Joshua 21

Studovat vnitřní smysl

← Joshua 20   Joshua 22 →         

1 Or i capi famiglia de’ Leviti si accostarono al sacerdote Eleazar, a Giosuè figliuolo di Nun e ai capi famiglia delle tribù dei figliuoli d’Israele,

2 e parlaron loro a Sciloh, nel paese di Canaan, dicendo: "L’Eterno comandò, per mezzo di Mosè, che ci fossero date delle città da abitare, coi loro contadi per il nostro bestiame".

3 E i figliuoli d’Israele diedero, della loro eredità, ai Leviti le seguenti città coi loro contadi, secondo il comandamento dell’Eterno.

4 Si tirò a sorte per le famiglie dei Kehatiti; e i figliuoli del sacerdote Aaronne, ch’erano Leviti, ebbero a sorte tredici città della tribù di Giuda, della tribù di Simeone e della tribù di Beniamino.

5 Al resto de’ figliuoli di Kehath toccarono a sorte dieci città delle famiglie della tribù di Efraim, della tribù di Dan e della mezza tribù di Manasse.

6 Ai figliuoli di Gherson toccarono a sorte tredici città delle famiglie della tribù d’Issacar, della tribù di Ascer, della tribù di Neftali e della mezza tribù di Manasse in Basan.

7 Ai figliuoli di Merari, secondo le loro famiglie, toccarono dodici città della tribù di Ruben, della tribù di Gad e della tribù di Zabulon.

8 I figliuoli d’Israele diedero dunque a sorte, coteste città coi loro contadi ai Leviti, come l’Eterno avea comandato per mezzo di Mosè.

9 Diedero cioè, della tribù dei figliuoli di Giuda e della tribù de’ figliuoli di Simeone, le città qui menzionate per nome,

10 le quali toccarono ai figliuoli d’Aaronne di tra le famiglie dei Kehatiti, figliuoli di Levi, perché il primo lotto fu per loro.

11 Furono dunque date loro Kiriath-Arba, cioè Hebron, (Arba fu padre di Anak), nella contrada montuosa di Giuda, col suo contado tutt’intorno;

12 ma diedero il territorio della città e i suoi villaggi come possesso a Caleb, figliuolo di Gefunne.

13 E diedero ai figliuoli del sacerdote Aaronne la città di rifugio per l’omicida, Hebron e il suo contado; poi Libna e il suo contado,

14 Iattir e il suo contado, Eshtemoa e il suo contado,

15 Holon e il suo contado, Debir e il suo contado,

16 Ain e il suo contado, Iutta e il suo contado, e Beth-Scemesh e il suo contado: nove città di queste due tribù.

17 E della tribù di Beniamino, Gabaon e il suo contado, Gheba e il suo contado,

18 Anatoth e il suo contado, e Almon e il suo contado: quattro città.

19 Totale delle città dei sacerdoti figliuoli d’Aaronne: tredici città e i loro contadi.

20 Alle famiglie dei figliuoli di Kehath, cioè al rimanente dei Leviti, figliuoli di Kehath, toccarono delle città della tribù di Efraim.

21 Fu loro data la città di rifugio per l’omicida, Sichem col suo contado nella contrada montuosa di Efraim; poi Ghezer e il suo contado,

22 Kibetsaim e il suo contado, e Beth-Horon e il suo contado: quattro città.

23 Della tribù di Dan: Elteke e il suo contado, Ghibbethon e il suo contado,

24 Aialon e il suo contado, Gath-Rimmon e il suo contado: quattro città.

25 Della mezza tribù di Manasse: Taanac e il suo contado, Gath-Rimmon e il suo contado: due città.

26 Totale: dieci città coi loro contadi, che toccarono alle famiglie degli altri figliuoli di Kehath.

27 Ai figliuoli di Gherson, che erano delle famiglie de’ Leviti, furon date: della mezza tribù di Manasse, la città di rifugio per l’omicida, Golan in Basan e il suo contado, e Beeshtra col suo contado: due città;

28 della tribù d’Issacar, Kiscion e il suo contado, Dabrath e il suo contado,

29 Iarmuth e il suo contado, En-Gannim e il suo contado: quattro città;

30 della tribù di Ascer, Misceal e il suo contado, Abdon e il suo contado,

31 Helkath e il suo contado, e Rehob e il suo contado: quattro città;

32 e della tribù di Neftali, la città di rifugio per l’omicida, Kedes in Galilea e il suo contado, Hammoth-Dor e il suo contado, e Kartan col suo contado: tre città.

33 Totale delle città dei Ghersoniti, secondo le loro famiglie: tredici città e i loro contadi.

34 E alle famiglie de’ figliuoli di Merari, cioè al rimanente de’ Leviti, furon date: della tribù di Zabulon, Iokneam e il suo contado, Karta e il suo contado,

35 Dimna e il suo contado, e Nahalal col suo contado: quattro città;

36 della tribù di Ruben, Betser e il suo contado, Iahtsa e il suo contado,

37 Kedemoth e il suo contado e Mefaath e il suo contado: quattro città;

38 e della tribù di Gad, la città di rifugio per l’omicida, Ramoth in Galaad e il suo contado, Mahanaim e il suo contado,

39 Heshbon e il suo contado, e Iaezer col suo contado: in tutto quattro città.

40 Totale delle città date a sorte ai figliuoli di Merari, secondo le loro famiglie formanti il resto delle famiglie dei Leviti: dodici città.

41 Totale delle città dei Leviti in mezzo ai possessi de’ figliuoli d’Israele: quarantotto città e i loro contadi.

42 Ciascuna di queste città aveva il suo contado tutt’intorno; così era di tutte queste città.

43 L’Eterno diede dunque a Israele tutto il paese che avea giurato ai padri di dar loro, e i figliuoli d’Israele ne presero possesso, e vi si stanziarono.

44 E l’Eterno diede loro requie d’ogn’intorno, come avea giurato ai loro padri; nessuno di tutti i lor nemici poté star loro a fronte; l’Eterno diede loro nelle mani tutti quei nemici.

45 Di tutte le buone parole che l’Eterno avea dette alla casa d’Israele non una cadde a terra: tutte si compierono.

← Joshua 20   Joshua 22 →
   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 21      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 21: The cities of the Levite priests and the end of the settlement.

In this chapter, the last remaining part of the settlement was completed: the provision for the Levites, the priests of Israel. This tribe had been appointed priests because only they had answered the call, “Who is on the side of the Lord?” when the Israelites had been worshipping the golden calf in the wilderness (see Exodus 32:26).

Much of the chapter is spent listing the cities given to the three sons of Aaron, who was appointed high priest. Each extended family of Aaron’s sons was given about sixteen cities. It seems very significant that a lot of these cities were the same ones given to the other tribes, and were also the cities of refuge.

Levi’s name means ‘joined’, which is very suitable for the Levite priests, who received cities in every tribal territory. This meant that the presence of priests was everywhere (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 342).

Spiritually speaking, this distribution is a wonderful illustration that our spirit lives throughout our whole body. Every part of us is alive! Every single thing in our body, from one blood cell to our heart and lungs, is maintained by our spirit, which itself is maintained by the influx of the Lord’s life. The function of everything in our body is in a perfect correspondence with the kingdom of heaven.

So, spiritually, the Levites stand for the presence of the Lord everywhere, in everything. This underlines the point that everything in the natural world - even the cities and territories described in this chapter of Joshua - reflect something about God and heaven (see Swedenborg’s Apocalypse Revealed 194). But there is another important meaning for the distribution of the priestly Levites in cities all through the tribal territories: we must keep on acknowledging that everything is a blessing from the Lord, that everything we do is for God, and that the Lord alone does what is truly good (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Providence 91).

After the distribution of cities to the Levites, Israel was fully established in the land of Canaan. The rest of this chapter is a consolidating statement which is worth including in full:

v43. “So the Lord gave to Israel all the land of which He had sworn to give to their fathers, and they took possession of it and dwelt in it.
v44. The Lord gave them rest all around, according to all that he had sworn to their fathers. And not a man of all their enemies stood against them; the Lord delivered all their enemies into their hand.
v45. Not a word failed of any good thing which the Lord had spoken to the house of Israel. All came to pass.”

These are words of fulfillment, culmination, assurance and blessing. Everything here traces back to the Lord. The Lord made a covenant with the children of Israel, granted them victory over their enemies, and gave them the Land of Canaan; the Lord had spoken in complete truth. “All came to pass.”

This final statement is a promise of our own capacity for regeneration and spiritual progress. We are able to overcome our natural desires and selfish states; we have been established in our life with the ability to understand and do what is good. In devoting ourselves to the Lord, we find strength to see that He will never fail us, and will change us for the better. ‘All came to pass’ is our affirmation that our life is always under God’s care and providence (Arcana Caelestia 977).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Apocalypse Explained 444


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 1441, 1616, 2909

Jiný komentář

  Příběhy:


  Biblická studia:  (see all)


Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Genesi 49:7

Esodo 6:16, 17, 19, 20

Numeri 3:27, 23:19, 32:3, 34:2, 35:1, 7

Deuteronomio 2:36, 4:43, 11:31, 12:29

Joshua 1:5, 6, 2:24, 9:3, 10:12, 29, 33, 38, 11:8, 12, 23, 12:21, 22, 13:18, 26, 30, 14:1, 13, 15, 15:10, 13, 32, 48, 50, 51, 55, 17:4, 18:1, 24, 19:12, 15, 20, 21, 25, 26, 28, 35, 37, ...

Giudici 4:6, 11:24, 17:1

1 Samuel 3:19, 12:8

2 Samuel 23:27

1 Re 2:26, 4:13, 14, 8:15, 20, 24, 56

1 Cronache 4:32, 6:39, 47, 48, 51, 56, 62, 8:6, 26:31

2 Cronache 13:16, 20:8, 31:15

Neemia 9:8, 24, 11:32

Salmi 78:55, 105:8

Isaiah 48:3

Geremia 1:1, 32:23

Zaccaria 14:10

Ebrei 4:8

Významy biblických slov

giosuè
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

figliuolo
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

tribù
'A tribe' signifies the church with respect to its truths and goods, and in the opposite sense, with respect to its falsities and evils. 'A...

figliuoli
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

d’israele
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

israele
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

sciloh
The word "Shiloh" means "peacemaker", or just "peace". Peace on earth was, and is, one of the Lord's main goals in being born into the...

canaan
Canaan signifies a worship in things external without internals, which arose out of the internal church corrupted, called Ham. Thus it is that Ham is...

l’eterno
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

mosè
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

città
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

abitare
Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

eredità
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

famiglie
Families (Gen 8:19) signify goodnesses and truths arranged in man by the Lord, according to order. Families have respect to truths. (Nahum 3:4)

Aaronne
Aronne era il fratello di Mosè. Egli simboleggia due cose, una durante la prima parte dell'esodo, quando era il portavoce di Mosè, e un'altra dopo...

tredici
'Thirteen,' between twelve and fourteen, denotes the intermediate state. 'Thirteen,' as the sum of ten and three, denotes remains.

Giuda
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

beniamino
Also, Benjamin signifies the Word in its ultimate sense (Deut. 33:12)

resto
In Leviticus 6:16, 'Aaron and his sons eating the remainder' signifies a person’s reciprocation and making something one's own. This represents conjunction by means of...

dieci
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

efraim
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

dan
The tribe of Dan (Jer. 8:16) signifies truth in its own ultimate degree of order, here truth in the church, which is contained in the...

manasse
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

d’issacar
Issachar,' in the highest sense, signifies the divine good of truth, and truth of good. In a spiritual sense, he signifies celestial conjugial love, which...

issacar
Issachar,' in the highest sense, signifies the divine good of truth, and truth of good. In a spiritual sense, he signifies celestial conjugial love, which...

neftali
'Naphtali' in a supreme sense, signifies the proper power of the Lord’s divine human. In a spiritual sense, he signifies temptation and victory and a...

secondo
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

ruben
'Reuben,' in the highest sense, signifies omniscience. In a spiritual sense, he signifies wisdom, intelligence, science, and faith. In a natural sense, he signifies sight....

gad
Gad, in a supreme sense, signifies omnipotence; in a spiritual sense, the good of life, or use; and in a natural sense, works. Gad, in...

comandato
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

simeone
In Revelation 7, 'Simeon', in the highest sense, signifies providence, in a spiritual sense, love towards our neighbor, or charity, and in a natural sense,...

nome
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

d’aaronne
Aronne era il fratello di Mosè. Egli simboleggia due cose, una durante la prima parte dell'esodo, quando era il portavoce di Mosè, e un'altra dopo...

levi
'Levi' signifies truth in practice, which is the good of life. 'Levi,' in the highest sense, signifies love and mercy, in a spiritual sense, he...

primo
Why would it be insulting for a man to refer to his married partner as his “first wife”? Because it implies there will be a...

lotto
On the most internal level, the stories of Abraham tell us about the Lord's development in his own childhood, with Abraham representing the Lord's spiritual...

hebron
'Hebron' represents the Lord's spiritual church in the land of Canaan. 'Hebron' represents the church as to good.

padre
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

villaggi
'Villages' signify the external aspects of faith and the church. Rituals are the external parts of the church. Doctrines are the internal parts when they...

caleb
Caleb, In Numbers 14:24, represents those who are introduced into the church, and, accordingly, his seed signifies the truth of the doctrine of the church.

rifugio
'A place of refuge' denotes the state when a person is guiltless of evil.

nove
'Nine' signifies conjunction.

due
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

gabaon
sun standing still upon Gibeon signifies total vastation of the church.

quattro
The number "four" in the Bible represents things being linked together or joined. This is partly because four is two times two, and two represents...

sacerdoti
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

rimanente
In Leviticus 6:16, 'Aaron and his sons eating the remainder' signifies a person’s reciprocation and making something one's own. This represents conjunction by means of...

sichem
'Sichem' or 'Shechem' means the celestial aspects of love.

aialon
The valley of Ajalon has respect to faith: by the sun standing still upon Gibeon, and the moon in the valley of Ajalon (Joshua 10:12)...

tre
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

mahanaim
'Mahanaim,' as in Genesis 32:2, signifies the celestial and spiritual heavens, and in the supreme sense, the divine celestial and divine spiritual of the Lord.

heshbon
'Heshbon,' as mentioned in Jeremiah 49:3, signifies the fructification of truth in the natural self.

mezzo
'Middle' denotes what is primary, principal, or inmost.

giurato
The Lord swearing by himself signifies that divine truth testifies, for He is divine truth itself, and this testifies from itself and means itself. It...

padri
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

nemici
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

mani
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

parole
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

casa
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

Zdroje pro rodiče a učitele

Zde uvedené položky jsou poskytnuty se svolením našich přátel z General Church of the New Jerusalem. Můžete prohledávat/procházet celou knihovnu kliknutím na odkaz this link.


 Map of the Cities of Refuge
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Cities of Refuge
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14


Přeložit: