Josua 12

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1 Dies sind die Könige des Landes, die die Kinder Israel schlugen und nahmen ihr Land ein jenseit des Jordans gegen der Sonne Aufgang von dem Bach Arnon an bis an den Berg Hermon und das ganze Gefilde gegen Morgen:

2 Sihon, der König der Amoriter, der zu Hesbon wohnte und herrschte von Aroer an, das am Ufer liegt des Bachs Arnon, und von der Mitte des Tals an und über das halbe Gilead bis an den Bach Jabbok, der die Grenze ist der Kinder Ammon,

3 und über das Gefilde bis an das Meer Kinneroth gegen Morgen und bis an das Meer im Gefilde, nämlich das Salzmeer, gegen Morgen, des Weges gen Beth-Jesimoth, und gegen Mittag unten an den Abhängen des Gebirges Pisga.

4 Dazu das Gebiet des Königs Og von Basan, der noch von den Riesen übrig war und wohnte zu Astharoth und Edrei

5 und herrschte über den Berg Hermon, über Salcha und über ganz Basan bis an die Grenze der Gessuriter und Maachathiter und über das halbe Gilead, da die Grenze war Sihons, des Königs zu Hesbon.

6 Mose, der Knecht des HERRN, und die Kinder Israel schlugen sie. Und Mose, der Knecht des HERRN, gab ihr Land einzunehmen den Rubenitern, Gaditer und dem halben Stamm Manasse.

7 Dies sind die Könige des Landes, die Josua schlug und die Kinder Israel, diesseit des Jordans gegen Abend, von Baal-Gad an auf der Ebene beim Berge Libanon bis an das kahle Gebirge, das aufsteigt gen Seir (und Josua gab das Land den Stämmen Israels einzunehmen, einem jeglichen sein Teil,

8 was auf den Gebirgen, in den Gründen, Gefilden, an den Abhängen, in der Wüste und gegen Mittag war: die Hethiter, Amoriter, Kanaaniter, Pheresiter, Heviter und Jebusiter):

9 der König zu Jericho, der König zu Ai, das zur Seite an Beth-el liegt,

10 der König zu Jerusalem, der König zu Hebron,

11 der König zu Jarmuth, der König zu Lachis,

12 der König zu Eglon, der König zu Geser,

13 der König zu Debir, der König zu Geder,

14 der König zu Horma, der König zu Arad,

15 der König zu Libna, der König zu Adullam,

16 der König zu Makkeda, der König zu Beth-El,

17 der König zu Thappuah, der König zu Hepher,

18 der König zu Aphek, der König zu Lasaron,

19 der König zu Madon, der König zu Hazor,

20 der König zu Simron-Meron, der König zu Achsaph,

21 der König zu Thaanach, der König zu Megiddo,

22 der König zu Kedes, der König zu Jokneam am Karmel,

23 der König zu Naphoth-Dor, der König der Heiden zu Gilgal,

24 der König zu Thirza. Das sind einunddreißig Könige.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 12      

Joshua 12: The kings who were defeated by Joshua.

This chapter lists the kings who were defeated by Moses on the other side of the river Jordan, and those defeated by Joshua in the land of Canaan. Moses defeated Sihon, king of the Amorites, and Og, king of Bashan. Joshua defeated 31 kings, and this chapter names their cities one by one.

We might well wonder: what is the use of such a chapter for us? But here it is, included in the Word of God. We will suggest two ways in which this chapter gives us a spiritual message to work with:

First, the sheer number of kings who opposed Israel represent, in a general way, the many things that prevent us from dedicating ourselves to the Lord’s teachings.

Secondly, the many names of the towns that the Israelites defeated are all significant in identifying the various situations we encounter in our spiritual lives (See Swedenborg’s Arcana Caelestia 2009[9]). For example “Joshua” means ‘God is victory’, something we can come to understand as we choose to turn against evil. We can do that because the Lord fights for and with us; we cannot do that alone.

For every heaven there is a corresponding hell (See Swedenborg’s Heaven and Hell 588). If mercy is something of heaven, hell is to do with cruelty and all that goes with it. If innocence is of heaven, hell is to do with intended harm and all that goes with that. Evil is unspeakably precise.

Joshua defeated thirty-one kings. The number thirty stands for combat and also for ‘remnants’, which are deep-seated feelings of good and truth given the Lord gives us during our childhood, to help us combat evil in adult regeneration. Thirty-one would seem to suggest combat going on even past thirty (Arcana Caelestia 5335).

