Joshua 10

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1 Da Kong Adonizedek af Jerusalem hørte, at Josua havde indfaget Aj og lagt Band på det som han havde gjort ved Jeriko og Kongen der, gjorde han ved Aj og Kongen der og at Gibeons Indbyggere havde sluttet Overenskomst med Israel og var optaget imellem dem,

2 så påkom der ham stor Frygt; thi Gibeon var en stor By, som en af Kongsbyerne, større end Aj, og alle Mændene der var tapre Krigere.

3 Derfor sendte Kong Adonizedek af Jerusalem Bud til Kong Hobam af Hebron, Kong Piram af Jarmut, Kong Jafia af Lakisj og Kong Debir af Eglon og lod sige:

4 "Kom op til mig og hjælp mig med at slå Gibeon, thi det har sluttet Overenskomst med Josua og Israeliterne!"

5 Da samledes fem Amoriterkonger, Kongerne i Jerusalem, Hebron, Jarmut, Lakisj og Eglon, og de drog op med hele deres Hær og slog Lejr uden for Gibeon og angreb det.

6 Men Mændene i Gibeon sendte Bud til Josua i Lejren i Gilgal og lod sige: "Lad ikke dine Trælle i Stikken, men kom hurtigt op til os, hjælp os og stå os bi; thi alle Amoriterkongerne, som bor i Bjergene, har samlet sig imod os!"

7 Da drog Josua op fra Gilgal med alle Krigerne, alle de kampdygtige Mænd.

8 Og HE EN sagde til Josua: "Frygt ikke for dem, thi jeg giver dem i din Hånd; ikke een af dem skal kunne holde Stand imod dig!"

9 Og Josua faldt pludselig over dem, efter at han i Nattens Løb var draget derop fra Gilgal,

10 og HE EN bragte dem i Uorden foran Israel og tilføjede dem et stort Nederlag ved Gibeon; og de forfulgte dem hen imod Opgangen ved Bet Horon og slog dem lige til Azeka og Makkeda.

11 Og da de flygtede for Israeliterne og netop var på Skråningen ved Bet Horon, lod HE EN store Sten falde ned på dem fra Himmelen helt hen til Azeka, så de døde; og de, som dræbtes af Haglstenene, var flere end dem, Israeliterne dræbte med Sværdet.

12 Ved den Lejlighed, den Dag HE EN gav Amoriterne i Israeliternes Magt, talte Josua til HE EN og sagde i Israels Nærværelse: "Sol, stat stille i Gibeon, og Måne i Ajjalons Dal!"

13 Og Solen stod stille, og Månen standsed, til Folket fik Hævn over Fjenden. Således står der jo skrevet i de Oprigtiges Bog. Og Solen blev stående midt på Himmelen og tøvede næsten en hel Dag med at gå ned.

14 Og hverken før eller siden har der nogen Sinde været en Dag som denne, en Dag, da HE EN adlød et Menneskes øst; thi HE EN kæmpede for Israel.

15 Derpå vendte Josua med hele Israel tilbage til Lejren i Gilgal.

16 Men de fem Konger flygtede og skjulte sig i Hulen ved Makkeda.

17 Og der blev bragt Josua den Melding: "De fem Konger er fundet skjulte i Hulen ved Makkeda."

18 Da sagde Josua: "Vælt store Sten for Hulens Indgang og sæt nogle Mænd udenfor til at vogte den.

19 Men I andre må ikke standse, forfølg eders Fjender, hug Efternølerne ned og lad dem ikke komme ind i deres Byer; thi HE EN eders Gud har givet dem i eders Hånd!"

20 Da Josua og Israeliterne så havde tilføjet dem et meget stort Nederlag og gjort det helt af med dem kun enkelte undslap og reddede sig ind i de befæstede Byer

21 vendte hele Folket uskadt tilbage til Josua i Lejren ved Makkeda, uden at nogen havde vovet så meget som at knurre imod Israeliterne.

22 Da sagde Josua: "Luk op for Hulens Indgang og før de fem Konger ud af Hulen fil mig!"

23 Det gjorde de så og førte de fem Konger ud af Hulen til ham, Kongerne af Jerusalem, Hebron, Jarmut, Lakisj og Eglon.

24 Da de nu havde ført disse fem Konger ud til Josua, kaldte Josua alle Israels Mænd sammen og sagde til Krigsøversterne, som var draget med ham: "Kom hid og sæt Foden på disse Kongers Nakke!" Og de kom og satte foden på deres Nakke.

25 Da sagde Josua til dem: "Frygt ikke og vær ikke bange, vær frimodige og stærke! Thi således vil HE EN handle med alle eders Fjender, som I kommer til at kæmpe med!"

26 Derefter lod Josua dem nedhugge og dræbe og ophænge på fem Pæle, og de blev hængende på Pælene til Aften.

27 Men ved Solnedgang lod Josua dem tage ned af Pælene og kaste ind i den Hule, de havde skjult sig i, og for Indgangen til Hulen væltede man store Sten, som ligger der den Dag i Dag.

