1 Samuel 1

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1 And there was a certain man of Ramathaim-zophim, from Mount Ephraim, and his name was Elkanah, the son of Jeroham, the son of Elihu, the son of Tohu, the son of Zuph, an Ephrathite.

2 And he had two wives; the name of the first was Hannah, and the name of the second, Peninnah; and Peninnah had children, but Hannah had no children.

3 And this man went·​·up from his city from year to year, to worship and to sacrifice to Jehovah of Armies in Shiloh; and the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, priests of Jehovah, were there.

4 And it was the day that Elkanah sacrificed, and he gave to Peninnah his wife, and to all her sons and her daughters, portions;

5 and to Hannah he gave one double portion*; for he loved Hannah, and Jehovah had closed her womb.

6 And her adversary provoked her, even provoking her for the sake of making her tremble*, for Jehovah had closed up her womb.

7 And thus he would do year by year, as·​·often as she went·​·up into the house of Jehovah; thus she provoked her, and she would weep and would not eat.

8 And Elkanah her husband said to her, Hannah, why weepest thou? And why eatest thou not? And why is· thy heart ·sick*? Am not I better to thee than ten sons?

9 And Hannah rose·​·up after eating in Shiloh, and after drinking. And Eli the priest sat on the chair by the doorpost of the temple of Jehovah.

10 And she was bitter of soul, and prayed to Jehovah, and weeping she wept.

11 And she vowed a vow, and said, O Jehovah of Armies, if seeing Thou wilt see the affliction of Thy maidservant, and wilt remember me, and not forget Thy maidservant, but wilt give to Thy maidservant the seed of men, then I will give him to Jehovah all the days of his life, and a razor shall not come·​·up upon his head.

12 And it was, that she prayed much before Jehovah, and Eli kept·​·watch of her mouth.

13 And Hannah, she was speaking in her heart; only her lips moved*, but her voice was not heard; and Eli reckoned she was drunken.

14 And Eli said to her, How long wilt thou be·​·drunken? Remove thy wine from upon thee.

15 And Hannah answered and said, No, my lord, I am a woman of a sorrowful* spirit; neither wine nor strong·​·drink have I drunk, but have spilled·​·out my soul before Jehovah.

16 Do not put down thy maidservant for a daughter of Belial; for from the multitude of my complaint and provocation have I spoken hitherto.

17 And Eli answered and said, Go in peace; and may the God of Israel give thy petition that thou hast petitioned of Him.

18 And she said, Let thy handmaid find grace in thine eyes. And the woman went her way, and did eat, and her face was no longer sad.

19 And they got·​·up·​·early in the morning, and worshiped before Jehovah, and returned, and came to their house to Ramah; and Elkanah knew Hannah his wife, and Jehovah remembered her.

20 And it was, in the circling of the days, that Hannah conceived and gave·​·birth to a son, and called his name Samuel*, Because I have asked him of Jehovah.

21 And the man Elkanah went·​·up, and all his house, to sacrifice to Jehovah the sacrifice of the year*, and his vow.

22 And Hannah went· not ·up; for she said to her husband, I will not go up until the lad is weaned, and I bring· him ·in, that he may appear before Jehovah, and dwell there even·​·to eternity.

23 And Elkanah her husband said to her, Do what is good in thine eyes. Stay* until thou have weaned him. Surely Jehovah will raise·​·up His word. And the woman stayed* and nursed her son until she weaned him.

24 And she brought· him ·up with her when she had weaned him, with three bullocks, and one ephah of meal, and a jug of wine; and she brought him to the house of Jehovah, to Shiloh; and the lad was but a lad.

25 And they slaughtered a bullock, and brought the lad to Eli.

26 And she said, O* my lord, by the life of thy soul, my lord, I am the woman who stood·​·up with thee in this place to pray to Jehovah.

27 For this lad I prayed, and Jehovah has granted to me my petition which I petitioned of Him.

28 And also I have given·​·back· what I ·asked of Jehovah, all the days that he shall be, he who was asked of Jehovah. And they worshiped Jehovah there.

