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圣经怎么说...得救了谁?      

原作者: Rev. John Odhner (机器翻译成: 中文)

Christ the Redeemer statue in Rio de Janeiro, aerial view

人们普遍存在对他人的负面判断的倾向。在高中,这种趋势在群体中表现出来。一些受欢迎的孩子进入了一个小组,逐渐开始认为他们比别人更好,因为他们更喜欢。不“入内”的孩子可能会成为怜悯,鄙视甚至残酷笑话的对象。该集团以一种或另一种方式对其他人进行了微妙的判断,认为它们是人类的下层阶级。

在各种宗教中也表现出同样轻视他人的倾向。一些宗教团体变得如此以自我为中心,以至于他们相信任何一种不同的信仰都无法上天堂。极端化的话,这种态度比势利的少年集团残酷得多。

圣经的教导与此形成鲜明对比。首先,上帝的话语告诉我们,我们不应该将人们称为“得救”或“罪人”。耶稣说,

“不要判断,不要谴责您。为什么您要看哥哥眼中的斑点,却不考虑您自己眼中的木板?” (马太福音7:1, 3

门徒詹姆士这样说:“有一个律政者,谁能拯救和毁灭。你是谁来审判另一个?” (雅各书4:1

当主在世上的时候,教会的领袖中普遍存在一种判断态度。许多人以为,当弥赛亚降临时,他会拯救犹太人,而不是其他人。耶稣来的时候,他们谴责他与非犹太人和犹太人的交往。

耶稣不鼓励这种态度。祂曾经与一些“信任自己”的人说话,他们得救了,其他人则没有。他请他们考虑两个祈祷:“上帝,我感谢你,我不像其他人。”和“上帝,怜悯我,一个罪人!”耶稣称赞那个自以为是罪人的人。 (路加福音18:9-14

最好将自己视为罪人,而不是认为自己已得救。

您可能还记得好撒玛利亚人的寓言,他停下来在路边帮助受伤的人。即使这个撒玛利亚人是“错误的”信仰(从犹太人的角度来看),耶稣说撒玛利亚人也应该被爱为邻居,因为他是个好人。实际上,他说,想要永生的人应该像这个撒玛利亚人(路加福音10:29-37),即使撒玛利亚人既不是基督徒也不是犹太人。耶稣看到了-并且看到了-一个人的内心,而不仅仅是教会所属的。

圣经清楚地表明,决定一个人是否去天堂的是人的生活方式,而不仅仅是他的信仰。耶稣说:“不是每个对我说'主啊,主'的人都要进入天国,但要奉行我父在天上的旨意。 (马太福音7:21

再一次,“他将根据自己的工作奖励每一个人。” (马太福音16:27

他说:“行善的人会复活,而行恶的人会死刑。” (约翰福音5:29

由于一个人的生命不仅取决于他的信仰,还决定着他的永恒,耶稣预言许多基督徒将得不到拯救,因为他们过着邪恶的生活。

“那天有许多人对我说:'主啊,主啊,我们岂不是以你的名预言,以你的名驱赶魔鬼,以你的名行了许多奇事?”然后我向他们宣告:“我从不认识你:离开我,你们这是行不通的!””(马太福音27:22-23, 路加福音13:25-27

非基督徒可以得救的一个原因是,他可以爱他的邻居。真正爱他的邻居的人也爱基督,尽管他可能没有意识到。耶稣说:“因为你照管了我弟兄中最少的一个,你就对我做了。” (马太福音25:40

对耶稣的信仰,对邻居没有爱是没有意义的。

“尽管我有全部信念,所以我可以摘山,但没有爱,我什么都不是。” (哥林多前书13:2

另一方面,真正的爱是一个人在心中认识主的标志,无论他信奉何种宗教。

“爱相信一切。” (哥林多前书13:7

“行善的人是上帝的,但行恶的人却没有看见上帝。” (约翰三书1:11

“让我们彼此相爱,因为爱是上帝的爱,每个相爱的人都是上帝所生,并且认识上帝。上帝就是爱,任何恪守爱心的人都恪守上帝,上帝也奉行上帝。” (约翰一书4:7-11

摘要:

一些基督教教会教导:只有基督徒才能得救。

圣经实际上说的是什么(以及新基督教教会的教义):拯救了来自所有宗教的好人。

有关新基督教教会教义的一些参考资料: 天堂与地狱318-328, 天命326

经非常有用的网站的作者John Odhner的许可使用:http://whatthebiblesays.info/Introduction.html

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圣经文本

 

路加福音第18章:9-14

研究内在含义

              

9 税吏和法利赛人的祷告耶稣向那些自恃为、轻视别人的人,讲了这个比喻:

10 “有两个人上圣殿去祈祷,一个是法利赛人,一个是税吏。

11 法利赛人站着,祷告给自己听,这样:‘神啊,我感谢你,我不像别人,勒索、不义、奸淫,也不像这个税吏。

12 我一个礼拜禁食两次,我的一切收入都奉献十分之一。’

13 税吏却远远站着,连举目望也不敢,只捶着胸:‘神啊,可怜我这个罪人!’

14 告诉你们,这个人回去,比那个倒算为义了。因为抬自己的,必要降卑;自己谦卑的,必要升。”

     

   研究内在含义

Explanation of Luke 18      

原作者: Rev. John Clowes M.A.

Verse 1. That man ought to keep his internal or spiritual mind continually open to Divine influx, notwithstanding all the opposition of the external or natural mind

Verses 2-6. Since however false principles may prevail in the latter mind, yet if the desire of truth grounded in good prevail at the same time in the former mind, it will sooner or later become accepting of the light of truth.

Verses 7-8. Which consideration ought therefore to be attended to, because it proves that the Divine Truth is always present with those who are in the love of it, to deliver them from all false and evil persuasions, however it may appear at times to be absent, and to produce no effect. (First part of Verse 8).

Verse 8. Still, at the end of the Church, when there is no longer any faith, because there is no charity, Divine Truth, though revealed from heaven, will not be received. (Latter part of Verse 8).

Verses 9-15. For at that time man will be under the delusive idea, that he may be admitted into heaven by virtue of his works, without any regard to the principle from which they are done, whereas none are admitted into heaven but the humble and the penitent, whose works are not done from themselves, but from the Lord.

Verses 15-16. That the goods and truths of innocence ought all to be ascribed to the Lord, because heaven consists in such acknowledgement, and the Lord has communication with those goods and truths.

Verse 17. None therefore can be admitted into heaven, unless they be principled in innocence.

Verses 18-28. Nor can any one enter into heaven, unless he acknowledge the Lord, even as to His Human essence to be the God of heaven, and that from him is every good which is good, and unless he live also according to the precepts of the decalogue, by abstaining from those evils as sins, which are there forbidden.

Verses 19-20. For the Lord alone is good, and the source of good, and the way to attain conjunction of life with Him is to observe His precepts, which precepts teach, that man ought not to destroy or pervert in himself the life of love and charity; nor to ascribe that life to himself, but to the Lord alone; nor to call anything good or true but what is of the Lord; thus that he should respect and exalt in himself the Divine good and truth above every other.

Verses 21-22. Yet these precepts cannot be fulfilled, until man removes his heart from riches, fights against cravings, and acknowledges the Lord to be god.

Verse 23. Which things appear grievous to those who are in the knowledges of truth separate from the good of charity.

Verses 24-25. Therefore those knowledges, when so separated from the good of life, are rather hindrances to the attainment of conjunction with the Lord, since it is contrary to Divine order that knowledges of themselves, without the life of love and charity, should introduce any one into heaven.

Verses 26-27. Nevertheless they are no hindrances in case the Divine Truth be respected and exalted.

Verses 28-30. Inasmuch as all who reject their hereditary evils and falsities and acknowledge the Lord as to His Human essence to be god, shall be elevated to communication and conjunction with the Lord, and to all the joys of His eternal kingdom.

Verses 31-33. That in the Church, where mere falsities of doctrine and evils of life prevail, Divine Truth will be blasphemed, and perverted, and its good destroyed, nevertheless the Human principle of the Lord will attain to plenary glorification.

Verse 34. But these things cannot be apprehended even by those who are principled in the goods and truths of the Church.

Verses 35-43. Until they receive spiritual understanding from the LORD.

Verse 38. Asking it of Him from the pure love of truth.

Verse 39. And are the more urgent to receive, in proportion as they meet with opposition.

Verses 40-41. And explore diligently the end or intention they have in view, when they seek the knowledge of the truth.

Verses 42-43. For in such case their understandings receive light by communication with the Lord's Divine Human principle, which they gratefully acknowledge, and which is thus acknowledged by others.

斯威登堡著作参考

从斯威登堡的著作的解释和参考:

Arcana Coelestia 874, 4314, 4783, 6405, 10248

Doctrine of Life 30


来自斯威登堡未发表著作的参考:

Apocalypse Explained 794

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 Healing the Blind Miracles
Compare four stories about the Lord healing the blind by dramatizing them using the “Readers’ Theater” technique. Actors read lines from the script and act out their parts.
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

 Jesus and the Children, Children in Heaven
A lesson for younger children with discussion ideas and a project.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 Modesty
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 The Eyes of the Blind Shall See Him
Make a picture of the Lord in heaven with bright light all around Him. Cover the picture with fabric or another piece of paper, attaching it only at the top edge so that it can be lifted up to see the picture of the Lord. 
Project | Ages 4 - 10

 The Last Supper
The Lord celebrated Passover with His disciples and told them to remember Him by eating bread and drinking wine. The Lord is still present with people in a special way through the Holy Supper. Sample from the Jacob’s Ladder Program, Level 1, for ages 6-7.
Religion Lesson | Ages 6 - 7

 The Lord Blesses the Children
This lesson discusses a story from the Word and suggests projects and activities for young children.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 The Lord Is Our Heavenly Father (version 1)
Color picture of the Lord with children.
Picture | Ages up to 14

 The Lord Is Our Heavenly Father (version 2)
Color picture of the Lord with children.
Picture | Ages up to 14

 The Lord Loves Me
This lesson discusses a story from the Word and suggests projects and activities for young children.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 The Pharisee and the Publican
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14


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