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圣经怎么说...得救了谁?      

原作者: Rev. John Odhner (机器翻译成: 中文)

Christ the Redeemer statue in Rio de Janeiro, aerial view

人们普遍存在对他人的负面判断的倾向。在高中,这种趋势在群体中表现出来。一些受欢迎的孩子进入了一个小组,逐渐开始认为他们比别人更好,因为他们更喜欢。不“入内”的孩子可能会成为怜悯,鄙视甚至残酷笑话的对象。该集团以一种或另一种方式对其他人进行了微妙的判断,认为它们是人类的下层阶级。

在各种宗教中也表现出同样轻视他人的倾向。一些宗教团体变得如此以自我为中心,以至于他们相信任何一种不同的信仰都无法上天堂。极端化的话,这种态度比势利的少年集团残酷得多。

圣经的教导与此形成鲜明对比。首先,上帝的话语告诉我们,我们不应该将人们称为“得救”或“罪人”。耶稣说,

“不要判断,不要谴责您。为什么您要看哥哥眼中的斑点,却不考虑您自己眼中的木板?” (马太福音7:1, 3

门徒詹姆士这样说:“有一个律政者,谁能拯救和毁灭。你是谁来审判另一个?” (雅各书4:1

当主在世上的时候,教会的领袖中普遍存在一种判断态度。许多人以为,当弥赛亚降临时,他会拯救犹太人,而不是其他人。耶稣来的时候,他们谴责他与非犹太人和犹太人的交往。

耶稣不鼓励这种态度。祂曾经与一些“信任自己”的人说话,他们得救了,其他人则没有。他请他们考虑两个祈祷:“上帝,我感谢你,我不像其他人。”和“上帝,怜悯我,一个罪人!”耶稣称赞那个自以为是罪人的人。 (路加福音18:9-14

最好将自己视为罪人,而不是认为自己已得救。

您可能还记得好撒玛利亚人的寓言,他停下来在路边帮助受伤的人。即使这个撒玛利亚人是“错误的”信仰(从犹太人的角度来看),耶稣说撒玛利亚人也应该被爱为邻居,因为他是个好人。实际上,他说,想要永生的人应该像这个撒玛利亚人(路加福音10:29-37),即使撒玛利亚人既不是基督徒也不是犹太人。耶稣看到了-并且看到了-一个人的内心,而不仅仅是教会所属的。

圣经清楚地表明,决定一个人是否去天堂的是人的生活方式,而不仅仅是他的信仰。耶稣说:“不是每个对我说'主啊,主'的人都要进入天国,但要奉行我父在天上的旨意。 (马太福音7:21

再一次,“他将根据自己的工作奖励每一个人。” (马太福音16:27

他说:“行善的人会复活,而行恶的人会死刑。” (约翰福音5:29

由于一个人的生命不仅取决于他的信仰,还决定着他的永恒,耶稣预言许多基督徒将得不到拯救,因为他们过着邪恶的生活。

“那天有许多人对我说:'主啊,主啊,我们岂不是以你的名预言,以你的名驱赶魔鬼,以你的名行了许多奇事?”然后我向他们宣告:“我从不认识你:离开我,你们这是行不通的!””(马太福音27:22-23, 路加福音13:25-27

非基督徒可以得救的一个原因是,他可以爱他的邻居。真正爱他的邻居的人也爱基督,尽管他可能没有意识到。耶稣说:“因为你照管了我弟兄中最少的一个,你就对我做了。” (马太福音25:40

对耶稣的信仰,对邻居没有爱是没有意义的。

“尽管我有全部信念,所以我可以摘山,但没有爱,我什么都不是。” (哥林多前书13:2

另一方面,真正的爱是一个人在心中认识主的标志,无论他信奉何种宗教。

“爱相信一切。” (哥林多前书13:7

“行善的人是上帝的,但行恶的人却没有看见上帝。” (约翰三书1:11

“让我们彼此相爱,因为爱是上帝的爱,每个相爱的人都是上帝所生,并且认识上帝。上帝就是爱,任何恪守爱心的人都恪守上帝,上帝也奉行上帝。” (约翰一书4:7-11

摘要:

一些基督教教会教导:只有基督徒才能得救。

圣经实际上说的是什么(以及新基督教教会的教义):拯救了来自所有宗教的好人。

有关新基督教教会教义的一些参考资料: 天堂与地狱318-328, 天命326

经非常有用的网站的作者John Odhner的许可使用:http://whatthebiblesays.info/Introduction.html

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圣经文本

 

路加福音第13章:25-27

研究内在含义

   全篇           

25 等到家主起来关上,你们站在外叩:‘主啊,给我们!’他要回答你们:‘我不知道你们是从哪里来的。’

26 那时,你们要:‘我们在你面前吃过喝过,你也在我们街上教导过人。’

27 他要:‘我告诉你们,我不晓得你们是从哪里来的;你们所有作恶的人,离开我去吧!’

   全篇  

   研究内在含义

Explanation of Luke 13      

原作者: Rev. John Clowes M.A.

Verses 1-6. That the evil of sin cannot be discovered by any external signs, nor can it be removed but by sincere repentance, and therefore all ought to explore it in themselves, and to desist from it.

Verses 6-10. That to the Jewish nation appertained only the external of the Church, and whereas external worship without internal is not worship, and with the wicked is evil worship, therefore to them there did not appertain any natural good.

Verses 10-14. That the affection of truth in the Church, which was unable to elevate itself to the eternal truth, is rendered capable of elevation, through communication with the Lord's Divine Human principle.

Verse 14. But that they who are principled in external representative worship are offended at such elevation, as being contrary to the law relating to the sabbath.

Verses 15-16. Until they are instructed that the law relating to the sabbath does not prohibit good works, or works done under Divine influence, but evil works, or such as are done under the influence of selfish and worldly love.

Verse 17. Which instruction is rejected by those who are in evils and falsities, but is gladly received by all who are principled in truth and good.

Verses 18-19. For the Church in man begins from a little spiritual good by truth, because at that time he thinks to do good from himself, but as truth is conjoining to love, it increases, so that things intellectual are multiplied in scientifics.

Verses 20-21. Yet this increase cannot be effected but by spiritual combat, which is that of what is false with what is true, in which case what is false is separated, and thus truth is purified.

Verses 22-24. That many learn the doctrines of faith, who are not so obedient as they ought to be to a life of charity.

Verses 25-27. For unless a belief in the doctrines of faith be attended with repentance and the good of life, it is a mere external profession, which cannot open any communication with heaven.

Verses 28-29. So that they who have the knowledges of truth without the love of good perish through direful falsities, whilst they who are in the good of life, of every degree, are of the Lord's Church and kingdom, according to the degree of good in which they are, be it celestial, spiritual, or natural.

Verse 30. For all they who profess the doctrine of faith alone without charity place merit in their works, and thus are not accepted of the Lord like those who are in the good of faith, and who consequently ascribe all merit to the Lord.

Verses 31-32. That the subjugation of the hells, and the glorification of the Lord's Human principle are the most satisfactory proofs of the Lord's Divinity, in opposition to the fallacies of self-derived intelligence.

Verse 33. And that these proofs are in perpetual operation in the Church, in which nevertheless when it becomes corrupt, the Divine Truth is extinguished.

Verse 34. When yet the Lord, in His Divine mercy, is willing to conjoin truth to good in every one, and thus to conjoin every one to Himself.

Verse 35. But man, from his unwillingness to comply with the Divine purpose, deprives himself of all good and truth, since no one can have his understanding opened to the light of spiritual truth, unless his will be disposed to exalt the Divine Human principle of the Lord.

斯威登堡著作参考

从斯威登堡的著作的解释和参考:

Arcana Coelestia 2336, 3069, 3934, 4638, 4769, 6806, 7317, ...

揭秘启示录 157, 176, 501, 531

A Brief Exposition of New Church Doctrine 114

圣爱与圣智 17

天意 128

Doctrine of Life 2, 30

Heaven and Hell 471

True Christian Religion 567, 723

The New Jerusalem and its Heavenly Doctrine 119


来自斯威登堡未发表著作的参考:

Apocalypse Explained 208, 212, 231, 617, 652, 1187

Divine Wisdom 11

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 Basic Assumptions
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 Birds in the Word
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 9 - 12

 Our Part and the Lord's Part
What is our part in producing "good fruit" in our lives?
Activity | Ages over 15


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