Genèse 31

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French: Louis Segond (1910)         

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1 Jacob entendit les propos des fils de Laban, qui disaient: Jacob a pris tout ce qui était à notre père, et c'est avec le bien de notre père qu'il s'est acquis toute cette richesse.

2 Jacob remarqua aussi le visage de Laban; et voici, il n'était plus envers lui comme auparavant.

3 Alors l'Eternel dit à Jacob: Retourne au pays de tes pères et dans ton lieu de naissance, et je serai avec toi.

4 Jacob fit appeler Rachel et Léa, qui étaient aux champs vers son troupeau.

5 Il leur dit: Je vois, au visage de votre père, qu'il n'est plus envers moi comme auparavant; mais le Dieu de mon père a été avec moi.

6 Vous savez vous-mêmes que j'ai servi votre père de tout mon pouvoir.

7 Et votre père s'est joué de moi, et a changé dix fois mon salaire; mais Dieu ne lui a pas permis de me faire du mal.

8 Quand il disait: Les tachetées seront ton salaire, toutes les brebis faisaient des petits tachetés. Et quand il disait: Les rayées seront ton salaire, toutes les brebis faisaient des petits rayés.

9 Dieu a pris à votre père son troupeau, et me l'a donné.

10 Au temps où les brebis entraient en chaleur, je levai les yeux, et je vis en songe que les boucs qui couvraient les brebis étaient rayés, tachetés et marquetés.

11 Et l'ange de Dieu me dit en songe: Jacob! Je répondis: Me voici!

12 Il dit: Lève les yeux, et regarde: tous les boucs qui couvrent les brebis sont rayés, tachetés et marquetés; car j'ai vu tout ce que te fait Laban.

13 Je suis le Dieu de Béthel, où tu as oint un monument, où tu m'as fait un voeu. Maintenant, lève-toi, sors de ce pays, et retourne au pays de ta naissance.

14 Rachel et Léa répondirent, et lui dirent: Avons-nous encore une part et un héritage dans la maison de notre père?

15 Ne sommes-nous pas regardées par lui comme des étrangères, puisqu'il nous a vendues, et qu'il a mangé notre argent?

16 Toute la richesse que Dieu a ôtée à notre père appartient à nous et à nos enfants. Fais maintenant tout ce que Dieu t'a dit.

17 Jacob se leva, et il fit monter ses enfants et ses femmes sur les chameaux.

18 Il emmena tout son troupeau et tous les biens qu'il possédait, le troupeau qui lui appartenait, qu'il avait acquis à Paddan-Aram; et il s'en alla vers Isaac, son père, au pays de Canaan.

19 Tandis que Laban était allé tondre ses brebis, Rachel déroba les théraphim de son père;

20 et Jacob trompa Laban, l'Araméen, en ne l'avertissant pas de sa fuite.

21 Il s'enfuit, avec tout ce qui lui appartenait; il se leva, traversa le fleuve, et se dirigea vers la montagne de Galaad.

22 Le troisième jour, on annonça à Laban que Jacob s'était enfui.

23 Il prit avec lui ses frères, le poursuivit sept journées de marche, et l'atteignit à la montagne de Galaad.

24 Mais Dieu apparut la nuit en songe à Laban, l'Araméen, et lui dit: Garde-toi de parler à Jacob ni en bien ni en mal!

25 Laban atteignit donc Jacob. Jacob avait dressé sa tente sur la montagne; Laban dressa aussi la sienne, avec ses frères, sur la montagne de Galaad.

26 Alors Laban dit à Jacob: Qu'as-tu fait? Pourquoi m'as-tu trompé, et emmènes-tu mes filles comme des captives par l'épée?

27 Pourquoi as-tu pris la fuite en cachette, m'as-tu trompé, et ne m'as-tu point averti? Je t'aurais laissé partir au milieu des réjouissances et des chants, au son du tambourin et de la harpe.

28 Tu ne m'as pas permis d'embrasser mes fils et mes filles! C'est en insensé que tu as agi.

29 Ma main est assez forte pour vous faire du mal; mais le Dieu de votre père m'a dit hier: Garde-toi de parler à Jacob ni en bien ni en mal!

30 Maintenant que tu es parti, parce que tu languissais après la maison de ton père, pourquoi as-tu dérobé mes dieux?

31 Jacob répondit, et dit à Laban: J'avais de la crainte à la pensée que tu m'enlèverais peut-être tes filles.

32 Mais périsse celui auprès duquel tu trouveras tes dieux! En présence de nos frères, examine ce qui t'appartient chez moi, et prends-le. Jacob ne savait pas que Rachel les eût dérobés.

