Deuteronomy 20

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1 If thou go out to war against thy enemies, and see horsemen and chariots, and the numbers of the enemy's army greater than thine, thou shalt not fear them: because the Lord thy God is with thee, who brought thee out of the land of Egypt.

2 And when the battle is now at hand, the priest shall stand before the army, and shall speak to the people in this manner:

3 Hear, O Israel, you join battle this day against your enemies, let not your heart be dismayed, be not afraid, do not give back, fear ye them not:

4 Because the Lord your God is in the midst of you, and will fight for you against your enemies, to deliver you from danger.

5 And the captains shall proclaim through every band in the hearing of the army: What man is there, that hath built a new house, and hath not dedicated it? let him go and return to his house, lest he die in the battle, and another man dedicate it.

6 What man is there, that hath planted a vineyard, and hath not as yet made it to be common, whereof all men may eat? let him go, and return to his house, lest he die in the battle, and another man execute his office.

7 What man is there, that hath espoused a wife, and not taken her? let him go, and return to his house, lest he die in the war, and another man take her.

8 After these things are declared they shall add the rest, and shall speak to the people: What man is there that is fearful, and faint hearted? let him go, and return to his house, lest he make the hearts of his brethren to fear, as he himself is possessed with fear.

9 And when the captains of the army shall hold their peace, and have made an end of speaking, every man shall prepare their bands to fight.

10 If at any time thou come to fight against a city, thou shalt first offer it peace.

11 If they receive it, and open the gates to thee, all the people that are therein, shall be saved, and shall serve thee paying tribute.

12 But if they will not make peace, and shall begin war against thee, thou shalt besiege it.

13 And when the Lord thy God shall deliver it into thy bands, thou shalt slay all that are therein of the male sex, with the edge of the sword,

14 Excepting women and children, cattle and other things, that are in the city. And thou shalt divide all the prey to the army, and thou shalt eat the spoils of thy enemies, which the Lord thy God shall give thee.

15 So shalt thou do to all cities that are at a great distance from thee, and are not of these cities which thou shalt receive in possession.

16 But of those cities that shall be given thee, thou shalt suffer none at all to live:

17 But shalt kill them with the edge of the sword, to wit, the Hethite, and the Amorrhite, and the Chanaanite, the Pherezite, and the Hevite, and the Jebusite, as the Lord thy God hath commanded thee:

18 Lest they teach you to do all the abominations which they have done to their gods: and you should sin against the Lord your God.

19 When thou hast besieged a city a long time, and hath compassed it with bulwarks to take it, thou shalt not cut down the trees that may be eaten of, neither shalt thou spoil the country round about with axes: for it is a tree, and not a man, neither can it increase the number of them that fight against thee.

20 But if there be any trees that are not fruitful, but wild, and fit for other uses, cut them down, and make engines, until thou take the city, which fighteth against thee.

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Explanation of Deuteronomy 20      

Napsal(a) Alexander Payne

Verses 1-4. The soul must not be afraid of evils and falsities when opposed by them in temptations, but must rely upon heaven.

Verses 5-9. Directions for combating with evil and falsity.

Verses 10-15. On contending with doctrines in the external mind that oppose regeneration.

Verses 16-18. But those derived from interior evil to be utterly destroyed.

Verses 19-20. But care to be taken not to destroy any genuine knowledges and perceptions in contending with false doctrines.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1097, 1444, 1664, 2913, 6394, 6858, 7111

Apocalypse Revealed 400, 847


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 109, 725, 734, 750, 919

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Genesis 15:20, 21

Exodus 14:13, 20:2, 23:32, 33

Numbers 10:9, 13:29, 14:9, 31:6, 7, 9, 17

Deuteronomy 1:21, 29, 30, 2:26, 35, 4:21, 7:2, 4, 21, 9:3, 12:30, 31, 18:9, 24:4, 5, 28:30, 31:6

Joshua 1:5, 9, 9:9, 10:8, 11, 23:10

Judges 6:12, 16, 7:3, 11:12

1 Samuel 14:23, 17:32

2 Samuel 18:1

1 Kings 5:1, 11:15

2 Kings 3:19, 25

1 Chronicles 14:15

2 Chronicles 10, 32:8

Psalms 33:17, 46:8

Jeremiah 16:14

Zechariah 10:5

1 Corinthians 9:7

Významy biblických slov

go
In the physical world, the places we inhabit and the distances between them are physical realities, and we have to get our physical bodies through...

