Amos 4

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1 Kuulkaat tätä sanaa, te lihavat lehmät, jotka Samarian vuorella olette, ja teette köyhille vääryyttä, ja murennatte vaivaisen, ja sanotte teidän herroillenne: tuos tänne, anna meidän juoda.

2 Herra, Herra on pyhyytensä kautta vannonut: katso, se aika pitää tuleman teidän päällenne, että te temmataan pois orjantappuroilla, ja teidän jälkeentulevaisenne kalain ongella.

3 Ja itsekunkin teistä pitää menemän ulos särjetyn muurin lävitse, ja ylönantamaan huoneensa, sanoo Herra.

4 Tulkaat Beteliin, ja tehkäät syntiä, ja Gilgaliin, että te syntiä lisäisitte; ja tuokaat aamulla teidän uhrinne, ja teidän kymmenyksenne kolmena päivänä.

5 Ja suitsuttakaat hapatuksesta kiitosuhriksi, ja kuuluttakaat ja kootkaat vapaaehdon uhreja; sillä niin te sen mielellänne pidätte, te Israelin lapset, sanoo Herra, Herra.

6 Sentähden minä myös olen kaikissa kaupungeissa teille joutilaat hampaat antanut, ja leivän puuttumisen jokaisissa teidän paikoissanne; ja ette sittekään kääntyneet minun tyköni, sanoo Herra.

7 Olen myös minä pidättänyt teiltä sateen, kuin vielä kolme kuukautta oli elonaikaan, ja minä annoin sataa yhden kaupungin päälle, ja toisen kaupungin päälle en antanutkaan sataa; yhden saran päälle satoi, ja toinen sarka, jonka päälle ei satanut, kuivettui.

8 Ja kaksi eli kolme kaupunkia meni yhteen kaupunkiin vettä juomaan, ja ei saaneet tarvettansa; ja ette sittekään kääntyneet minun tyköni, sanoo Herra.

9 Minä rankaisin teitä poudalla ja nokipäillä, ja ruohomadot söivät kaikki, mitä teidän yrttitarhoissanne, viinamäissänne, fikunapuissanne ja öljypuissanne kasvoi; ette sittekään kääntyneet minun tyköni, sanoo Herra.

10 Minä lähetin ruton teidän sekaanne niinkuin Egyptiin, ja tapoin miekalla teidän nuoret miehenne, ja annoin viedä pois teidän hevosenne vankina; ja annoin haisun teidän leirissänne teidän sieramiinne mennä; ette sittekään kääntyneet minun tyköni, sanoo Herra.

11 Minä kukistin ylösalaisin muutamat teistä, niinkuin Jumala Sodoman ja Gomorran kukisti, ja te olitte niinkuin tulesta otettu kekäle; ette sittekään kääntyneet minun tyköni, sanoo Herra.

12 Sentähden tahdon minä sinulle näin tehdä, Israel; että minä nyt näin sinulle tehdä tahdon, niin valmista sinuas, Israel, ja mene Jumalaas vastaan.

13 Sillä katso, hän on se, joka on tehnyt vuoret, ja luonut tuulen, ja ilmoittaa ihmiselle, mitä hänen puhuman pitää; hän tekee aamuruskon ja pimeyden; hän käy maan korkeutten päällä; hänen nimensä on Herra Jumala Zebaot.


Exploring the Meaning of Amos 4      

Napsal(a) Helen Kennedy

In chapter 4 of the Book of Amos, verses 1-3 are talking about people who pervert the truths of the church. They will fall into falsities in outermost things.

In the Bible, fish represent "lower" things than mammals, so we can interpret the fishhooks in verse 2 as meaning being caught and held fast in natural or lower things.

Verses 4-6 are about acts of worship such as tithes and sacrifices. These look similar to genuine worship, but are only external sorts of things. We can tell because ‘teeth’ (in verse 6) represent ultimates or outermost things (see Secrets of Heaven 6380). It follows that “cleanness of teeth” would mean outermost things that look good but only imitate genuine worship. The Lord exhorts, “Yet you have not returned to me.”