33 Laban entra dans la tente de Jacob, dans la tente de Léa, dans la tente des deux servantes, et il ne trouva rien. Il sortit de la tente de Léa, et entra dans la tente de Rachel.

34 Rachel avait pris les théraphim, les avait mis sous le bât du chameau, et s'était assise dessus. Laban fouilla toute la tente, et ne trouva rien.

35 Elle dit à son père: Que mon seigneur ne se fâche point, si je ne puis me lever devant toi, car j'ai ce qui est ordinaire aux femmes. Il chercha, et ne trouva point les théraphim.

36 Jacob s'irrita, et querella Laban. Il reprit la parole, et lui dit: Quel est mon crime, quel est mon péché, que tu me poursuives avec tant d'ardeur?

37 Quand tu as fouillé tous mes effets, qu'as-tu trouvé des effets de ta maison? Produis-le ici devant mes frères et tes frères, et qu'ils prononcent entre nous deux.

38 Voilà vingt ans que j'ai passés chez toi; tes brebis et tes chèvres n'ont point avorté, et je n'ai point mangé les béliers de ton troupeau.

39 Je ne t'ai point rapporté de bêtes déchirées, j'en ai payé le dommage; tu me redemandais ce qu'on me volait de jour et ce qu'on me volait de nuit.

40 La chaleur me dévorait pendant le jour, et le froid pendant la nuit, et le sommeil fuyait de mes yeux.

41 Voilà vingt ans que j'ai passés dans ta maison; je t'ai servi quatorze ans pour tes deux filles, et six ans pour ton troupeau, et tu as changé dix fois mon salaire.

42 Si je n'eusse pas eu pour moi le Dieu de mon père, le Dieu d'Abraham, celui que craint Isaac, tu m'aurais maintenant renvoyé à vide. Dieu a vu ma souffrance et le travail de mes mains, et hier il a prononcé son jugement.

43 Laban répondit, et dit à Jacob: Ces filles sont mes filles, ces enfants sont mes enfants, ce troupeau est mon troupeau, et tout ce que tu vois est à moi. Et que puis-je faire aujourd'hui pour mes filles, ou pour leurs enfants qu'elles ont mis au monde?

44 Viens, faisons alliance, moi et toi, et que cela serve de témoignage entre moi et toi!

45 Jacob prit une pierre, et il la dressa pour monument.

46 Jacob dit à ses frères: Ramassez des pierres. Ils prirent des pierres, et firent un monceau; et ils mangèrent là sur le monceau.

47 Laban l'appela Jegar-Sahadutha, et Jacob l'appela Galed.

48 Laban dit: Que ce monceau serve aujourd'hui de témoignage entre moi et toi! C'est pourquoi on lui a donné le nom de Galed.

49 On l'appelle aussi Mitspa, parce que Laban dit: Que l'Eternel veille sur toi et sur moi, quand nous nous serons l'un et l'autre perdus de vue.

50 Si tu maltraites mes filles, et si tu prends encore d'autres femmes, ce n'est pas un homme qui sera avec nous, prends-y garde, c'est Dieu qui sera témoin entre moi et toi.

51 Laban dit à Jacob: Voici ce monceau, et voici ce monument que j'ai élevé entre moi et toi.

52 Que ce monceau soit témoin et que ce monument soit témoin que je n'irai point vers toi au delà de ce monceau, et que tu ne viendras point vers moi au delà de ce monceau et de ce monument, pour agir méchamment.

53 Que le Dieu d'Abraham et de Nachor, que le Dieu de leur père soit juge entre nous. Jacob jura par celui que craignait Isaac.

54 Jacob offrit un sacrifice sur la montagne, et il invita ses frères à manger; ils mangèrent donc, et passèrent la nuit sur la montagne.

55 Laban se leva de bon matin, baisa ses fils et ses filles, et les bénit. Ensuite il partit pour retourner dans sa demeure.

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   Studovat vnitřní smysl
Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcanes Célestes 4061, 4062, 4063, 4064, 4065, 4072, 4073, ...


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcanes Célestes 1298, 1356, 1992, 3664, 3727, 3728, 3974, ...

Du Divin Amour et de la Divine Sagesse 325


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 654, 696, 827

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Vysvětlení slova/fráze

jacob
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entendit
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des fils
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

Fils
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

laban
'Laban' signifies the affection of good in the natural self, or the affection of external good, and properly collateral good of a common stock. The...

père
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

richesse
'Wealth' signifies scientific knowledge, as seen in several passages in the Word.

visage
“The eyes are the windows of the soul.” That’s a sentiment with roots somewhere in murky antiquity, but one that has become hopelessly cliché because...

l'eternel
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

dit
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retourne
'To reward' signifies meting out punishment.

