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Yaratılış第20章

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1 İbrahim Mamreden Negeve göçerek Kadeş ve Sur kentlerinin arasına yerleşti. Sonra geçici bir süre Gerarda kaldı.

2 Karısı Sara için, ‹‹Bu kadın kızkardeşimdir›› dedi. Bunun üzerine Gerar Kralı Avimelek adam gönderip Sarayı getirtti.

3 Ama Tanrı gece düşünde Avimeleke görünerek, ‹‹Bu kadını aldığın için öleceksin›› dedi, ‹‹Çünkü o evli bir kadın.››

4 Avimelek henüz Saraya dokunmamıştı. ‹‹Ya RAB›› dedi, ‹‹Suçsuz bir ulusu mu yok edeceksin?

5 İbrahimin kendisi bana, ‹Bu kadın kızkardeşimdir› demedi mi? Kadın da İbrahim için, ‹O kardeşimdir› dedi. Ben temiz vicdanla, suçsuz ellerimle yaptım bunu.››

6 Tanrı, düşünde ona, ‹‹Bunu temiz vicdanla yaptığını biliyorum›› diye yanıtladı, ‹‹Ben de seni bu yüzden bana karşı günah işlemekten alıkoydum, kadına dokunmana izin vermedim.

7 Şimdi kadını kocasına geri ver. Çünkü o bir peygamberdir. Senin için dua eder, ölmezsin. Ama kadını geri vermezsen, sen de sana ait olan herkes de ölecek, bilesin.››

8 Avimelek sabah erkenden kalktı, bütün adamlarını çağırarak olup biteni anlattı. Adamlar dehşete düştü.

9 Avimelek İbrahimi çağırtarak, ‹‹Ne yaptın bize?›› dedi, ‹‹Sana ne haksızlık ettim ki, beni ve krallığımı bu büyük günaha sürükledin? Bana bu yaptığın yapılacak değil.››

10 Sonra, ‹‹Amacın neydi, niçin yaptın bunu?›› diye sordu.

11 İbrahim, ‹‹Çünkü burada hiç Tanrı korkusu yok›› diye yanıtladı, ‹‹Karım yüzünden beni öldürebilirler diye düşündüm.

12 Üstelik, Sara gerçekten kızkardeşimdir. Babamız bir, annemiz ayrıdır. Onunla evlendim.

13 Tanrı beni babamın evinden gurbete gönderdiği zaman karıma, ‹Bana sevgini şöyle göstereceksin: Gideceğimiz her yerde kardeşin olduğumu söylededim.››

14 Avimelek İbrahime karısı Sarayı geri verdi. Bunun yanısıra ona davar, sığır, köleler, cariyeler de verdi.

15 İbrahime, ‹‹İşte ülkem önünde, nereye istersen oraya yerleş›› dedi.

16 Saraya da, ‹‹Kardeşine bin parça gümüş veriyorum›› dedi, ‹‹Yanındakilere karşı senin suçsuz olduğunu gösteren bir kanıttır bu. Herkes suçsuz olduğunu bilsin.››

17 İbrahim Tanrıya dua etti ve Tanrı Avimelekle karısına, cariyelerine şifa verdi. Çocuk sahibi oldular.

18 Çünkü İbrahim'in karısı Sara yüzünden RAB Avimelek'in evindeki kadınların hamile kalmasını engellemişti.

  

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Exploring the Meaning of Genesis 20

     

原作者: Emanuel Swedenborg

Here are some excerpts from Swedenborg's "Arcana Coelestia" that help explain the inner meaning of this chapter:

AC 2496. In the twelfth chapter above, Abraham‘s sojourning in Egypt has been treated of; by which was signified the Lord’s instruction in memory-knowledges while still a boy. In this chapter the subject treated of is Abraham‘s sojourn in Gerar, where Abimelech was; by which the Lord’s instruction is in like manner signified, but in the doctrinal things of charity and faith. The subject that is especially treated of here is the doctrine of charity and faith in respect to its origin; namely, that it is spiritual from a celestial origin, but is not from the rational.

AC 2497. The Lord‘s state in which He was when He first instructed Himself in the doctrinal things of charity and faith is treated of; the state itself is signified by "Kadesh and Shur;" the doctrine of faith by "Abimelech king of Gerar" (verses 1, 2). That He at first thought in regard to the rational that it should be consulted (verse 2). That still it was not consulted (verses 3, 4, 8, 9). The reasons why He so thought (verses 5, 6, 10-13). That the doctrine of charity and faith is spiritual from a celestial origin (verse 7). That He was so instructed; and that then all things rational, as well as all memory-knowledges, were of service to Him, being like a covering or garment (verses 14-16). And in this way the doctrine was perfect (verse 17). That it would have been otherwise if the doctrine had come from the rational (verse 18).

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Arcana Coelestia#2496

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2496. Genesis 20

1. And Abraham travelled from there towards the land of the south, and dwelt between Kadesh and Shur; and he sojourned in Gerar.

2. And Abraham said of 1 Sarah his wife, She is my sister; and Abimelech King of Gerar sent and took Sarah.

3. And God came to Abimelech in a dream in the night, and said to him, Behold, you will die because of the woman whom you have taken, for she is married to a husband.

4. And Abimelech had not come near her, and he said, Lord, will You kill even a righteous nation?

5. Did he not say to me, She is my sister? And she herself also said, He is my brother. In the uprightness of my heart and in the blamelessness of my hands have I done this.

6. And God said to him in the dream, Yes, I know that in the uprightness of your heart you have done this, and I also withheld you from sinning against Me; therefore I did not allow you to touch her.

7. And now return the man's wife, for he is a prophet, and will pray for you, and you will live. And if you do not return her, know that you will certainly die, you and everyone who is yours.

8. And in the morning Abimelech rose up early and called all his servants and spoke all these words in their ears; and the men were very much afraid.

9. And Abimelech called Abraham and said to him, What have you done to us, and what sin have I committed against you, that you have brought great sin on me and on my kingdom? Deeds which ought not to be done you have done to me.

10. And Abimelech said to Abraham, What did you see, that you have done this thing?

11. And Abraham said, Because I said, Surely there is no fear of God in this place, and they will kill me on account of my wife.

12. And also she is truly my sister, my father's daughter but not my mother's daughter; and she became my wife.

13. And it happened, when God caused 2 me to depart from my father's house, that I said to her, This is your kindness which you may do for me: at every place we come to, say for me, He is my brother.

14. And Abimelech took flocks and herds, and men servants and women servants, and gave to Abraham; and he restored to him Sarah his wife.

15. And Abimelech said, Behold, my land is before you; dwell in that which is good in your eyes.

16. And to Sarah he said, Behold, I have given a thousand-pieces of silver to your brother; behold, it is for you a covering of the eyes for all who are with you, and with all; and she was vindicated.

17. And Abraham prayed to God, and God healed Abimelech and his wife, and his women servants, and they gave birth.

18. For Jehovah had completely closed every womb of Abimelech's house because of the matter of Sarah, Abraham's wife.

CONTENTS

In Chapter 12 above the subject was Abraham's sojourn in Egypt, which meant the instruction that the Lord received in factual knowledge when He was still a boy. In the present chapter the subject is Abraham's sojourn in Gerar, where Abimelech was. This sojourning in a similar way means instruction received by the Lord, but now it is in matters of doctrine regarding charity and faith. Dealt with in particular here is the origin of the doctrine of charity and faith; that is to say, that this doctrine is spiritual deriving from a celestial origin but is not from the rational.

Footnotes:

1. The Latin preposition here (ad), like the Hebrew ('el) which it translates, usually means to or towards.

2. This verb is plural; see 2559.

  
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Thanks to the Swedenborg Society for the permission to use this translation.


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