Josua 15

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Lutherbibel (1545)         

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1 Das Los des Stamms der Kinder Juda unter ihren Geschlechtern war die Grenze Edom an der Wüste Zin, die gegen Mittag stößet an der Ecke der Mittagsländer,

2 daß ihre Mittagsgrenzen waren von der Ecke an dem Salzmeer, das ist, von der Zunge, die gegen mittagwärts gehet,

3 und kommt hinaus von dannen hinauf zu Akrabbim und gehet durch Zin; und gehet aber hinauf von mittagwärts gegen Kades-Barnea; und gehet durch Hezron und gehet hinauf gen Adar und lenket sich um Karkaa;

4 und gehet durch Azmon und kommt hinaus an den Bach Ägyptens, daß das Ende der Grenze das Meer wird. Das sei eure Grenze gegen Mittag.

5 Aber die Morgengrenze ist von dem Salzmeer an bis an des Jordans Ende. Die Grenze gegen Mitternacht ist von der Zunge des Meers, die am Ort des Jordans ist,

6 und gehet herauf gen Beth-Hagla und zeucht sich von mitternachtwärts gen Beth-Araba und kommt herauf zum Stein Bohen, des Sohns Rubens;

7 und gehet herauf gen Debir, vom Tal Achor und von dem Mitternachtsort, der gegen Gilgal siehet, welche liegt gegenüber zu Adumim hinauf, die von mittagwärts am Wasser liegt. Danach gehet sie zu dem Wasser En-Semes und kommt hinaus zum Brunnen Rogel.

8 Danach gehet sie herauf zum Tal des Sohns Hinnoms an der Seite her des Jebusiters, der von mittagwärts wohnet, das ist Jerusalem; und kommt herauf auf die Spitze des Berges, der vor dem Tal Hinnom liegt von abendwärts, welcher stößet an die Ecke des Tals Raphaim gegen Mitternacht zu.

9 Danach kommt sie von desselben Berges Spitze zu dem Wasserbrunnen Nephthoah und kommt heraus zu den Städten des Gebirges Ephron und neiget sich gen Baala, das ist Kiriath-Jearim;

10 und lenket sich herum von Baala gegen Abend zum Gebirge Seir und gehet an der Seite her des Gebirges Jearim von mitternachtwärts, das ist Chessalon, und kommt herab gen Beth-Semes und gehet durch Thimna;

11 und bricht heraus an der Seite Ekron her gegen mitternachtwärts und zeucht sich gen Sichron; und gehet über den Berg Baala und kommt heraus gen Jabneel, daß ihr Letztes ist das Meer.

12 Die Grenze aber gegen Abend ist das große Meer. Das ist die Grenze der Kinder Juda umher in ihren Geschlechtern.

13 Kaleb aber, dem Sohn Jephunnes, wurde sein Teil gegeben unter den Kindern Juda, nach dem der HERR Josua befahl, nämlich die Kiriath-Arba, des Vaters Enaks, das ist Hebron.

14 Und Kaleb vertrieb von dannen die drei Söhne Enaks: Sesai, Ahiman und Thalmai, geboren von Enak.

15 Und zog von dannen hinauf, zu den Einwohnern Debirs. Debir aber hieß vor Zeiten Kiriath-Sepher.

16 Und Kaleb sprach: Wer Kiriath-Sepher schlägt und gewinnet, dem will ich meine Tochter Achsa zum Weibe geben.

17 Da gewann sie Athniel, der Sohn Kenas, des Bruders Kalebs; und er gab ihm seine Tochter Achsa zum Weibe.

18 Und es begab sich, da sie einzog, ward ihr geraten, einen Acker zu fordern von ihrem Vater; und sie fiel vom Esel. Da sprach Kaleb zu ihr: Was ist dir?

19 Sie sprach: Gib mir einen Segen; denn du hast mir ein Mittagsland gegeben, gib mir auch Wasserquellen. Da gab er ihr Quellen oben und unten.

20 Dies ist das Erbteil des Stamms der Kinder Juda unter ihren Geschlechtern.

21 Und die Städte des Stamms der Kinder Juda von einer Ecke zu der andern an der Grenze der Edomiter gegen Mittag waren diese: Kabzeel, Eder, Jagur,

