Suci 4

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1 Poslije smrti Ehudove Izraelci su opet stali činiti što Jahvi nije po volji

2 i Jahve ih predade u ruke Jabinu, kanaanskom kralju koji je vladao u Hasoru. Vojskovođa vojsci njegovoj bijaše Sisera, koji je živio u Harošetu Poganskom.

3 Tad Izraelci zavapiše Jahvi. Jer Jabin imaše devet stotina željeznih bojnih kola i teško je tlačio Izraelce dvadeset godina.

4 U to vrijeme Izraelu je sudila proročica Debora, žena Lapidotova.

5 Živjela je pod Deborinom palmom između Rame i Betela u Efrajimovoj gori i k njoj su dolazili Izraelci da presuđuje u njihovim sporovima.

6 Ona dozva Baraka, sina Abinoamova, iz Naftalijeva Kedeša i reče mu: "Evo što ti Jahve, Bog Izraelov, zapovijeda: 'Idi, kreni na goru Tabor i uzmi sa sobom deset tisuća ljudi između Naftalijevih i Zebulunovih sinova.

7 Ja ću k tebi na Kišonski potok privući Siseru, vojskovođu Jabinove vojske, s njegovim bojnim kolima i svim ratnicima te ću ga predati u tvoje ruke.'"

8 Barak joj odgovori: "Ako ti pođeš sa mnom, ići ću; ako li ne pođeš sa mnom, ne idem."

9 "Idem s tobom", reče mu ona, "ali na putu kojim ćeš poći slava neće tebi pripasti jer će Jahve ženi predati u ruke Siseru." Tada Debora ustane i pođe s Barakom u Kedeš.

10 Onamo je Barak pozvao Zebuluna i Naftalija. Deset tisuća ljudi pođe za njim, a išla je s njim i Debora.

11 Heber Kenijac bijaše se odvojio od Kajina, jednoga od sinova Hababa, tasta Mojsijeva; razapeo je svoj šator kod Hrasta u Saananimu, nedaleko od Kedeša.

12 Javiše Siseri da je Barak, sin Abinoamov, izašao na goru Tabor.

13 Nato Sisera sabra sva svoja kola, devet stotina željeznih kola, i sve ljude koje je doveo od Harošeta Poganskog do Kišonskog potoka.

14 Debora reče Baraku: "Ustani, evo dana kada će Jahve predati Siseru u tvoje ruke! Sam Jahve ide pred tobom!" I Barak siđe s gore Tabora sa deset tisuća ljudi za sobom.

15 Jahve zastraši Siseru, sva njegova kola i čitavu njegovu vojsku, koja naže u bijeg pred mačem Barakovim. Sisera siđe sa svojih kola i pobježe pješice.

16 Barak je gonio kola i vojsku sve do Harošeta Poganskog. Sva je Siserina vojska pala od oštrog mača i nijedan čovjek nije umakao.

17 Sisera je dotle bježao pješice prema šatoru Jaele, žene Hebera Kenijca, jer između Jabina, kralja hasorskog, i kuće Hebera Kenijca bijaše mir.

18 Jaela iziđe Siseri u susret i reče mu: "Zaustavi se, gospodaru, svrati se k meni. Ne boj se ničega!" On svrati k njoj pod šator, a ona ga pokri pokrivačem.

19 On joj reče: "Daj mi malo vode jer sam žedan." Ona otvori mijeh s mlijekom, napoji ga i opet ga pokri.

20 "Stani na ulazu u šator", reče joj on, "pa ako tko naiđe i zapita te: 'Ima li tu koga?' ti odgovori: 'Nema!'"

21 A Jaela, žena Heberova, uze šatorski klin i čekić u ruke, tiho mu se približi i zabi mu klin kroza sljepoočice tako da se zario u zemlju. On od iscrpljenosti bijaše tvrdo zaspao i tako umrije.

