Juges 16

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1 Or Samson s'en alla à Gaza, et vit là une femme paillarde, et alla vers elle.

2 Et on dit à ceux de Gaza : Samson est venu ici ; ils l'environnèrent, et lui dressèrent une embuscade toute la nuit à la porte de la ville, et ils se tinrent tranquilles toute la nuit, en disant : [Qu'on ne bouge point] jusqu'au point du jour, et nous le tuerons.

3 Mais Samson après avoir dormi jusqu'à la minuit, se leva, et se saisit des portes de la ville, et des deux poteaux, et les ayant enlevés avec la barre, il les mit sur ses épaules, et les porta sur le sommet de la montagne qui est vis-à-vis de Hébron.

4 Après cela il aima une femme [qui se tenait] près du torrent de Sorek, le nom de laquelle était Délila.

5 Et les Gouverneurs des Philistins montèrent vers elle, et lui dirent : Persuade-le jusqu'à ce que tu saches de lui en quoi consiste sa grande force, et comment nous le surmonterions, afin que nous le liions pour l'abattre; et nous te donnerons chacun onze cents [pièces] d'argent.

6 Délila donc dit à Samson : Déclare-moi, je te prie, en quoi consiste ta grande force, et avec quoi tu serais bien lié, pour t'abattre.

7 Et Samson lui répondit : Si on me liait de sept cordes fraîches, qui ne fussent point encore sèches, je deviendrais sans force, et je serais comme un autre homme.

8 Les Gouverneurs donc des Philistins lui envoyèrent sept cordes fraîches qui n'étaient point encore sèches, et elle l'en lia.

9 Or il y avait chez elle dans une chambre des gens qui étaient en embûches, et elle lui dit : Les Philistins sont sur toi, Samson. Alors il rompit les cordes, comme se romprait un filet d'étoupes dès qu'il sent le feu, et sa force ne fut point connue.

10 Puis Délila dit à Samson : Voici tu t'es moqué de moi, car tu m'as dit des mensonges; je te prie, déclare-moi maintenant avec quoi tu pourrais être bien lié.

11 Et il lui répondit : Si on me liait serré de courroies neuves, dont on ne se serait jamais servi, je deviendrais sans force, et je serais comme un autre homme.

12 Délila donc prit des courroies neuves, et elle l'en lia; puis elle lui dit : Les Philistins sont sur toi, Samson. Or il y avait des gens en embûches dans la chambre : et il rompit les courroies de dessus ses bras comme un filet.

13 Puis Délila dit à Samson : Tu t'es moqué de moi jusqu'ici, et tu m'as dit des mensonges; déclare-moi avec quoi tu serais bien lié. Et il dit : [Ce serait] si tu avais tissu sept tresses de ma tête autour d'une ensuble.

14 Et elle les mit [dans l'ensuble] avec l'attache, puis elle dit : Les Philistins sont sur toi, Samson. Alors il se réveilla de son sommeil, et enleva l'attache de la tissure avec l'ensuble.

15 Alors elle lui dit : Comment dis-tu : Je t'aime, puisque ton cœur n'est point avec moi? Tu t'es moqué de moi trois fois, et tu ne m'as point déclaré en quoi consiste ta grande force.

16 Et elle le tourmentait tous les jours par ses paroles, et le pressait vivement, tellement que son âme en fut affligée jusqu'à la mort.

17 Alors il lui ouvrit tout son cœur, et lui dit : Le rasoir n'a jamais passé sur ma tête; car je suis Nazarien de Dieu dès le ventre de ma mère; si je suis rasé, ma force m'abandonnera, je me trouverai sans force, et je serai comme tous les [autres] hommes.

18 Délila donc voyant qu'il lui avait ouvert tout son cœur, envoya appeler les Gouverneurs des Philistins, et leur dit : Montez à cette fois; car il m'a ouvert tout son cœur. Les Gouverneurs donc des Philistins montèrent vers elle, portant l'argent en leurs mains.

19 Et elle l'endormit sur ses genoux, et ayant appelé un homme, elle lui fit raser sept tresses des cheveux de sa tête, et commença à l'abattre, et sa force l'abandonna.

20 Alors elle dit : Les Philistins sont sur toi, Samson. Et il s'éveilla de son sommeil, disant [en lui-même] : J'en sortirai comme les autres fois, et je me tirerai [de leurs mains] ; mais il ne savait pas que l'Eternel s'était retiré de lui.

