Luke 24:13-35 : Дорога к Эммаусу

Исследование внутреннего смысла


13 And, behold, two of them went that same day to a village called Emmaus, which was from Jerusalem about threescore furlongs.

14 And they talked together of all these things which had happened.

15 And it came to pass, that, while they communed together and reasoned, Jesus himself drew near, and went with them.

16 But their eyes were holden that they should not know him.

17 And he said unto them, What manner of communications are these that ye have one to another, as ye walk, and are sad?

18 And the one of them, whose name was Cleopas, answering said unto him, Art thou only a stranger in Jerusalem, and hast not known the things which are come to pass therein these days?

19 And he said unto them, What things? And they said unto him, Concerning Jesus of Nazareth, which was a prophet mighty in deed and word before God and all the people:

20 And how the chief priests and our rulers delivered him to be condemned to death, and have crucified him.

21 But we trusted that it had been he which should have redeemed Israel: and beside all this, to day is the third day since these things were done.

22 Yea, and certain women also of our company made us astonished, which were early at the sepulchre;

23 And when they found not his body, they came, saying, that they had also seen a vision of angels, which said that he was alive.

24 And certain of them which were with us went to the sepulchre, and found it even so as the women had said: but him they saw not.

25 Then he said unto them, O fools, and slow of heart to believe all that the prophets have spoken:

26 Ought not Christ to have suffered these things, and to enter into his glory?

27 And beginning at Moses and all the prophets, he expounded unto them in all the scriptures the things concerning himself.

28 And they drew nigh unto the village, whither they went: and he made as though he would have gone further.

29 But they constrained him, saying, Abide with us: for it is toward evening, and the day is far spent. And he went in to tarry with them.

30 And it came to pass, as he sat at meat with them, he took bread, and blessed it, and brake, and gave to them.

31 And their eyes were opened, and they knew him; and he vanished out of their sight.

32 And they said one to another, Did not our heart burn within us, while he talked with us by the way, and while he opened to us the scriptures?

33 And they rose up the same hour, and returned to Jerusalem, and found the eleven gathered together, and them that were with them,

34 Saying, The Lord is risen indeed, and hath appeared to Simon.

35 And they told what things were done in the way, and how he was known of them in breaking of bread.

   Исследование внутреннего смысла

Explanation of Luke 24      

Написано Rev. John Clowes M.A.

Verse 1. That the Lord's resurrection early in the morning involves in it the arising of a new Church, both in general and in particular, yea also in singular, thus that He rises again daily, yea every moment, in the minds of the regenerate.

Verses 2-4. On which occasion they who are in the affection of good and truth experience the removal of all false principles, so that Divine good and Divine truth are made manifest.

Verses 5-7. By which they are led into holy adoration, and are admonished that the Lord's Humanity was made Divine, when the hereditary principle received from the mother was separated by temptation combats.

Verses 8-12. They therefore communicate this truth to those, who had before been instructed concerning it, but as yet they cannot receive it.

Verse 12. Nevertheless they who are more principled in the doctrine of faith are led to make enquiry about it, and seeing that in the Lord all truth was made Divine Good, they are excited to adoration.

Verses 13-17. They too, who are in the doctrine of charity and faith united, reason together on the subject, and by their reasonings bring the Lord near to and present with them, though they do not know it.

Verses 17-27. By which nearness and presence they are finally instructed, that the Divine principle of the Lord led the Human principle into the most grievous temptations, and this even to the last of ability, that He might expel thence every thing that was merely human, until nothing remained but what was Divine.

Verse 27. And that all this was in agreement with what the Word teaches, since there is nothing written in theWord, which does not respect the Lord Himself, his kingdom and Church.

Verses 28-32. They therefore who are in the doctrine of charity and faith united are thus excited to cleave to the Lord with more earnest affection, by virtue of which affection they obtain conjunction with him, and by that conjunction are instructed in the good and truth of faith, by which the Lord makes himself manifest.

Verses 32-36. On which occasion, recollecting the warmth of heavenly love which has been inspired by the Lord's presence, they testify the doctrine of the Lord's glorification to those, who had before received the doctrine of good and truth.

Verses 36-44. So that these latter also are made sensible of the Lord's presence, which is attended with alarm and perplexity, until they are instructed, that the Lord made the very corporeal principle in Himself Divine, both as to its sensual and recipient principles.

Verse 44. And that this was in agreement with the Word throughout, since the things contained in the internal sense are all written of Him, for hence is the sanctity of the Word.

Verses 45-47. Their understandings thus become enlightened by the light of Divine Truth, which teaches, that the Lord by temptation-combats subdued the hells, and glorified His Humanity, and that all obtain remission of sins, who do the work of repentance and believe in Him.

Verses 48-49. They are therefore ordained to testify these things, as soon as the light of Divine Truth in their minds becomes conjoined with the love of Divine Good.

Verses 50-53. For which purpose they receive Divine benediction, and by that benediction are convinced of the glorification of the Lord's Humanity, through its oneness with Divinity, and that this glorified Humanity is the only proper object of worship, because it is the only source of all good and truth in the Church.


Объяснение (я) или ссылки из работ Сведенборга:

Arcana Coelestia 1540, 2816, 3863, 4735, 4859, 5045, 5405, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 36, 662

Divine Providence 114, 280

Doctrine of the Lord 11, 13, 35

True Christian Religion 128, 262, 777

The New Jerusalem and its Heavenly Doctrine 286, 294

Силки из неопубликованных работ Сведенборга:

Apocalypse Explained 340, 443, 617, 677, 806, 820, 937

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Значение библейских слов

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По дороге в Эммаус      

Написано Joe David (machine translated into Pyccĸий)

Lelio Orsi's painting, Camino de Emaús, is in the National Gallery in London, England.