22 I gle, dođe Barak progoneći Siseru. Jaela iziđe preda nj i reče mu: "Dođi da ti pokažem čovjeka koga tražiš." On uđe k njoj, i gle - Sisera ležaše mrtav, s klinom u sljepoočici.

23 Tako je Bog u onaj dan ponizio Jabina, kralja kanaanskog, pred Izraelcima.

24 Ruka Izraelaca postajaše sve teža Jabinu, kralju kanaanskom, dok ga nije napokon zatrla.

  

Exploring the Meaning of Suci 4      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 4: Deborah

Yet again, the children of Israel had disobeyed the Lord. At this point in time, they had been under the yoke of Jabin, a Canaanite king, for twenty years. He had nine hundred chariots of iron, and was apparently very powerful.

The Lord raised up Deborah, a prophetess, to free the Israelites from oppression under Jabin. The text says that she would pass judgements for the children of Israel while she sat under the palm tree of Deborah.

Deborah summoned Barak, an army officer, and told him to go with ten thousand men from the tribes of Naphtali and Zebulun to fight King Jabin’s armies. Barak said he would only go if Deborah went as well, so she agreed to join him. Deborah then prophesied that Sisera, the enemy commander, would be defeated by a woman.

The two armies clashed at by the River Kishon, and all of Sisera’s men were killed. Sisera then fled to the tent of Heber, an Israelite who was on peaceful terms with King Jabin. Jael, Heber’s wife, invited Sisera to come in with the comforting words, “fear not”. She covered him with a blanket, gave him milk to drink, and let him sleep there.

Then Jael quietly took a tent peg and drove it into Sisera’s temple using a hammer, so that the peg stuck in the earth. When Barak came to the tent, pursuing Sisera, Jael went out to tell him, “come, and I will show you the man you seek.” And she showed him Sisera, dead, with a peg through his temple.

So Jabin’s army was defeated that day, and Israel grew stronger until their oppression under Jabin came to an end.

*****

Deborah is an especially significant character in the Bible, because she was the only female judge of Israel. It was very unusual for a woman in those times to rise to power, yet she truly earned the respect of her people. Deborah, as a woman, stands for the nurturing power of the Word to strengthen us during regeneration. Her name means ‘a bee’, but this comes from a word meaning ‘to speak’ – here, to speak the Word. Bees make honey; honey is nutritious; God’s word is our nourishment (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 3424[2]).

The fact that Deborah judged from under a palm tree may seem like a passing detail, but even this contributes to the spiritual meaning of the story. Palm trees stand for the divine truths of the Word, which means that Deborah was judging the people from her understanding of the Lord’s truths.

King Jabin’s nine hundred iron chariots represent the apparent power of false beliefs, thoughts and persuasions over us. The number ‘nine’ stands for something which is complete, and ‘iron’ here stands for either natural truths or falsities. A ‘chariot’, being pulled by a horse, always stands for a set of teachings or doctrine. These three symbols add to the picture of a very powerful enemy: false ideas and views that can weaken and overwhelm us (Arcana Caelestia 4720[2]).

The spiritual meaning of the complex arrangement between Barak and Deborah is that we can only deal with our spiritual conflicts if we take the Word’s power (Deborah) with us. Barak, a man, represents the power of truth, but Deborah says a woman will gain victory over Sisera. The feminine stands for the power of love: our charity, our affection for good, and our wish to be useful. These qualities are always essential in our spiritual life (see Swedenborg’s work, Apocalypse Explained 1120[2]).

The story about Jael and Sisera is really about actively resisting the temptations of evil in our lives. Jael, a woman, stands for the power of good to overcome what is false in our mind. Driving the tent peg through Sisera’s head stands for the complete destruction of what is false. Driving it right through and into the ground stands for the power of good in our life and in our regeneration, because the ground represents our actions (Arcana Caelestia 268).

When Barak and Jael meet, it stands for the unity between good (Jael, a woman) and truth (Barak, a man). This unity of good and truth appears again at the start of the next chapter, in which Deborah and Barak sing of Israel’s victory.

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