21 Les Philistins donc le saisirent, et lui crevèrent les yeux, et le menèrent à Gaza, et le lièrent de deux chaînes d'airain; et il tournait la meule dans la prison.

22 Et les cheveux de sa tête commencèrent à revenir comme ils étaient lorsqu'il fut rasé.

23 Or les Gouverneurs des Philistins s'assemblèrent pour offrir un grand sacrifice à Dagon leur dieu, et pour se réjouir, et ils dirent : Notre dieu a livré en nos mains Samson notre ennemi.

24 Le peuple aussi l'ayant vu, loua son dieu, en disant : Notre dieu a livré entre nos mains notre ennemi, et le destructeur de notre pays, et celui qui en a tant tué d'entre nous.

25 Or comme ils avaient le cœur joyeux, ils dirent : Faites venir Samson, afin qu'il nous fasse rire. Ils appelèrent donc Samson, et ils le tirèrent de la prison; il se jouait devant eux; et ils le firent tenir entre les piliers.

26 Alors Samson dit au garçon qui le tenait par la main : Mets-moi en une telle place que je puisse toucher les piliers sur lesquels la maison est appuyée, afin que je m'y appuie.

27 Or la maison était pleine d'hommes et de femmes, et tous les Gouverneurs des Philistins y étaient. Il y avait même sur le toit près de trois mille personnes tant d'hommes, que de femmes, qui regardaient Samson se jouer.

28 Alors Samson invoqua l'Eternel, et dit : Seigneur Eternel, je te prie, souviens-toi de moi; ô Dieu! je te prie, fortifie-moi seulement cette fois, et que pour un coup je me venge des Philistins pour mes deux yeux.

29 Samson donc embrassa les deux piliers du milieu, sur lesquels la maison était appuyée, et se tint à eux, l'un desquels était à sa main droite, et l'autre à sa gauche.

30 Et il dit : Que je meure avec les Philistins. Il s'étendit donc de toute sa force; et la maison tomba sur les Gouverneurs et sur tout le peuple qui y était. Et il fit mourir beaucoup plus de gens en sa mort, qu'il n'en avait fait mourir en sa vie.

31 Ensuite ses frères, et toute la maison de son père, descendirent, et l'emportèrent; et étant remontés ils l'ensevelirent entre Tsorah et Estaol, dans le sépulcre de Manoah son père. Or il jugea Israël vingt ans.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 16      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 16: Samson and Delilah; Samson dies with the Philistines.

In this final chapter about Samson, he becomes involved with two women, and both episodes lead him to fight for his life.

The first woman was a prostitute from Gaza, a Philistine town. When the men of Gaza heard that Samson was visiting this woman, they lay in wait for him all night, so that they could kill him in the morning. Samson foiled their plot by sneaking out at midnight. As he was leaving, he took the gates of the city and its two posts, put them upon his shoulders, and took them to the top of a hill facing Hebron, a town in Israel.

Some time later, Samson began to love an Israelite woman called Delilah, whose name means “lustful pining”. The lords of the Philistines bribed her to find out the source of Samson’s strength, so that they could take him prisoner. After deceiving her three times and evading her almost-daily questions, Samson finally admitted that his strength lay in his hair; if it were cut, he would be like any other man.

Delilah told this to the the lords of the Philistines, and they paid her the bribe. She lulled Samson to sleep, and had a man shave off all of Samson’s hair. She called out as she had the first three times: “The Philistines are upon you, Samson!” He awoke, but he was as weak as a normal man. The Philistines took him captive, gouged out his eyes, and forced him to work as a mill grinder in prison. However, while he was in prison, his hair began to grow back.

When the Philistines gathered to make a great sacrifice in the temple of their god, Dagon, to celebrate the capture of Samson, 3000 Philistine men and women were there, plus all of their kings. Samson was brought in as a spectacle to be mocked. He could feel his strength returning, and asked the boy leading him to let him lean against the two central columns of the temple. Samson prayed to the Lord, and pushed the columns until the temple collapsed, killing everyone there. That day, Samson brought about the death of more Philistines than he had in his life. His family took his body, and buried him between Zorah (“stricken”) and Eshtaol (“supplication”) in his father’s tomb.