28 Makkeda indtog Josua samme Dag, og han slog Byen og dens Konge ned med Sværdet; han lagde Band på den og på hver levende Sjæl i den uden at lade nogen undkomme; og han gjorde det samme ved Makkedas Konge, som han havde gjort ved Jerikos Konge.

29 Derpå drog Josua med hele Israel fra Makkeda til Libna, og han angreb Libna;

30 og HE EN gav også denne By og dens Konge i Israels Hånd, og den og hver levende Sjæl i den slog han ned med Sværdet uden at lade nogen undkomme; og han gjorde det samme ved dens Konge, som de havde gjort ved Jerikos Konge.

31 Derpå drog Josua med hele Israel fra Libna til Lakisj, og, han slog Lejr udenfor og angreb Byen;

32 og HE EN gav Lakisj i Israels Hånd, og den følgende Dag indtog han Byen, og den og hver levende Sjæl i den slog han ned med Sværdet, ganske som han havde gjort ved Libna.

33 Da rykkede Kong Horam af Gezer Lakisj til Hjælp; men Josua slog ham og hans Folk ned uden at lade nogen undkomme.

34 Så drog Josua med hele Israel fra Lakisj til Eglon, og de slog Lejr udenfor og angreb Byen;

35 og de indtog den samme Dag og slog den ned med Sværdet; og på hver levende Sjæl i den lagde han den Dag Band, ganske som han havde gjort ved Lakisj.

36 Derpå drog Josua med hele Israel op fra Eglon til Hebron, og de angreb Byen

37 og indtog den og slog den ned med Sværdet, både Kongen der og alle de Byer, der hørte under den, og hver levende Sjæl i den uden at lade nogen undkomme, ganske som han havde gjort ved Eglon, og han lagde Band på Byen og hver levende Sjæl i den.

38 Derpå vendte Josua sig med hele Israel imod Debir og angreb Byen;

39 og han undertvang den tillige med dens Konge og alle de Byer der hørte under den; og de slog dem ned med Sværdet og lagde Band på hver levende Sjæl i dem uden at lade nogen undkomme; det samme, han havde gjort ved Hebron og ved Libna og Kongen der, gjorde han også ved Debir og Kongen der.

40 Således slog Josua hele Landet, Bjerglandet, Sydlandet, Lavlandet og Bjergskråningerne og alle Kongerne der uden at lade nogen undkomme, og på hver levende Sjæl lagde han Band, således som HE EN, Israels Gud, havde påbudt;

41 Josua slog dem fra Kadesj Barnea indtil Gaza, og hele Landskabet Gosjen indtil Gibeon.

42 Og alle hine Konger og deres Lande undertvang Josua med et Slag; thi HE EN, Israels Gud, kæmpede for Israel.

43 Derpå vendte Josua med hele Israel tilbage til Lejren i Gilgal.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 10      

Joshua 10: The five kings and how the sun stood still.

After hearing that Gibeon - a sizeable city - had made a peace treaty with Israel, the king of Jerusalem called on four other Canaanite kings to join him in attacking Gibeon. The Gibeonites asked Joshua to remember his promise to keep them safe, and Israel did so, coming to their defense. A great battle ensued at Gilgal. With the Lord’s help, the Israelites defeated the five Canaanite kings. As the Canaanites were fleeing, the Lord sent large hailstones raining down on them, killing more soldiers than had died in the battle. Then, Joshua asked the Lord to make the sun stand still until the enemy was defeated, and it stopped moving across the sky for one whole day.

The defeated kings fled, and hid in a cave at Makkeda. Joshua commanded his men to roll stones over the cave entrance, and to attack the rest of their fleeing enemies. After returning to the cave, Joshua’s men brought the kings out of hiding and stood on their necks, to demonstrate that the Lord would vanquish all of Israel’s enemies. Joshua hanged them, put them back in the cave, and once again sealed the entrance with stones. The rest of the chapter chronicles Israel’s defeat of many other Canaanite cities and kings.

This story shows us that life is amazingly connected and full of consequences. Spiritual life has its share of unforeseen consequences too. When we affirm our wish to follow the Lord, evil spirits will try to fill our minds with distressing thoughts to pull us away from Him. Sometimes this can lead us to rise up and resist our decision to follow the Lord (See Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 1683).

The part of the chapter about the sun standing still represents our need to remain focused on the Lord during our struggles with temptation and regeneration. The Lord is our sun, and normally our awareness of the Lord rises and sets. This brings times when we feel the Lord’s presence strongly, and also times when we feel it is up to us to act as we wish. This is our normal rhythm, and it is right for us to have this cycle.

When we are involved in a spiritual crisis, we need to ensure that our mind’s focus stays with the Lord until we have made it through. This is like our sense of the Lord’s presence standing still ‘for a day’ in our mind’s sky, so that we will not lose our direction. This enabled Joshua and Israel to be victorious, just as it will with us (See Swedenborg’s work, Divine Love and Wisdom 105).