Verses 7-8. Some things true will remain, when where there are too many false ideas, the truths don't get through. This can be seen where the Lord says, “I made it rain on one city; I withheld rain from another city... where it did not rain the part withered.” Again the Lord exhorts, “Yet you have not returned to me.”

Verse 9. Afterward all things of the church are falsified, shown by blight attacking the gardens, vineyards, fig tree and olive trees. The last three represent spiritual, natural and celestial things, or all the things of spiritual life. “Yet you have not returned to me,” says the Lord.

Verses 10-11. The Lord explains the devastating things he allowed to happen: plague in Egypt, death of young men by swords, stench in the camps, Sodom and Gomorrah. This is because they are profaned by sensual knowledges. Profanation means the mixing of good and evil together. (See Secrets of Heaven 1001[2]).

This extends to all things of the church, with the church being the Lord’s kingdom on earth (Secrets of Heaven 768[3]).

With profanation “as soon as any idea of what is holy arises, the idea of what is profane joins immediately to it,” (Secrets of Heaven 301).

Now there is hardly anything left. “Yet you have not returned to Me,” says the Lord again.

Verses 12-13: Because people adamantly remain in their profane ways, they are warned, “Prepare to meet your God!”. This is the God powerful and mighty, “who forms mountains, and creates the wind,” and even more close to home, “Who declares to man what his thought is.” As intimately a knowing as that is, the Lord’s love for all humanity is contained in His exhortations for them to turn themselves to Him.

See, for example, Luke 6:44-45, and True Christian Religion 373.

   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Amos 4      

Napsal(a) Helen Kennedy

In chapter 4 of the Book of Amos, verses 1-3 are talking about people who pervert the truths of the church. They will fall into falsities in outermost things.

In the Bible, fish represent "lower" things than mammals, so we can interpret the fishhooks in verse 2 as meaning being caught and held fast in natural or lower things.

Verses 4-6 are about acts of worship such as tithes and sacrifices. These look similar to genuine worship, but are only external sorts of things. We can tell because ‘teeth’ (in verse 6) represent ultimates or outermost things (see Secrets of Heaven 6380). It follows that “cleanness of teeth” would mean outermost things that look good but only imitate genuine worship. The Lord exhorts, “Yet you have not returned to me.”

Verses 7-8. Some things true will remain, when where there are too many false ideas, the truths don't get through. This can be seen where the Lord says, “I made it rain on one city; I withheld rain from another city... where it did not rain the part withered.” Again the Lord exhorts, “Yet you have not returned to me.”

Verse 9. Afterward all things of the church are falsified, shown by blight attacking the gardens, vineyards, fig tree and olive trees. The last three represent spiritual, natural and celestial things, or all the things of spiritual life. “Yet you have not returned to me,” says the Lord.

Verses 10-11. The Lord explains the devastating things he allowed to happen: plague in Egypt, death of young men by swords, stench in the camps, Sodom and Gomorrah. This is because they are profaned by sensual knowledges. Profanation means the mixing of good and evil together. (See Secrets of Heaven 1001[2]).

This extends to all things of the church, with the church being the Lord’s kingdom on earth (Secrets of Heaven 768[3]).

With profanation “as soon as any idea of what is holy arises, the idea of what is profane joins immediately to it,” (Secrets of Heaven 301).

Now there is hardly anything left. “Yet you have not returned to Me,” says the Lord again.

Verses 12-13: Because people adamantly remain in their profane ways, they are warned, “Prepare to meet your God!”. This is the God powerful and mighty, “who forms mountains, and creates the wind,” and even more close to home, “Who declares to man what his thought is.” As intimately a knowing as that is, the Lord’s love for all humanity is contained in His exhortations for them to turn themselves to Him.

See, for example, Luke 6:44-45, and True Christian Religion 373.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 204


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 382, 1069, 1453, 2165, 2220, 2799, 2842, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 336, 439, 474, 496, 502, 862

Doctrine of the Lord 49


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 403, 405, 513, 532, 556, 560, 608, ...

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