*****

This chapter demonstrates the temptations and potential pitfalls of faith-alone spirituality, specifically through the women that Samson was involved with. Both of these episodes - the first with the prostitute from Gaza, and the second with Delilah - highlight Samson’s brazen passions and his apparent faults and weaknesses. Samson represents our determination to overcome the draw of faith alone, which the hells employ in order to ensnare us, and then rule us. The Lord’s teachings through the Word often precipitate a struggle within us between our lusts from the hells and our spiritual intentions (see Swedenborg’s work, Apocalypse Revealed 678[2] and Apocalypse Revealed 798[2]).

Seizing the gates and gateposts stands for changing the focus of our spiritual view. Gates represent the entry and exit points to our hearts and minds, through which we receive the Lord and the Word, but also the influences of hell (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Providence 119). The top of the hill stands for a mind raised up toward God, and ‘facing Hebron’ is representative of a new focus on the unity between us and the Word, for Hebron means ‘joined, brotherhood, unity’.

After three failed attempts, Delilah discovered that Samson’s strength lay in his hair, which had never been cut. Hair stands for the power and beauty of the Word in its literal sense, and our faithfulness in abiding by its truths (see Swedenborg’s works, Arcana Caelestia 9836[2] and Doctrine of the Lord 15[8]).

Samson’s imprisonment and abuse by the Philistines symbolize a period of spiritual turmoil, during which we are misled by the hells. Blindness corresponds to our inability to see or recognize truths; ‘grinding grain at the mill’ is like molding truths from the Word to support our own purposes - in this case, faith alone spirituality (Arcana Caelestia 10303[5] and Arcana Caelestia 10303[6]). Yet all the while, our ability to follow the Lord will gradually restrengthen, represented by Samson’s hair growing back.

In the last moments of his life, Samson brought down the temple of Dagon, killing three thousand of the Philistines at once. The two supporting columns of the Philistine temple stand for what is evil and what is false; when evil and falsity are toppled, the whole system of belief collapses. In sacrificing his life, Samson demonstrated the highest of all divine and heavenly loves (see Arcana Caelestia 2077[2]).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcanes Célestes 3301, 6437


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcanes Célestes 5247, 9836

Doctrine of the New Jerusalem Regarding the Sacred Scripture 49

True Christian Religion 223, 627


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 66, 750

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Významy biblických slov

Samson
'Samson' represents the Lord when He fought against the hells and subdued them because of His natural self regarding truth. This was before He put...

Gaza
Azzah, (Gen 10:19), signifies those things which are revealed concerning charity.

femme
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...

dit
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

venu
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

nuit
The sun in the Bible represents the Lord, with its heat representing His love and its light representing His wisdom. “Daytime,” then, represents a state...

Porte
"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

Ville
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

Minuit
The sun in the Bible represents the Lord, with its heat representing His love and its light representing His wisdom. “Daytime,” then, represents a state...

des portes
"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

portes
"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

deux
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

épaules
'The shoulder' signifies all power. 'The shoulder,' as in Ezekiel 29:7, signifies the power or faculty of understanding truth. 'To dwell between his shoulders,' as...

Montagne
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

Hébron
'Hebron' represents the Lord's spiritual church in the land of Canaan. 'Hebron' represents the church as to good.

après
Selon Swedenborg, le temps et l'espace n'existent pas dans la réalité spirituelle ; ce sont des choses purement naturelles qui n'existent que sur le plan...

aima
To some degree, there really is no spiritual meaning to the word “love” in the Bible. Why? Because if you truly love another, that is...

torrent
A 'stream' signifies aspects of intelligence.

Nom
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

Philistins
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...

nous
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

cents
It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...

Argent
'Money' relates to truth.

déclare
To "declare" something means to say it formally, publicly and with emphasis; you might say what you think, but you only declare things you're sure...

lié
Being bound, as in Genesis 42:16, denotes to be separated, for he who is kept b. is separated, viz., from the spiritual good, which is...

Sept
The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...

un
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

Feu
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

des mensonges
When people lie or speak falsely in the Bible, It represents what Swedenborg calls "falsity of faith" and the resulting "evil of faith." This is...

bras
Arms and feet (Daniel 10:6) signify the exterior things of the Word, which are its literal sense.

tête
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

sommeil
In a general sense, sleeping in the Bible represents a state of obscurity about spiritual matters, a state in which you are not recognizing things...

cœur
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

trois fois
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

Trois
'Thirteen,' between twelve and fourteen, denotes the intermediate state. 'Thirteen,' as the sum of ten and three, denotes remains.

déclaré
To "declare" something means to say it formally, publicly and with emphasis; you might say what you think, but you only declare things you're sure...