В каждом Евангелии есть что-то о явлении Иисуса Своим ученикам после утра воскресенья, когда они нашли гробницу пустой. Например, см. От Матфея 28:16-20; Марка 16:14-19; От Луки 24:13-33; Иоан 20:19-31и Иоан 21.

В Евангелии от Луки есть история о двух учениках, идущих из Иерусалима в деревню Эммаус, пешком около семи миль. Вскоре после того, как они покидают город, к ним приближается другой путешественник, который замечает их беспокойные лица и серьезные разговоры и спрашивает их, что их беспокоит. Проходя вместе, они спрашивают странника: "Разве вы не слышали о бедствиях в Иерусалиме, как пророк из Галилеи, на которого мы надеялись, что он спасет Израиль, был предан на распятие? И странно сказать, что когда некоторые из женщин на третий день пошли помазывать Его тело, то увидели ангелов, которые сказали им, что Его нет, но Он воскрес из мертвых".

Услышав это, путешественник укоряет их за то, что они не верили, и говорит: "Разве вы не видите, что Христос должен был пострадать и войти во славу Свою"? Затем незнакомец рассказывает обоим ученикам много нового об Иисусе из книг Моисея и пророков Ветхого Завета. Оба ученика с трепетом слушают, но не узнают пришельца. Длительное время они прибывают в Эммаус. Похоже, что пришелец хочет идти дальше, когда оба остановятся, но они умоляют и его тоже остановиться, потому что уже поздно, и они хотят услышать больше. Поэтому они все садятся, чтобы разделить вечернюю трапезу, и когда незнакомец берет буханку хлеба и разбивает ее, давая им куски, их глаза открываются, и они узнают Его, и Он исчезает.

Можно представить себе ошеломительный трепет, который пришел на них обоих, когда они поняли, что это был Иисус. Они знали, что Он распят, но Он ходил и разговаривал с ними несколько часов. Женщины были правы! Ангелы были правы! Он был жив!

Новая Церковь верит, что есть внутренний смысл всех историй в Слове Господнем, священных Писаниях, и что этот внутренний смысл, в буквальных историях об Аврааме, Исааке и Иакове, Иисусе Навине, Самуиле, Давиде и остальных, и всех изречений пророков от Исаии до Малахии, и четырех Евангелиях... именно этот смысл делает Слово святым".

Так что же мы можем увидеть в этой истории? Ну, этот внутренний смысл в "Моисееве и пророках" - история жизни Иисуса в мире, от Его рождения в Вифлееме до всех Его "смерти", а затем Его воскресения. Поскольку Иисус знал это и, конечно же, читал Писания и понимал их изнутри, Он долгое время знал, как закроется Его земная жизнь, и что для спасения человеческого рода необходимо закрыть ее, как было "написано". Поэтому Он рассказал эту историю двум ученикам, когда они шли к Эммаусу.

Больше об этой прогулке... В Слове любое упоминание о прогулке действительно относится к тому, как мы живем день ото дня. Во многих историях Слова говорится, что кто-то ходил с Богом. Говорят, что мы должны идти Его путями, и что мы должны идти по прямому и узкому пути.

Также в этой истории нам рассказывают, что это было путешествие шестидесяти стадий (на древнегреческом языке). Шестьдесят (или другие кратные "шесть") представляют собой пожизненную работу по отказу от искушений, исходящих от нашего врожденного эгоизма. Апокалипис Разъясненный 648. Итак, это путешествие в Эммаус означает наше жизненное путешествие - как человека, который пытается следовать учению Господа и стать ангелом.

Место назначения - Эммаус. В Слове любой город представляет собой учение, организованный набор истин, которые мы навели в порядок, чтобы мы могли жить согласно им - нашим правилам жизни. См. . Небесные тайны 402. Они не обязательно хороши, как в Иерусалиме или Вифлееме, но могут быть и злыми учениями, например, Содом или Вавилон. В моем словаре сказано, что имя Эммаус означает "горячие источники". Другое универсальное значение в Слове заключается в том, что вода означает истину в ее полезном использовании, но может также означать и истину, закрученную в ложь теми, кто находится в аду, в противоположном смысле. Смотрите, например, Небесные тайны 790. Подумайте о колодцах, которые вырыл Авраам, или о водах, которые Иисус обещал самарянке, когда они говорили у колодца Иакова, или о чистой реке воды, вытекающей из-под престола в новом Иерусалиме в книге Откровение. В обратном смысле, где вода разрушительна, подумай о потопе, уничтожившем всех, кроме Ноя и его семьи, или о Чермном море, которое пришлось расстаться, чтобы сыны Израиля могли пересечь. Источники, представленные Эммаусом, были святыми истинами, пузырящимися из Слова, чтобы мы могли их использовать. А это горячие источники, и тепло означает любовь. Так вот куда мы направляемся, где истина и любовь вместе вытекают для нас, чтобы мы могли использовать их в непрерывном потоке от Господа.

Этот простой маленький анекдот об учениках, встречающих Господа на пути в Эммаус, - не просто история о воскресении Иисуса с духовным телом. Это также история о том, как мы должны жить своей жизнью. Мы можем путешествовать к небесам, слушать Господа, идти с Ним по пути, и в конце Он преломит хлеб и поужинает с нами.