圣经文本

 

Psalms第23章 : 23诗篇

研究内在含义

        

1 The LORD is my shepherd; I shall not want.

2 He maketh me to lie down in green pastures: he leadeth me beside the still waters.

3 He restoreth my soul: he leadeth me in the paths of righteousness for his name's sake.

4 Yea, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil: for thou art with me; thy rod and thy staff they comfort me.

5 Thou preparest a table before me in the presence of mine enemies: thou anointest my head with oil; my cup runneth over.

6 Surely goodness and mercy shall follow me all the days of my life: and I will dwell in the house of the LORD for ever.

   研究内在含义

The Inner Meanings of the 23rd Psalm      

原作者: Rev. Julian Duckworth

Psalm 23 is undoubtedly the most well-known and well-loved of all the psalms with its illustration of the Lord as our shepherd. In the various descriptions of what a shepherd does for the sheep we are told what the Lord does for us in our spiritual journey.

As the psalm unfolds we continue to hear more about the Lord’s work for us, during states in our lives when we could be unsure and afraid, and of the Lord’s provision for us. Gradually the speaker confirms his trust in the Lord’s guidance and declares the many blessings the Lord brings. The psalm ends with an emphatic statement that goodness and mercy will always be present and a closing assurance of dwelling in the house of the Lord for ever.

This psalm of six verses would surely have been known and loved by the Lord during his life in the world as a statement of faith in his purpose to overcome evil and glorify his humanity. Jesus, in human states, would often have looked to his own divinity as his shepherd, and seen it as his anchor and provider. For us, spiritually, the same parallel applies, that our faith in the Lord is to be our trust and guide at all times.

The run of shepherding care in verses 2 and 3 speak about how the Lord leads us into acquiring new truths that bring heavenly peace and rest for us. Our state is lifted up and we live in goodness because we understand that this is the divine quality that God wishes for us to live by. (See Apocalypse Explained 375 and Arcana Caelestia 3696)

Still with shepherding, the valley of the shadow of death describes our states of being afraid and of not seeing the Lord with us during which our mind can be filled with disturbing and mocking thoughts. But we know that the Lord is there with us nonetheless. The “rod” and “staff” represent the power of the Lord’s truths for us to use; a rod is pointed out and stands for spiritual truths, a staff is leaned on and stands for natural truths or truths to do with life.”
(Apocalypse Explained 727)

With the provision of truth from the Lord it follows on to the picture of the table of bounty which truth brings to us as our spiritual nourishment and satisfaction. Our head anointed with oil has many associations of being the Lord’s chosen, of being loved and blessed by the Lord, and of how our mind with its understanding receives love and good to make it full of heavenly joy. “My cup runs over” means the unknown extent of the truths of the Word and the blessings of the Lord. (Apocalypse Explained 727)

The final verse is put in term of our full conviction of being in the Lord for ever and in all the days of our lives. What we experience and say in terms of time and duration spiritually means what is certain, perpetual and to all eternity. The ‘house of the Lord’ is heaven. (Arcana Caelestia 650)

斯威登堡著作参考

从斯威登堡的著作主要解释:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 273


斯威登堡作的这个故事的其他参考:

Arcana Coelestia 57, 650, 3384, 3696, 4715, 4876, 5120, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 50, 383, 485, 672


来自斯威登堡未发表著作的参考:

Apocalypse Explained 71, 220, 375, 482, 662, 727, 960

其他作者的评论

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跳到类似的圣经经文

Exodus 15:27

Psalms 27:4, 31:4, 34:10, 11, 92:11, 106:8, 109:21

Proverbs 4:11

Isaiah 40:11, 43:2

Jeremiah 31:25

Ezekiel 34:14

John 10:11, 14

Revelation 7:17

圣经词义

the Lord
The Bible refers to the Lord in many different ways, which from the text seem indistinguishable and interchangeable. Understood in the internal sense, though, there...

lord
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

shepherd
The Writings tell us that shepherds represent those who lead and teach others, using knowledge and true ideas to help people reach the goodness of...

want
'Want of spiritual nourishment,' denotes a lack of knowledge, intelligence, and wisdom.

restoreth
Everyone knows the phrase "the natural order of things." It means that everything is in its proper place, occupying the niche it is meant to...

soul
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

leadeth
"Leading" people in the Bible is, in the inner meaning, about leading people in spiritual things, not natural ones. When it talks about the Lord...

paths
These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

righteousness
The word "righteous" has taken on a bit of negative shading in modern language. That may be because we hear it most often as part...

name
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

walk
To walk in the Bible represents living, and usually means living according to the true things taught to us by the Lord -- to "walk...

Shadow of death
'The shadow of death' has respect to the states of people in hell, who are in the falsities of evil.

fear
Fear of the unknown and fear of change are both common ideas, and together cover a broad spectrum of the fears we tend to have...

evil
'Wickedness' signifies evil, and 'iniquity' signifies falsities.

comfort
When the Bible talks about someone being comforted or consoled, it generally means that they are being offered ideas that will help bring them to...

table
Food and drink in the Bible represent the desire to be loving and the understanding of how to be loving, gifts that flow from the...

before
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

head
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

oil
Oil – typically olive oil – was an extremely important product in Biblical times, for food preparation, medicinal ointment and for burning in lamps. As...

mercy
In regular language, "mercy" means being caring and compassionate toward those who are in poor states. That's a position we are all in relative to...

follow
The basic meaning of "follow" in the Bible is pretty obvious if we consider what it means to "follow the Lord." That obviously doesn't mean...

days
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

life
'Lives' is used in the plural, because of the will and understanding, and because these two lives make one.

dwell
Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

house of the
'The house of the prison' denotes the vastation of falsity, and also falsity itself.

house
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

OTLE的相关视频

此处显示的视频是由我们斯威登堡基金会的朋友提供的。您可以在 swedenborg.com 中找到更多信息。


The Meaning of the 23rd Psalm

We explore the comfort, protection, and safety which God promises us on our spiritual journey, especially when we're undergoing spiritual struggles.


Can You Dwell in the House of the Lord?

The Bible talks about dwelling in “the house of the Lord.” But what does that really mean?


How to Get a Home in Heaven - Swedenborg & Life

What are the houses like in heaven? And how do we get one? We explore the spiritual living conditions of the afterlife and how we can work on our heaven house right now.

为家长和老师提供的资源

此处列出的文件由我们在新耶路撒冷总教会的朋友提供。 您可以按照此链接搜索/浏览所有文件。


 A Shepherd and His Sheep
Use oil pastels or wax crayons to make a picture of shepherd, then use a sponge (cut into the shape of a lamb) to make little lambs around him.
Project | Ages 7 - 10

 Blessings: Good Tidings of Great Joy
Blessings to say at mealtime.
Activity | Ages over 7

 Blessings: Unto Us a Child Is Born
Blessings to say at mealtime.
Activity | Ages over 7

 Experiencing the Twenty-third Psalm
Explore the meaning of each phrase in Psalm 23, then help children experience it using their five senses.
Activity | Ages up to 10

 Following the Lord Our Shepherd
Use magnets to picture members of a family following the Lord as the shepherd.
Project | Ages up to 10

 Lord Is My Shepherd Diorama
Make a simple diorama to help remember the Lord's unceasing care.
Project | Ages 4 - 10

 Memory Verse: God Meant It for Good
Activity | Ages 4 - 14

 Out of the Forest
A story showing how the Lord leads as described in the 23rd Psalm.
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Quotes: The Lord Is My Shepherd
Teaching Support | Ages over 15

 Rainbow Method of Learning the 23rd Psalm
Use the colors of the rainbow to help you learn the sequence of this psalm. 
Activity | Ages 4 - 10

 Ribbon Bookmark to Embroider
Embroider a satin ribbon with the words: "The Lord is my Shepherd" and pictures of a shepherd's staff and a little lamb.
Project | Ages over 7

 Shepherd and His Sheep Diorama
Project | Ages 7 - 17

 Talking with Your Child About the Twenty-Third Psalm
Article | Ages over 18

 The Good Shepherd
Worship Talk | Ages 4 - 7

 The Good Shepherd
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 The Lord Is My Shepherd
The Lord with His flock all around Him.
Coloring Page | All Ages

 The Lord Is My Shepherd
Print and display this lovely poster of the Twenty-third Psalm with an illustrative color border.
Picture | Ages over 7

 The Lord Is My Shepherd
"The teaching that the Lord is our Shepherd is a powerful and comforting one. The relationship between the sheep and their shepherd involves a sense of trust and security.
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 The Lord Is Our Shepherd
Color picture of the Lord our Shepherd.
Picture | Ages up to 14

 The Lord’s Rod and Staff
This family talk explains what the Lord's rod and staff are in our lives, and how He uses them to comfort us. 
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 The Shepherd Rescuing His Sheep
Project | Ages 11 - 17

 The Stream of Providence Game
This game is about the Lord leading us toward His heavenly sheepfold. 
Activity | Ages 11 - 14

 The Twenty-third Psalm
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 The Twenty-third Psalm Book
Illustrate the literal meaning of the psalm or its application to life. 
Project | Ages 7 - 14

 The Twenty-third Psalm Calligraphy with Illustrations
Project | Ages 7 - 14

 Twenty Third Psalm
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 9 - 12

 Two Roads
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 Understanding the Twenty-third Psalm
An outline showing parts of the Psalm 23 with suggestions for explaining them to children.
Activity | Ages 4 - 10

评论

 

诗篇23篇      

原作者: Helen Ference

诗篇23篇可称得上是世界范围内最知名和最受喜爱的文学作品了吧, 也很可能就是从古至今所有问世的诗歌里最精彩的一篇。它也是比喻文学的典范。从这样一幅画面:我们自己是羊,在个好心的牧人带领下来到青草地上,可安歇的水边,我们去体会其深层的涵义。这诗篇里饱含了力量,让我们感受到“行过死荫的幽谷而无所畏惧”的信心,感受到“主为我们摆设筵席,使我们的福杯满溢”的慈爱与恩惠。

但是人们却不知道,这诗篇的语言是其特定的内层涵义的。我们如能理解其对应的内层意思,才能体会其更深层的美。因为诗篇23实际上描绘的是通往天国的旅程,和主想要引领我们去天国的热切愿望。

旅程的第一步是我们接受主做我们的牧人--接受他的教诲,他的领导。青草地和平静的水边代表了他在这旅途中要教我们的,慰籍我们内心的饥与渴。 主开始让我们的内心发生转变,引领我们过有序的信仰生活,在我们心中产生出从善的意愿,关爱他人。这是“他使我的灵魂苏醒,引导我走义路”的含义。

然而,我们还要面临挑战。我们生活在世俗的物质社会里,不可避免地有自私的享乐的欲望。与属灵的内层的生命相比,属世的外层的生命就是“死荫的幽谷”。但是,主的杖、主的竿代表的是从主而来的真理,从社会层面和精神层面上帮助我们抵挡不良欲望。

如果我们继续跟随主的引导,那么他将为我们摆设宴席--他在我们内心深处灌注爱与智慧,膏油和满杯美酒分别比喻爱与智慧。这样,我们被主转变了,被天国接受了,心中带着主给的恩惠,对他人的爱与被爱,直到永远。

诗中描绘的那么美好,其中有一点是,事实上是主做了所有的工作。 在整篇诗歌里, 羊唯一主动做的一件事, 就是走过那死荫的幽谷。剩下的它们只需要跟随主,信靠主,接受主的恩赐。真的就是这样! 当我们的思维仅停留在属世的层面上(在低谷里),感觉好像是我们自己在做一切。然而,从内层的属灵的层面上,我们该把自己交给主,让他赐福给我们。

这里的基本含义是主创造了人类,以便他能爱我们,并因爱而希望我们快乐。他知道我们最大的幸福将是回到天国与他联结, 而他最大的愿望就是与我们因爱而联结。所以,他为我们每个人做的每件事,每一天每一刻,为这个地球上所有的人,都围绕着引领这个人去天国为目标。他热切希望接每一个人所有的人去天国的爱,超出我们想象所能及。我们要做的就是配合他。阿门。

(参考: 启示录375 [34], 727 [2]; The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 273)


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