约书亚记 19

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1 西缅支派的分地与城镇

2 他们所得的产业有别是巴、示巴、摩拉大、

3 哈萨.书亚、巴拉、以森、

4 伊利多拉、比土力、何珥玛、

5 洗革拉、伯.玛加博、哈萨.苏撒、

6 伯.利巴勿、沙鲁险,共十三座城,还有属于这些城的村庄

7 又有亚因、利门、以帖、亚珊,共座城,还有属于这些城的村庄

8 以及这些城周围所有的村庄,直到巴拉.比珥,就是地的拉玛。这就是西缅支派按着家族所得的产业。

9 西缅人的产业是从犹大人的地业中得来的;因为犹大人的分过大,所以西缅人在犹大人的产业中得了他们的产业。

10 西布伦支派的分地与城镇为西布伦人,按着家族抽出第三签;他们产业的境界去到撒立;

11 他们的疆界再向西上到玛拉拉,直达大巴设,再去到约念前面的

12 又从撒立向东日出的方向,去到吉斯绿.他泊的境界,又伸展到他比拉,上到雅非亚;

13 又从那里往东面日出的方向,经过迦特.希弗,到以特.加汛、临门,再伸展到尼亚;

14 又绕过尼亚的面,到哈拿顿,直通到伊弗他.伊勒谷;

15 还有加他、拿哈拉、伸仑、以大拉、伯利恒,共有十座城,还有属于这些城的村庄

16 这些城和属于这些城的村庄,就是西布伦人按着家族所得的产业。

17 以萨迦支派的分地与城镇为以萨迦,就是为以萨迦人,按着家族抽出第四签。

18 他们的境界包括耶斯列、基苏律、书念、

19 哈弗连、示按、亚拿哈拉、

20 拉璧、基善、亚别、

21 利蔑、隐.干宁、隐.哈大、伯.帕薛,

22 达到他泊、沙哈洗玛、伯.示麦,直通到约旦河,共十六座城,还有属于这些城的村庄

23 这些城和属于这些城的村庄,就是以萨迦支派按着家族所得的产业。

24 亚设支派的分地与城镇为亚设支派,按着家族抽出第五签。

25 他们的境界包括黑甲、哈利、比田、押煞、

26 亚拉米勒、亚末、米沙勒,向西直达迦密和希曷.立纳;

27 日出的方向,到伯.大衮,延伸到细步纶,向北去到伊弗他.伊勒谷、伯.以墨和尼业,又伸展到迦布勒的左边,

28 到义伯仑、利合、哈们、加拿,直到西顿大城;

29 拉玛,直到设防的城推罗;再到何萨,直通到岸靠近亚革悉的地区;

30 又有乌玛、亚弗、利合,共二十座城,还有属于这些城的村庄

31 这些城和属于这些城的村庄,就是亚设支派按着家族所得的产业。

32 拿弗他利支派的分地与城镇为拿弗他利人抽出第六签,就是拿弗他利人按着家族所得的产业。

33 他们的疆界,是从希利弗,从撒拿音的橡树林,从亚大米.尼吉和雅比聂起,去到拉共,直通到约旦河

34 又向西到亚斯纳.他泊,从那里伸展到户割,达到西布伦,西边达到亚设,东边达到约旦河那里的犹大

35 设防的城有西丁、侧耳、哈末、拉甲、基尼烈、

36 亚大玛、拉玛、夏琐、

37 基低斯、以得来、隐.夏琐、

38 以利稳、密大.伊勒、和琏、伯.亚纳、伯.示麦,共十座城,还有属于这些城的村庄

39 这些城和属于这些城的村庄,就是拿弗他利支派按着家族所得的产业。

40 但支派的分地与城镇为但支派,按着家族抽出第七签。

41 他们产业的境界包括:琐拉、以实陶、伊珥.示麦、

42 沙拉宾、亚雅仑、伊提拉、

43 以伦、亭拿他、以革伦、

44 伊利提基、基比顿、巴拉、

45 伊胡得、比尼.比拉、迦特.临门、

46 美.耶昆、拉昆和约帕对面的地区。

47 但人未能控制他们的境界,因此他们就上去攻打利善,夺取那城,用刀击杀了城中的人;他们占领利善,就在城中,以他们祖先但的名字,把利善改名为但。

48 这些城和属于这些城的村庄,就是但支派按着家族所得的产业。

49 约书亚的分地以色列人按着疆界把地分完了之后,就在他们中间把产业分嫩的儿子约书亚。

50 他们照着耶和华所吩咐的,把约书亚所要的城,就是以法莲地的亭拿.西拉,了他;约书亚就修建那城,在城中。

51 以上就是以利亚撒祭司嫩的儿子约书亚,以及以色列人各支派的族长,在示罗会幕口,在耶和华面前,借着抽签所分的产业。这样,他们就完成了分地的事。

  

Exploring the Meaning of 约书亚记 19      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 19: The last six tribes receive their territories, and Joshua his inheritance.

This chapter is the last of seven chapters detailing the division of the land of Canaan among the tribes. In this chapter, the remaining six tribes receive their portions.

Simeon received land very much in the south, below that of Judah, and Simeon’s territory was made a part of Judah. Simeon means ‘to hear’. To hear the Lord, and to hear the truth, means wanting to live in obedience with what the Lord teaches. Simeon was important in earlier biblical events, but is rarely mentioned later on; obeying the Lord can and should be a quiet affair (see Swedenborg’s work, Apocalypse Revealed 87).

The area given to Zebulun was modest and towards the north, between the Sea of Galilee and the coast. Zebulun’s name means ‘place of exaltation and honor’, and its spiritual meaning is just as glorious: it refers to honoring the Lord through the way we live our lives, both inwardly and outwardly (see Swedenborg’s Heaven and Hell 390).

Issachar’s territory was a small, fertile area in the north, next to the Jordan. The name “Issachar” means ‘a man of hire’ or ‘a hired man’. Spiritually, this is about wanting to serve the Lord, and dedicating our lives to this. Then we are ‘employed’ as servants of the Lord, and we are rewarded with spiritual strength, joy, and blessings (see Swedenborg’s Arcana Caelestia 6388).

Asher means ‘happy’ - a delightful name - and its territory was along the northern coastline, extending inland. It included Mount Carmel and the Plain of Sharon, which were both beautiful places. Spiritual happiness is quite deep, and is really a feeling of joy, contentment, and well-being. When we are spiritually happy, we feel glad to be alive, to know the Lord, and to do what is good because of God (Arcana Caelestia 6408).

Naphtali had territory going up from the Sea of Galilee to the northern border. Naphtali means ‘crafty and cunning’, which does not sound very heavenly. However, the idea is that we use our intelligence to bring heavenly results from the countless decisions we make each and every day. Earlier in the Bible, Naphtali is blessed and called ‘a deer let loose’, which would then be free to bound away (see Genesis 49:21, Arcana Caelestia 3928).

Dan had two small territories: one in the centre on the coast, and one in the far north near the source of the River Jordan. Dan means ‘to judge well’, and it stands for our need to treat people fairly because of our relationship with the Lord. Perhaps there are two territories because one is our mind (north), and the other is in life (center) (Arcana Caelestia 3923).

Finally, Joshua himself is given his inheritance, a place in Ephraim called Timnath Serah. The name means ‘an extra portion’, and this suggests that beyond everything Joshua has done, he is to be given something further. Spiritually, this could be the unexpected delight we get when we devote ourselves to serving the Lord (Arcana Caelestia 995[3]).

The spiritual meaning of receiving a portion of land is that we are able to experience blessings and goodness from the Lord, but only after we have ‘conquered the land’. This means working through our temptations and overcoming weaknesses during our natural life.

Since the land of Canaan stands for heaven – and also for the growth of heaven in us – each of the twelve tribes represent a part of heavenly life that needs to be active in us. We must learn hear the word of the Lord, judge well in our daily actions, and honor His name by the way we live.

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