When the Lord sent hailstones - frozen water - on the Canaanites, it represents the way in which false ideas from evil intentions backfire on the attacker of good, because evil is notoriously self-destructive. One lie leads to more another, until the wrongdoer is exposed and judged (See Swedenborg’s Heaven and Hell 457).

The cave of Makkedah, where the five kings hid, also holds spiritual significance because of its name, which means ‘the excellent place of shepherds.’ Shepherding represents the Lord’s care for us and our care for each other. Evil may hide behind a semblance of good but it can’t last. Joshua and his men later brought the kings out of the cave and hanged them, signifying that all true life comes from the Lord and His goodness, and He will bring an end to every evil and false way (Divine Love and Wisdom 363).

Israel’s subsequent conquest of other Canaanite cities depicts the follow-through that takes place after an important point in our regeneration: a decision, a refusal, an admission, a prayer to God. This results in a period of witnessing the Lord’s blessings, which naturally follow once we have affirmed our intention to be with the Lord in our life. The chapter ends, “All these kings Joshua took at one time because the Lord God fought for Israel.”

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1616, 2799, 2909, 5156, 7553

Apocalypse Revealed 11, 53, 399

Doctrine of the New Jerusalem Regarding the Sacred Scripture 103

True Christian Religion 265, 279


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 401, 503, 655

De Verbo (The Word) 15

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Významy biblických slov

jerusalem
Jerusalem, on Mount Zion, signifies the doctrine of love to the Lord, and how it governs your life. Jerusalem first comes to our attention in...

indbyggere
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

frygt
Fear of the unknown and fear of change are both common ideas, and together cover a broad spectrum of the fears we tend to have...

Gibeon
sun standing still upon Gibeon signifies total vastation of the church.

en
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

by
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

større
The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...

Hebron
'Hebron' represents the Lord's spiritual church in the land of Canaan. 'Hebron' represents the church as to good.

slå
'To smite' signifies condemnation. 'To smite,' as in Genesis 14:15, signifies vindication. 'To smite,' as in Genesis 32:8, signifies destruction. 'To smite the earth with...

fem
Five also signifies all things of one part.

slog
'Pitch,' as in Genesis 14:10, denotes lusts. 'Burning pitch,' as in Isaiah 34:9, signifies direful fantasies.

lejr
Camps in the Bible represent spiritual order – a person’s (or a church community’s) whole collection of desires for good and true ideas on how...

os
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

Gilgal
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

sige
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

bor
Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

sagde
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

giver
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

hånd
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

forfulgte
'To pursue,' as in Genesis 14:16, signifies a state of purification, because 'to pursue enemies' is the expulsion of evils and falsities which were with...

flygtede
To flee signifies to escape, and be rescued. To flee signifies to be overcome.

store
The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...

sten
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

døde
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

dræbte
'To slay a man to his wounding,' means extinguishing faith, and 'to slay a young man to his hurt,' signifies extinguishing charity, as in Genesis...

dag
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

talte
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

Israels
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

sol
The 'sun' signifies celestial and spiritual love. The 'sun' in the Word, when referring to the Lord, signifies His divine love and wisdom. Because the...

måne
'The moon' signifies the Lord in reference to faith, and thus faith in the Lord. 'The moon' signifies spiritual good or truth. 'The moon' signifies...

dal
Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

stod
'To stand,' and 'come forth' as in Daniel 7:10, refers to truth. In Genesis 24:13, it signifies a state of conjunction of divine truth with...

hævn
'To be avenged seventy and seven fold' denotes damnation.

stående
'To stand,' and 'come forth' as in Daniel 7:10, refers to truth. In Genesis 24:13, it signifies a state of conjunction of divine truth with...

Før
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

en dag
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

tilbage
There are many instances in the Bible which describe people turning back, looking back or going back. In most cases it is a negative, sometimes...

konger
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

fundet
To not to be found any more, signifies not to rise again.

fjender
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

komme
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

byer
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

Gud
The Lord is called "Jehovah" in the Bible when the text is referring to his essence, which is love itself. He is called "God" when...

givet
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

Mænd
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

bange
Fear of the unknown and fear of change are both common ideas, and together cover a broad spectrum of the fears we tend to have...

hængende
'To hang,' as mentioned in Genesis 41:13, signifies rejecting. 'Hanging' represents the damnation of profanation.

aften
Since the light and warmth of the sun represent the Lord’s wisdom and love, it makes sense that evening, a time when the light and...

ned
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

i dag
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

konge
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

sjæl
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

gaza
Gaza (or Azzah) signifies things revealed concerning charity.

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 Compare Joshua with Jesus
Complete a chart comparing Joshua and Jesus. Who were theys fighting? Where did they go? How did they show courage?
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Israel's Battle with the Kings Review Questions
Read Joshua 10 to complete sentences about the story. Cloze activity.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Joshua's Battle at Gibeon, Conquering and Dividing the Land
Lesson outline provides teaching ideas with questions for discussion, projects, and activities.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10

 The Sun Stands Still
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14


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