Jošua 8

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1 Tada reče Jahve Jošui: "Ne boj se i ne strahuj! Uzmi sa sobom sve ratnike, ustani i navali na Aj. Gle, predajem ti u ruke ajskoga kralja, njegov narod, grad i zemlju njegovu.

2 Učini s Ajem i s njegovim kraljem kao što si učinio s Jerihonom i njegovim kraljem; ali vam je slobodno da prigrabite plijen iz njega i njegovu stoku. Postavi gradu zasjedu s leđa."

3 Spremi se Jošua da navali na Aj i svi ratnici s njime. Izabrao je trideset tisuća junaka i poslao ih noću;

4 dade im zapovijed: "Pazite! Poći ćete u zasjedu gradu s leđa, ali da ne budete predaleko od grada i budite svi spremni.

5 A ja i sav narod koji me prati primaknut ćemo se gradu; i kada ljudi iz Aja izađu pred nas, mi ćemo kao i prije pobjeći ispred njih.

6 Oni će onda navaliti za nama dok ih ne odvedemo od grada jer će misliti: 'Bježe ispred nas kao i prije.'

7 Tada provalite iz zasjede i zauzmite grad: Jahve, Bog vaš, predat će vam ga u ruke.

8 Kad jednom osvojite grad, spalite ga ognjem. Učinite to po Jahvinoj zapovijedi. Pazite, to vam zapovjedih."

9 Jošua ih posla i oni odoše u zasjedu te se smjestiše između Betela i Aja, gradu sa zapada. A Jošua provede noć među narodom.

10 Uranivši, Jošua ujutro prebroja narod i pođe sa starješinama Izraelovim pred narodom na Aj.

11 Svi ratnici krenu s njim i kad se primaknu gradu, utabore se Aju sa sjevera, tako da je između njih i mjesta bila ravnica.

12 Jošua uze oko pet tisuća ljudi i namjesti zasjedu između Betela i Aja, gradu sa zapadne strane.

13 A narod se smjesti u tabor, koji je bio na sjeveru grada, dok je njegova zalaznica bila na zapadu grada. Jošua opet provede noć usred naroda.

14 Kad je sve to vidio ajski kralj, požuri se te izađe on i sav njegov narod niz obronak prema Arabi u boj protiv Izraela. A nisu ni slutili da je iza grada namještena zasjeda.

15 Tada Jošua i sav Izrael nagnu bježati kao da su ih pobijedili. I bježali su putem prema pustinji.

16 Ajani nato pozvaše sve iz grada i dadoše se za njima u potjeru te, goneći Jošuu, odvoje se od grada.

17 I ne ostade nitko u Aju i Betelu da nije pošao za Izraelcima. Ostavili su grad otvoren i gonili Izraelce.

18 Tada reče Jahve Jošui: "Zamahni kopljem što ti je u ruci prema Aju: predajem ti ga u ruke." I podiže Jošua koplje što mu bješe u ruci i zamahnu prema gradu.

19 I tek što je podigao ruku, dignu se ljudi iz zasjede i potrče prema gradu, osvoje ga i umah ga ognjem zapale.

20 Kada se oni iz Aja obazreše, imadoše što vidjeti: dim se dizao iz grada prema nebu. I nitko od njih nije imao kuda uteći ni tamo ni amo. Tada se narod koji je bježao prema pustinji okrenuo prema progoniteljima.

21 Vidjevši Jošua i sav Izrael da je zasjeda zauzela grad i da se diže dim iz grada, vrate se i udare na ljude iz Aja.

22 Njihovi su im izašli u susret iz grada, i tako se oni iz Aja nađoše posred Izraelaca, opkoljeni i s jedne i s druge strane: biše pobijeni tako te ni jedan ne ostade živ niti uteče.

23 A kralja Aja uhvatiše živa i dovedoše ga Jošui.

24 Kad su Izraelci pobili sve stanovnike Aja na otvorenu polju i u pustinji, kuda su ih gonili, i kada svi padoše od mača, vratiše se Izraelci u Aj i sasjekoše mačem sve što bješe u njemu.

25 Bilo je dvanaest tisuća onih koji su izginuli toga dana, ljudi i žena - sav Aj.

26 Jošua nije spuštao ruke kojom bijaše zamahnuo kopljem sve dok nisu poubijani svi stanovnici Aja.

27 Samo stoku i plijen iz onoga grada razdijele među sobom Izraelci, kao što je Jahve zapovjedio Jošui.

28 Jošua spali Aj i učini ga za sve vijeke ruševinom, pustim mjestom do danas.

29 Kralja ajskoga objesi o drvo do večeri. O zapadu sunčanom zapovjedi Jošua te skinuše truplo s drveta, baciše ga pred gradska vrata i nabacaše na nj veliku gomilu kamenja, koja stoji i danas.

30 Tada podiže Jošua žrtvenik Jahvi, Bogu Izraelovu, na gori Ebalu,

31 kao što je zapovjedio Mojsije, sluga Jahvin, svim sinovima Izraelovim i kako je napisano u Mojsijevoj knjizi Zakona: žrtvenik od grubog kamena, neklesanog željezom. Na njemu bi prinesena Jahvi žrtva paljenica i pričesnica.

32 Tu na kamenju Jošua prepiše Zakon Mojsijev koji bješe napisan za sinove Izraelove.

33 I sav Izrael i njegove starješine, glavari narodni i suci, došljaci i domaći, stanu s obje strane Kovčega prema svećenicima i levitima koji su nosili Kovčeg saveza Jahvina - polovina prema gori Gerizimu, a polovina prema gori Ebalu - da bi se blagoslovio puk Izraelov prema obredu koji zapovjedi Mojsije.

34 Tada pročita Jošua svaku riječ Zakona, blagoslov i prokletstvo, sve kako je napisano u knjizi Zakona.

35 Nije Jošua propustio nijedne Mojsijeve naredbe, nego ih je sve pročitao pred saborom svih Izraelaca, pred ženama, djecom i došljacima koji su išli s njima.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 8      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth and New Christian Bible Study Staff

Joshua 8: The fall of Ai and the renewal of the covenant.

The events of this chapter - and their spiritual meaning for us - follow on from the previous chapter. After their first setback at Ai, the Children of Israel take the city of Ai by using a clever ruse. Joshua chose thirty thousand men for the battle. The plan was for five thousand of them to hide near the city, while he led the main army to attack the city. Then, Joshua and his forces would pretend to run away, pursued by the men of Ai. Those who had hidden were then to come out, go into the city, and set it on fire. The men of Ai would see this and run back, get ambushed, and be caught between Joshua’s two armies.

It all happened as planned, and Israel took Ai. (See Arcana Caelestia 1557). As with Jericho, everything in Ai was commanded to be destroyed, except that in this case the livestock and the city’s spoils were to be kept. The whole city was burned and its king was hanged on a tree until sunset and then his body was thrown down at the city entrance with a great heap of stones put over it.

The basic spiritual meaning of any battle in the Bible such as this, is to show how a heavenly principle can and will overcome a hellish or evil attack, especially for us, during some temptation - when we seek to resist and fight back.

Evil is only strong in illusion and fear-mongering; when the light of what is true shines on evil it gets shown for what it is. (Heaven and Hell 49)

The city’s name “Ai” means “a heap”. The word gets used several times in the text of the chapter. A heap implies rubble and rubbish. Cities sometimes look noble and well-planned; in Ai’s case it was the very opposite - a heap, a ruin. (Heaven and Hell 586[2])

While Jericho generally represents our wrong thinking, which first stands in the way of our regeneration and spiritual will, Ai represents our evil emotions and our selfish passions. Both of them must fall before we can make further progress.

Joshua chooses a large number to go against a relatively few in Ai, who nevertheless all rush out to fight Israel. “There was not a man left in Ai or Bethel who did not go out after Israel. Thus they left the city open.” (Joshua 8:17)

Joshua’s tactic of drawing out the men of Ai means our challenge to evil - by confronting it with the truths and commandments we know and obey. Joshua’s pretence of fleeing away draws Ai out in glee, interpreting the flight as a real retreat. Then everything turns, and Joshua’s men go forward representing the power of the truth, the Word and our persuasion of their effectiveness in winning. (Arcana Caelestia 6344[4])

Ai’s men see their city on fire, for other Israelites entered Ai and set it ablaze. This represents the self-condemnation of evil, of hell, when it is exposed to what is true, heavenly and of God. But Joshua’s men, lying in ambush and waiting for the moment, represent our keen observation of how our selfish desires work to cause havoc in us. They are 5,000. Symbolically, in the Bible, five or its multiples always stand for a small amount - but enough to use.

