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圣经怎么说...得救了谁?      

原作者: Rev. John Odhner (机器翻译成: 中文)

Christ the Redeemer statue in Rio de Janeiro, aerial view

人们普遍存在对他人的负面判断的倾向。在高中,这种趋势在群体中表现出来。一些受欢迎的孩子进入了一个小组,逐渐开始认为他们比别人更好,因为他们更喜欢。不“入内”的孩子可能会成为怜悯,鄙视甚至残酷笑话的对象。该集团以一种或另一种方式对其他人进行了微妙的判断,认为它们是人类的下层阶级。

在各种宗教中也表现出同样轻视他人的倾向。一些宗教团体变得如此以自我为中心,以至于他们相信任何一种不同的信仰都无法上天堂。极端化的话,这种态度比势利的少年集团残酷得多。

圣经的教导与此形成鲜明对比。首先,上帝的话语告诉我们,我们不应该将人们称为“得救”或“罪人”。耶稣说,

“不要判断,不要谴责您。为什么您要看哥哥眼中的斑点,却不考虑您自己眼中的木板?” (马太福音7:1, 3

门徒詹姆士这样说:“有一个律政者,谁能拯救和毁灭。你是谁来审判另一个?” (雅各书4:1

当主在世上的时候,教会的领袖中普遍存在一种判断态度。许多人以为,当弥赛亚降临时,他会拯救犹太人,而不是其他人。耶稣来的时候,他们谴责他与非犹太人和犹太人的交往。

耶稣不鼓励这种态度。祂曾经与一些“信任自己”的人说话,他们得救了,其他人则没有。他请他们考虑两个祈祷:“上帝,我感谢你,我不像其他人。”和“上帝,怜悯我,一个罪人!”耶稣称赞那个自以为是罪人的人。 (路加福音18:9-14

最好将自己视为罪人,而不是认为自己已得救。

您可能还记得好撒玛利亚人的寓言,他停下来在路边帮助受伤的人。即使这个撒玛利亚人是“错误的”信仰(从犹太人的角度来看),耶稣说撒玛利亚人也应该被爱为邻居,因为他是个好人。实际上,他说,想要永生的人应该像这个撒玛利亚人(路加福音10:29-37),即使撒玛利亚人既不是基督徒也不是犹太人。耶稣看到了-并且看到了-一个人的内心,而不仅仅是教会所属的。

圣经清楚地表明,决定一个人是否去天堂的是人的生活方式,而不仅仅是他的信仰。耶稣说:“不是每个对我说'主啊,主'的人都要进入天国,但要奉行我父在天上的旨意。 (马太福音7:21

再一次,“他将根据自己的工作奖励每一个人。” (马太福音16:27

他说:“行善的人会复活,而行恶的人会死刑。” (约翰福音5:29

由于一个人的生命不仅取决于他的信仰,还决定着他的永恒,耶稣预言许多基督徒将得不到拯救,因为他们过着邪恶的生活。

“那天有许多人对我说:'主啊,主啊,我们岂不是以你的名预言,以你的名驱赶魔鬼,以你的名行了许多奇事?”然后我向他们宣告:“我从不认识你:离开我,你们这是行不通的!””(马太福音27:22-23, 路加福音13:25-27

非基督徒可以得救的一个原因是,他可以爱他的邻居。真正爱他的邻居的人也爱基督,尽管他可能没有意识到。耶稣说:“因为你照管了我弟兄中最少的一个,你就对我做了。” (马太福音25:40

对耶稣的信仰,对邻居没有爱是没有意义的。

“尽管我有全部信念,所以我可以摘山,但没有爱,我什么都不是。” (哥林多前书13:2

另一方面,真正的爱是一个人在心中认识主的标志,无论他信奉何种宗教。

“爱相信一切。” (哥林多前书13:7

“行善的人是上帝的,但行恶的人却没有看见上帝。” (约翰三书1:11

“让我们彼此相爱,因为爱是上帝的爱,每个相爱的人都是上帝所生,并且认识上帝。上帝就是爱,任何恪守爱心的人都恪守上帝,上帝也奉行上帝。” (约翰一书4:7-11

摘要:

一些基督教教会教导:只有基督徒才能得救。

圣经实际上说的是什么(以及新基督教教会的教义):拯救了来自所有宗教的好人。

有关新基督教教会教义的一些参考资料: 天堂与地狱318-328, 天命326

经非常有用的网站的作者John Odhner的许可使用:http://whatthebiblesays.info/Introduction.html

在新视窗中看视频

圣经文本

 

路加福音第10章:29-37

研究内在含义

              

29 那人想证明自己有理,就耶稣:“谁是我的邻舍呢?”

30 耶稣回答:“有一个人从耶撒冷下耶利哥去,落在强盗手中。他们剥去他的衣服,把他打得半死,撇下他一个人就走了。

31 正好有一个祭司,从那条下来,看见他,就从旁边走过去了。

32 又有一个利未人,到那里,看见他,也照样从旁边走过去了。

33 只有一个撒玛利亚人,旅行到他那里,看见了,就动了怜悯的心,

34 上前用油和酒倒在他的伤处,包裹好了,把他扶上自己的牲口,带他到客店里照顾他。

35 第二天,他拿出两个银币交给店主,:‘请你照顾他,额外的开支,我回来的时候必还给你。’

36 你想,这个人,谁是那个落在强盗手中的人的邻舍呢?”

37 :“是那怜悯他的。”耶稣:“你去,照样作吧。”

     

   研究内在含义

Explanation of Luke 10      

原作者: Rev. John Clowes M.A.

Verses 1-2. That all, who are in good derived from truths, are ordained of the Lord to announce His advent, since the Church, which was about to be established by the Lord, consists of many members, but the teachers of truth from the Lord are comparatively few.

Verse 3. Thus they who are in innocence are to instruct those who are opposed to innocence.

Verse 4. And to confess all to be from the Lord alone, and nothing from themselves.

Verses 5-6. And to make enquiry concerning those who received the Lord and the things of His kingdom.

Verse 7. And shall abide in the principle of love to the Lord and of charity, but should not pass to any other.

Verses 8-9. And it they come amongst those who are in the doctrine of truth and good, they may consociate with them, remove all false and evil principles, and proclaim the Lord's advent.

Verses 10-11. But if they come among those who are in opposite doctrine, they must then testify, that the evils, which reject goods and truths, adhere to those who are in evil, but not to those who are in truths and goods.

Verses 12-16. And that thus it is better not to know the truth, than to know it, and still continue in evil of life, inasmuch as doctrine the most celestial cannot deliver from condemnation, unless the life be formed accordingly.

Verse 16. For all good and truth is in connection with the Divine Human principle of the Lord, and consequently, whoever receives good and truth into his will and understanding receives the Lord, but whoever rejects good and truth, rejects the Lord.

Verses 17-19. That all the truths of good have power over the hells, and are operative to the removal of interior falsities, and this by virtue of their conjunction with the Lord.

Verse 20. But that they who are principled in such truths and goods are not to derive joy from the consideration of the omnipotence of truth and good, but rather from the thought of their conjunction of life with the Lord.

Verse 21. And also from the thought that the Divine mercy is alike operative to conceal truth from those who, through evil of life, are in false intelligence, as to make it manifest to the simple and sincere.

Verse 22. That the all of Divinity is in the Lord's Divine Human principle, which cannot be fully comprehended by man or angel, but that what proceeds from the Lord's Divine Human principle may be comprehended.

Verses 23-24. Therefore faith and obedience grounded in the Lord's Divine Human principle are blessed, but that such faith and obedience could not have birth previous to the assumption of the Human principle by the Lord.

Verses 25-29. No one therefore can enter into heaven, unless he acknowledge the Lord, even as to His Human essence, to be the Gop of heaven, and unless he live also according to the precepts of the decalogue, by abstaining from the evils which are there forbidden, and by abstaining from them because they are sins.

Verses 29-38. That there are degrees of love towards the neighbour, and that every man is to be loved according to the quality of the good which is in him.

Verse 30. Thus they are to be loved who are in the affection of heavenly knowledges, and at the same time are infested by evil spirits, who would deprive them of those knowledges.

Verses 31-32. All such however are disregarded by those, who are not principled in love to the Lord, and in charity towards the neighbour.

Verse 33. Whereas they excite mercy and charity from an interior principle with all those, who are in the affection of truth

Verse 34. And who therefore prepare a remedy against false principles, by giving instruction in the good of love and the truth of faith, as far as the understanding is capable of giving it, and by application to those who are more instructed in the knowledges of good and truth.

Verse 35. Also by other offices of charity, so far as they have ability.

Verses 36-37. Whence it is evident, that every man is a neighbour according to the good in which he is principled, and that true charity consists in doing works of kindness and mercy to all such.

Verses 38-39. That the Lord is received by the Gentiles, who are in the affection of truth and of good.

Verses 41-42. But that they who are in the affection of truth are not yet purified from the anxieties of self-love, and are instructed that they ought to attend to and exalt the higher affection of good.

斯威登堡著作参考

从斯威登堡的著作的解释和参考:

属天的奥秘 4314, 6377, 6708, 9057, 9780

揭秘启示录 32, 316

Doctrine of Life 2

真实的基督教 378, 410

新耶路撒冷及其天堂教义 87


来自斯威登堡未发表著作的参考:

Apocalypse Explained 375, 376, 444, 458, 584, 622, 706, ...

Charity 50

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 A Golden Heart
Make a golden heart to illustrate the beautiful heart of a person who is kind to others. 
Project | Ages up to 10

 Being a True Friend and Neighbor
If we want to be good friends, we must listen and look for the times when our friends really need us. We mustn’t just use our friends for what we can get out of them, and then leave them alone when they are in trouble.
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Be Like the Good Samaritan
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Compassion
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 Dramatize the Story of the Good Samaritan
Dramatize the parable of the Good Samaritan with this simple retelling of the story, 5 characters, and suggested props.
Activity | Ages up to 10

 For Discussion: Wine and Oil
Discuss ways that the "wine" in the parable of the Good Samaritan is like true ideas and the "oil" is like kindness. When might it be helpful to offer this kind of wine and oil to others?
Activity | Ages 7 - 17

 Go and Do Likewise
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 How Am I Saved?
The Lord wants to save all people but gives people the freedom to reject His love and choose the selfishness of hell instead, if they wish to.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 11 - 17

 Imagine the Lord's Joy!
 Picture the Lord's joy each time we take a step toward heaven. 
Activity | Ages over 15

 In His Name
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Keeping in a State of Hope
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

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Lesson outline provides teaching ideas with questions for discussion, projects, and activities.
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 Overview of Hands of Love Levels A B C for ages 3-14
Overview of the Youth Journey Program Hands of Love Inherit the Kingdom, Levels A, B and C, for ages 3-14 for Sunday schools, camps, classrooms and families.
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 Picture the Samaritan Helping a Stranger
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The Bible says we are to love the Lord and our neighbors, to value others lives more than our own life. Doing this depends on healthy relationships. Discover New Church teachings on healthy friendship.
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 The Good Samaritan
We might never be on that road from Jerusalem to Jericho, but we will meet people in need of help. What will you do when you see someone in need of help at school, at home or in the neighborhood? Will you pass by on the other side or be like the good Samaritan? Sample from the Jacob's Ladder Program, Level 3, for ages 8-9.
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Lesson outline provides teaching ideas with questions for discussion, projects, and activities.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10

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Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

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