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pères
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naissance
'Nativity,' as in Genesis 10:32, signifies reformation. Out of thy nativity and out of thy father's house,' as in Genesis 12:1, signifies corporeal and worldly...

Rachel
'Rachel' denotes the affection of interior truth.

champs
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

Troupeau
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dix
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salaire
'Hire,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:33, referring to the Lord, signifies His proprium, that is, what was acquired from His own proper ability.

brebis
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donné
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temps
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yeux
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songe
A dream, as in Genesis 20:3,signifies being somewhat obscure.

ange
'A messenger' signifies communication.

vu
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

béthel
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oint
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voeu
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nous
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héritage
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maison
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vendues
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a mangé
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mangé
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argent
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Enfants
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monter
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femmes
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les chameaux
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chameaux
A camel (Matt. 22:24) signifies scientific knowledge. Camels are confirming scientifics, and cattle are the knowledges of good and truth (Jer. 49:32.)

acquis
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Paddan
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isaac
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déroba
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théraphim
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fuite
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s'enfuit
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fleuve
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Montagne
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

troisième
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jour
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Frères
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Sept
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journées
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nuit
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garde
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parler
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bien
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mal
'Wickedness' signifies evil, and 'iniquity' signifies falsities.

tente
'Tent' is used in the Word to signify the celestial and holy aspects of love, because in ancient time they performed holy worship in their...

filles
"Behold I have two daughters,” etc. (Gen. 19:8), signifies the affections of good and truth, and the blessedness perceivable from the enjoyment thereof, by those...

épée
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

tambourin
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main
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m'a dit
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dieux
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savait
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dérobés
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deux
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servantes
'Maids' denote external affections serving the internal.

chameau
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assise
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Seigneur
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péché
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vingt
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chèvres
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sommeil
In a general sense, sleeping in the Bible represents a state of obscurity about spiritual matters, a state in which you are not recognizing things...

Quatorze
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six
Like most numbers in the Bible, "six" can have various meanings depending on context, but has a couple that are primary. When used in relation...

d'abraham
Abraham (or Abram, as he is named in the beginning of his story) is one of the major characters in the story of the sacred...

Abraham
Abraham (or Abram, as he is named in the beginning of his story) is one of the major characters in the story of the sacred...

aujourd'hui
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

témoignage
In court, a witness is someone who saw a crime being committed, or observed something that could help determine the guilt or innocence of the...

pierre
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

des pierres
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

monceau
'A heap,' as mentioned in Genesis 31:40, signifies good, because in the past, before they built altars, the ancients made heaps and ate together upon...

Nom
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

Mitspa
'Mizpah,' as in Genesis 31:49, signifies the quality of the Lord’s presence with people who are principled in the goods of works, or with the...

vue
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

maltraites
An affliction "such as was not from the beginning of the world, no nor ever shall be", mentioned in 'Matthew 24:21', means the infestation from...

homme
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

témoin
In court, a witness is someone who saw a crime being committed, or observed something that could help determine the guilt or innocence of the...

Nachor
'Nahor,' as in Genesis 22:20, signifies the Lord’s church among the Gentiles.

juge
It’s easy to see the connection between judging and truth. In a court of law, the judge’s whole purpose is to find the truth. In...

manger
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

Matin
Morning comes with the rising of the sun, and the sun – which gives life to the earth with its warmth and light – represents...

bénit
The Lord is perfect love expressed as perfect wisdom. He created us so that He could love us, could give us love and wisdom of...

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 Jacob and Laban
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Jacob's Flocks - Level A
Complete lesson with activity choices: play a game about separating the flocks of Jacob and Laban, act out Jacob's long journey, scripted story discussion, coloring picture, and a memory verse.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 Jacob's Flocks - Level B
Complete lesson with activity choices: play a card game about the speckled and spotted flocks, act out Jacob fleeing from Laban, scripted story discussion, coloring picture, and a memory verse.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10

 Jacob's Flocks - Level C
Complete lesson with activity choices: role play various scenarios about respecting or crossing boundaries, look closer at visions and dreams in the Word, and a scripted story discussion.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 11 - 14

 Jacob's Flocks - Level D
Complete lesson with activity choices: role play various scenarios about respecting or crossing boundaries, explore the use of staffs, sticks or rods to symbolize power in the Word, and a scripted story discussion.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 15 - 17

 Overview of Jacob and Esau Levels A B C D for ages 3-18
An overview of the Youth Journey Program "Jacob and Esau", Levels A, B, D, and D, for ages 3-18.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 3 - 18

 The Sixth Day of Creation
A lesson for younger children with discussion ideas and a project.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6


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