1 Samuel 3

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1 Und der Knabe Samuel diente Jehova vor Eli. Und das Wort Jehovas war selten in jenen Tagen, Gesichte waren nicht häufig.

2 Und es geschah in selbiger Zeit, als Eli an seinem Orte lag seine Augen aber hatten begonnen, blöde zu werden, er konnte nicht sehen-

3 und die Lampe Gottes war noch nicht erloschen, und Samuel lag im Tempel Jehovas, woselbst die Lade Gottes war,

4 da rief Jehova den Samuel. Und er sprach: Hier bin ich!

5 Und er lief zu Eli und sprach: Hier bin ich, denn du hast mich gerufen. Aber er sprach: Ich habe nicht gerufen, lege dich wieder. Und er ging hin und legte sich.

6 Und Jehova rief wiederum: Samuel! Und Samuel stand auf und ging zu Eli und sprach: Hier bin ich, denn du hast mich gerufen. Und er sprach: Ich habe nicht gerufen, mein Sohn, lege dich wieder.

7 Samuel aber kannte Jehova noch nicht, und das Wort Jehovas war ihm noch nicht geoffenbart.

8 Und Jehova rief wiederum zum dritten Male: Samuel! Und er stand auf und ging zu Eli und sprach: Hier bin ich, denn du hast mich gerufen. Da erkannte Eli, daß Jehova den Knaben rief.

9 Und Eli sprach zu Samuel: Gehe hin, lege dich; und es geschehe, wenn man dich ruft, so sprich: Rede, Jehova, denn dein Knecht hört. Und Samuel ging hin und legte sich an seinen Ort.

10 Und Jehova kam und trat hin und rief wie die anderen Male: Samuel, Samuel! Und Samuel sprach: Rede, denn dein Knecht hört.

11 Da sprach Jehova zu Samuel: Siehe, ich will eine Sache tun in Israel, daß jedem, der sie hört, seine beiden Ohren gellen sollen.

12 An selbigem Tage werde ich wider Eli alles ausführen, was ich über sein Haus geredet habe: ich werde beginnen und vollenden.

13 Denn ich habe ihm kundgetan, daß ich sein Haus richten will ewiglich, um der Ungerechtigkeit willen, die er gewußt hat, daß seine Söhne sich den Fluch zuzogen, und er ihnen nicht gewehrt hat.

14 Und darum habe ich dem Hause Elis geschworen: Wenn Ungerechtigkeit des Hauses Elis gesühnt werden soll durch Schlachtopfer und durch Speisopfer ewiglich!

15 Und Samuel lag bis zum Morgen; da tat er die Tür des Hauses Jehovas auf. Und Samuel fürchtete sich, Eli das Gesicht kundzutun.

16 Da rief Eli den Samuel und sprach: Samuel, mein Sohn! Und er sprach: Hier bin ich!

17 Und er sprach: Was ist das Wort, das er zu dir geredet hat? Verhehle es mir doch nicht. So tue dir Gott und so füge er hinzu, wenn du mir etwas verhehlst von allem, was er zu dir geredet hat!

18 Da tat ihm Samuel alle die Worte kund und verhehlte ihm nichts. Und er sprach: Er ist Jehova; er tue, was gut ist in seinen Augen.

19 Und Samuel wurde groß; und Jehova war mit ihm und ließ keines von allen seinen Worten auf die Erde fallen.

20 Und ganz Israel, von Dan bis Beerseba, erkannte, daß Samuel als Prophet Jehovas bestätigt war.

21 Und Jehova fuhr fort in Silo zu erscheinen; denn Jehova offenbarte sich dem Samuel in Silo durch das Wort Jehovas. Und das Wort Samuels erging an ganz Israel.

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Exploring the Meaning of 1_Samuel 3      

Chapter 3 features the beautiful story of the “Call of Samuel”. The story begins when young Samuel hears a voice calling to him in the night, as he lies down to sleep. Thinking that it must be Eli calling, Samuel runs to Eli, who is now old and blind, to ask what he wants. Eli says that he didn't call, and tells Samuel to return to bed. This happens two more times, and each time Samuel hears the voice calling, he goes to Eli. On the third occasion, Eli realizes that it must be the Lord's voice that Samuel is hearing. Eli then instructs him to respond to the voice with the words, “Speak, Lord, for your servant hears.” When the Lord calls him again, this is how Samuel responds.

