圣经文本

 

Luke第19章:29-44 : 耶稣凯旋进入耶路撒冷(路加福音)

研究内在含义

        

29 And it came to pass, when he was come nigh to Bethphage and Bethany, at the mount called the mount of Olives, he sent two of his disciples,

30 Saying, Go ye into the village over against you; in the which at your entering ye shall find a colt tied, whereon yet never man sat: loose him, and bring him hither.

31 And if any man ask you, Why do ye loose him? thus shall ye say unto him, Because the Lord hath need of him.

32 And they that were sent went their way, and found even as he had said unto them.

33 And as they were loosing the colt, the owners thereof said unto them, Why loose ye the colt?

34 And they said, The Lord hath need of him.

35 And they brought him to Jesus: and they cast their garments upon the colt, and they set Jesus thereon.

36 And as he went, they spread their clothes in the way.

37 And when he was come nigh, even now at the descent of the mount of Olives, the whole multitude of the disciples began to rejoice and praise God with a loud voice for all the mighty works that they had seen;

38 Saying, Blessed be the King that cometh in the name of the Lord: peace in heaven, and glory in the highest.

39 And some of the Pharisees from among the multitude said unto him, Master, rebuke thy disciples.

40 And he answered and said unto them, I tell you that, if these should hold their peace, the stones would immediately cry out.

41 And when he was come near, he beheld the city, and wept over it,

42 Saying, If thou hadst known, even thou, at least in this thy day, the things which belong unto thy peace! but now they are hid from thine eyes.

43 For the days shall come upon thee, that thine enemies shall cast a trench about thee, and compass thee round, and keep thee in on every side,

44 And shall lay thee even with the ground, and thy children within thee; and they shall not leave in thee one stone upon another; because thou knewest not the time of thy visitation.

   研究内在含义

Explanation of Luke 19      

原作者: Rev. John Clowes M.A.

Verses 1-10. That the Gentiles, who are out of the Church, are accepted of the Lord, and have conjunction with Him in charity and the good of life.

Verses 3-4. Because, notwithstanding their deficiency in the knowledges of truth from the Word, they are desirous to know the truth, and by that desire are elevated into the truths and goods of the external Church.

Verses 5-6. And are thus acknowledged by the Lord, and declared to be the members of His Church and kingdom, which declaration they receive with joy.

Verse 7. Still it appears contrary to order, that the Divine Truth should be imparted to those who are in disorder of life.

Verses 8-9. Until it is seen, that the Gentiles, who are out of the Church, are principled in charity, and that by charity they are capable of being saved, and thus of being received within the Church.

Verse 10. Since the Lord operates charity, faith, freewill, repentance and regeneration with every one, inasmuch as He wills the salvation of all.

Verses 11-13. For the Lord is willing to communicate to all the knowledges of truth and good from the Word, with the faculty of perceiving them.

Verse 14. And this, notwithstanding the force of hereditary and actual evil on the part of man, which is opposed to the Divine Love and Wisdom.

Verse 15. Every one therefore, sooner or later, must give an account of his application of those knowledges.

Verses 16-21. On which occasion it becomes manifest, that some procure, to themselves much intelligence and wisdom, and others procure some, and others none.

Verses 20-27. And that they who procure none are deprived of the truths which they possessed in the memory only, and not in the life.

Verse 21. Since they think harshly of the Divine mercy, and accuse it of expecting more from man than he has the ability to perform.

Verses 22-23. Whereas this their idea of the Divine mercy ought to have led them to exert themselves the more in procuring charity and the good of life.

Verses 24-26. And inasmuch as they have not made the use of the knowledges which they possessed, therefore those knowledges are taken away from them, since it is an eternal law, that they who are in the good of charity shall sooner or later be enriched with truths, whereas they who are in falsities derived from evil in the other life are deprived of all truths.

Verse 27. At the same time they are deprived of all spiritual life.

Verses 28-30. That the Lord from His Divine love, and by His Divine truth, explores the principles of the natural man as to truth, requiring them to be separated from all that is evil and false, and to receive influx of life from Himself.

Verse 31. And if the persuasions of the natural man oppose, they are to be overcome by teaching the necessity of such an influx to restore order.

Verses 32-34. Which necessity is accordingly taught, and is acknowledged by the natural man.

Verses 35-36. So that truths in every complex are submitted to the Lord.

Verses 37-38. And all, who are principled in what is good and true, exalt the Divine Human principle of the Lord, and His Divine operation, as the source of every blessing.

Verses 39-40. Which doctrine is taught, not only in the spiritual and internal sense of the Word, but also in its natural and literal sense.

Verses 41-42. The rejection therefore of this doctrine by the Jewish nation excites the tenderness of the Lord's love, that, if possible, they might receive it, but reception is now become impossible.

Verses 43-44. Inasmuch as through rejection of the Lord at his advent, they were immersed in evils and falsities of every kind, so that the representatives of a Church no longer existed amongst them.

Verses 45-46. For they made gain of holy things, and thus defiled all worship by perversion of what is holy.

Verses 47-48. And when the Lord would have instructed them in the things concerning himself and his kingdom, they opposed all his love and wisdom, yet not without caution, since there were still some remains of the affection of truth in the lower principles.

斯威登堡著作参考

从斯威登堡的著作的解释和参考:

Arcana Coelestia 2242, 2701, 2781, 5291, 5323, 5480, 6588, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 81, 166, 336, 493, 618, 809, 839, ...

A Brief Exposition of New Church Doctrine 100

Doctrine of the Lord 64

True Christian Religion 782


来自斯威登堡未发表著作的参考:

Apocalypse Explained 31, 102, 195, 340, 365, 405, 638, ...

Scriptural Confirmations 2, 13

其他作者的评论

  故事:



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Lamentations 3:48, 49

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圣经词义

came to pass
The phrase “it came to pass,” often also translated as “it happened,” generally indicates the end of one spiritual state and the beginning of a...

bethany
Bethany was a village on the Mount of Olives about two miles from Jerusalem, near its sister village Bethphage. It plays a small but significant...

olives
'Olives' signify good.

disciples
When we read the Gospels and see Jesus addressing the disciples, we assume His words are meant for us as well. And indeed they are!...

go
In the physical world, the places we inhabit and the distances between them are physical realities, and we have to get our physical bodies through...

over
'Upon' or 'over' signifies being within.

sat
If you think about sitting, it seems fair to say that where you're sitting is more important than that you're sitting. Sitting in a movie...

say
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

way
These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

said
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

garments
Soft raiment,' as in Matthew 11:9, represents the internal sense of the Word.

upon
'Over' or 'upon' in the Word, signifies being within, because the highest part in successive order becomes inmost in simultaneous order. This is why the...

rejoice
Feelings of joy and rejoicing flow from our affections, not from our thoughts. Some people might argue that that's not true, that you can rejoice...

Loud
In Revelation 5:2, 'a loud' or 'great voice' signifies divine truth from the Lord, in its power or virtue.

mighty
'Might' denotes the forces or power of truth.

seen
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

peace
In ordinary life, we tend to think of "peace" as essentially "a lack of conflict." As a nation, if we're not at war, it's a...

heaven
"Air" in the Bible represents thought, but in a very general way – more like our capacity to perceive ideas and the way we tend...

glory
Blessing, and glory, and wisdom, and thanksgiving (Rev. 7.) signify divine spiritual things of the Lord.

highest
'Highest' denotes the 'inmost,' because interior things, with person who is in space, appear as higher things, and exterior things as lower. But when the...

pharisees
The Pharisees were a sect of the Jewish church at the time of the New Testament. The name comes from a root that means "separate",...

multitude
A company, congregation, and a multitude, in the Word, are predicated of truths.

answered
To "answer" generally indicates a state of spiritual receptivity. Ultimately this means being receptive to the Lord, who is constantly trying to pour true ideas...

tell
'To tell' signifies perceiving, because in the spiritual world, or in heaven, they do not need to tell what they think because they communicate every...

city
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jeremiah 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

side
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

visitation
The end time of the church and each individual, is called 'the visitation,' and precedes judgment. 'Visitation' is nothing but an exploration of the quality...

为家长和老师提供的资源

此处列出的文件由我们在新耶路撒冷总教会的朋友提供。 您可以按照此链接搜索/浏览所有文件。


 Christ the King
As you celebrate Easter this year, you can remember the Lord’s suffering, but more importantly, we can rejoice in the success of the Lord’s mission while He lived on earth. He brought the heavens into order and conquered the hells. He provided for people’s freedom to choose a life of heaven, and He showed how He is indeed our Heavenly King. Sample from the Jacob’s Ladder Program, Level 5, for ages 10-11.
Religion Lesson | Ages 10 - 11

 Compare Joshua with Jesus
Complete a chart comparing Joshua and Jesus. Who were theys fighting? Where did they go? How did they show courage?
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Even the Stones Testify
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Lord As King
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 9 - 12

 Palm Sunday
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Palm Sunday
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Palm Sunday: Luke
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 Peace and Glory
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Quotes: King of Kings
Teaching Support | Ages over 15

 The Lord Does Not Remember
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 The Lord Wept
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 The Responsibility of the Lord's Servants
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 Triumphal Entry into Jerusalem
A lesson for younger children with discussion ideas and a project.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 Welcoming the King
An illustrated story of Palm Sunday.
Story | Ages 3 - 7

 Welcoming the Lord as King
Jesus rode into Jerusalem on the colt of a donkey because kings rode on donkeys. People knew that this meant He was coming as a king. People gathered in the streets and welcomed Him with joyous shouts. Sample from the Jacob’s Ladder Program, Level 2, for ages 7-8.
Religion Lesson | Ages 7 - 8

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复活节时的哭泣

     

原作者: Rev. Peter M. Buss Sr. (机器翻译成: 中文)

Before entering Jerusalem for the last time, Jesus wept over its future. This painting by Enrique Simonet, is called "Flevit super Illam", the Latin for "He Wept Over It". It is in the Museum of Malaga.

"当他们走近的时候,他看见城,就为之哭泣,说:'你们若是知道,就连你们自己,尤其是在你们这个时代,属于你们平安的事,也该知道! '但现在它们却从你们的眼睛里藏起来了。"(路加福音19:41,42 ).

"'耶路撒冷的女儿们,不要为我哭泣,要为你们自己和你们的儿女哭泣...........因为他们若在绿林中行这些事,在枯木中又要作什么呢?"( 路加福音23:28,31).

耶稣为耶路撒冷流泪。 妇人为他而哭,他叫她们为自己和孩子们哭泣。 在胜利的时刻悲痛,在荒凉的时刻悲痛。

棕枝主日的故事是有讽刺意味的,因为在它的欢呼声中,笼罩着背叛、审判和受难的阴影。 愤怒的众人要求他被钉死在十字架上,难道这群愤怒的人,就是五天前称颂他为王的众人吗? 为什么主明知必将发生的事情,却要凯旋而上? 祂这样做是为了宣布祂,从神的善中得来的神性真理,将统治万物;给我们一幅图画,让我们看到祂的威严,将永远存在。 然后,客西马尼和髑髅地的事件让我们知道了这威严的性质----他的国度确实不属于这个世界。

我们可以想象一下棕树节的场景吗? 众人在欢呼雀跃,欢呼雀跃,然后他们看到他们的王在哭泣。 这不是一个短暂的时刻,而是持续的哭泣,使福音书的作者听到了这一幕。 他们的呼喊声在看着祂的悲痛时,他们的呼喊声是否已经平息了,当祂向他们所住的城宣告灭亡的时候,他们是否感到惊奇呢? "你们的仇敌必在你们周围筑起堤坝,包围你们,把你们四面围住,把你们和你们的儿女们都压在地上;他们不会在你们身上留下一块又一块的石头,因为你们不知道你们的时间,所以不知道你们要来的时候。" 然后,也许是随着他的骑行,欢呼声又恢复了,那些奇怪的话语也就忘记了。

还有另一个讽刺;因为百姓高呼说,和平来了。 "奉耶和华的名来的王有福了! 天上有平安,至高无上的荣耀!" 然而,当耶稣哭泣的时候,他对全城的人说:"你们若是知道,就连你们自己,尤其是在你们这个时代,那些使你们得平安的事,也是你们所知道的。 但现在它们都被你们隐藏起来了。"

这宏伟的全景说的是每个人内心的世界。 正是在我们的心中,在道的属灵意义上,耶稣在我们的心目中,在我们的心目中,耶稣得胜了。 当我们看到他的真理的奇妙,感觉到他的大能胜过万物,我们就会赞美他。 棕枝主日的所有事件都告诉我们,当我们承认主,可见的神,通过我们里面的道来统治我们的心智。 这是个大喜乐的时刻。 就像棕枝主日的众人一样,我们感觉到这异象将扫除一切邪恶,主将很容易在我们里面作我们的王和神。

这样的幸福时光确实临到我们,我们可以在其中欢欣鼓舞,欢呼我们的主和王。 "在天上的平安,在最高的荣耀!" 平安是通过与我们所见的主联合而来。启示录解说369:9,11). 然而,主自己也知道,那些不知道平安的人必有争战。 这也是主在他的话语中警告我们的。 在主的时代的自然耶路撒冷,统治者们用虚假来破坏真理,他们给基督徒带来了许多的痛苦。 在我们心目中属灵的耶路撒冷,有一些虚假的价值观,会破坏平安。 在我们到了天堂之前,我们对主的异象和我们的自爱之间将有一场争战,而我们的自爱将滥用真理来使之发生。

所以,主在橄榄山上,在橄榄山上,当他俯视这城的时候,他就在那里哭泣。 祂的哭泣是怜悯的标志,因为祂为我们里面那些会伤害我们的、与我们的平安相对立的状态而悲伤。 (天国的秘密5480; 启示录解释365 [9];参看: 365:11, 340). 然而,祂的悲痛是一种积极的力量,它是一种怜悯的力量,正在努力消除这些状态。 耶稣应许耶路撒冷将被彻底摧毁----连一块石头都不留。 诚然,自然的耶路撒冷被夷为平地,但这不是祂的意思。 祂应许我们----甚至在祂警告我们即将到来的争战时----祂必得胜,我们的耶路撒冷----我们作恶的借口---将不能成立。 它们将被祂的话语所毁灭。 (参看 阿卡纳-科尔斯蒂亚6588 [5]; 启示录解释365 [9]).

祂因怜悯而哭泣,祂应许了哭泣的结局,因为 "祂温柔的怜悯胜过了祂的一切作为"。

在耶稣受难日的时候,肯定会有哭泣的理由。 想象一下这个场景。妇人在十字架后面哀叹。 耶稣一定是被鞭打得血流满面,被荆棘王冠所伤。 他被那些喜欢看人死的人包围着。 那些称他为仇人的人,都认为自己赢了。

他的追随者们都很绝望。 他们从来没有想到祂所培养的梦想会以这样的方式结束,也没有想到他们所爱的领袖会受到如此可怕的对待。 他们为他的苦难而感同身受。 他们为他哭泣。

然后,也许侮辱他的人群在他转向哀悼者的时候,被压制住了。 他用他无限的爱说话, "耶路撒冷的女儿们,不要为我哭泣,要为你们自己和你们的孩子们哭泣。" 他没有想到他即将到来的痛苦, 他为他所爱的人悲伤。 祂必得胜。 正是在他们身上,苦难才会降临。我们还有什么比这句话更清楚地描述我们的上帝来到世上的目标呢? 祂来了,因为邪恶的人和邪恶的感情给祂的儿女带来了苦难。 祂来是为了在他们哭泣之后给他们喜乐,给他们安慰和希望,最后给他们一个肯定,那就是不应该再有死亡,也不应该有悲伤和哭泣。

当时的妇女确实面临着身体上的悲哀。当我们知道基督徒受迫害,想到有人因为敬拜他们的神而被杀,孩子被夺走,善良的人受到那些不懂怜悯的人的怜悯,真是令人心痛。 的确,主说的似乎是对的,如果他们不生孩子,不为自己的信仰受苦,那就更好了。 "因为确实有一天,他们会说:'贫瘠的人有福了,不曾生育的子宫,不曾哺育的乳房,有福了!'"

但是,主来到人间的真正原因是,在肉体的残忍中,有一个更大的伤害。 有很多人在这个世界上行走,他们不会想到要谋杀别人,但却经常喜欢夺走一些更珍贵的东西--他跟随主的能力。

这就是为什么主说这些话的原因:"不要为我哭泣,要为你们自己和你们的儿女哭泣。 耶路撒冷的女儿们代表着全世界真诚的人对真理的温柔的爱。 他们的儿女是来自于对真理的爱的慈爱和信心。 这些都是邪恶的牺牲品,尤其是当它侵袭教会的时候。 这些都是引起内心哭泣的东西,是一种因沉默而更具有破坏性的心灵的悲哀。

"耶路撒冷的女儿们,"他叫他们。 我们对真理的纯洁的爱是与我们自私的理由一起成长起来的。 事实上,它是被自私的理由所统治,就像耶路撒冷的女儿们被腐败的教会所统治一样。 当那些妇女们试图脱离犹太教会的时候,她们被迫害。 当我们对真理的纯洁的爱试图引导我们跟随主的时候,我们的灵里就会遭受试探。 地狱升起,用我们曾经有过的所有自私和邪恶的快乐来诱惑我们,我们确实为自己哭泣。

你看,受苦的不是真理本身! "不要为我哭泣,"耶稣说。 真理是全能的。 是我们对真理的爱被试探了。 受苦的是我们的仁爱和我们的信仰--那爱的孩子--。

"因为他们会说,'贫瘠的人有福了,不孕不育的子宫和不育的乳房有福了'。"在我们看来,那些没有真理、没有理想的人不就是幸福的人吗? 其实这是一个预言,在教会之外,重新找到教会的人,比起那些把生活中的虚伪带入争战的人,他们的日子会更容易。

在棕枝主日,当耶稣哭泣时,他说耶路撒冷要被毁灭。 正如我说过的,祂实际上是在应许我们里面的邪恶被毁灭。 在耶稣受难日,他也给出了同样的保证。 "然后他们要开始对山说:"落在我们身上!"又要对山丘说:"盖住我们!"这些看似严厉的话语是一种安慰,因为它们保证,当主的真理在我们里面得胜时,天国就会越来越近。 当那时候,那些诱惑我们的地狱将无法忍受天堂的存在,会把自己遮盖起来,躲起来。

"因为他们若在绿林中行这些事,在干的时候又要怎样呢?" 听众们知道这句话的意思:如果当祂在他们中间的时候,他们拒绝了祂的真理,那么当对祂的存在和祂的神迹的记忆干涸了,他们又会怎样呢? 从内在的意义上说,绿木是真理,从对真理的热爱中仍有生命力。 即使我们看到道的理想,也会在试探中挣扎。 但当那木头干枯了,当我们无法感受到真理的生命和力量时,斗争就会变得非常艰难。

在这两个画面中----祂在棕枝主日的哭泣,祂悲哀地警告妇女们为自己和孩子们哭泣,主是在预备我们为我们所信的事而战。祂是如何预备我们的呢? 不仅仅是向我们保证即将到来的试炼,也是向我们保证,既然祂已经显明了祂的大能,就一定会得胜。 在真正的基督教的宗教中,有这样的奇迹,有这样的盼望,有这样的永恒的幸福。 然而,任何有价值的爱,在面对挑战之前,都不会有值得我们保留的。 必须有哭泣的时候:我们仁慈的主为我们的挣扎而哭泣,并从怜悯中给予我们力量;我们的梦想和希望在害怕失去时哭泣。 通过试炼,我们表达了我们对梦想的承诺,祂将我们交付给我们。

在他被捕前不到二十四小时,主又讲到了哭泣。 在最后的晚餐上,他说:"我实在告诉你们,你们要哭泣,要哀叹,但世人要欢喜。" 但祂并没有止步于此"你们必忧伤,但你们的忧伤必转为喜乐。 妇人在生产的时候,有忧愁,因为她的时辰到了;但只要她生下孩子,就不再记念那苦恼,因为有一个人降生到世界上,就有喜乐。 所以你们现在有忧愁;但我必再见到你们,你们的心必欢喜,你们的喜乐没有人夺去。"

当他被钉在十字架上,又复活的时候,他们一定以为他的话已经应验了。 现在他们找到了没有人能够从他们身上夺走的喜乐。 也许当他们在逼迫者的手中受苦,在基督徒同胞中找到了喜乐,他们也是这样想的。 最后,当他们打了自己的私下争战,从他的大能中战胜了里面的仇敌,他们知道了他真正的意思。

"耶稣为城市哭泣" "为你们自己和你们的孩子哭泣" 我们对真理的爱将受到威胁,我们对真正的信仰和真正的慈善的希望也将受到威胁。 正是为了这个目的,祂来到世界上,骑着凯旋而来,喝下了被拒绝和明显的死亡之杯--能够将我们的忧伤转为喜乐。 因此,祂也可以说:"在世上你们必有苦难;但你们要喜乐,我已经胜过了世界。"阿门。

(参考: 路加福音19:29-44, 23:24-38)


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