撒母耳记上 4

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1 以色列人战败

2 非利士人列阵,要与以色列人交战。战事展开后,以色列人败在非利士人面前,非利士人在战场上杀了约

3 军队回到里,以色列的长老:“今天耶和华为什么在非利士人面前击败我们呢?我们要把耶和华的约柜从示罗抬到我们这里。约柜一到我们中间,就会拯我们脱离仇敌的手。”

4 于是他们派人到示罗去,从那里把基路伯中间万军之耶和华的约柜抬来;以利的两个儿子,何弗尼和非尼哈,也与的约柜一同来了。

5 耶和华的约柜中的时候,以色列众人就声欢呼,地也回声响应。

6 非利士人见了欢呼的声音,就问:“在希伯来人中为什么有这样声的欢呼呢?”后知道耶和华的约柜到了中。

7 非利士人害怕,他们:“有到他们的中了。”又:“我们有祸了!因为从没有这样的事。

8 我们有祸了!从前在旷野用各样灾祸击打埃及人的,就是这些。谁能救我们脱离这些大能之呢?

9 非利士人哪!你们要刚强,要作大丈夫,免得你们作希伯来人的奴仆,好像他们作过你们的奴仆一样;你们要作大丈夫,作战吧!”

10 于是非利士人起来作战,以色列人就被击败,各都往自己的帐棚逃跑。这是一场屠杀,以色列人中有三万步兵阵亡。

11 的约柜也被抢去,以利的两个儿子何弗尼和非尼哈也死了

12 以利逝世有一个便雅悯跑离战场,衣服撕裂蒙尘土,当到示罗。

13 到的时候,以利正在在自己的椅子上观望,因为他为的约柜担忧战栗。那进城里报信,全城的就都喊叫起

14 以利见喊叫的声音,就问:“这喧嚷的声音是什么意思呢?”那急忙前,向以利报告。

15 那时以利九十岁了,眼睛发直,不能见。

16 告诉以利:“我是从战场上的,今天从战场上逃回。”以利问:“我儿,事情怎么样?”

17 报信的人回答:“以色列人非利士人面前逃跑,伤亡惨重,你两个儿子何弗尼和非尼哈也死了,民中被杀的甚多,的约柜也被抢去了。”

18 因为以利年老体重,报信的一提到的约柜,以利就从椅子上往后跌倒在旁,颈骨折断而。以利治理了以色列四十年。

19 非尼哈之妻逝世以利的媳妇,非尼哈的妻子怀了孕,产期近了;她一的约柜被抢去,以及她公公和丈夫死了的消息,就忽然感到疼痛,曲身生产了。

20 她快要的时候,站在旁边的妇女们对她:“不要怕,你生了一个儿子!”她却不回答,也不理会。

21 她给孩子起名以迦博,说:“荣耀已经离开以色列了。”这是因为的约柜被抢去,又因为她的公公和丈夫都死了。

22 :“荣耀已经离开了以色列,因为的约柜被抢去了。”

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Exploring the Meaning of 1_Samuel 4      

Although it was clear throughout Israel that Samuel had been established as the Lord’s prophet, the Israelites were still unprepared to listen to his prophecy. A new battle took place between the army of Israel and the army of the Philistines, that went decidedly in the Philistines’ favor. About four thousand men of Israel died.

The Israelites were in great distress, and they sent for the Ark of the covenant from Shiloh in order to summon the power of the Lord. Accompanying the Ark were the two sons of the High Priest Eli: Hophni and Phinehas. When the Ark reached the Israelite camp, the Israelites shouted with joy, and the Philistines became afraid. They knew that the Israelite God was surely with them, and they remembered His power from the plagues of Egypt (in Exodus 7 through 12). The Philistines, in order to avoid being enslaved by the Israelites, summoned courage and defeated Israel. In the process, they captured the Ark of the Covenant.

A messenger was dispatched to bring the bad news to Shiloh, where Eli was. Hophni and Phinehas were dead, and the Ark was in enemy hands. Upon hearing the news, the elderly Eli fell backwards from his seat and died. Phinehas’ wife was heavily pregnant. The bad news broke her spirit and she died shortly after delivering a son that she named Ichabod. The doom predicted in Chapter three of 1 Samuel had come to pass.

The Ark of the Covenant contained two stone tablets, on which were written the Ten Commandments. These were written by the finger of God, and given to Moses on Mount Sinai. The Commandments represented the covenant between the Lord and people. They would be joined together through love and faith: God’s love for His people, and their love for Him. Love, faith in God and obedience to His message would forever bind them. The covenant is only fulfilled when people, individually and collectively, do what is written on those two tablets (see True Christianity 285.)

When the Israelites lose the Ark of the Covenant in this story (and with it, the Ten Commandments) it symbolizes the loss of a person’s covenantal relationship with the Lord their Creator. This covenant can be severed, if we choose to break it, and this story is a representation of the destruction that breaking the covenant can cause. God, however, will never give up on us, and is always ready to come into our lives if we accept Him.

In True Christianity 285, Swedenborg writes that God is always ready to keep His commandment with us, but we must use our free will to keep our commandment with Him. This is illustrated in a quote from Revelation 3:20: “Behold, I stand at the door and knock. If anyone hears my voice and opens the door, I will come in to him and dine with him, and he with me.”

While this story is an example of a covenant with God described in the Old Testament of the Word, this relationship between God and His people (and, of course, with each one of us individually) is a theme throughout all of the Bible. The New Testament describes a new covenant that the Lord seeks to build with each of us.

The Philistines, whom the Israelites were battling in this chapter, are mentioned in Swedenborg’s writings, where he writes that they represent faith without charity. Both faith and charity are necessary to follow the Lord, and knowledge of what is right and true is not useful unless we apply it to our lives. If we do not, this knowledge simply becomes memory instead of an ongoing part of our life (see Arcana Coelestia 1197). In this chapter, the Israelites lose a battle to the Philistines and surrender the Ark of the Covenant, which contains the Ten Commandments. Since Philistines represent knowledge without charity, perhaps this story is telling us that in order to keep our covenant with God, it is not enough to know what is required of us, what is written on the tablet. We must also act accordingly. When we both understand the commandments and practice them, then we are able to keep our covenant with God.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

属天的奥秘 1343, 1703, 2576, 4763, 9396, 9416


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 277, 700, 817

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Významy biblických slov

以色列
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

以色列人
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

非利士人
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...


The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...


The number "four" in the Bible represents things being linked together or joined. This is partly because four is two times two, and two represents...


As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...


Camps in the Bible represent spiritual order – a person’s (or a church community’s) whole collection of desires for good and true ideas on how...

以色列的
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

长老
Elders are mentioned in the Bible mainly in two ways: First the elders of Israel: and second the 24 elders seated about the throne of...


As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

今天
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...


"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

耶和华
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

我们
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

耶和华的
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...


As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...


To be saved or rescued means getting true ideas that we can hold to even in the face of a storm of false thinking. Sometimes...


If you think about sitting, it seems fair to say that where you're sitting is more important than that you're sitting. Sitting in a movie...


The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

基路伯
A Cherub has as its first definition in the dictionary, “A winged heavenly creature.” Cherubim is the plural of cherub. In the Word, the words...

儿子
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...


主是爱本身,以智慧本身的形式表达。爱是他的本质,也是他的全部。智慧-对如何将爱付诸行动的热爱理解-稍微有点外在,为爱提供了一种表达自我的方式。 当圣经说“耶和华”时,它代表的是至高无上的爱,这是主的本质。那爱本身就是一个完整的整体,而爱也是一个,只适用于主的名字。然而,智慧表达在各种各样的思想和观念中,这些著作统称为神的真理。也有许多虚构的神,有时天使和人也可以被称为神(耶和华说摩西将成为亚伦的神)。因此,当圣经称上帝为“上帝”时,多数情况下是指神圣的真理。 在其他情况下,“上帝”指的是所谓的神圣人类。情况是这样的: 作为人类,我们不能直接将主作为上帝的爱来参与。它太强大了,太纯净了。相反,我们必须通过神圣的真理了解他来接近他。因此,神圣的真理是人类形式的主,这是我们可以接近和理解的形式。因此,“上帝”也被用来指代人类这一方面,因为它是真理的表达。


The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...


Thanks to modern science, we now understand that hearing actually happens in the brain, not the ears. The ears collect vibrations in the air and...

希伯来人
The term 'Hebrew' is used in the Word to signify anything relating to service, whatever its nature may be. Hence Abraham, in one passage only...

知道
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

害怕
对未知的恐惧和对变化的恐惧都是一种常见的观念,共同涵盖了我们在自然生活中容易产生的恐惧的广泛范围。从某种意义上说,当《圣经》中的人被描述为 "害怕 "时,它们的背后也蕴含着灵性的意义。 根据《文集》的描述,当一种更高尚、更内在的属灵状态与一种更低级、更外在的属灵状态沟通时,人们就会感到恐惧,并表明这种状态需要被改造和提升。圣诞故事中的牧羊人就是如此,当天使来告诉他们一个全新的属灵时代时,他们的第一反应是恐惧。摩西在燃烧的灌木丛中,雅各在看到梯子的异象后,甚至门徒看到耶稣在加利利海上行走,都是如此--在这些情况下,一个更高的状态正在向他们伸出手来,要求他们接受属灵生命的新阶段。 这在更消极的意义上也是如此,当邪恶和错误的思想状态接触到精神上的东西,感觉到自己的悲惨的启示的威胁时,也是如此。 圣经》也经常讲到人敬畏神,这是一个相关但不同的想法,其他地方也有涉及。

击打
'The smitten' signify people who are oppressed by the falsities of ignorance.

埃及
Egyptians represent those who are in natural science, thus the natural, but the Hebrews, those who are of the church, thus respectively the spiritual. The...

埃及人
In the Bible, Egypt means knowledge and the love of knowledge. In a good sense that means knowledge of truth from the Lord through the...


Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

逃跑
Flight, as in Matthew 14:20, signifies removal from a state of the good of love and innocence. Flight, as in Mark 8:18, signifies the last...


Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

死了
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

撕裂
'Torn,' as in Genesis 31:38, signifies death caused by another, so evil without blame. 'Torn' relates to good, which falsity is injected into, which means...


The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....


These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....


According to Swedenborg, the number eight represents something that is complete within itself, in every respect. Two reasons are offered for this. First, eight is...

眼睛
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...


To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

回答
一般来说,"回答 "是指一种属灵的接受状态。归根结底,这意味着接受主,主不断地试图将真正的想法和美好的愿望灌输到我们的心灵和思想中。它也可以是在我们的外在部分接受自己的内在部分的引导--承诺使我们的行动跟随我们更深的信仰。 在圣经中,"回答 "经常与 "说 "搭配在一起。在这些情况下,一般来说,它表示的是一种感知的程度加上接受的程度。这意味着你不仅能接受从主那里临到你的东西,而且还能看到它,认识到其中的真理,并认识到这里面的真理,这将使你的生活更加美好。


The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...


"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

四十
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

妻子
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...

丈夫
In general, men are driven by intellect and women by affections, and because of this men in the Bible generally represent knowledge and truth and...


'To proclaim' signifies exploration from influx of the Lord.

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 The Capture and Return of the Ark
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 The Capture and Return of the Ark (3-5 years)
Project | Ages 4 - 6

 The Capture and Return of the Ark (6-8 years)
Project | Ages 7 - 10

 The Capture and Return of the Ark (9-11 years)
Project | Ages 11 - 14


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