22 Kina, Dimona, Ad-Ada,

23 Kedes, Hazor, Ithnan,

24 Siph, Telem, Bealoth,

25 Hazor-Hadata, Kirioth-Hezron, das ist Hazor,

26 Amam, Sema, Molada,

27 Hazar-Gadda, Hesmon, Beth-Palet,

28 Hazar-Sual, Beer-Seba, Bisjoth-Ja,

29 Baala, Ijim, Azem,

30 EI-Tholad, Chesil, Horma,

31 Ziklag, Madmanna, Sansanna,

32 Lebaoth, Silhim, Ain, Rimon. Das sind neunundzwanzig Städte und ihre Dörfer.

33 In den Gründen aber war Esthaol, Zarea, Asna,

34 Sanoah, En-Gannim, Thapuah, Enam,

35 Jarmuth, Adullam , Socho, Aseka,

36 Saaraim, Adithaim, Gedera, Gederothaim. Das sind vierzehn Städte und ihre Dörfer.

37 Zenan, Hadasa, Migdal-Gad,

38 Dilean, Mizpe, Jakthiel,

39 Lachis, Bazekath, Eglon,

40 Chabon, Lahmam, Cithlis,

41 Gederoth, Beth-Dagon, Naema, Makeda. Das sind sechzehn Städte und ihre Dörfer.

42 Libna, Ether, Asan,

43 Jephthah, Asna, Nezib,

44 Kegila, Achsib, Maresa. Das sind neun Städte und ihre Dörfer.

45 Ekron mit ihren Töchtern und Dörfern.

46 Von Ekron und ans Meer alles, was an Asdod langet, und ihre Dörfer;

47 Asdod mit ihren Töchtern und Dörfern, Gasa mit ihren Töchtern und Dörfern bis an das Wasser Ägyptens. Und das große Meer ist seine Grenze.

48 Auf dem Gebirge aber war Samir, Jattir, Socho,

49 Danna, Kiriath-Sanna, das ist Debir,

50 Anah, Esthemo, Anim,

51 Gosen, Holon, Gilo. Das sind elf Städte und ihre Dörfer.

52 Arab, Duma, Esean,

53 Janum, Beth-Thapuah, Apheka,

54 Humta, Kiriath-Arba, das ist Hebron, Zior. Das sind neun Städte und ihre Dörfer.

55 Maon, Karmel, Siph, Juta,

56 Jesreel, Jakdeam, Sanoah,

57 Kam, Gibea, Thimna. Das sind zehn Städte und ihre Dörfer.

58 Halhul, Beth-Zur, Gedor,

59 Maarath, Beth-Anoth, Elthekon. Das sind sechs Städte und ihre Dörfer.

60 Kiriath-Baal, das ist Kiriath-Jearim, Harabba; zwo Städte und ihre Dörfer.

61 In der Wüste aber war Beth-Araba, Middin, Sechacha,

62 Nibsan und die Salzstadt und Engeddi. Das sind sechs Städte und ihre Dörfer.

63 Die Jebusiter aber wohneten zu Jerusalem, und die Kinder Juda konnten sie nicht vertreiben. Also blieben die Jebusiter mit den Kindern Juda zu Jerusalem bis auf diesen Tag.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 15      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 15: Judah’s territory and more about Caleb.

This chapter describes the territory given to the tribe of Judah, and lists many of its cities and borders. Judah received a major portion of the land of Canaan; its eastern border was the Salt Sea (the Dead Sea), and the western border was the Great Sea (the Mediterranean).

Although Judah was the fourth son of Jacob, he played a more significant role in many of the Old Testament stories than his older brothers did. So, it is not surprising that the tribe of Judah received extensive territory in the south of Canaan, which in later time became the nation of Judah, along with the tribe of Benjamin’s small territory. The name ‘Judah’ also eventually led to the name ‘Jewish’, coming from the Roman province of Judaea. The name ‘Judah’ also means “praise”, specifically praise of God (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 456).

Praise itself is a commendation of a person’s good qualities. To give praise is part of our love for our neighbour; to receive praise underscores our sense of our own value. To praise the Lord is to give thanks to Him, and to affirm the difference that the Lord makes in our life. Ultimately, praise is part of our faith in the Lord to lead us through this life and for eternity.

This uplifting, positive spiritual meaning of Judah does not mean that Judah (the man in the Old Testament) was without faults. He had his flaws, as everyone does, but at times Judah changed the course of events for a better outcome. It was Judah who persuaded his brothers to sell Joseph rather than kill him, and he also offered himself as a hostage for the sake of his brothers (Arcana Caelestia 4815[2]).

Chapter 15 lists very many locations in Judah’s territory. Here are just a few of the places listed, along with their meaning and spiritual significance:

Judah = “praise”
Spiritually = our worship of God

Which includes these, and many more aspects…

Zin = “flat, level ground”
Spiritually = life under God’s guidance

Kadesh Barnea = “holy wanderings”
Spiritually = becoming purified

Beth Hoglah = “house of the partridge”
Spiritually = bringing to birth

En Rogel = “water spring of the foot”
Spiritually = life in everyday activities

Jerusalem = “dwelling place of peace; wholeness”
Spiritually = our highest spiritual state

Nephtoah = “to be open”
Spiritually = to be part of all life

Timnah = “allotted portion”
Spiritually = what the Lord has created me for

Mount Hebron, which was in the territory of Judah, was given to Caleb as an inheritance because of his faithfulness to God. We read in this chapter that he conquers the giants living there, and drives them away from Mount Hebron. Caleb makes a promise that whoever takes the nearby city of Kirjath-sepher will have his daughter, Achsah, for a wife. Caleb’s brother’s son, Othniel, captures the city and marries Achsah. Caleb blesses Achsah and gives her springs of water upon her request, and he also gives Othniel a field.