Hanging the king of Ai stands for our need to put down the controlling power of any evil which stirs us. And all Ai is destroyed, because all evil must be turned against and refused.

Then, and only then, Joshua remakes the covenant with the Lord God; he builds an altar, he writes a copy on stones of the Law of Moses in the presence of all Israel, the priests stand in two groups in front of two mountains, then Joshua reads the words of blessing and cursing and all the Law of Moses.

After we resist any evil and its temptation, we must re-hear and re-affirm the truth that this was the Lord’s victory, not ours, and re-dedicate ourselves to the life the Lord gives us. (True Christian Religion 13[2])

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 796, 878, 1298, 1453, 2799, 5156, 6752, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 457, 662


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 585, 655, 937

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Postanak 12:7, 8

Exodus 8:1

Izlazak 17:9, 12, 13, 20:25

Brojevi 15:15, 16, 29

Ponovljeni Zakon 2:34, 35, 7:18, 21, 11:29, 13:17, 21:22, 23, 27:2, 8, 14, 28:28, 29:9, 10, 31:11, 12

Jošua 1:9, 2:24, 3:1, 6:2, 21, 7:26, 9:3, 10:7, 22, 26, 27, 11:14, 12:9

Suci 9:32, 20:29, 31, 32, 34, 37, 40, 41

1 Samuel 15:5

Nehemija 8:2, 3

Ivan 4:20

1 Solunjanima 5:27

Významy biblických slov

Jahve
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

ruke
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

grad
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

plijen
'To spoil,' as in Genesis 34:27, signifies destruction. 'Spoil,' as in Deuteronomy 13:16, signifies the falsification of truth.

trideset
'Thirty' has a twofold significance because it is is the product of five and six, and also three and ten. From five multiplied by six,...

tisuća
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

poslao
'To send' signifies revealing.

noću
The sun in the Bible represents the Lord, with its heat representing His love and its light representing His wisdom. “Daytime,” then, represents a state...

zapovijed
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

nas
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

prije
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

pobjeći
To flee signifies to escape, and be rescued. To flee signifies to be overcome.

bog
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

noć
The sun in the Bible represents the Lord, with its heat representing His love and its light representing His wisdom. “Daytime,” then, represents a state...

ujutro
Morning comes with the rising of the sun, and the sun – which gives life to the earth with its warmth and light – represents...

pet
Five also signifies all things of one part.

strane
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

usred
'Middle' denotes what is primary, principal, or inmost.

vidio
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

kralj
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

iza
Behind, or after, (Gen. 16:13), signifies within or above, or an interior or superior principle.

Izrael
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

potjeru
'To pursue,' as in Genesis 14:16, signifies a state of purification, because 'to pursue enemies' is the expulsion of evils and falsities which were with...

koplje
'Lances' signify combating truths.

vidjeti
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

dim
'Smoke' signifies divine truth in extremes, because 'fire' which gives off smoke, signifies love. 'Smoke' also signifies the same thing as 'cloud' in many places....

diže
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...

Izraelci
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

dana
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

žena
The word "woman" is used a number of different ways in the Bible – as a simple description, as someone connected to a man ("his...

stanovnici
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

danas
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

drvo
'Wood' signifies good, as well the good of love to the Lord as the good of charity towards our neighbor.

večeri
Since the light and warmth of the sun represent the Lord’s wisdom and love, it makes sense that evening, a time when the light and...

zapovjedi
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

vrata
"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

Mojsije
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

sluga
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

napisan
In John 8:2-11, the Lord wrote twice on the ground, when the woman taken in adultery was brought to him, which signifies the condemnation of...

starješine
Elders are mentioned in the Bible mainly in two ways: First the elders of Israel: and second the 24 elders seated about the throne of...

suci
It’s easy to see the connection between judging and truth. In a court of law, the judge’s whole purpose is to find the truth. In...

kovčeg
A coffin (Gen. 1:26) signifies that wherein something is shut up or concealed.

riječ
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

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