The names of the cities of these kings are given, and each name represents a quality. ‘Israel’ was the name given to Jacob by the Lord, after he had wrestled all night with the angel of God and had prevailed (see Genesis 32:24-28). “Israel” means ‘striving with God’ and also ‘a prince with God’, and it became the name of the people of Israel.

As examples, we will look at three Canaanite cities which fought Israel, and explore the spiritual meaning of their names.

1. The king of Jarmuth, means ‘being downcast by death’. Viewing life only in terms of its inevitable end does terrible things to our sense of purpose, hope and trust. Defeating Jarmuth helps us see that death is a transition into eternal life, and our means of passing from this life into our fullest life.

2. The king of Aphek, means ‘tenacious fortress’. We can quite readily see that evil can be exactly like a tenacious fortress. Evil will hang on like grim death and refuse to let us go. Evil will attempt any number of devious tactics to break us down or undermine our faith. The last thing it will do is to see that we’re resolved, and then finally give up.

3. The king of Taanach, which means ‘sandy, hard to cross’. This might remind us of dangerous quicksands, or the way in which we stumble trying to walk through sand. Again, sometimes evil can appear to give us safer passage on solid ground, before we realize that it is the hells ensnaring us.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Die Himmlischen Geheimnisse 2913, 3527, 4270

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Významy biblických slov

Könige
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

Land
"Erde" kann in der Bibel eine Person oder eine Gruppe von Gleichgesinnten wie in einer Kirche bedeuten. Aber sie bezieht sich speziell auf das Äußere...

Kinder
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

jordans
The land of Jordan,' as in Psalm 42:6, signifies what is lowly, consequently, what is distant from the celestial, as the external parts of a...

sonne
The 'sun' signifies celestial and spiritual love. The 'sun' in the Word, when referring to the Lord, signifies His divine love and wisdom. Because the...

Bach
A 'stream' signifies aspects of intelligence.

Berg
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

gefilde
'A plain' signifies good and truth in the natural self, because 'the people who dwell in plains,' or 'beneath mountains and hills' are in the...

König
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

hesbon
'Heshbon,' as mentioned in Jeremiah 49:3, signifies the fructification of truth in the natural self.

wohnte
Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

Mitte
'Middle' denotes what is primary, principal, or inmost.

grenze
A border as in Isaiah 54:12 signifies the scientific and sensual principle. "And thou shalt make unto it a border of an hand-breath round about."...

Ammon
The children of Ammon ('Jeremiah 49:1'), signify those who falsify the truths of the Word, and of the church.

Meer
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

unten
Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...

königs
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

Riesen
Giants, as in Genesis 6:4, signify those who, through a persuasion of their own height and pre-eminence view whatever is holy and true as nothing.

mose
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

manasse
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

josua
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

schlug
'To smite' signifies condemnation. 'To smite,' as in Genesis 14:15, signifies vindication. 'To smite,' as in Genesis 32:8, signifies destruction. 'To smite the earth with...

Berge
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

libanon
'Lebanon' signifies spiritual good. 'Lebanon' signifies the church regarding the perception of truth from the rational self.

seir
'Seir,' as in Genesis 33:14, signifies the conjunction of spiritual and celestial things in the natural level, that is, the truth of faith with the...

israels
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

wüste
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

mittag
'South' denotes truth in light.

hethiter
'A Hittite' in a good sense, signifies the spiritual church, or the truth of the church. The Hittites were among the upright Gentiles who were...

heviter
The Hivites' represent those who were in idolatry, but in which there was something of good.

jericho
Jericho' signifies instruction and also the good of life because no one can be instructed in the truths of doctrine but he who is in...

Ai
Hai, or Ai, signifies light derived from worldly things.

Seite
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

beth-el
Als Jakob seinen berühmten Traum hatte, von einer Treppe, die zum Himmel führt, nannte er den Ort "Bethel", was hebräisch für "das Haus Gottes" ist....

jerusalem
Jerusalem, on Mount Zion, signifies the doctrine of love to the Lord, and how it governs your life. Jerusalem first comes to our attention in...

hebron
'Hebron' represents the Lord's spiritual church in the land of Canaan. 'Hebron' represents the church as to good.

hazor
'The inhabitants of Hazor,' as mentioned in Jeremiah 49:30, signify those who possess spiritual riches, which are the things of faith. 'Hazor,' as mentioned in...

megiddo
'Megiddo,' as in 2 Chronicles 3, signifies the same as Armageddon.

karmel
Carmel (Isa. 16:10) signifies the good of the church. Carmel also signifies the celestial church. (Isa. 35:2.)

heiden
'The time of the heathen,' as mentioned in Ezekiel 30:3, signifies the heathen, or wickedness.

gilgal
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.


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