← Judges 21   1 Samuel 2 →
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Exploring the Meaning of 1st Book of Samuel, Chapter 1      

Napsal(a) Rev. Garry Walsh

The 1st Book of Samuel opens with a story about a man named Elkanah and his two wives. One wife, Peninnah, had borne children. The other, Hannah, whom he loved especially well, was childless. Whenever it was the family’s time to bring an offering to the Lord at the tabernacle in Shiloh, Elkanah gave Hannah a double portion for her to offer, to show his love for her and his desire that she might be blessed.

On one of these visits to Shiloh, Hannah, in a state of deep religious conviction and emotional distress, pleaded in a prayer to the Lord that she might have a child. Eli, the high priest, seeing her mouth move but no words coming out, thought that she must have been drunk. She declared that she had not had any strong drink, but that she was expressing the grief in her heart. Eli understood, then, and sent her on her way with his blessing.

Soon, a child was conceived. Hannah gave birth to a son who she named Samuel. The name “Samuel” literally means “God heard.” It was her decision to keep him home with her until he was weaned. Once weaned, she took the child back to Eli so that he might spend his life there in service to the Lord.

This story speaks to a state of life where a person is deeply upset because they feel as if they are lacking something that is essential for eternal happiness. The name “Hannah” literally means favor or grace. She paints a picture of someone who is pleading for God’s grace to deliver them the true happiness they desire.

Hannah’s grief-filled prayer took place at the tabernacle in Shiloh. Shiloh literal means tranquility or peace. In particular, Shiloh represents the type of peace that only the Lord Himself can give. (see Arcana Coelestia 6373).

The thing that is often missing in someone’s life, and that is being referred to here, is the truth. The more truth we have and the more we understand the Lord, ourselves, and the path that our life should take, the more of that true happiness we can find (see Apocalypse Explained 375).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 66, 1408, 7836, 9391, 9849

Apocalypse Revealed 242


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 279, 750

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Genesis 11:30, 21:8, 24:45, 28:20, 29:32, 30:1, 22, 32:6, 43:34

Leviticus 27:2

Numbers 6:8, 30:7, 8, 12

Deuteronomy 12:6, 13:14

Joshua 18:1, 25

Judges 4:5, 7:15, 12:5, 13:5

Ruth 2:2, 13, 4:15

1 Samuel 1:1, 19, 2:1, 11, 19, 20, 7:17, 8:4, 9:4, 14:36, 40, 15:34, 16:13, 17:12, 55, 19:18, 20:3, 42, 25:1, 26, 35, 29:7

2 Samuel 7:25, 11:11, 15:9

2 Kings 2:2, 4, 6

1 Chronicles 4:10, 6:12

Job 7:11

Psalms 20:5, 34:6, 62:9, 102:5, 120:1

Proverbs 14:10, 31:2

Matthew 7:7

Mark 5:34

Luke 1:7

Romans 12:12

Philippians 4:6

Hebrews 11:32

James 5:13

Významy biblických slov

mount
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

ephraim
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

wives
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...

second
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

city
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

worship
To adore, in the Word, signifies to acknowledge and believe.

two
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

priests
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

day
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

daughters
Marriages among people – both in the Bible and in life – represent spiritual marriage. Women represent the desire to be good and to do...

loved
To some degree, there really is no spiritual meaning to the word “love” in the Bible. Why? Because if you truly love another, that is...

thunder
When the Lord speaks through the heaven, it descends into the lower spheres and is heard as thunder. As He speaks through the whole of...

closed
There are only a couple of references in the Writings to "close" used as a verb, and both stem from Amos 9:11, which talks about...

womb
'Matrix' signifies opening of the spiritual mind.

weep
'Weeping with a loud voice' signifies the ultimate of grief.

eatest
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

ten
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

rose
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...

after
Behind, or after, (Gen. 16:13), signifies within or above, or an interior or superior principle.

eating
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

drinking
Food in the Bible represents the desire for good, and water and other drinks represent the understanding and true ideas we need to recognize what...

sat
If you think about sitting, it seems fair to say that where you're sitting is more important than that you're sitting. Sitting in a movie...

the temple
'Solomon's temple' represents heaven and the church.

temple
'A temple' represents heaven and the church. The sacred place where the ark was, represents the inmost, or third heaven, and the church among people...

Temple of Jehovah
The interior heavens are the temple of Jehovah.

wept
'Weeping with a loud voice' signifies the ultimate of grief.

vowed
In Genesis 28:20, 'he vowed a vow' denotes, in the internal sense, willing that the Lord will provide. In the highest sense, where the Lord...

vow
In Genesis 28:20, 'he vowed a vow' denotes, in the internal sense, willing that the Lord will provide. In the highest sense, where the Lord...

armies
A host and an army come from the same Hebrew word and mean the same thing in Bible; when the Children of Israel were numbered...

see
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

affliction
Matthew 24:21 mentions an affliction "such as was not from the beginning of the world, no nor ever shall be". There, the affliction means the...

remember
'To remember,' as in Genesis 41:9, signifies conjunction. 'Remembering' denotes conjunction because the remembrance of anyone in the other life joins them together, because as...

forget
To forget, in the internal sense, signifies nothing else but removal and apparent privation.

seed
'A seed' signifies love, and everyone who has love, as in Genesis 12:7. 8:15, 16. 'A seed' signifies faith grounded in charity. 'A seed' signifies...

head
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

kept
"Keeping" in the Bible generally has to do with controlling the actual actions of life, though in some cases it can mean holding something away...

mouth
In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

speaking
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

heart
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

lips
'A lip' signifies doctrine. A lip,' as in Isaiah 6:3, 7, signifies the interior parts of a person, consequently, internal worship, where adoration is grounded....

voice
'Voice' signifies what is announced from the Word. 'Voice' often refers and is applied to things that cannot have a voice, as in Exodus 4,...

heard
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

long
'Long' and thence to prolong, refer to good.

woman of
'The woman of Samaria' signifies the church which would be founded among the Gentiles.

drink
Food in the Bible represents the desire for good, and water and other drinks represent the understanding and true ideas we need to recognize what...

drunk
Food in the Bible represents the desire for good, and water and other drinks represent the understanding and true ideas we need to recognize what...

Put
'To put' has reference to order, arrangement, application, and influx.

maidservant
'Maids' denote external affections serving the internal.

answered
To "answer" generally indicates a state of spiritual receptivity. Ultimately this means being receptive to the Lord, who is constantly trying to pour true ideas...

go
In the physical world, the places we inhabit and the distances between them are physical realities, and we have to get our physical bodies through...

peace
In ordinary life, we tend to think of "peace" as essentially "a lack of conflict." As a nation, if we're not at war, it's a...

God
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

give
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

handmaid
'A handmaid' signifies the affection of rational and scientific things. 'A handmaid,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:3, signifies the affirming medium of conjoining inner truths...

find
To not to be found any more, signifies not to rise again.

way
'To set a way,' as in Genesis 30:36, signifies being separated.

eat
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

face
“The eyes are the windows of the soul.” That’s a sentiment with roots somewhere in murky antiquity, but one that has become hopelessly cliché because...

early
Since the sun represents the Lord, the early morning and sunrise represent a state of enlightenment, with a new and clear understanding coming after a...

morning
Morning comes with the rising of the sun, and the sun – which gives life to the earth with its warmth and light – represents...

returned
Everyone knows the phrase "the natural order of things." It means that everything is in its proper place, occupying the niche it is meant to...

came
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

ramah
'Ramah' denotes things that pertain to spiritual truth derived from celestial truth.

knew
In a general sense, men represent things of the intellect – facts, ideas, knowledge, everything from the deepest truths to the most pernicious falsities about...

wife
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...

remembered
'To remember,' as in Genesis 41:9, signifies conjunction. 'Remembering' denotes conjunction because the remembrance of anyone in the other life joins them together, because as...

birth
To beget or to be begotten is very similar in meaning to birth: It represents one spiritual state leading to the next spiritual state. "Beget,"...

called
To call someone or summon someone in the Bible represents a desire for conjunction between higher and lower states of life. For instance, imagine someone...