The spiritual meaning of this touching story is that our spiritual life is intended to come together to be like a family (Arcana Caelestia 3020), just as Caleb, Achsah and Othniel are all close members of a family. Spiritual life is about bringing together our beliefs, our loves and affections, our intentions, and our actions. These different aspects of spiritual life become like one family where everyone – or everything – is interwoven together.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Die Himmlischen Geheimnisse 3708, 3858

Apocalypse Explained 431

Apocalypse Revealed 349


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Die Himmlischen Geheimnisse 1585, 1616, 2723, 2909, 3862, 4599, 4816, ...

Wahre Christliche Religion 614


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 417

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Významy biblických slov

los
On the most internal level, the stories of Abraham tell us about the Lord's development in his own childhood, with Abraham representing the Lord's spiritual...

Kinder
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

juda
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

grenze
A border as in Isaiah 54:12 signifies the scientific and sensual principle. "And thou shalt make unto it a border of an hand-breath round about."...

edom
'Edom' or 'Idumea,' as in Isaiah 34:5, signifies those who are in evil and in falsities thence derived.

wüste
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

mittag
'South' denotes truth in light.

Zunge
'The tongue,' as an organ, signifies doctrine, but as speech, or language, it signifies religion. 'Tongue' signifies perception of truth with respect to speech, and...

um
To encompass, as in Genesis 19:4, signifies to be contrary, or to attack and assault with a hostile intention.

Bach
A 'stream' signifies aspects of intelligence.

Ägyptens
'Mizraim' signifies the same thing as Egypt.

Meer
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

jordans
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...

mitternacht
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

Stein
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

rubens
'Reuben,' in the highest sense, signifies omniscience. In a spiritual sense, he signifies wisdom, intelligence, science, and faith. In a natural sense, he signifies sight....

Tal
Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

gilgal
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

wasser
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

dem Wasser
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

Seite
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

jerusalem
Jerusalem, on Mount Zion, signifies the doctrine of love to the Lord, and how it governs your life. Jerusalem first comes to our attention in...

Vor
In den meisten Fällen ist die Bedeutung von "vorher" ziemlich einfach, sowohl als eine Art der Beurteilung der relativen Zeit, als auch in der Verwendung...

ephron
Ephron (Gen. 23:8, 17) signifies those with whom the good and truth of faith, which are the constituents of the church, might be received.

seir
'Seir,' as in Genesis 33:14, signifies the conjunction of spiritual and celestial things in the natural level, that is, the truth of faith with the...

Thimna
'Thimnath,' as in Genesis 38:12, signifies a state of consultatoin for the church.

Berg
The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

kaleb
Caleb, In Numbers 14:24, represents those who are introduced into the church, and, accordingly, his seed signifies the truth of the doctrine of the church.

Sohn
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

gegeben
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

herr
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

josua
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

hebron
'Hebron' represents the Lord's spiritual church in the land of Canaan. 'Hebron' represents the church as to good.

drei
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

Söhne
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

sprach
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

tochter
"Behold I have two daughters,” etc. (Gen. 19:8), signifies the affections of good and truth, and the blessedness perceivable from the enjoyment thereof, by those...

geben
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

kalebs
Caleb, In Numbers 14:24, represents those who are introduced into the church, and, accordingly, his seed signifies the truth of the doctrine of the church.

Acker
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

Vater
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

esel
Donkeys signify the things relating to the self-intelligence of the sensual man; and camels, the things of self-intelligence in the natural man (Isa 30:6, 7.)

Städte
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

hazor
'The inhabitants of Hazor,' as mentioned in Jeremiah 49:30, signify those who possess spiritual riches, which are the things of faith. 'Hazor,' as mentioned in...

Dörfer
'Villages' signify the external aspects of faith and the church. Rituals are the external parts of the church. Doctrines are the internal parts when they...

vierzehn
Fourteen, as in Genesis 31:40, signifies a first period of time. The fourteenth year, as in Genesis 14:5, signifies the first temptation of the Lord...

neun
'Nine' signifies conjunction.

gosen
‘The land of Goshen,’ as in Genesis 46:28, signifies the innermost parts of the natural mind.

karmel
Carmel (Isa. 16:10) signifies the good of the church. Carmel also signifies the celestial church. (Isa. 35:2.)

gibea
Gibeah, as in 2 Samuel 6, signifies the natural or ultimate principle of the church. Gibeah, Ramah, and Bethaven, as in Hosea 5:8, denote those...

zehn
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

sechs
Like most numbers in the Bible, "six" can have various meanings depending on context, but has a couple that are primary. When used in relation...

tag
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

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