圣经文本

 

John第21章:15-25 : 喂我的羊羔,喂我的羊

研究内在含义

        

15 So when they had dined, Jesus saith to Simon Peter, Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me more than these? He saith unto him, Yea, Lord; thou knowest that I love thee. He saith unto him, Feed my lambs.

16 He saith to him again the second time, Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me? He saith unto him, Yea, Lord; thou knowest that I love thee. He saith unto him, Feed my sheep.

17 He saith unto him the third time, Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me? Peter was grieved because he said unto him the third time, Lovest thou me? And he said unto him, Lord, thou knowest all things; thou knowest that I love thee. Jesus saith unto him, Feed my sheep.

18 Verily, verily, I say unto thee, When thou wast young, thou girdedst thyself, and walkedst whither thou wouldest: but when thou shalt be old, thou shalt stretch forth thy hands, and another shall gird thee, and carry thee whither thou wouldest not.

19 This spake he, signifying by what death he should glorify God. And when he had spoken this, he saith unto him, Follow me.

20 Then Peter, turning about, seeth the disciple whom Jesus loved following; which also leaned on his breast at supper, and said, Lord, which is he that betrayeth thee?

21 Peter seeing him saith to Jesus, Lord, and what shall this man do?

22 Jesus saith unto him, If I will that he tarry till I come, what is that to thee? follow thou me.

23 Then went this saying abroad among the brethren, that that disciple should not die: yet Jesus said not unto him, He shall not die; but, If I will that he tarry till I come, what is that to thee?

24 This is the disciple which testifieth of these things, and wrote these things: and we know that his testimony is true.

25 And there are also many other things which Jesus did, the which, if they should be written every one, I suppose that even the world itself could not contain the books that should be written. Amen.

   研究内在含义

Explanation of John 21      

原作者: Rev. John Clowes M.A.

Explaining the Inner Meaning of John 21

Verses 21:1, 2. That after his resurrection, the Lord manifested himself in common or general principles to those who were principled in good and truth.

Verse 21:3. And this at a time, when they were teaching the knowledges of truth and good for the reformation of mankind, but whereas they taught from themselves, and not from the Lord, therefore their teaching was fruitless.

Verses 21:4, 5, 6. On which account they are gifted with interior light, yet faint, from the Lord, instructing them that they ought to do all things from the good of love and charity, and that thus natural men might be converted to the truth.

Verses 21:7, 8. Which instruction is perceived to be from the Lord by those who are principled in the good of life, and also by those who are in the good of faith, therefore these latter are more and more confirmed in truth, though as yet it was in common or general principles, whilst the former, by the truth of doctrine, seek to lead natural men to the good of life.

Verses 21:9, 10, 11. Therefore they are made sensible of the divine presence in the truth of good, and in the good of love, and obeying the divine command, they acknowledge the fruitfulness and multiplication of good and truth, in all their fullness in the church, and in their coherence, to be of the Lord.

Verses 21:12, 13, 14. Yet it is granted them of the divine mercy to appropriate to themselves that fruitfulness and multiplication, by incorporating into their own minds and lives both good and truth from the Lord, whereby all doubt is removed concerning the divine presence, and they are fully convinced of the glorification of the Lord's Humanity.

Verses 21:15, 16, 17. On which occasion exploration is made concerning the conjunction of truth and good in the church, and divine admonition given, that it is the office of truth, or of those who are principled in truth, to instruct all who are in innocence, likewise all who are in the good of charity, and lastly, all who are in the good of faith.

Verses 21:18, 19. Divine warning is also given at the same time concerning the separation of truth, or faith, from good, or charity, teaching that the faith of the church in its rise is in the good of innocence, but when it is in its setting, it would no longer be in that good, nor in the good of charity, but would be led by evils and falsities.

Verses 21:20, 21, 22, 23. But still the good of charity would remain with those who are of the Lord, even to the end of the church, and when there is a new church, and not with those who are in truth separate from good.

Verses 21:24, 25. For they, who are principled in the good of charity, bear faithful witness to the truth, being convinced of the truth by its light in their own minds, yet they cannot unfold the whole of the divine operation, because the church is not in a state to receive it.

斯威登堡著作参考

从斯威登堡的著作的解释和参考:

Arcana Coelestia 1017, 2371, 2788, 2921, 3934, 3994, 4169, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 17, 23, 383, 505, 879

Divine Love and Wisdom 19

Doctrine of the Sacred Scripture 29

The Last Judgement 39

True Christian Religion 211, 764

The New Jerusalem and its Heavenly Doctrine 122


来自斯威登堡未发表著作的参考:

Apocalypse Explained 9, 10, 195, 228, 229, 250, 295, ...

On the Athanasian Creed 208

Divine Love 19

Divine Wisdom 11

An Invitation to the New Church 33

Scriptural Confirmations 4, 6, 36, 68

跳到类似的圣经经文

Joshua 22:22

Psalms 116:1, 139:1

圣经词义

saith
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

simon
Peter – born Simon, son of Jonah – is certainly one of the Bible's most important figures, second only to Jesus in the New Testament....

peter
Peter – born Simon, son of Jonah – is certainly one of the Bible's most important figures, second only to Jesus in the New Testament....

third
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

said
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

all things
The Lord is life itself, is the Creator of the universe, and is the source of life on an ongoing basis. So in a literal...

say
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

gird
To gird one’s self, as in John. 21:18, signifies to know and perceive truths in the light from good.

stretch
The hand in the Bible represents power, which is easy to understand, so to reach out or stretch out the hand means to exercise power,...

hands
'Washing of the hands' was an ancient declaration of innocence, and signifies purification from evils and falsities, as in Psalms 73:13 and Matthew 27:24.

glorify
'To glorify' signifies acknowledgment and confession.

turning
Swedenborg says that the Lord is the sun of heaven, and like the natural sun of our world shines on everyone, good or evil. What...

disciple
A disciple in Matthew 10:41 signifies charity and at the same time, faith from the Lord. It disciple signifies the truth of life, and a...

seeing
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

come
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

die
Death in the Bible represents spiritual death, or the destruction of everything that is good and all true beliefs in someone. This happens when people...

written
If knowing what’s right were the same as doing what’s right, we would all be thin, healthy, hard-working, law-abiding, faithful to our spouses and free...

world
The term "world" has both general and more specific meanings in the Bible, including the relatively literal sense of the natural, physical world. In more...

Amen
Amen signifies divine confirmation from truth, consequently from the Lord himself.Amen signifies truth, because the Lord was truth itself, therefore he so often said Amen...

为家长和老师提供的资源

此处列出的文件由我们在新耶路撒冷总教会的朋友提供。 您可以按照此链接搜索/浏览所有文件。


 Breakfast by the Sea
Provides an overview of the story, key points, and discussion ideas for use at home or with a Sunday School class.
Activity | All Ages

 Breakfast with the Risen Lord
Shows the Lord by the sea having breakfast with disciples.
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Casting Our Net on the Right Side
Activity | All Ages

 Flowers and Faith
As we appreciate the flowers around us, we can reflect on the way flowers bloom in the springtime when warmth and light are both present.
Activity | All Ages

 Genuine Faith in Marriage
The pathway to conjugial love in marriage involves looking to the Lord for enlightenment by reading His Word and applying it to our lives. We must be willing to work together in marriage and use the truths of the Word to serve others.
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 Jesus Appears
The Lord was not like you and me. When we die we lay aside our earthy body for ever. The Lord did not lay aside His earthly body—He made it Divine.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 11 - 17

 Quotes: Having Faith in the Risen Lord
Teaching Support | Ages over 15

 Seeing the Lord
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 The Charge to Peter
This sermon describes the meaning of the Lord's charge to Peter to feed and tend His flocks. 
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 The Disciples See the Lord After His Resurrection
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 The Drawing Power Of Love
If we remember to approach life from “the right side” (from love, charity, kindness) we will be fruitful.
Activity | Ages over 18

 The Lord and His Disciple, Simon Peter
Four scenes about the Lord and Peter from the gospels of Matthew and John, and two later scenes from the book of Acts.
Activity | Ages 11 - 14

 The Lord's Breakfast by the Sea
This is a re-telling of John 21:1-14 for young children with beautiful color pictures. 
Story | Ages 4 - 10

 The Miraculous Catch of Fish
The Lord did this miracle twice. Once when He called fishermen to be His disciples, and again, when He had breakfast with them by the Sea of Galilee. What is the same? What is different?
Activity | All Ages

 The Miraculous Catch of Fish
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 9 - 12

 The Miraculous Catch of Fishes
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 To Love Is To Do
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

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早餐后的对话      

原作者: Joe David (机器翻译成: 中文)

This inscription is on a stone at the church hall in South Ronaldsey, in the Orkneys, northeast of Scotland.

早餐后的对话
(关于 约翰福音21:15-25)

在本章的前半部分,七个门徒回到加利利家。他们去捕鱼,在岸上看见耶稣在岸上,按照他的指示在船的右边捕鱼,把满载着一百五十三条鱼的网子拖到岸上,然后...........当本章后半部分开始时,他们刚刚与耶稣断绝了禁食。现在,他们正在休息。

耶稣对彼得说:"你爱我吗?"彼得也许对这个问题有些惊愕,认为答案很明显,就回答说:"爱",耶稣回答说:"喂养我的羊羔"。这个顺序又重复了两次,但有一些变化。然后,在这不寻常的对话之后,主给他们都讲了一个小比喻,说的是年轻的时候是年轻的,以后是老的。然后,主叫彼得跟从他,彼得显然是吃醋了,就问约翰该怎么做。主温和地斥责彼得的嫉妒,说:"这人若在我来之前不来,你又有什么事呢?"但主又告诉约翰也要跟从他。

最后,约翰的福音书,乃至四本福音书的合集,最后以约翰的解释结束,他是这本福音书的作者。

那么现在,我们再来看看这段对话、比喻,以及嫉妒心的爆发。

七个门徒中只有彼得和约翰两个人在这部分的故事中被提到。彼得代表的是信心,或者说是真理,是关于属灵的事情的真理,我们真正相信是来自神的。约翰代表的是善,或者说是对邻居的爱。前者住在心灵的理解部分,后者住在心灵的意志部分。

在告诉彼得喂养羊的时候,主说跟从他意味着要传扬现在所有门徒都知道的关于主,关于主的到来,关于一个人的生命应该如何领导的真理,以便在新教会中成为主的跟随者。在这段对话中,主是直接的、探究的。"约拿的儿子西门,你爱我比这些还多吗?"我想彼得是在问他爱主耶稣,是否比爱他的加利利人朋友更爱主,尽管这句话很含糊,可能是说 "你爱我比这六个人更爱我吗?当彼得第一次回答时,他说:"主啊,你知道我爱你。"

主用这三个试探性的问题中的第一个问题,回答是 "喂养我的羊羔",而之后的回答是 "喂养我的羊"。羊和羊羔都代表爱行善的人,但羊指的是爱行善的人,为邻舍行善的人,而羊指的是为主行善的人。前者是属灵的善,后者是更高的善,称为天道的善。但最初想行善的人,不知道什么是善,需要从道上学习,受人教导。这就是彼得要 "喂养他们 "的原因,也就是说,真理必须指明要如何行善。要行善的事,必须要有意志的愿意,和明白的知道如何去行,这两者必须连在一起。为了一个成功的基督徒生活,或者说在更大范围内的基督徒教会,"彼得 "和 "约翰 "必须和谐地工作。

然后是一个比喻。"当你年轻的时候,你把自己准备好了,自己做你想做的事情。但当你老了,你必须伸出援手,另一个人就会带你到你不想去的地方。"

这似乎不符合这里的意思,但当然符合,而且有两种方式。第一种方式是在《圣经》的经文中给出的;是关于主的死,所有的预言都是把祂引向祂钉在十字架上,正如所提到的。第二种方式是给我们所有人的教训。当我们年轻、自信、刚强的时候,我们觉得自己可以做自己想做的事,不需要任何帮助。做坏事的诱惑,我们自己可以应付。但当我们渐渐有了智慧后,我们就会意识到,我们所有的力量都来自于主,如果我们继续只依靠自己,来自地狱的试探就会过于强烈,我们就会被引导去做地狱要我们做的事,而不是我们想要的。我们必须从一开始就学会跟随主,依靠主。这句话他是在比喻的结尾处说的,在我们不明白这个比喻的意思之前,这句话似乎是不合适的。"他说这话的时候,他对他们说,你们要跟从我。"这也是我们需要做的。

彼得很乐意做这种传讲真理的工作,也许他觉得自己被挑出来了,但他也意识到,约翰也爱主,也是爱主,也是爱的回报。于是,他问:"那这个人该怎么做呢?"看来,所需要的和谐还没有出现,彼得对这种关系的联结感到嫉妒,可能是希望自己是第一,希望能得到保证...........但这并没有实现。皮特只是告诉他,这并不重要,他需要做的是完成交给他的工作。

我想起了雅各和以扫的故事,在 创世记25以扫是长子,以扫是长子,他将继承以撒应得的出生权和祝福。雅各用他母亲的诡计欺骗了以撒,偷了以扫的东西。然后,他跑到帕丹亚兰,和他的叔叔一起住在那里,并变得富有。只有在他回来的路上,他与天使搏斗,改名为以扫,才再次遇到以扫。这个名字的改变意味着,现在雅各因着道的真理而富有了,再加上与以扫的友好会面,也是富有的,这两对双胞胎可以用比喻的方式,合并成一个人,叫作以色列,意思是在思想上把善和真理结合在一起。

以扫的意思与约翰相似,他们都代表良善或真正的慈善。雅各的意思与彼得相似,他们都代表从道里学到的真理。在他们之间任何看似敌意,认为哪一个更重要,都会使他们两个人都变得一无是处,而在一个正在成为天使的人身上(正如每个人都应该追求的那样),没有敌意。真理能使善,而善又能激发出真理,才能使人有成就感。虽然我们可以分别思考和谈论它们,但它们(在主里是完全的,在天使里就更不那么完美了)连成一体,以至于被看成是夫妻。主的神圣的善和神圣的真理的结合是一切创造的起源。是的,所有的创造都是如此。

这种善与真理的结合,以及两者在我们的生活中平衡、和谐地发挥作用的必要性,是新基督教的核心理念。

在《福音书》中,仅有一个故事发生在这个故事之后。在这个故事中,其余的门徒加入这里提到的七人,听主最后的命令。


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