âme
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

Mort
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

Dieu
Le Seigneur est l'amour lui-même, exprimé sous la forme de la sagesse elle-même. L'amour, donc, est Son essence, Son plus profond. La sagesse - la...

ventre
'Womb,' as in Genesis 49:25, signifies the conjunction of good and truth. The term 'belly' is used where truths are being discussed, and the term...

mère
In general, mothers in the Bible represent the Lord's church on earth, or the church among those who know and follow the Lord. In some...

voyant
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

Ouvert
To open,' as in Revelation 9, signifies communication and conjunction.

l'argent
'Silver,' in the internal sense of the Word, signifies truth, but also falsity. 'Silver' means the truth of faith, or the truth acquired from selfhood,...

mains
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

genoux
A knee,' as in Genesis 30:5, signifies conjugial love. The king,' as in Isaiah 66:12, signifies celestial love. A knee,' as in Ezekiel 7:17, signifies...

appelé
'To proclaim' signifies exploration from influx of the Lord.

homme
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

savait
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

l'eternel
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

yeux
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

d'airain
Brass and iron as in Isaiah 48:4 and Daniel 7:19 signify what is hard.

cheveux
The hair is the very outermost part of the body, and "hair" in the Bible represents the outermost expression of whatever the body represents. In...

à
‘To grow’ signifies to be perfected.

Dagon
Dagon, (1 Sam. 5:6), being the idol of the Philistines, signifies their religion, which also was faith separate from charity.

ennemi
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

vu
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

Pays
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

Tué
'The slain' when referring to the Lord, as in Revelation 5, means the separation of everything from the divine. In denial of His divinity, He...

piliers
A pillar of a cloud by day,' and 'a pillar of fire by night,' as in Exodus 8:21, signifies a state of illustration which is...

garçon
"Youths" or "Young men" generally represent intelligence or the understanding of truth. This is fitting, since adolescent boys tend to be more advanced intellectually than...

main
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

Maison
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

Hommes
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

femmes
The word "woman" is used a number of different ways in the Bible – as a simple description, as someone connected to a man ("his...

toit
'A house-top,' as mentioned in Matthew 24:13, signifies the superior state of a person, and consequently, his state as to good.

mille
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

Seigneur
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Milieu
'Middle' denotes what is primary, principal, or inmost.

mourir
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

beaucoup
Intellectual things – ideas, knowledge, facts, even insight and understanding – are more separate and free-standing than emotional things, and it’s easier to imagine numbering...

Frères
Brethren (Gen. 27:29) signify the affections of good.

père
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

sépulcre
A grave, as in Psalm 88:5, signifies hell. ‘To come forth out of the grave,’ as in John 5:29, signifies to come forth out of...

Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

vingt
'Twenty,' when referring to a quantity, signifies everything, or fullness, because it is ten twice. In Genesis 18:31, 'twenty', like all numbers occurring in the...

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 Dividing the Land of Canaan Review Questions
Choose words from a word bank to complete sentences about the division of the land of Canaan.
Activity | All Ages

 Getting Strength from the Word
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 Play: Samson's Death
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

 Quotes: Power of the Lord's Word
Teaching Support | Ages over 15

 Samson Bas Relief Project
Use a modeling compound to make a bas-relief illustration of Samson pulling down the pillars of the Philistine temple after asking the Lord to give him strength.  
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

 Samson Carries the Doors of the City Gate
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Samson Collage
Make a picture of Samson using a variety of materials. Give Samson a good head of hair using yarn or synthetic hair. 
Project | Ages 4 - 10

 Samson Destroys the Temple of the Philistines
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Samson Is Enslaved
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Samson Is Taken Prisoner
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Samson’s Death
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Sequence the Story of Samson with Pictures
Arrange the picture cards in the order these events happened in Samson’s life. 
Activity | Ages 4 - 10

 Strength in the Word
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 The Life of Samson Story Line
A story-line graphs the ups and downs of events. Which do you think would picture the story of Samson’s life better—a straight line or a jagged line? 
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

 The Meaning of Samson
Article | Ages 15 - 17

 The Number Seven in the Word Crossword Puzzle
Discover stories that include the number seven in the Word.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 The Story of Samson and Our Spiritual Rebirth
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 Three Stories About Samson
Finish illustrating and describing three stories about Samson.
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

 What Samson Represents
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Who Obeyed or Disobeyed the Lord?
Use names from a word bank to identify people in the Word who obeyed or who disobeyed the Lord. Story references are provided to help you.
Activity | All Ages


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