name
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

samuel
'Samuel' signifies the Word.

man
"Man" is a tricky word to discuss, because the Hebrew of the Old Testament uses six different words that are generally translated as "man," with...

hannah
The prophecy of Hannah, as mentioned in 1 Samuel 2, concerns the deprivation of truth among those of the church who are in no affection...

go up
To go up and to go down: in the Word, mention is made of going up and going down when speaking of going from one...

bring
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “bring” is highly dependent on context, but in general it represents an introduction to a new...

before
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

eternity
In many cases, the use of “eternity” in the Bible is pretty literal, simple meaning forever. This is especially true when the text is referring...

husband
In general, men are driven by intellect and women by affections, and because of this men in the Bible generally represent knowledge and truth and...

good
It seems rather circular to say that “good” in the Bible represents good, but in a general sense it’s true! The case is this: The...

eyes
'Pairs of hands, eyes, etc.' relate to the will and understanding, or to good and truth. The right side to the will or good, and...

dwell
Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

word
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

dwelt
'Inhabit' refers to good.

son
Marriages in the Bible represent the union we all can have between the desire for good and the understanding of truth (or an understanding of...

weaned
'To wean,' as in Genesis 21:8, signifies separation, as infants are from their mother’s breasts.

three
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

one
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

ephah
The Bible uses a somewhat dizzying array of unfamiliar measurement, leaving translators a choice between being accurate and confusing or inaccurate and clear. Since they...

Meal
'Meal and farina' signifies the truth of faith, or truth from good.

Wine
In Revelation 18:13, 'wine, oil, flour, and wheat' signify celestial principles of worship.

house
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

Shiloh
The fourscore men who came from Schechem, Shiloh, and Samaria, as in Jeremiah 41:5, represented the profanations of good and truth.

said
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

my lord
Characters in the Bible will often address others using the term “my lord,” and it seems to be no more than an expression of respect....

lord
In most cases, a "master" in the Bible refers to truth: knowledge, an understanding of the situation at hand, an understanding of the Lord's wishes,...

life
'Lives' is used in the plural, because of the will and understanding, and because these two lives make one.

soul
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

Woman
'Women,' as in Genesis 45:19, signify the affections of truth. But in Genesis 31:50, 'women' signify affections of not genuine truth, so not of the...

lad
"Youths" or "Young men" generally represent intelligence or the understanding of truth. This is fitting, since adolescent boys tend to be more advanced intellectually than...

jehovah
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

days
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

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 Family Worship: The Birth of Samuel
Ideas for reading and discussing the story of Samuel’s birth.
Religion Lesson | Ages 3 - 12

 For This Child I Prayed
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Hannah Prays for a Son
Make an accordion book showing key parts of the story of Samuel’s birth. Be sure to show Hannah with baby Samuel in one of the pictures!
Project | Ages 6 - 10

 Procreation Spiritual and Natural
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 Quotes: The Love of Children
Teaching Support | Ages over 15

 Samuel
This lesson discusses a story from the Word and suggests projects and activities for young children.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 Samuel Is Born Review Questions
Choose words from a word blank to complete sentences about Samuel.
Activity | Ages 3 - 13

 The Birth of Samuel
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 The Birth of Samuel
Family lessons provide a worship talk and a variety of activities for children and teens..
Religion Lesson | Ages 4 - 17

 The Birth of Samuel
A family talk about the meaning of the name "Samuel" and the importance of prayer.
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 17

 The Birth of Samuel
Illustrate the story of baby Samuel by sliding him from the Lord to his mother, Hannah, and then back to the Lord.
Project | Ages 3 - 6

 The Birth of Samuel
A lesson for younger children with discussion ideas and a project.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 The Birth of Samuel (3-5 years)
Project | Ages 4 - 6

 The Birth of Samuel (6-8 years)
Project | Ages 7 - 10

 The Birth of Samuel (9-11 years)
Project | Ages 11 - 14

 The Story of the Birth of Samuel Retold
A retelling of the birth of Samuel for children.
Story | Ages 3 - 12


Thanks to the Kempton Project for the permission to use this New Church translation of the Word.


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