things – ideas, knowledge, facts, even insight and understanding – are more separate and free-standing than emotional things, and it’s easier to imagine numbering...

days
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

kings
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

city
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

peace
In ordinary life, we tend to think of "peace" as essentially "a lack of conflict." As a nation, if we're not at war, it's a...

hivite
The Hivites' represent those who were in idolatry, but in which there was something of good.

dwelling
Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

gibeon
sun standing still upon Gibeon signifies total vastation of the church.

To
‘To grieve at heart’ is in reference to love, and ‘to repent,’ to wisdom, as in Genesis 6:6.

hearts
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

meet
In natural language, to "meet" someone can be positive or negative: it can be a welcoming and greeting, or it can be "meeting" them in...

battle
War in the Word represents the combat of temptation when what is good is assaulted by what is evil or false. The evil that attacks...

might
'Might' denotes the forces or power of truth.

commanded
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

came
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

Time
Time is an aspect of the physical world, but according to Swedenborg is not an aspect of the spiritual world. The same is true of...

mountain
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

hebron
'Hebron' represents the Lord's spiritual church in the land of Canaan. 'Hebron' represents the church as to good.

judah
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

cities
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

remaining
In Leviticus 6:16, 'Aaron and his sons eating the remainder' signifies a person’s reciprocation and making something one's own. This represents conjunction by means of...

gaza
Gaza (or Azzah) signifies things revealed concerning charity.

gath
Gath, a city of the Philistines, signifies the spiritual principle of the church.

joshua
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

land
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

jehovah
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

spoke
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

moses
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

inheritance
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

israel
Jacob is told twice that his name will now be Israel. The first time is when he wrestles with an angel on his journey to...

tribes
In general, 'the twelve tribes' signify every aspect of the doctrine of truth and good, or of faith and love. Truth and good, or faith...

quiet
When something is described as quiet, still or calm in the Bible, it represents the state of peace that comes with being aligned with the...

war
'Wars,' in the Word, signify spiritual war, which consists of challenging truth, and are conducted by rationalizations from falsities. This is why the ministry of...

Zdroje pro rodiče a učitele

Zde uvedené položky jsou poskytnuty se svolením našich přátel z General Church of the New Jerusalem. Můžete prohledávat/procházet celou knihovnu kliknutím na odkaz this link.


 Canaanite Chariots
Project | Ages 7 - 14

 Chariots in the Word Crossword Puzzle
Complete a crossword on chariots in the Word by looking up references to stories in the Old ad New Testaments.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Joshua Destroys the Chariots
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Map of the Northern Conquest of Canaan
Map of the route of the northern conquest of Canaan with questions to answer.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 The Northern Conquest of Canaan Review Questions
Read Joshua 11 to complete the sentences. Cloze activity.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13


Thanks to the Kempton Project for the permission to use this New Church translation of the Word.


Přeložit: