Daniel 2

Studovat vnitřní smysl

           

1 Il secondo anno del regno di Nebucadnetsar, Nebucadnetsar ebbe dei sogni; il suo spirito ne fu turbato, e il suo sonno fu rotto.

2 Il re fece chiamare i magi, gli astrologi, gl’incantatori e i Caldei, perché gli spiegassero i suoi sogni. Ed essi vennero e si presentarono al re.

3 E il re disse loro: "Ho fatto un sogno; e il mio spirito è turbato, perché vorrei comprendere il sogno".

4 Allora i Caldei risposero al re, in aramaico: "O re, possa tu vivere in perpetuo! Racconta il sogno ai tuoi servi, e noi ne daremo la interpretazione".

5 Il re replicò, e disse ai Caldei: "La mia decisione è presa: se voi non mi fate conoscere il sogno e la sua interpretazione, sarete fatti a pezzi; e le vostre case saran ridotte in tanti immondezzai;

6 ma se mi dite il sogno e la sua interpretazione, riceverete da me doni, ricompense e grandi onori; ditemi dunque il sogno e la sua interpretazione".

7 Quelli risposero una seconda volta, e dissero: "Dica il re il sogno ai suoi servi, e noi ne daremo l’interpretazione".

8 Il re replicò, e disse: "Io m’accorgo che di certo voi volete guadagnar tempo, perché vedete che la mia decisione è presa;

9 se dunque non mi fate conoscere il sogno, non c’è che un’unica sentenza per voi; e voi vi siete messi d’accordo per dire davanti a me delle parole bugiarde e perverse, aspettando che mutino i tempi. Perciò ditemi il sogno, e io saprò che siete in grado di darmene l’interpretazione".

10 I Caldei risposero in presenza del re, e dissero: "Non c’è uomo sulla terra che possa far conoscere quello che il re domanda; così non c’è mai stato re, per grande e potente che fosse, il quale abbia domandato una cosa siffatta a un mago, a un astrologo, o a un Caldeo.

11 La cosa che il re domanda è ardua; e non v’è alcuno che la possa far conoscere al re, tranne gli dèi, la cui dimora non è fra i mortali".

12 A questo, il re s’adirò, montò in furia, e ordinò che tutti i savi di Babilonia fossero fatti perire.

13 E il decreto fu promulgato, e i savi dovevano essere uccisi; e si cercavano Daniele e i suoi compagni per uccidere anche loro.

14 Allora Daniele si rivolse in modo prudente e sensato ad Arioc, capo delle guardie del re, il quale era uscito per uccidere i savi di Babilonia.

15 Prese la parola e disse ad Arioc, ufficiale del re: "Perché questo decreto così perentorio da parte del re?" Allora Arioc fece sapere la cosa a Daniele.

16 E Daniele entrò dal re, e gli chiese di dargli tempo; che avrebbe fatto conoscere al re l’interpretazione del sogno.

17 Allora Daniele andò a casa sua, e informò della cosa Hanania, Mishael e Azaria, suoi compagni,

18 perché implorassero la misericordia dell’Iddio del cielo, a proposito di questo segreto, onde Daniele e i suoi compagni non fossero messi a morte col resto dei savi di Babilonia.

19 Allora il segreto fu rivelato a Daniele in una visione notturna. E Daniele benedisse l’Iddio del cielo.

20 Daniele prese a dire: "Sia benedetto il nome di Dio, d’eternità in eternità! poiché a lui appartengono la sapienza e la forza.

21 Egli muta i tempi e le stagioni; depone i re e li stabilisce, dà la sapienza ai savi, e la scienza a quelli che hanno intelletto.

22 Egli rivela le cose profonde e occulte; conosce ciò ch’è nelle tenebre, e la luce dimora con lui.

23 O Dio de’ miei padri, io ti rendo gloria e lode, perché m’hai dato sapienza e forza, e m’hai fatto conoscere quello che t’abbiam domandato, rivelandoci la cosa che il re vuole".

24 Daniele entrò quindi da Arioc, a cui il re aveva dato l’incarico di far perire i savi di Babilonia; entrò, e gli disse così: "Non far perire i savi di Babilonia! Conducimi davanti al re, e io darò al re l’interpretazione".

25 Allora Arioc menò in tutta fretta Daniele davanti al re, e gli parlò così: "Io ha trovato, fra i Giudei che sono in cattività, un uomo che darà al re l’interpretazione".

26 Il re prese a dire a Daniele, che si chiamava Beltsatsar: "Sei tu capace di farmi conoscere il sogno che ho fatto e la sua interpretazione?"

27 Daniele rispose in presenza del re, e disse: "Il segreto che il re domanda, né savi, né incantatori, né magi, né astrologi possono svelarlo al re;

28 Ma v’è nel cielo un Dio che rivela i segreti, ed egli ha fatto conoscere al re Nebucadnetsar quello che avverrà negli ultimi giorni. Ecco quali erano il tuo sogno e le visioni della tua mente quand’eri a letto.

29 I tuoi pensieri, o re, quand’eri a letto, si riferivano a quello che deve avvenire da ora innanzi; e colui che rivela i segreti t’ha fatto conoscere quello che avverrà.

30 E quanto a me, questo segreto m’è stato rivelato, non per una sapienza ch’io possegga superiore a quella di tutti gli altri viventi, ma perché l’interpretazione ne sia data al re, e tu possa conoscere quel che preoccupava il tuo cuore.

31 Tu, o re, guardavi, ed ecco una grande statua; questa statua, ch’era immensa e d’uno splendore straordinario, si ergeva dinanzi a te, e il suo aspetto era terribile.

32 La testa di questa statua era d’oro fino; il suo petto e le sue braccia eran d’argento; il suo ventre e le sue cosce, di rame;

33 le sue gambe, di ferro; i suoi piedi, in parte di ferro e in parte d’argilla.

34 Tu stavi guardando, quand’ecco una pietra si staccò, senz’opera di mano, e colpì i piedi di ferro e d’argilla della statua, e li frantumò.

35 Allora il ferro, l’argilla, il rame, l’argento e l’oro furon frantumati insieme, e diventarono come la pula sulle aie d’estate; il vento li portò via, e non se ne trovò più traccia; ma la pietra che aveva colpito la statua diventò un gran monte, che riempì tutta la terra.

36 Questo è il sogno; ora ne daremo l’interpretazione davanti al re.

37 Tu, o re, sei il re dei re, al quale l’Iddio del cielo ha dato l’impero, la potenza, la forza e la gloria;

38 e dovunque dimorano i figliuoli degli uomini, le bestie della compagna e gli uccelli del cielo, egli te li ha dati nelle mani, e t’ha fatto dominare sopra essi tutti. La testa d’oro sei tu;

39 e dopo di te sorgerà un altro regno, inferiore al tuo; poi un terzo regno, di rame, che dominerà sulla terra;

40 poi vi sarà un quarto regno, forte come il ferro; poiché, come il ferro spezza ed abbatte ogni cosa, così, pari al ferro che tutto frantuma, esso spezzerà ogni cosa.

41 E come hai visto i piedi e le dita, in parte d’argilla di vasaio e in parte di ferro, così quel regno sarà diviso; ma vi sarà in lui qualcosa della consistenza del ferro, giacché tu hai visto il ferro mescolato con la molle argilla.

42 E come le dita de’ piedi erano in parte di ferro e in parte d’argilla, così quel regno sarà in parte forte e in parte fragile.

43 Tu hai visto il ferro mescolato con la molle argilla, perché quelli si mescoleranno mediante connubi umani; ma non saranno uniti l’un all’altro, nello stesso modo che il ferro non s’amalgama con l’argilla.

44 E al tempo di questi re, l’Iddio del cielo farà sorgere un regno, che non sarà mai distrutto, e che non passerà sotto la dominazione d’un altro popolo; quello spezzerà e annienterà tutti quei regni; ma esso sussisterà in perpetuo,

45 nel modo che hai visto la pietra staccarsi dal monte, senz’opera di mano, e spezzare il ferro, il rame, l’argilla, l’argento e l’oro. Il grande Iddio ha fatto conoscere al re ciò che deve avvenire d’ora innanzi; il sogno è verace, e la interpretazione n’è sicura".

46 Allora il re Nebucadnetsar cadde sulla sua faccia, si prostrò davanti a Daniele, e ordinò che gli fossero presentati offerte e profumi.

47 Il re parlò a Daniele, e disse: "In verità il vostro Dio è l’Iddio degli dèi, il Signore dei re, e il rivelatore dei segreti, giacché tu hai potuto rivelare questo segreto".

48 Allora il re elevò Daniele in dignità, lo colmò di numerosi e ricchi doni, gli diede il comando di tutta la provincia di Babilonia, e lo stabilì capo supremo di tutti i savi di Babilonia.

49 E Daniele ottenne dal re che Shadrac, Meshac e Abed-nego fossero preposti agli affari della provincia di Babilonia; ma Daniele stava alla corte del re.

  

   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Daniel Interprets Nebuchadnezzar's Dream      

Napsal(a) Rev. Dr. Andrew M. T. Dibb

In the second chapter of the Book of Daniel, Nebuchadnezzar, the King of Babylon has a dream that troubles him. Daniel, inspired by God, is the only person who is able to interpret it. It's a powerful story in the literal sense, and its spiritual sense goes deep; it describes a step that we each need to take if we want to make spiritual progress.

The literal text sets the story in the "second year", which refers to a state of conflict that comes before regeneration. Generally, "two" means a union, and specifically the marriage of good and truth. But in this story, the marriage is between evil and falsity. Nebuchadnezzar is still on the throne of Babylon: the falsities from selfish love seek to establish dominion over every sphere of life.

So, in the second year, "Nebuchadnezzar had dreams; and his spirit was so troubled that his sleep left him." Dreams are one of the ways the Lord revealed the Word to the ancients. It is not surprising to find Nebuchadnezzar greatly disturbed by a dream, to the point that "his sleep left him." Sleep, when dreams occur, depicts a state of obscurity. In Nebuchadnezzar's case, the obscurity arose because he represents false thoughts resulting from a selfish lust for power. Selfishness obscures the truth because it makes it impossible to focus outside of the self.

Nebuchadnezzar represents falsity from selfishness and the desire to dominate and control others. When this is in charge, people become manipulative, insisting that everything serve their own ends. They are willing to twist any truth, even destroy it, to justify their actions. The danger in this state is its attraction; it can invade the mind and establish an empire.

This is our state before regeneration. However, Divine Providence mandates that in order to remove this, we must become conscious of our Nebuchadnezzar states. This may be difficult because reflection requires perspective, which starts out obscured — asleep. Nebuchadnezzar, unable to remember or interpret his dream, commanded his magicians, astrologers, sorcerers and Chaldeans to ease his mind.

When the wise men were unable, the king began killing them. In the internal sense, "to kill," means to turn truths into falsities. Daniel and his companions were to be included in the slaughter, but they were different from the other wise men, who represented falsity based on abuse or misuse of truth grounded in selfishness. Daniel and his friends served the Lord.

Daniel's name had been changed to 'Belteshazzar,' symbolizing the perversion of truth by love of self. Yet in this verse, they sought 'Daniel' and his companions to kill them. This shows a human quality hidden from daily life. If Nebuchadnezzar represents blind selfishness, to save us, the Lord must keep truth hidden from the flow of selfish thought. When his hidden name is used, Daniel represents this hidden thought, protected and ready for use against selfishness.

In chapter one, Daniel rejects Nebuchadnezzar by refusing to eat his food. Once again, he stands against the king who reveals his evil in his willingness to kill when displeased. Nebuchadnezzar is the epitome of self-worship, Daniel is the true worshiper of the Lord.

Daniel and his friends sought "mercies from the God of heaven concerning this secret." Despite their position as 'wise men,' they humbled themselves to the Lord. This is a picture of the submission necessary for conscience to direct the unruly external self.

Daniel was given insight into the fallen human, the decline caused by selfishness. People faced with these insights often run and hide. Yet without self-knowledge, people cannot make any spiritual progress. By blessing the Lord, Daniel recognizes that only His divine power can help people put evils into order. Without this, spiritual life is over.

This gratitude embodies a New Church principle: all goodness and truth are from the Lord alone. Any insight people have into the nature of evils must come from the Him. Evil is blind to itself, but truth shows it for what it is. By thanking the Lord for insight, people can face their evils.

Before he can be killed, Daniel requests an audience with the king. Outward behaviors can be aligned with good or evil, and so Arioch, captain of the guard, acts on Daniel's request in spite of Nebuchadnezzar's orders. His words to the king show how useful things can ally themselves to the truth. So Arioch advocates for Daniel.

In his entreaty, Arioch emphasizes Daniel's heritage: "a man of the captives of Judah." This may have cast the king's mind back to his campaign in Judah, or even to the young man prepared for his service, filled with wisdom and glowing with physical health. In the internal sense, 'Judah' represents the church with a person, initially through truths. So Arioch identifies Daniel as truth from the Word. Nebuchadnezzar knew Daniel by his Babylonian name of Belteshazzar: when people in falsity are presented with truth, they view it as mere information for their own use. This is why an adulterer sees no difference between adultery and marriage, or a liar no distinction between truth and falsity.

Daniel is the conscience, which can be thought of as guilt or sorrow for actions. But at it's core, conscience is guidance by the truths of the Word. For truths to guide us, we must recognize their Divine authority and origin: none of the wise men, astrologers, magicians, or soothsayers could tell and interpret the king's dream.

In the sense of the letter, Daniel could begin because he established that the dream was from God, and thus interpreted by God. Daniel was simply a mouthpiece. For us, the self-awareness needed to move us from selfishness to charity comes from the Lord. Only He can direct our lives, but leaves us in freedom to accept that direction or not.

Daniel described Nebuchadnezzar's dream: the great image, with a head of gold, chest and arms of silver, belly and thighs of bronze, legs of iron, and feet partly of iron and partly of clay. Even in the literal sense of the story one sees the steady decline from precious to base to valueless.

Many scholars describe this dream in political terms. They claim it describes successive nations or rulers in the earth, from the Babylonians, to the Greeks, the Romans, and so on. However, the Word deals with spiritual, not worldly things. In one sense, this dream speaks of the different spiritual eras that have existed in this world. This is called the "internal historical" sense. On this level, Nebuchadnezzar's dream describes the rise and fall of the ancient churches to the present. This exposition focuses on a deeper level: the regenerative series, or how the Word tells of each individual's spiritual life.

Nebuchadnezzar's dream symbolizes allowing selfishness to dictate our thoughts and beliefs. Babylon is a state of great selfishness, the opposite of loving the Lord. This is the origin of all evils, going hand in hand with falsity, which twists and perverts the truth, making it a slave to our desires. The dream describes how this state gains mastery of the human mind. It begins before selfishness gains a toehold in our thoughts, and ends in the destruction of our very humanity.

The vision begins with the head because it is the highest part of a human being. But the key to this head is that it is gold, symbolizing love to the Lord. The chest and arms are physically lower than the head, and silver is less valuable than gold. The chest and arms represent the rational parts of the mind. Silver represents truths derived from the goodness within. This change from loving the Lord to thinking from truth marks a change in focus: good embraces all, opening us up to each other in a life of mutual love and charity. Truth, on the other hand, is more open to abuse: ideas of truth have been the cause of many wars and conflicts. Truth is used to hurt as often as to nurture goodness. It is a double edged sword.

At the next level, the decline becomes more obvious: from the head to the chest to the belly and thighs – half way down the body. From gold to silver to bronze, precious metal turns to base. The belly and thighs normally depict the good of loving the Lord and the neighbor, called charity. Here, however, it is twisted into the opposite sense: disregard for others, and one's own interpretation of truth. To the person in this state, these things appear good. So the belly and thighs were made of bronze, an alloy that can be polished until it gleams like gold, but it is not, nor ever can be transmuted.

So we are brought to the lower parts of the body: the legs of iron. In place of truth, falsity takes charge. This is depicted by the iron, which merely looks like silver. The legs are followed by the outer extreme of spiritual life: the feet. The feet are the lowest part of our body. Feet correspond to the outmost of our lives, which should be the expression of the Lord's goodness and truth through us. Instead, the feet of the statue are a weak spot: a mixture of iron and clay. In this image, we see the entire devolution of selfishness – carried into our very action – a life devoid of real goodness or truth, only a false image.

At the climax of the dream, a stone strikes the image and breaks it to pieces. This shows us our true character and the power of truth to bring us back from the brink of disaster. The stone was cut without hands: it is not of human origin. Here the Divine truth contrasts with the king’s practice of consulting his wise men and magicians, who represent selfish human thought. Divine truth leads to all goodness when used the way the Lord intends. Detached from human rationalizing, the truth liberates.

This freedom is the new vision of truth: the stone grows into a mountain. "A mountain" symbolizes love – a new love from truth, that replaces the selfishness and the desire for control. The mountain filling the earth symbolizes the way this new truth and love become the center and focus of our lives. We are created anew by the Lord's truth.

Having described the dream in great detail, Daniel then explains its meaning. He begins with what seems like an affirmation of Nebuchadnezzar; the Lord gave us our love of self! He ordained that we should feel life as our own and have no sense of His life flowing into us. This allows us to act according to our reason, and respond to the Lord in freedom. Selfishness is the abuse of this gift from the Lord, and the kingdom changes its meaning from truth to falsity.

Nebuchadnezzar clearly confuses Daniel with the Lord, and ascribes the power to interpret dreams to him. But the reality of selfishness becomes clear when contrasted with the ideals of conscience. If selfishness cannot reflect upon itself, it needs to be confronted with truth – and truth shows the true nature of evil and convicts it.

Nebuchadnezzar promoted Daniel and his three friends to positions of power. He recognized their God as the God of gods, the Lord of kings. But he continues to recognize the previous gods who served Babylon. Nebuchadnezzar may have elevated the Lord above Marduk, the Babylonian god, but he was neither willing nor prepared to jettison his customary deity.

Spiritual life must begin somewhere, and this interaction between Nebuchadnezzar and Daniel symbolizes the beginning. There is still a great distance to travel before we are truly born again. The old selfish side will reassert itself, new arguments and battles will rage. Yet the promise of Nebuchadnezzar's dream is still with us.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 173


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 426, 1298, 1326, 1361, 1422, 1551, 1837, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 211, 538, 567, 664, 717, 775, 781, ...

L’Amore Coniugale 73, 78, 79, 81

Divine Providence 328

Doctrine of the Lord 4, 42, 48

Dottrina sulla Sacra Scrittura 117

The Last Judgement 54

True Christian Religion 156, 275, 609, 625, 754, 761, 788


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 70, 176, 237, 411, 577, 650, 662, ...

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 2, 37

Scriptural Confirmations 4, 37

Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Genesi 40:8, 12, 18, 41:8, 14, 26, 28, 41, 43

Esodo 7:11

Numeri 12:6

Deuteronomio 10:17, 29:28

Joshua 22:22

1 Samuel 6:2

2 Samuel 7:13, 16

1 Re 1:31

2 Re 5:15

1 Cronache 29:10

Ezra 1:2, 6:11

Neemia 9:5

Esther 1:13, 3:2

Lavoro 12:13, 18, 22

Salmi 2:6, 9, 96:4, 113:2, 136:26, 139:12, 147:5

Proverbi 2:6, 16:14

Ecclesiaste 8:1

Isaiah 28:16, 36:11, 47:12, 13

Geremia 25:1, 27:5, 6, 33:3

Ezechiele 26:7

Daniel 1:6, 17, 2:6, 31, 36, 37, 48, 3:1, 9, 12, 29, 30, 4:2, 3, 4, 6, 14, 18, 19, 22, 5:7, 8, 10, 11, 13, 16, 18, 28, 6:7, 27, 7:4, 5, 6, 7, 13, 14, 15, 23, ...

Haggai 2:22

Matteo 3:2, 21:44

Luca 1:33, 20:18

Atti degli Apostoli 3:12, 10:25, 14:13

Romani 11:33

1 Timoteo 6:15, 16

Ebrei 12:27

James 1:5

Rivelazione 1, 11:15, 12:8, 17:14, 19:15

Významy biblických slov

secondo
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

sogni
A dream, as in Genesis 20:3,signifies being somewhat obscure.

sonno
In a general sense, sleeping in the Bible represents a state of obscurity about spiritual matters, a state in which you are not recognizing things...

re
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

Caldei
Chaldea was a land lying along the Euphrates river near its mouth, south of Babylon, part of what is now southern Iraq. It was a...

disse
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

sogno
A dream, as in Genesis 20:3,signifies being somewhat obscure.

interpretazione
'Interpretations,' as in Genesis 40:22, signify prediction.

l’interpretazione
'Interpretations,' as in Genesis 40:22, signify prediction.

dire
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

potente
'Might' denotes the forces or power of truth.

Daniele
The book of Daniel follows after Ezekiel in the Old Testament. Daniel was a prophet during the early part of the captivity of the Jews...

cielo
L'"aria" nella Bibbia rappresenta il pensiero, ma in modo molto generale - più come la nostra capacità di percepire le idee e il modo in...

astrologi
'Soothsayers' were people who studied natural magic.

colpito
To strike or smite, when used in the Bible, means to attack, harm or destroy, and is usually in reference to an attack on someone’s...

visto
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

in verità
There's a great deal of talk in Swedenborg about "truth" as a concept – it's how we learn the Lord's will, what we must seek...

verità
There's a great deal of talk in Swedenborg about "truth" as a concept – it's how we learn the Lord's will, what we must seek...

capo
‘Governors,’ as in Genesis 41:34, signify common or general things, because they govern over particular things. ‘Governors of Israel,’ as in Judges 5:9, signify the...

Zdroje pro rodiče a učitele

Zde uvedené položky jsou poskytnuty se svolením našich přátel z General Church of the New Jerusalem. Můžete prohledávat/procházet celou knihovnu kliknutím na odkaz this link.


 Daniel, Interpreter of Dreams
Project | Ages 11 - 17

 Nebuchadnezzar's Dream
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 Nebuchadnezzar's Dream
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Nebuchadnezzar's Dream
Color the picture of the statue seen in the dream.
Project | Ages 7 - 14

 Nebuchadnezzar’s Dream (3-5 years)
Project | Ages 4 - 6

 Nebuchadnezzar’s Dream (6-8 years)
Project | Ages 7 - 10

 Nebuchadnezzar’s Dream (9-11 years)
Project | Ages 11 - 14

 Overview of Daniel: A Man of Conscience for ages 3-14
Overview of a series of scripted lessons for the first six chapters of the book of Daniel. Suitable for Sunday schools, families and classrooms. Levels A, B and C provide materials for ages 3-14.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 3 - 14


Přeložit: