Regters 12

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Afrikaanse Vertaling 1953     

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1 En die manne van Efraim is saamgeroep en het oorgetrek na Safon toe en vir Jefta gesê: Waarom het u deurgetrek om teen die kinders van Ammon te veg en óns nie geroep om saam met u te trek nie? Ons sal u huis bo u met vuur verbrand.

2 Maar Jefta vir hulle: Ek en my volk het 'n hewige twis met die kinders van Ammon gehad, en ek het julle opgeroep, maar julle het my nie uit hulle hand verlos nie.

3 En toe ek sien dat jy nie help nie, het ek my lewe gewaag en deurgetrek na die kinders van Ammon; en die HERE het hulle in my hand gegee. Waarom het julle dan vandag teen my opgetrek om teen my oorlog te voer?

4 Daarop versamel Jefta al die manne van Gílead om teen Efraim te veg; en die manne van Gílead het Efraim verslaan, omdat hulle gesê het: Julle, Gileadiete, is vlugtelinge van Efraim, in die midde van Efraim en Manasse.

5 En Gílead het die Efraimiete van die Jordaan-driwwe afgesny; en as die vlugtelinge van Efraim : Ek wil deurgaan--dan vra die manne van Gílead vir hom: Is jy 'n Efraimiet? As hy : Nee,

6 dan vra hulle hom: bietjie: Sjibbolet! En as hy : Sibbolet! en nie ag gee om dit reg uit te spreek nie, dan gryp hulle hom en maak hom by die Jordaan-driwwe dood. So het daar dan in dié tyd van Efraim twee en veertig duisend man geval.

7 En Jefta het Israel ses jaar lank gerig; en Jefta, die Gileadiet, het gesterwe en is begrawe in een van die stede van Gílead.

8 En ná hom het Ebsan, uit Betlehem, Israel gerig.

9 En hy het dertig seuns gehad, en dertig dogters het hy uitgehuwelik en van buite af dertig dogters vir sy seuns ingebring; en hy het Israel sewe jaar lank gerig.

10 En Ebsan het gesterwe en is begrawe in Betlehem.

11 En ná hom het Elon, die Sebuloniet, Israel gerig; en hy het Israel tien jaar lank gerig.

12 En Elon, die Sebuloniet, het gesterwe en is begrawe in Ajalon, in die land Sébulon.

13 En ná hom het Abdon, die seun van Hillel, die Pireatoniet, Israel gerig.

14 En hy het veertig seuns en dertig kleinseuns gehad wat op sewentig jong esels gery het; en hy het Israel agt jaar lank gerig.

15 En Abdon, die seun van Hillel, die Pireatoniet, het gesterwe en is begrawe in Píreaton, in die land Efraim, op die gebergte van die Amalekiete.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 12      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 12: Jephthah’s conflict with Ephraim; Ibzan, Elon and Abdon.

After Jephthah’s victory over the Ammonites, the men of Ephraim came to Jephthah, demanding to know why he hadn’t asked them to join the battle. Jephthah answered that when his people had struggled against Ammon in the past, Ephraim had not answered their calls for help.

Jephthah and Ephraim went to war over this dispute, and Ephraim was defeated. Jephthah’s men, the men of Gilead, stood by the fords of the Jordan to catch fleeing Ephraimites. When a man asked to cross, they would tell him to say “Shibboleth”. The men who pronounced the word as “Sibboleth” were from Ephraim, and were put to death. In total, forty-two thousand Ephraimites were killed in the war.

Jephthah died after judging Israel for six years, and was buried in Gilead.

*****

The spiritual meaning of Ephraim is to understand the truths of the Word. Wherever Ephraim is referenced in a negative sense, as in this chapter, the spiritual meaning becomes an understanding of the Word which has been destroyed. The Word commands us to live by what we understand and believe; in this story, Ephraim did not heed Jephthah’s words (see Swedenborg’s work, Doctrine of Sacred Scripture 79[3]).

The escaping Ephraimites were exposed by their accent, as they could not pronounce the ‘sh’ sound of “Shibboleth”. The letter ‘h’ stands for the genuine truth of the Word, which is the love of the Lord and for the neighbour. A purely intellectual understanding of the Word fails to comprehend this living heart that makes the Word what it is, and consequently, can only say “Sibboleth” (see Swdenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 4280).

The Word tells us that forty-two thousand Ephraimites were killed - that seems an colossal number of casualties! But the Word does not report facts from a historical standpoint; it presents living truths, even in numbers. Forty-two is six multiplied by seven, so its spiritual meaning can be understood as a combination of both numbers. In the creation story, the Lord worked for six days and rested on the seventh. This idea relates to our regeneration, which involves our struggles during temptation, as well as the peace that comes from spiritual growth. The fact that the number of casualties was in the thousands emphasizes the significance of the spiritual meaning (Arcana Caelestia 8539[2]).

Jephthah judged Israel six years. The number six here carries the same meaning of conflict and work during temptation. The temptation in this chapter would be to understand the Word purely in an intellectual or dead way (Ephraim in a bad sense), rather than living by the truths it teaches.

*****

After Jephthah, there were three minor judges of Israel. The first was Ibzan, who gave away thirty daughters to marry abroad, and brought in thirty foreign daughters for his thirty sons. The Bible does not tell us any more about Ibzan, except the curious fact that he came from Bethlehem. It’s uncertain whether this is the same town where the Lord would be born, or another town of the same name.

Ibzan, whose name means ‘illustrious’, stands for a generous and willing spirit, able to take in new perspectives and to share his blessings with others. This concept is called mutual love, which is a key quality of heaven (Arcana Caelestia 2738).

The next judge, Elon, came from Zebulun, and led Israel for ten years. Even these few details that we learn about him present a sense of integrity in their spiritual meanings: his name means an ‘oak’, a tree which is associated with nobility, strength, and longevity, each of which are fitting qualities of a leader; he came from Zebulun, which represents the unity of good and truth (Arcana Caelestia 4592[13]); and the number ten (the number of years that he judged Israel) symbolizes completeness, and also our spiritual ‘remains’ (see Sweenborg’s work, Doctrine of Life 56).

The third and final judge, Abdon, had forty sons and thirty grandsons who rode on seventy young donkeys. Abdon’s name means “to serve”, which is the third spiritual principle after love and truth. To serve is to offer our life to God through charity toward others. A young donkey represents the untamed level of our lives before regeneration, which needs spiritual care (Arcana Caelestia 5084[8]).

These last three ‘minor’ judges remind us of the qualities which guard against the next major opponent of Israel: the Philistines, who represent faith without regard to charity or good works.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2781, 9212


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 31

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Významy biblických slov

Efraim
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

gesê
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

kinders
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

Ammon
The children of Ammon ('Jeremiah 49:1'), signify those who falsify the truths of the Word, and of the church.

ons
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

huis
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

vuur
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...


As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

hand
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

sien
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

Here
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

gegee
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

vandag
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

verslaan
To strike or smite, when used in the Bible, means to attack, harm or destroy, and is usually in reference to an attack on someone’s...

midde
The "midst" of something in the Bible represents the thing that is most central and most important to the spiritual state being described, the motivation...

Manasse
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

spreek
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

tyd
Time is an aspect of the physical world, but according to Swedenborg is not an aspect of the spiritual world. The same is true of...

twee
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

veertig
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

duisend
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

Israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

ses
Like most numbers in the Bible, "six" can have various meanings depending on context, but has a couple that are primary. When used in relation...

stede
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

Betlehem
There is a strong relationship between Ephrath and Bethlehem in the Bible; they might be two different names for the same town, or it’s possible...

dertig
'Thirty' has a twofold significance because it is is the product of five and six, and also three and ten. From five multiplied by six,...

seuns
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

dogters
Marriages among people – both in the Bible and in life – represent spiritual marriage. Women represent the desire to be good and to do...

sewe
The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...

tien
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

Ajalon
The valley of Ajalon has respect to faith: by the sun standing still upon Gibeon, and the moon in the valley of Ajalon (Joshua 10:12)...

land
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

seun
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

esels
Donkeys signify the things relating to the self-intelligence of the sensual man; and camels, the things of self-intelligence in the natural man (Isa 30:6, 7.)

gery
'To ride' signifies being elevated regarding the intellectual part of the mind. To ride upon a cherub,' as in Psalm 18:9, 10, denotes the Lord’s...

agt
According to Swedenborg, the number eight represents something that is complete within itself, in every respect. Two reasons are offered for this. First, eight is...

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 The Men of Gilead Kill the Ephraimites
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