Exodus 22

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Afrikaans 1953     

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1 As iemand 'n bees of 'n stuk kleinvee steel en dit slag of verkoop, moet hy vyf beeste vir 'n bees vergoed en vier stuks kleinvee vir 'n stuk kleinvee.

2 As 'n dief betrap word terwyl hy inbreek, en hy word geslaan, sodat hy sterwe, sal daardeur geen bloedskuld ontstaan nie;

3 as die son oor hom opgegaan het, ontstaan daardeur bloedskuld. Hy moet ten volle vergoeding gee; as hy niks het nie, moet hy vir sy diefstal verkoop word.

4 As die gesteelde goed--of dit 'n bees, 'n esel of 'n stuk kleinvee is--nog lewendig in sy besit gevind word, moet hy dubbel vergoeding gee.

5 As iemand 'n stuk veld of 'n wingerd laat afwei en sy vee vry laat loop, sodat dit in die veld van 'n ander wei, moet hy van die beste van sy veld en die beste van sy wingerd as vergoeding gee.

6 As 'n vuur uitbreek en die dorings vat, sodat 'n mied of die ongesnyde graan of die veld verteer word, moet hy wat die vuur aan die brand gesteek het, ten volle vergoeding gee.

7 As iemand aan sy naaste geld of goed in bewaring gee, en dit word uit die man se huis gesteel, moet die dief, as hy uitgevind word, dubbel vergoeding gee.

8 As die dief nie uitgevind word nie, moet die eienaar van die huis na die owerhede gaan om te beslis of hy nie sy hand na sy naaste se goed uitgesteek het nie.

9 By alle sake van ontvreemding, of dit gaan oor 'n bees, oor 'n esel, oor kleinvee, oor klere of oor enigiets wat verloor is, waarvan iemand : Dit is myne! --moet die saak van altwee voor die owerhede kom; die een wat die owerhede skuldig verklaar, moet aan sy naaste dubbel vergoeding gee.

10 As iemand aan sy naaste 'n esel of bees of stuk kleinvee of enige dier gee om op te pas, en dit gaan dood of kry 'n ongeluk of word weggevoer sonder dat iemand dit sien,

11 dan moet die eed by die HERE tussen hulle twee beslis, of hy nie sy hand na sy naaste se goed uitgesteek het nie; en die eienaar moet daarmee tevrede wees, en die ander hoef geen vergoeding te gee nie.

12 Maar as dit van hom weggesteel is, moet hy aan die eienaar vergoeding gee.

13 As dit verskeur is, moet hy dit as bewys bring; wat verskeur is, hoef hy nie te vergoed nie.

14 En as iemand van sy naaste iets te leen vra, en dit kry 'n ongeluk of gaan dood terwyl die eienaar daar nie by is nie, moet hy ten volle vergoeding gee.

15 As die eienaar daarby gewees het, hoef hy geen vergoeding te gee nie. As dit gehuur was, kom die huurgeld daarvoor.

16 As iemand 'n jongmeisie wat nie verloof is nie, verlei en met haar gemeenskap het, moet hy haar vir die volle huweliksprys as sy vrou koop.

17 As haar vader beslis weier om haar aan hom te gee, moet hy geld gee volgens die huweliksprys vir jongmeisies.

18 Die towerheks mag jy nie laat lewe nie.

19 Elkeen wat met 'n dier gemeenskap het, moet sekerlik gedood word.

20 Hy wat aan die gode offer, behalwe aan die HERE alleen, moet met die banvloek getref word.

21 Jy mag ook die vreemdeling nie kwel of hom verdruk nie, want julle was vreemdelinge in Egipteland.

22 Julle mag geen weduwee of wees verdruk nie.

23 As jy hulle op enige manier verdruk, waarlik, dan sal Ek, as hulle na My roep, hulle geroep sekerlik hoor.

24 en my toorn sal ontvlam, en Ek sal julle met die swaard ombring, sodat julle vroue weduwees en julle kinders wese word.

25 As jy aan my volk, aan die arme by jou, geld leen, mag jy vir hom nie soos 'n skuldeiser wees nie: julle mag hom geen rente oplê nie.

26 As jy ooit jou naaste se gewaad as pand neem, moet jy hom dit teruggee voor die son ondergaan;

27 want dit is sy enigste bedekking, dit is die bekleding vir sy vel. Waarin moet hy anders slaap? En as hy na My roep, sal Ek hoor, want Ek is genadig.

28 Jy mag God nie vloek nie, en 'n owerste onder jou volk mag jy nie verwens nie.

29 Die offer uit jou volle opbrings en jou parskuip mag jy nie terughou nie. Die eersgeborene van jou seuns moet jy aan My gee.

30 Jy moet dieselfde doen met jou beeste en jou kleinvee: sewe dae moet dit by sy moeder wees; op die agtste dag moet jy dit aan My gee.

31 En julle moet vir My heilige mense wees. Daarom mag julle nie vleis eet wat in die veld verskeur is nie. Julle moet dit vir die honde gooi.

← Exodus 21   Exodus 23 →
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Vysvětlení slova/fráze

kleinvee
'A herd,' as mentioned in Genesis 32:7, denotes exterior or natural good, and also not good things.

steel
In a natural sense, the commandment 'Thou shalt not steal,' in Exodus 20:15, means, according to the letter, not stealing, robbing, or committing piracy in...

verkoop
'To sell,' as in Genesis 41:56, means transferring to another as their own, because what is sold becomes the property of the one who buys...

vyf
Five also signifies all things of one part.

vier
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sterwe
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

son
The 'sun' signifies celestial and spiritual love. The 'sun' in the Word, when referring to the Lord, signifies His divine love and wisdom. Because the...

ontstaan
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...

volle
'To satiate' relates to the extent of a person's will, for good or evil.

gevind
To not to be found any more, signifies not to rise again.

veld
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

wingerd
'A vine' signifies spiritual good and truth. 'A vine' or 'vineyard' signifies the church where the Word, and the Lord in it, is known, or...

vuur
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

verteer
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

man
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

geld
'Silver,' in the internal sense of the Word, signifies truth, but also falsity. 'Silver' means the truth of faith, or the truth acquired from selfhood,...

bewaring
"Keeping" in the Bible generally has to do with controlling the actual actions of life, though in some cases it can mean holding something away...

gee
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

huis
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

gesteel
In a natural sense, the commandment 'Thou shalt not steal,' in Exodus 20:15, means, according to the letter, not stealing, robbing, or committing piracy in...

hand
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

gaan
All changes of place in the Bible represent changes in spiritual state. “Entering” – usually used as entering someone’s house or “going in unto” someone...

klere
Soft raiment,' as in Matthew 11:9, represents the internal sense of the Word.


As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

kom
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

dier
"Beasts" represent the affection for doing good things, a true desire to do them from the heart. In the negative sense, "beasts" stand for the...

dood
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

sien
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

HERE
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twee
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verskeur
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bring
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gehuur
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vrou
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gode
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vreemdeling
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vreemdelinge
The word "stranger" is used many times in the Bible, and it is sometimes paired with the word "sojourner". They are different concepts in the...

Hoor
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toorn
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swaard
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vroue
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kinders
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wese
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leen
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skuldeiser
'An usurer,' as in Exodus 22:25, denotes someone who does good for the sake of gain.

rente
'An usurer,' as in Exodus 22:25, denotes someone who does good for the sake of gain.

vel
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God
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vloek
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eersgeborene
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seuns
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sewe
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dae
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moeder
In general, mothers in the Bible represent the Lord's church on earth, or the church among those who know and follow the Lord. In some...

dag
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

heilige
'Sanctuary' signifies the truth of heaven and the church. 'Sanctuary,' as in Ezekiel 24:21, signifies the Word.

vleis
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eet
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honde
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