Go out
To go out to meet, as in Genesis 14:17, signifies to submit themselves. To go out, as in Genesis 28:10, signifies to live more remotely....

war
War in the Word represents the combat of temptation when what is good is assaulted by what is evil or false. The evil that attacks...

enemies
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

see
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

Numbers
All numbers in the Word signify things or states, according to the relationship they have to other numbers. When two multiples of a number, which...

enemy's
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

enemy
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

fear
Fear of the unknown and fear of change are both common ideas, and together cover a broad spectrum of the fears we tend to have...

the Lord
The Bible refers to the Lord in many different ways, which from the text seem indistinguishable and interchangeable. Understood in the internal sense, though, there...

lord
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

God
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

land
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

egypt
In the Bible, Egypt means knowledge and the love of knowledge. In a good sense that means knowledge of truth from the Lord through the...

battle
War in the Word represents the combat of temptation when what is good is assaulted by what is evil or false. The evil that attacks...

speak
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

hear
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

israel
Jacob is told twice that his name will now be Israel. The first time is when he wrestles with an angel on his journey to...

day
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

afraid
Fear of the unknown and fear of change are both common ideas, and together cover a broad spectrum of the fears we tend to have...

man
"Man" is a tricky word to discuss, because the Hebrew of the Old Testament uses six different words that are generally translated as "man," with...

built
There are really two meanings for "build" in the Bible. When something is being built for the first time, or built in the most typical...

house
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

return
There are many instances in the Bible which describe people turning back, looking back or going back. In most cases it is a negative, sometimes...

die
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

planted
'To plant' denotes regeneration.

Vineyard
A vineyard signifies the church where the Word is, by which the Lord is known. (Apocalypse Revealed 650)

men
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

wife
It is because of a celestial and angelic proprium, or selfhood, that the church is called 'a woman,' 'a wife,' 'a bride,' 'a virgin,' and...

people
"Man" is a tricky word to discuss, because the Hebrew of the Old Testament uses six different words that are generally translated as "man," with...

brethren
There are two ways "brother" is used in the Bible, ways that are still reflected in modern language. One denotes an actual blood relationship; the...

captains
Captains and Rulers (Jer. 51:23) signifies principal evils and falsities. Captains and Rulers (Ezek 33:6) signifies principal truths. See Chief Captains.

army
A host and an army come from the same Hebrew word and mean the same thing in Bible; when the Children of Israel were numbered...

city
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

peace
In ordinary life, we tend to think of "peace" as essentially "a lack of conflict." As a nation, if we're not at war, it's a...

open
To open,' as in Revelation 9, signifies communication and conjunction.

serve
Generally speaking, those who are at lower levels of an organization serve those at higher levels. Bosses boss and their employees serve; coaches devise strategy...

besiege
'To lay siege' means bringing distress by evils and falsities.

Edge of the sword
The edge of the sword (Gen. 34:26) signifies what is false and evil in a state of combat.

sword
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

women
The word "woman" is used a number of different ways in the Bible – as a simple description, as someone connected to a man ("his...

eat
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

spoils
'To spoil,' as in Genesis 34:27, signifies destruction. 'Spoil,' as in Deuteronomy 13:16, signifies the falsification of truth.

give
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

cities
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

given
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

hethite
'A Hittite' in a good sense, signifies the spiritual church, or the truth of the church. The Hittites were among the upright Gentiles who were...

hevite
The Hivites' represent those who were in idolatry, but in which there was something of good.

commanded
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

gods
The Lord is called "Jehovah" in the Bible when the text is referring to his essence, which is love itself. He is called "God" when...

long
'Long' and thence to prolong, refer to good.

bulwarks
Bulwarks (Isa. 26:2) signify truths.

tree
In general, plants in the Bible represent facts, thoughts and ideas – intellectual things. This makes sense: Plants are rooted in place, but can grow...

trees
In general, plants in the Bible represent facts, thoughts and ideas – intellectual things. This makes sense: Plants are rooted in place, but can grow...

eaten
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

down
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

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