God’s words to Samuel are clear. Because Eli’s sons had done things that were vile, and Eli had not restrained them, no amount of sacrifice could spare them from the consequences. In the morning, Eli begs Samuel to share what the Lord said to him. After Samuel shares God’s message, Eli accepts that the Lord would do to him and his family as He saw fit.

Samuel is called by the Lord three times before he realizes the nature of the voice, and answers. This is an example of the numeric symbolism found throughout Scripture. In this story, the number three represents a form of Divine completeness. Therefore when Samuel is called three times, it represents the completion of a personal process, resulting in a new ability to receive God’s message (see Apocalypse Revealed 505).

Swedenborg’s writings explain that to “hear” represents to perceive, to learn and come to understand. When Samuel hears and replies to the Lord, he is demonstrating that he is willing to listen to and understand God. For us, it's a similar thing. We may not hear the voice of God calling in the night, but we can make space in our lives to try to tune in to his message, in the Word, and in good, wise people who we can learn from.

The expression “to hear” can also signify to obey, and in this story we can see Samuel accepting his role as prophet, i.e. to understand and obey God. So, too, we can recognize His message and begin to live a life of faithful obedience (see Apocalypse Explained 14).

The literal story seems to suggest that the Lord would punish Eli and his sons for the wrongs they had done. However, the truth as shared in Swedenborgian teachings is that the Lord never destroys, or is even angry. Instead, evil distances a person from His protection and therefore leaves them vulnerable to the destruction that comes from the evil itself (see Arcana Coelestia 588).


Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2723, 2788, 4495

Enthüllte Offenbarung 505

Die Lehre des neuen Jerusalem von der Heiligen Schrift 29

True Christian Religion 211

Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 532

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Významy biblických slov

'Samuel' signifies the Word.

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‘To grow’ signifies to be perfected.

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The light of a lamp' signifies illumination from the Lord. A lamp,' as in Revelation 22, signifies natural light from self-derived intelligence. 'A lamp' signifies...

Der Herr ist die Liebe selbst, ausgedrückt in der Form der Weisheit selbst. Die Liebe ist also sein Wesen, sein Innerstes. Die Weisheit - das...

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stand auf
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To call someone or summon someone in the Bible represents a desire for conjunction between higher and lower states of life. For instance, imagine someone...

Thanks to modern science, we now understand that hearing actually happens in the brain, not the ears. The ears collect vibrations in the air and...

'A dry place,' as in Luke 11:24, signifies states of evil and falsity which are in the life of someone who does the work of...

As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

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In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

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'To sware' is a binding.

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In a general sense, doors in the Bible represent the initial desires for good and concepts of truth that introduce people to new levels of...

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It seems rather circular to say that “good” in the Bible represents good, but in a general sense it’s true! The case is this: The...

"Erde" kann in der Bibel eine Person oder eine Gruppe von Gleichgesinnten wie in einer Kirche bedeuten. Aber sie bezieht sich speziell auf das Äußere...

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The tribe of Dan (Jer. 8:16) signifies truth in its own ultimate degree of order, here truth in the church, which is contained in the...

The idea of a "prophet" is very closely tied to the idea of the Bible itself, since the Bible was largely written by prophets. At...

The word "Shiloh" means "peacemaker", or just "peace". Peace on earth was, and is, one of the Lord's main goals in being born into the...

'Samuel' signifies the Word.

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 Compare: Moses and Samuel
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

 Eli and Samuel
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Hearing the Lord
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Lord Calls to Samuel
Project | Ages up to 6

 Procreation Spiritual and Natural
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 Quotes: Hearing the Lord
Teaching Support | Ages over 15

Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 Samuel, Samuel! (sheet music)
Song | Ages 4 - 14

 Samuel's Call
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

 Speak Lord, for Your Servant Hears
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Burning Bush with Tissue Paper
Project | Ages 7 - 14

 The Call of Samuel Diorama
Backdrop and figures of Eli and Samuel to color and assemble into a diorama of the Lord calling Samuel.
Project | Ages 7 - 14

 The Lord Calls Samuel
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 The Lord Calls Samuel
A lesson for younger children with discussion ideas and a project.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 The Lord Calls Samuel (3-5 years)
Project | Ages 4 - 6

 The Lord Calls Samuel (6-8 years)
Project | Ages 7 - 10

 The Lord Calls Samuel (9-11 years)
Project | Ages 11 - 14

 Who Obeyed or Disobeyed the Lord?
Use names from a word bank to identify people in the Word who obeyed or who disobeyed the Lord. Story references are provided to help you.
Activity | All Ages